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Fondos multilaterales en croacia 2013

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Descripción de los diferentes fondos de instituciones multilaterales que ha recibido y recibirá Croacia en los próximos años. Incluye descripción de los Fondos Estructurales y de Cohesión. Incluye …

Descripción de los diferentes fondos de instituciones multilaterales que ha recibido y recibirá Croacia en los próximos años. Incluye descripción de los Fondos Estructurales y de Cohesión. Incluye tres anexos. Anexo I: ayuda externa de la UE (instrumento de preadhesión en Croacia); Anexo II: reglamento del Consejo por el que se establece el marco financiero plurianual para el período 2014-2020; Anexo III: posición de la comisión de servicios para el desarrollo del acuerdo de asociación y los programas en la República de Croacia en el período 2014-2020.

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  • 1. 1Fondosmultilateralesen CroaciaOtrosdocumentosOficina Económica y Comercialde la Embajada de España en Zagreb
  • 2. 2Este estudio ha sido realizado por Aránzazu Gó-mez Gil bajo la supervisión de la Oficina Económi-ca y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Za-grebAbril 2013OtrosdocumentosFondosMultilateralesen Croacia
  • 3. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 3333FONDOS MULTILATERALEFONDOS MULTILATERALEFONDOS MULTILATERALEFONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAS EN CROACIAS EN CROACIAS EN CROACIAÍNDICEResumen Ejecutivo ……………………………………………………….. 41. Unión Europea …………………………………………………………. 52. Banco Europeo de Reconstrucción y Desarrollo …………………. 143. Banco Mundial ………………………………………………………… 174. Banco Europeo de Inversiones ……………………………………….. 18Bibliografía y contactos …………………………………………………… 20Anexos ……………………………………………………………………. 22
  • 4. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 4444RESUMEN EJECUTIVOEn Croacia actúan cuatro organismos multilaterales al mismo tiempo. El denominadorcomún de la actividad de estas instituciones es apoyar la transición de ciertos países a un siste-ma democrático y a una economía de mercado mediante la promoción del crecimiento econó-mico y de la estabilidad.Unión Europea (UE)Unión Europea (UE)Unión Europea (UE)Unión Europea (UE)Ha financiado proyectos en Croacia mediante los fondos IPA desde 2007.Croacia dejará de percibir estos fondos a partir de su entrada en la UE, enJulio de 2013. Desde este momento, la UE financiará a Croacia a través delos Fondos Estructurales y de Cohesión.IPA 2013: 94,8 millones de EUR (hasta Julio 2013)Fondos Estructurales y de Cohesión:2013: 374 millones de EUR2014 – 2020 (previsión): 9.956 millones de EURBanco Europeo para la Reconstrucción y el Desarrollo (BERD)Banco Europeo para la Reconstrucción y el Desarrollo (BERD)Banco Europeo para la Reconstrucción y el Desarrollo (BERD)Banco Europeo para la Reconstrucción y el Desarrollo (BERD)El volumen de negocio en 2012 fue de 205 millones de EUR (146 en el sectorprivado y 59 en el público). A fecha de Abril de 2012 había financiado: 138proyectos, con un valor de 6.900 millones de EUR.Banco Mundial (BM)Banco Mundial (BM)Banco Mundial (BM)Banco Mundial (BM)La estrategia de alianza 2009-2013 comprende 1.052 millones de USD enpréstamos. Actualmente 12 proyectos están en marcha y está listo el borra-dor para la nueva estrategia 2014-17.Banco Europeo de Inversiones (BEI)Banco Europeo de Inversiones (BEI)Banco Europeo de Inversiones (BEI)Banco Europeo de Inversiones (BEI)En 2012 ha financiado proyectos por valor de 300 millones de EUR. Su finan-ciación se ha destinado sobre todo a apoyar a las PYME y a los gobiernos lo-cales. En 2013 ya se ha concedido financiación a un proyecto por 250 millo-nes de EUR.En el presente documento se hará referencia a cada una de estas instituciones por sepa-rado, así como a sus proyectos en Croacia.
