WW1 World War I , also known as the First World War , the Great War and the War To End All Wars , was a global military conflict which took place primarily in Europe from 1914 to 1918. Over 40 million casualties resulted, including approximately 20 million military and civilian deaths. The Entente Powers, led by France, Russia, the British Empire, and later Italy (from 1915), and the United States (from 1917), defeated the Central Powers, led by the Austro-Hungarian, German, and Ottoman Empires. Russia withdrew from the war after its revolution in 1917.
Causes of the 1 st World War
A - Alliance: European nations signed secret treaties that created a system of alliances pitting nation versus nation.
N - Nationalism: There were intense feelings of nationalism on the part of subjugated nationalities. These feelings would eventually lead to rash acts.
I - Imperialism: Competition to develop vast empires caused tension and conflict.
M - Militarism: Nations built huge armies to defend themselves and help to gain these empires. It was a natural feeling for them to want to use these militaries.
A - Anarchy: There was no international organization to help them deal with their problems.
L - Leadership: It was poor. Just look at the system they set up...quite poor indeed.
Why was Germany involved in WW1?
Germany was involved in the
1 st World War because :-
As Austro-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Germany entered as they were Triple Alliances .
Germany declared war on Russia after Russia agreed to help Serbia.
Afterwards Germany declared war on France.
Kaiser Wilhelm I
Reign Regent 1858 – 1861
King 1861 – 1888
Emperor 1871 – 1888
Born - March 22, 1797 Berlin, Prussia
Died - March 9, 1888 (aged 90)
Berlin Buried - Charlottenburg Palace
Royal House-House of Hohenzollern
Royal Anthem-Heil dir im Siegerkranz
Parents of Kaiser Wilhelm I
Here is the picture of the parents of the Kaiser Wilhelm I.
The Father was –
King Frederick III, Emperor of Germany.
The Mother was –
Louise of Mecklenburg , Strelitz.
Bismarck's Greater Germany
Bismarck, first Prime Minister of Prussia and then Chancellor of the German Empire, set about the construction of Germany through high politics judiciously assisted by war against Austria and France.
Appointed Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Prussia by Kaiser Wilhelm I in 1862, Bismarck was consumed with a desire to achieve the creation of a German Empire out of the collection of smaller German states largely led by Austria's influence.
Bismarck's Need for Alliances
Bismarck's creation of a unified Germany was of direct relevance to the outbreak of war some 43 years later, since it resulted in the assembly of the key alliances that later came into play.
For, having achieved his life's aim, Bismarck's plans were at an end. He had secured what he wanted, and his chief desire now was to maintain its stability. He therefore set about building European alliances aimed at protecting Germany from potentially threatening quarters.
He was acutely aware that the French were itching to revenge their defeat at the earliest opportunity - and the loss of Alsace and Lorraine to Prussia would prove to be a lasting sore. Indeed, the French plan for war in 1914, Plan XVII, was largely based around the recapture of Alsace and Lorraine in the shortest possible time - with disastrous consequences.
Propaganda Posters - Germany
Battle Fields No Man’s Land Germans Fire the first Gunshot Wounded soldier taken away
Poison Gases used in the War Gas Masks for Horses An Army training poster on Gas Warfare
Trying to Assassinate William I
On May 11, 1878, Max Hödel failed in an assassination attempt on William in Berlin. A second attempt was made on June 2, 1878, by the anarchist Karl Nobiling, who wounded William before committing suicide. These attempts became the pretext for the institution of the Anti-Socialist Law, which was introduced by Bismarck’s government with the support of a majority in the Reichstag in October 18, 1878, for the purpose of fighting working-class movement.