-They live in north-western Africa. A person from Senegal is called Senegalese.
- The capital of Senegal is Dakar
-LANGUAGE. They speak French and Wolof.
FOOD. (typical dishes and drinks). The national dish is called tieboudienne (fish,
rice and vegetables). They also like yassa (fish and rice), couscous and chicken,
cockles, mafe (meat and rice), attaya (Senegalese tea), bissap (drink) and nuts.
Cockles Attaya (Senegalese
ANIMALS; Some of them are: the Aardvark, the hyrax, African bush elephant and
lion. Others: buffalo, giraffe, monkey, hippo, panther, crocodile, different types of
African bush elephant
The heart of the country is dominated by dry savannas, acacias and the
baobab, which is characteristic for West Africa.
The baobab is the national tree of Senegal. It belongs to the family of adansonia
trees. Others: coconut tree, palm tree, bush.
HOUSE. The case. It is made of straw and clay.
In rural areas, parents often arrange marriages for their children. A young man may
want a young woman, but his father decides whether she is suitable. A go-between
often is appointed to investigate the woman's family background. If the father finds the
family satisfactory, he sends the go-between to deliver kola nuts to the woman's
parents. The parents accept the kola nuts if they approve of the young man. Some
muslims are polygamous (men who have several wives).
CLOTHES. Kaftan, it is a colorful dress that men
and women can wear.
GREETINGS. Bonjour (French), Na nga def
(wolof), Teranga = welcome.
SPORTS. Athletics, swimming, rugby ...
WEATHER. It’s hot, sunny and rainy. Senegal’s climate is pleasantly tropical
with year round average temperatures between 26° and 30° C,
uninterrupted sunshine from November to May and a short rainy season
between the months of June and October, when sudden but spectacular
rainstorms can punctuate the hot sun.
CURRENCY. CFA Franc.
JOBS. Farmers, artists (paintings, sculptures,
carving, masks), fishers, teachers.
MONUMENTS. The Monument to African Renaissance.
GEOGRAPHY. The longest river is Senegal river (1.600 km).
Others: Gambia river and Niokolo Koba national park.
FAMOUS PEOPLE. Youssou Ndour (singer), Patrice Evra (football player),
Abdou Diouf (politician).
MEANS OF TRANSPORT. Boat (rivers), train, minibus and taxi.
RELIGION. They are Sufi Muslims. The Islam of the Wolof is very tolerant
and puts an emphasis on meditation and spirituality.
MUSIC. "Pincez tous vos koras, frappez les balafons" is the National
Anthem of Senegal. The kora (a type of harp) and balafon (wooden
xylophone) are Senegalese musical instruments. Mbalax is the
popular dance music of Senegal.
• Goree and the "Slave House" exist as powerful symbols of the slave trade and that
alone makes it a place of curiosity and history.
• 13 million people live in Senegal.
• Late March and early April: The Lamb Party (Laid
•April: In Manidan, region of Kédougoo. Musicians
wearing masks make men dance and women can’t
• Most people in Senegal are muslim (92%). Other religions: Indigenous beliefs and
• Besides the Wolof, there are other ethnic groups: Serer (dark black skin who work
in agriculture), Sarakol (from Ghana. They are independent and travelers of warrior
tradition), Basaris (they are very familiar and build the house roof with reed) or
Peul (nomad sheperds).
Typical song: Aayóo nenne (pista 9)
Aayóo nenne! (bis)
A rorró mi bebé
Ku may bindal téere
¿Quién va a hacerme un
Yóbbul ma ko Saalum?
¿Y llevármelo a Saloum?
Saalum, ñaarí néeg la
En Saloum hay dos cuartos
Ñetteel ba di waañ wa.
La tercera habitación es la
Aayóo nenne! (bis)
A rorró mi bebé