Lesson 6.-Caudillismo, presidentialism, party corporatism andformation of party only. the military trade unions andpeasant.
• In the middle of a global crisis, the Carrancismo began therecontrucsion of the country, after a revolution in which haddestroyed most of the factories and the workers populationreduced.the purpose of the new revolutionary governmentswas restoration of order and the formation of a new state, forwhich it had to end the warlordism and achieve and control ofthe country pacification.
Carranza Government• Carranza turned venustiano elected to the first term (19917-1920) Carranzas government faced a crisis both political andsocial economic and military, and ideological international wasserious sumamante.
Obregon and calles goverment• The beginning of his administration concided with theeconomic slump that followed . Unemployment was high inthe vital mining industries and there was widespread hunger .The price of oil remained stable and by 1921 Mexico was theworlds third largest producer of petroleum which was a largesource of government revenue .Under Article 3 of the newConstitution , education was to be secular and free at theprimary level .
Cristero War.• The Cristero War (also known as the Cristero War Cristiada) inMexico was an armed conflict that lasted from 1926 to 1929between the government of Plutarco Elias Calles and militiasof laity, priests and religious Catholics who resisted theimplementation of legislation and public policies to restrict theparticipation of the Catholic Church on the property of thenation as well as in civil proceedings.
The formation of single party.Themilitary and trade unions and peasant.• National Revolutionary Party (PNR) is the name that wasfounded Current Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) inMexico, which ruled the country since its founding in 1929-2000 and again in 2012. With their appearance, the NRP didbind to virtually all political forces. With this, the stage of therevolutionary leaders came to an end. In thesubsequent, within this single party would resolve anydiscrepancies on the use and access to power. Its founder wasPlutarco Elias Calles.
The maximato.• After the assassination of obregon, but they were puppets ofCalles , who named himself the Supreme Boss ( Jefe Maximo )to keep order. Calles created an political party the PNR ( PartyNational Revolutionaries ) which would control Mexicanpolitics for years to come and today is known as PartyRevolutionary Institutional (PRI).
The cardenismo.Government is understood period of December 1, 1934 toNovember 30, 1940, in which he led the General LazaroCardenas del Rio.It was the first presidential period was six years. And the nameCardenas, referring to the name of the president and all theevents that came in it.
Change of course• In the Spring of 1936 Cardenas had Callas and his supportersarrested and sent on a plane to exile in the US .As he had inMichoacan, Cardenas often met with common people to heartheir concerns .He did not use bodyguards, which endearedhim to the people .
Lesson 7Mexican Miracle• In 1940, Mexico started a stage called the Mexican miracle,this stage was characterized by sustained growth and was theshift to the formation of a modern, industrialized nation.
• Industrial growth in the period 1940 -1970 maintained asteady growth, although based on a captive market that gavehim the protectionist policy designed by the state, a situationthat resulted in development of companies without externalcompetitiveness, which will prevented consolidated throughexports to foreign markets, a condition that would prevent thecreation of a truly independent modern industrialization andsocial development contribute postrevolutionary Mexico.