  • 5. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 55551. Unión Europea1. Unión Europea1. Unión Europea1. Unión EuropeaComo está establecido, Croacia recibirá fondos IPA (Instrumentos de Pre-Adhesión) has-ta su efectiva entrada en la UE, es decir, hasta Julio de 2013. A partir de esta fecha, Croacia re-cibirá los llamados Fondos Estructurales y de Cohesión.Hasta la actualidad, la asistencia financiera a Croacia por parte de la UE, a través de losfondos IPA, puede resumirse en la siguiente tabla:Durante el periodo 2007 – 2011 los fondos IPA (Instrumentos de Pre-Adhesión) se mate-rializaron en Croacia a través de tres programas plurianuales:- Environmental Operational Programme (EOPEnvironmental Operational Programme (EOPEnvironmental Operational Programme (EOPEnvironmental Operational Programme (EOP). Programa destinado a la inversión enproyectos de aguas, en la implantación de las regulaciones de la UE para el medio am-biente, la provisión de agua potable y la gestión del gasto de agua.- Transportation Operational Programme (TOP).Transportation Operational Programme (TOP).Transportation Operational Programme (TOP).Transportation Operational Programme (TOP). Programa para invertir en proyectos pa-ra la modernización de las autopistas a lo largo de los corredores paneuropeos X y V,que son parte de la Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN T).- Regional ComRegional ComRegional ComRegional Competitiveness Operational Programme (RCOP).petitiveness Operational Programme (RCOP).petitiveness Operational Programme (RCOP).petitiveness Operational Programme (RCOP). Su objetivo es alcanzaruna mayor competitividad y mayor desarrollo regional mediante la mejora de la competi-tividad de las PYME y mejorando las condiciones económicas en las zonas menos des-arrolladas de Croacia.Año inicial de recepción de fondos IPA: 2007Presupuesto fondos IPA para 2012: 159,5 millones EURPresupuesto fondos IPA para 2013: 94,8 millones EURCroacia ha tenido acceso a los cinco componentes de los IPA mientras ha si-do un país candidato.El Programa Nacional de los IPA en Croacia se ha centrado sobretodo entres aspectos:Creación de instituciones. El objetivo era fortalecer los criterios polí-ticos de Copenhague, así como mejorar la capacidad administrativa yjudicial y alinearse con la legislación comunitaria.Promoción del desarrollo económico y socialOtras medidas de transición.
  • 6. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 6666Croacia recibe financiación de la UE desde el 2002. El estatus de ““““país candidatopaís candidatopaís candidatopaís candidato”””” lotiene desde 2004 y en 2007 empezó a recibir financiación de los Instrumento Pre-Adhesión(IPA), cuya asistencia se basa en la Planificación Multianual Indicativa.La asistencia de los IPA para países candidatos se distribuye en cinco componentes:La asistencia IPA en Croacia se aplica de forma descentralizada lo que significa que ladecisión de los proyectos para financiar corresponde a las instituciones croatas correspondien-tes, limitándose la Delegación de la UE a una auditoría ex ante y a una auditoria ex post.Los fondos IPA en Croacia, es decir, la asistencia financiera que ha recibido de la UE enel periodo 2007 – 2012, han ascendido a un total de 909,2 millones de EUR. Para el año 2013(hasta Junio de 2013, incluido) se han asignado 94,8 millones de EUR. Para más información:consultar ANEXO I.TablaTablaTablaTabla 1111 ---- Fondos IPA adjudicados a CroaciaFondos IPA adjudicados a CroaciaFondos IPA adjudicados a CroaciaFondos IPA adjudicados a CroaciaIPA por componente(millones EUR)2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 TotalComponente I 49,6 45,4 45,6 39,5 39,9 40,0 17,4 277,4Componente II 9,7 14,7 15,9 16,2 16,5 16,9 9,7 99,6Componente III 45,0 47,6 49,7 56,8 58,2 59,3 31,0 347,6Componente IV 11,4 12,7 14,2 15,7 16,0 16,0 9,0 95,0Componente V 25,5 25,6 25,8 26,0 26,5 27,3 27,7 184,4Total 141,2 146,0 151,2 154,2 157,1 159,5 94,8 1004,0Fuente: Delegación de la UE en CroaciaTras su acceso a la UE, Croacia tendrá acceso a los Fondos Estructurales y al Fondo deCohesión. Los Fondos Estructurales son un instrumento de la UE para conseguir la cohesión delos nuevos miembros con el resto (EU Cohesion Policy). Se trata de la segunda política financieramás importante de la UE. El objetivo de esta política de cohesión es lograr el desarrollo equili-brado de la UE y el fortalecimiento de la competitividad global de la UE.Estos instrumentos estructurales se han puesto a disposición de los estados miembrosde la UE que requieran inversiones adicionales para su desarrollo económico y social de formaequilibrada y sostenible. Concretamente los fondos que engloba esta política son:I. Desarrollo de las institucionesII. Cooperación transfronterizaIII. Desarrollo regionalIV. Desarrollo de recursos humanosV. Desarrollo rural
