Present perfect for past experiences

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Explanation of the present perfect with EVER and NEVER

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Present perfect for past experiences

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT (TalkingAboutPastExperiences)<br />
  2. 2. STRUCTURE<br />
  3. 3. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES:<br />[Subject + haveor has + pastparticiple of verbs]<br />Examples: <br />“WehavevisitedItalytwice.”<br /> “She has learntfourlanguages.”<br />
  4. 4. QUESTIONS:<br />[Haveor has + subject + ever + pastparticiple + ? ]<br />Examples:<br />“Has sheevereatenIndianfood?”<br />“Haveyoueverplayedbadmington?”<br />
  5. 5. NEGATIVE SENTENCES:<br />[Subject + haven’torhasn’t + pastparticiple ]<br />Examples:<br />“Shehasn’teatenIndianfood.”<br /> “Youhaven’tplayedbadmington.”<br />Or<br /> [Subject + haveor has + never + pastparticiple of verbs]<br />Examples: <br />“Wehaveneverseen a ghost.”<br /> “She has neverstudiedGerman.”<br />
  6. 6. WHEN DO WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT?<br />We can use thepresentperfect tense totalkaboutourexperiences in thepast. We do nottellwhentheseexperiencestook place (forthatwepreferthepast simple), butonlythenumber of times orsimplynothing. <br />Toasksomeoneabouttheirexperienceswe use thepresentperfectwith EVER.<br />
  7. 7. FOR EXAMPLE…<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Haveyoueverbeento New York?<br />
  10. 10. We can givedifferentanswerstothisquestion:<br /> SHORT ANSWERS:<br /> Yes, I have. No, I haven’t<br />We can answerwith complete sentences:<br /> a) No, I haven’tbeento New York.<br /> b) No, I haveneverbeento New York.<br />or<br /> c) Yes, I havebeento New York ……….. times.<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Haveyouevereatenfriedscorpions?<br />
  13. 13. SHORT ANSWERS:<br /> - Yes, I have. <br /> - No, I haven’t<br /> LONG ANSWERS:<br /> - No, I haven’teatenfriedscorpions.<br /> - No, I havenevereatenfriedscorpions.<br />or<br /> - Yes, I haveeatenfriedscorpions……….. times.<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Haveyouevergonebungee-jumping?<br />
  16. 16. SHORT ANSWERS:<br /> - Yes, I have. <br /> - No, I haven’t<br /> LONG ANSWERS:<br /> - No, I haven’tgonebungee-jumping.<br /> - No, I havenevergonebungee-jumping.<br />or<br /> - Yes, I havegonebungee-jumping ……….. times.<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Haveyoueverseen a ghost?<br />
  19. 19. SHORT ANSWERS:<br /> - Yes, I have. <br /> - No, I haven’t<br /> LONG ANSWERS:<br /> - No, I haven’tseen a ghost.<br /> - No, I haveneverseen a ghost.<br />or<br /> - Yes, I haveseen a ghost ……….. times. <br /> - Yes, I haveseenghosts ……….. times.<br />
  20. 20. THE END<br />

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