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  • 1. Endocrine system
  • 2. Endocrine system
    Endocrine glands
    Endocrine vs. exocrine
    Hypothalamus
    Pineal
    Thyroid
    Parathyroid
    Thymus
    CONTROL HOMEOSTASIS
    Adrenal
    Pancreas
    Ovary
    Testis
  • 3. Endocrine system
  • 4. Hypothalamus & pituitary
    Control
    Heartbeat
    Body temperature
    Water balance
    Secretion of the pituitary gland
    Posterior
    Anterior
    Main hormone = growth hormone (GH)
  • 5. Thyroid & Parathyroid
    Thyroid
    Increase the metabolic rate
    Stimulate all the cells of the body
    Parathyroid
    Blood phosphate and calcium level
  • 6. Adrenal glands
    Adrenal medulla
    Emergency situation
    Epinephrine
    Norepinephrine
    Adrenal cortex
    Salt water control, carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism.
    Mineralcorticoids
    Glucocorticoids
  • 7. Pancreas
    Exocrine tissue
    Secretes digestive juice
    Endocrine tissue (pancreatic islets)
    Secretes insulin and glucagon
  • 8. Testes and ovaries
    Produce sex hormones = Androgens
    Male = Testosterone
    Female = Estrogens and Progesterone
  • 9. Problems with the hormones
    Pituitary dwarfism
    Acromegaly
    Simple goiter
    Cretinism
    Myxedema
    Exophthalmic goiter
    Tetany
    Addison disease
    Cushing syndrome
    Diabetes mellitus