  • 7. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 7777- Fondo Social Europeo (ESF, siglas en inglés)- Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional, comúnmente conocidos como fondos FEDER(ERDF, en inglés)- Fondo de Cohesión (CF, en inglés)A partir de su entrada en la UE, Croacia recibirá los Fondos de Estructurales y de Cohe-sión. La Comisión Europeo publicó el 19 de marzo de 2013 el siguiente desglose de los créditosde compromiso para Croacia en 2013 (MFF 2007 - 2013).TablaTablaTablaTabla 2222 ---- Fondos estructurales y de cohesión en Croacia (MFF 2007Fondos estructurales y de cohesión en Croacia (MFF 2007Fondos estructurales y de cohesión en Croacia (MFF 2007Fondos estructurales y de cohesión en Croacia (MFF 2007----2013)2013)2013)2013)Créditos de compromiso para Croacia(millones EUR)2007 - 2012 2013 Total1 Crecimiento inteligente e inclusivo 497 497del cual: Cohesión económica, social y territorial 450 4502 Crecimiento sostenible: Recursos Naturales 21 21de los cuales: gastos del mercado y pagos directos 9 93 Seguridad y ciudadanía 73 734 Europa Global 0 05 Administración 0 06 Compensaciones 75 75Total Comprometido 666 666Total Efectivo 0 374 374Fuente: Comisión EuropeaLa asignación presupuestaria para Croacia en el periodo 2014 – 2020 por parte de la UEno se trata de una cuestión cerrada. Esta asignación está dentro del Marco Multianual (Multi-annual Framework, MFF), el cual define las prioridades presupuestarias de la UE durante dichoperiodo al que se refiere. Las negociaciones para el MFF 2014 – 2020 comenzaron en Julio de2011 y finalmente se llegó a un acuerdo con el Consejo Europeo a principios de Febrero de2013. Sin embargo, más tarde el Parlamento Europeo no aprobó dicho acuerdo, por lo que nose espera que este MFF se adopte hasta Julio de 2013, tras una nueva ronda de negociaciones.Aunque todavía no hay un MFF 2014 – 2020, a continuación se presenta la asignaciónpresupuestaria para Croacia que se presentó en el borrador que finalmente no fue aprobadopor el Parlamento Europeo (borrador completo en el ANEXO II):
  • 8. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 8888TablaTablaTablaTabla 3333 –––– Borrador no aprobado: Fondos estructuralesBorrador no aprobado: Fondos estructuralesBorrador no aprobado: Fondos estructuralesBorrador no aprobado: Fondos estructurales y de cohesión en Croacia (MFFy de cohesión en Croacia (MFFy de cohesión en Croacia (MFFy de cohesión en Croacia (MFF2014201420142014 ---- 2020)2020)2020)2020)Créditos de compromiso para Croacia(millones EUR)2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Total1 Crecimiento inteligente e inclusivo 1.088 1.295 1.330 1.361 1.395 1.428 1.462 9.359del cual: Cohesión económica, social yterritorial 1.011 1.214 1.244 1.271 1.300 1.329 1.358 8.7272Crecimiento sostenible: RecursosNaturales 458 477 488 496 520 542 564 3.545de los cuales: gastos del mercado ypagos directos 118 134 148 163 193 222 249 1.2273 Seguridad y ciudadanía 88 31 31 31 31 31 31 2744 Europa Global 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 05 Administración 80 76 76 76 76 76 76 536de la cual: gasto administrativo de lasinstituciones 80 76 76 76 76 76 76 5366 Compensaciones 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 27Total Comprometido 1.741 1.879 1.925 1.964 2.022 2.077 2.133 13.741Total Efectivo 550 877 1.284 1.640 1.764 1.941 1.900 9.956Fuente: Comisión EuropeaAdemás del MFF que prepara la UE, Croacia, como otros Estados Miembros, está ade-más elaborando el llamado Acuerdo de Asociación o Partnership Agreement, en el que Croaciapresentará el esquema de prioridades a financiar en el periodo 2014 – 2020. El Gobierno tieneprevisto presentar el proyecto a la Comisión Europea en Junio de 2013.En Enero de 2013, la Comisión Europea presentó el llamado Documento de Posición oPosition Paper de Croacia, en el cual se detallan los principales obstáculos a los que se enfrentael país, así como la opinión de la Comisión de Servicios sobre las prioridades de financiación queestima que serían fundamentales para Croacia:- Fortalecer la competitividad de la economía- Aumentar la participación en el mercado de trabajo, garantizar una mejor educación yreducir la pobreza, teniendo en cuenta las diferencias regionales- La preservación y el mantenimiento de un medio ambiente sano y la protección de losrecursos naturales y el patrimonio, demás de la adaptación al cambio climático- Fortalecimiento de la capacidad administrativa, mejorar la administración pública eficientey aumentar la participación de la sociedad civil y los interlocutores socialesEste documento, el Documento de Posición o Position Paper, puede encontrarse en elANEXO III, así como en la siguiente página web:http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/what/future/index_en.cfm.
