Endocrine System
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Endocrine System

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    Endocrine System Endocrine System Presentation Transcript

    • Endocrine system
    • Endocrine system
      Endocrine glands
      Endocrine vs. exocrine
      Hypothalamus
      Pineal
      Thyroid
      Parathyroid
      Thymus
      CONTROL HOMEOSTASIS
      Adrenal
      Pancreas
      Ovary
      Testis
    • Endocrine system
    • Hypothalamus & pituitary
      Control
      Heartbeat
      Body temperature
      Water balance
      Secretion of the pituitary gland
      Posterior
      Anterior
      Main hormone = growth hormone (GH)
    • Thyroid & Parathyroid
      Thyroid
      Increase the metabolic rate
      Stimulate all the cells of the body
      Parathyroid
      Blood phosphate and calcium level
    • Adrenal glands
      Adrenal medulla
      Emergency situation
      Epinephrine
      Norepinephrine
      Adrenal cortex
      Salt water control, carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism.
      Mineralcorticoids
      Glucocorticoids
    • Pancreas
      Exocrine tissue
      Secretes digestive juice
      Endocrine tissue (pancreatic islets)
      Secretes insulin and glucagon
    • Testes and ovaries
      Produce sex hormones = Androgens
      Male = Testosterone
      Female = Estrogens and Progesterone
    • Problems with the hormones
      Pituitary dwarfism
      Acromegaly
      Simple goiter
      Cretinism
      Myxedema
      Exophthalmic goiter
      Tetany
      Addison disease
      Cushing syndrome
      Diabetes mellitus