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Ch20 03






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    Ch20 03 Ch20 03 Presentation Transcript

    • Promoting a Smoke-Free Environment (3:23) Click here to launch video Click here to download print activity
    • Secondhand smoke is harmful, but there are ways to reduce exposure.
      • environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)
      • mainstream smoke
      • sidestream smoke
      • Healthy People
    • Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke Tobacco smoke can harm nonsmokers. Nonsmokers who breathe air containing tobacco smoke are also at risk for health problems.
    • Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke
      • Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is also called secondhand smoke.
      Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) Air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke
    • Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke
      • Environmental tobacco smoke is composed of
        • mainstream smoke and
        • sidestream smoke.
    • Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke
      • Because mainstream smoke has been exhaled by a smoker, it contains lower concentrations of carcinogens, nicotine, and tar.
      Mainstream smoke The smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smoker
    • Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke
      • Sidestream smoke is more dangerous than mainstream smoke.
      Sidestream smoke The smoke from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar
    • Health Risks of Tobacco Smoke
      • ETS from cigarettes, cigars, and pipes contains more than 4,000 chemical compounds.
      • More than 50 of those chemicals are cancer-causing carcinogens.
    • Health Risks to Nonsmokers
      • ETS causes eye irritation, headaches, ear infections, and coughing.
      • It worsens asthma and other respiratory problems, and it increases the risk of lung cancer and coronary heart disease.
    • Health Risks to Unborn Children and Infants Smoking during pregnancy reduces blood oxygen levels, increasing the risk of impaired fetal growth spontaneous miscarriage and prenatal death premature delivery low birth weight deformities stillbirths
    • Health Risks to Unborn Children and Infants
      • Infants exposed to ETS after birth are twice as likely to die of SIDS.
      • They may have severe asthma attacks, ear infections, or respiratory tract infections.
    • Health Risks to Young Children
      • The children of smokers are more than twice as likely to smoke themselves.
      • They also have a higher incidence of
        • sore throats
        • ear infections
        • upper respiratory problems
    • Health Risks to Young Children
      • Parents protect the health and development of their children by staying tobacco-free.
    • Reducing Your Risks You can take action to reduce the effects of ETS. Express your preference wherever you can for a smoke-free environment.
    • Reducing Your Risks  Encourage smokers to quit. Establish smoke-free areas in the house.  Make a rule that smokers go outside.  Use air cleaners to remove some contaminants from the air.  Open windows to allow fresh air in.  Don’t allow visitors to smoke inside your home. 
    • Reducing Your Risks When visiting a home in which someone smokes: stay outside or in a different room as much as possible. ask to open the windows to provide fresh air. suggest meeting elsewhere, such as in your home or at a library.
    • Creating a Smoke-Free Society In most states, it is illegal to sell tobacco to teens under the age of 18, and it is illegal to smoke in public places. In the United States, efforts to create a smoke-free society continue to grow.
    • Creating a Smoke-Free Society
      • Smoking is prohibited in many restaurants, and some restaurants are required to have a nonsmoking section.
    • Supporting National Health Goals
      • One of the goals of Healthy People 2010 is to reduce tobacco use and the number of tobacco-related deaths.
      • States and local communities are also supporting the efforts to create a smoke-free society.
    • Supporting National Health Goals
      • Laws restrict where people may smoke, as well as who can buy tobacco products.
    • Supporting National Health Goals Laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors have been enacted. Some states have successfully sued tobacco companies to recover the costs of treating tobacco-related illnesses. Community activities that promote a healthy lifestyle provide everyone with the opportunity to practice healthful behaviors.
    • After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Air that has been contaminated with tobacco smoke; mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke contain more than 4,000 chemicals.
      • What is environmental tobacco smoke , and what chemical does it contain?
    • After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary
      • List three ways that ETS affects children.
      Sample answer: It increases a child’s risk of ear infections, respiratory problems, and sore throats.
    • After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary
      • What are two public policies aimed at reducing ETS?
      Sample answer: Prohibiting smoking in public places and banning smoking on flights