  • 9. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 9999Una cuestión más a tener en cuenta, es que a partir de la entrada de Croacia en la UE,los fondos recibidos por la UE serán gestionados directamente por el Gobierno croata, sin con-tar con la intermediación de Bruselas. Por este motivo, la antena de Bruselas dejará de podersuministrar esta información. Además, a partir de Julio de 2013 todos los proyectos serán cofi-nanciados entre la UE y el Gobierno corata.En relación con esto, es importante destacar que todas las licitaciones y el resto de opor-tunidades de negocio en el país, serán publicadas por el propio Gobierno croata, lo que significaque el idioma de publicación será el croata, no el inglés como había sido hasta ahora, cuandolos proyectos eran financiados exclusivamente con los fondos IPA procedentes de la UE.OTRAS INICIATIVAS DE INTERÉS DE LA UEOTRAS INICIATIVAS DE INTERÉS DE LA UEOTRAS INICIATIVAS DE INTERÉS DE LA UEOTRAS INICIATIVAS DE INTERÉS DE LA UE1.1.1.1. Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIFWestern Balkans Investment Framework (WBIFWestern Balkans Investment Framework (WBIFWestern Balkans Investment Framework (WBIF)La Comisión Europea, como proveedor líder de subvenciones en toda la región, juntocon el Consejo del Europe Development Bank (CEB), el European Bank for Reconstruction andDevelopment (EBRD) y el European Investment Bank (EIB), como los principales proveedores derecursos para la inversión en la región, su cometido es maximizar sinergias y eficiencia de losinstrumentos financieros europeos en el desarrollo económico de la región de los Balcanes Oc-cidentales. Se trata de una iniciativa conjunta entre la UE, las Instituciones Financieras Interna-cionales, donadores bilaterales y los Gobiernos de los países de los Balcanes Occidentales.A fin de maximizar las sinergias y eficiencia de los instrumentos financieros europeos enel desarrollo económico de la región de los Balcanes Occidentales, la Comisión acordó junto conel BEI, el EBRD y el CEB la creación del Marco de Inversión en los Balcanes Occidentales.Se trata de una iniciativa financiera innovadora que trata de coordinar con el mayor apro-vechamiento posible la financiación conjunta de estas instituciones de infraestructuras prioritariasen la zona de los Balcanes Occidentales.El objetivo del WBIF es utilizar los fondos para contribuir al desarrollo de una nueva y me-jorada infraestructura que ayude a los Balcanes Occidentales a incrementar su desarrollo eco-nómico, su bienestar social y una mayor armonía en la región. Concretamente se materializa através de proyectos pertenecientes a los siguientes sectores:- Energía- Transporte- Medio ambiente- Social- Desarrollo del Sector Privado- Eficiencia energéticaEl WBIF proporciona unas subvenciones o préstamos, relativamente pequeños, en com-paración a la posterior gran atracción de financiación que los propios proyectos consiguen apartir de ello. Estas subvenciones o préstamos se utilizan:
  • 10. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 101010101. En general, para la Asistencia técnica, es decir, para preparar el proyecto decara a los posibles inversores para que se conviertan en financiadores: infor-mes, memorias, estudios técnicos, financieros y económicos.2. En casos particulares, como un préstamo o subvención directa.El WBIF ofrece un nuevo enfoque para abordar la gran y diversificada inversión que la re-gión necesita. Concretamente consiste en dos componentes esenciales:1. Fondo Común de Donaciones (Joint Grant Facility – JGF ). Se encarga de poner en co-mún las subvenciones de la Comisión Europea, CEB, EBRD, EIB y donantes bilaterales.2. Fondo Común de Prestamos (Joint Lending Facility – JLF ). Se basa en los préstamosconcedidos por CEB, EBRD y EIB para incrementar la cooperación con otras institucio-nes multilaterales y de financiación bilateral.Tanto las entidades públicas como las privadas son elegibles para recibir apoyo. La “ele-gibilidad” del proyecto depende de los siguientes criterios:- Cobertura geográfica: Balcanes Occidentales (Albania, Bosnia y Herzegovina, Croacia,Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro y Serbia)- Sectores: todos los que contribuyan al desarrollo socio-económico y medioambiental- Costes elegibles: todos son elegibles en principio, siempre que cumplan sus normasrespectivas- Tipo de subvención: asistencia técnica, cofinanciación de inversiones, incentivos, boni-ficación