dialect) = Halh
KHALKHAS LIVE IN MONGOLIA
THE CAPITAL IS
It is bordered by Russia to the
north and China to the south, east
YURT or GER: It is made of wool and
They are khalkha nomads. They live in herding camps and migrate
seasonally (4-5 timeas a year) with their animals (horses, cattle, sheep) .
HELLO = SAIN BAINA UU! (San Ban
Khorkhog (soup), served
with a plate of meat and
vegetables. Buuz (dumplings) Khuushuur (dumplings)
Boortsog (fried cookies) Boodog (meat)
Khalkhas mainly eat fat, meat
(mutton=lamb), milk and dairy products.
Their favourite drink is airag or kumiss,
which is fermented mare’s milk (female
Mongols wear nice, richly decorated clothes
which compensate the simple, ascetic nomadic
Men and women both wear DEEL, a large
overcoat made of cotton, wool, silk,…
The traditional Mongol family was patriarchal, it gave more importance to men in
comparison to women. Khalkha nomads marry very young (girls are 13-14 years
old and boys are a little older). Urban khalkhas marry in their twenties. Birth
control is discouraged in Mongolia. Families with six or more children are given
Bride and groom
Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism (They believe in unseen
world of gods, demons and spirits. Shamans, medicine
men, cure the sick by magic, communicate with gods and
control events) and also Islam.
Mongolian Tugrik is the official currency of Mongolia.
Khalkhas go on foot.
(4.374m.), in the
The longest river
in Mongolia is
Gobi Desert is one
of the biggest
and most important
in the world. LAKE
Lake Baikal is the most
voluminous freshwater lake
in the world. Also, the deepest,
the oldest and one of the
Mongolian climate can be
described as continental with hot
short summers and long, dry and
very cold winters.
CLIMATE / WEATHER
It rains more in the north of
Mongolia than in the south. It
hardly rains in the desert.
Most khalkha nomads are farmers who live and work on the collective
(community) farms, herding and cultivating. Khalkhas who live in the cities work
on industry, mining and transport.
He was a mongolian warrior and conqueror
that unified nomad tribes in the north of Asia,
founding the 1st mongolian empire, the largest
In the History.
GENGHIS KHAN STATUE
SPORTSMUSIC & ART
THANGKAS (painting of a
religious scene on cotton or silk).
It’s a musical
BÖKH (Mongolian Wrestling)
TSAM = Mongolian
dance to make
spirits go away.
Mongolian Paleontologic fossil
Mongolia's distance from the sea
and poor roads have contributed to
a poor economy. One-third of the
country lives in extreme poverty.
Rape, murder, alcoholism, and
violence are major problems in
Mongolia's urban areas today. Many
young people are also involved in