de intereses, primas de seguro- Beneficiario: por endoso o sumisión- Complementario: programas IPA y otras donaciones- Coherencia con las políticas, normas y procedimientos de los contribuyentesEl WBIF dispone de un instrumento que se encarga de captar los recursos financierospara el desarrollo de proyectos: el IPF (Infrastructure Projects Facility). En el verano de 2012 secontabilizaban 130 proyectos que están o habían estado apoyados por el WBIF. Estos proyec-tos han recibido subvenciones del WBIF por un total de 270 millones EUR, que a su vez, han re-cibido préstamos de inversión por un valor de 6.400 millones de EUR por parte de diferentesInstituciones Financieras Internacionales. Siendo el valor total de estos proyectos mayor a11.000 millones EUR.Dado que Croacia tiene el estatuto de candidato a la UE, los sectores de “transporte” y“medio ambiente” no son, en general, elegibles para la ayuda del IPF, ya que Croacia dispone deotros mecanismos de financiación para dichos sectores.2.2.2.2. Estrategia de la UE para el DanubioEstrategia de la UE para el DanubioEstrategia de la UE para el DanubioEstrategia de la UE para el DanubioLa región del Danubio engloba a 8 países de la UE (Alemania, Austria, Hungría, RepúblicaCheca, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, Bulgaria y Rumania) y 6 países no miembros (Croacia, Serbia,Bosnia y Herzegovina, Montenegro, Ucrania y Moldavia).La UE tomó esta iniciativa con el objetivo de desarrollar el potencial económico, mejorarel medio ambiente y aumentar la seguridad de la cuenca del Danubio. Esta región, con una po-
  • 11. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 11111111blación de 100 millones de habitantes, alberga algunas de los territorios más pobres y más ricosde Europa y todos ellos tienen que hacer frente a la actual situación de la región:- Problemas medioambientales (contaminación de aguas, inundaciones, cambio climático)- Tiene un alto potencial para el transporte que está sin explotar, con falta de conexionescon el transporte por carretera y ferrocarril.- Insuficiencia de conexiones de energía- Desarrollo socioeconómico desigual- Sistemas de educación, investigación e innovación no coordinados- Deficiencias en seguridadEl objetivo de la “Estrategia de la UE para el Danubio” es fomentar la cooperación a largoplazo para abordar problemas locales entre las regiones interesadas. La Estrategia no suponeuna financiación adicional proveniente de la UE, pero es llevada a cabo a partir de los recursosya disponibles de acuerdo a otros planes vigentes de los países afectados. Estos países debenhacer uso de los fondos europeos recibidos a través de la política de cohesión, de otros pro-gramas de la UE o instrumentos financieros y de varias instituciones financieras institucionales.Aunque no hay ninguna financiación adicional aprobada para esta Estrategia, la Comi-sión desea que se utilicen de manera más eficaz los fondos actuales procedentes de los fondoseuropeos para el periodo 2007-2013. Para ello, la UE ha identificado las áreas prioritarias para laEstrategia del Danubio:- Conexiones de transportes- Conexiones de energía- Medio ambiente- Desarrollo socioeconómico- Aumentar la seguridadConexión de transportesConexión de transportesConexión de transportesConexión de transportesLa estrategia pretende mejorar la movilidad y la multimodalidadmejorar la movilidad y la multimodalidadmejorar la movilidad y la multimodalidadmejorar la movilidad y la multimodalidad (la utilización de variosmedios de transporte en un solo viaje) en la región desarrollando la navegación fluvial sosteniblepero también las infraestructuras viarias, ferroviarias y aeroportuarias. Concretamente, uno de losobjetivos es aumentar un 20% el transporte de mercancías por el Danubio de aquí a 2020, asícomo desarrollar las redes ferroviarias y de carreteras.Conexiones de energíaConexiones de energíaConexiones de energíaConexiones de energíaLas redes presentan numerosas lagunas y defectos debido a insuficiencias en relacióncon la capacidad y la calidad o debido a un mantenimiento que deja que desear. Es necesa-rio favorecer la producción de energías más sostenibles.La interconexión de los mercados de energía de la región ayudará a prevenir que se repi-tan los cortes de electricidad y la escasez de combustible de los inviernos pasados. El aumentoresultante de la competencia deberá reducir también los costes para los consumidores.
  • 12. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 12121212Medio ambienteMedio ambienteMedio ambienteMedio ambienteLa región del Danubio está atravesada por cadenas montañosas como los Cárpatos, losBalcanes y una parte de los Alpes. Por ello, la región alberga una de las floras y faunas más ricasde Europa. Sin embargo, las catástrofes medioambientales y la contaminación no la han puestoa salvo. Los países ribereños deben adoptar medidas comunes y, por ello, el Plan de Acciónpropone restablecer y conservar la calidad de las aguas, gestionar los riesgos medioambienta-les, así como preservar la biodiversidad, los paisajes y la calidad del aire y de los suelos.Un ejemplo concreto será el de las nuevas depuradoras que mejorarán la calidad delagua y reducirán la contaminación de los ríos por aguas residuales no depuradas y fertilizantes.La estrategia incluye proyectos para fomentar las tecnologías ecológicas y proteger la biodiversi-dad.Desarrollo socioeconómicoDesarrollo socioeconómicoDesarrollo socioeconómicoDesarrollo socioeconómicoLa región alberga algunas de las zonas más competitivas de la UE pero también de lasmás pobres, las poblaciones más cualificadas y menos instruidas, los niveles de vida más eleva-dos y los más bajos. Con el fin de superar las disparidades educativas y profesionales, y en elmarco de un enfoque de inclusión social, el Plan de Acción pretende desarrollar la sociedad delconocimiento mediante la investigación, la enseñanza y las tecnologías de la información. Tam-bién pretende apoyar la competitividad de las empresas e invertir en recursos humanos y com-petencias. Deben beneficiarse especialmente las comunidades marginadas (incluidos los gita-nos, la mayoría de los cuales vive en la región).La región del Danubio también dispone de una herencia cultural importante. Por tanto, laComisión desea fomentar la promoción de la cultura y del turismo con el fin de otorgar a la re-gión una dimensión europea y mundial.Aumentar laAumentar laAumentar laAumentar la seguridadseguridadseguridadseguridadLa región del Danubio incluye Estados miembros que se han adherido a la UE en mo-mentos diferentes, así como países candidatos y terceros países. La mayoría tiene problemassimilares, pero no todos disponen de los mismos recursos. De este modo, con el fin de mejorarla capacidad institucional, la cooperación y la seguridad, el Plan de Acción propone trabajar con-juntamente en favor de una administración más eficaz de la seguridad y de la lucha contra lagran criminalidad y el crimen organizado.
  • 13. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 13131313INSTITUCIONES RELACIONADASINSTITUCIONES RELACIONADASINSTITUCIONES RELACIONADASINSTITUCIONES RELACIONADASPara que los fondos europeos sean una realidad en Croacia y para la futura adhesión deeste país a la UE, existen dos instituciones que se encargan de la canalización de la informacióny gestión de fondos y otras cuestiones relativas a la UE, tales como normativas o regulación dediferentes actividades, entre otros. Estas instituciones se dirigen por lo tanto, no solo a empre-sas, sino también a los ciudadanos.1. Ministerio de Desarrollo Regional y de los Fondos de la UEMinisterio de Desarrollo Regional y de los Fondos de la UEMinisterio de Desarrollo Regional y de los Fondos de la UEMinisterio de Desarrollo Regional y de los Fondos de la UE; Branko Grčić,Ministro.Ministry of Regional Development and EU FundsMinistry of Regional Development and EU FundsMinistry of Regional Development and EU FundsMinistry of Regional Development and EU FundsTrg kralja Petra Krešimira IV,110 000 Zagreb, CroatiaTel: +385 1 6400 600Fax: +385 1 6400 644kabinet@mrrfeu.hrhttp://www.mrrfeu.hr2. Delegación de la UE en Croacia;Delegación de la UE en Croacia;Delegación de la UE en Croacia;Delegación de la UE en Croacia; Paul Vandoren, Head of the Delegation ofthe European Union to the Republic of Croatia. Esta delegación se disolverácon la entrada de Croacia en la UE. A partir de Julio de 2013 no habrá una de-legación de la UE en Croacia, sino solamente una representación de esta insti-tución (UE).Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of CroatiaDelegation of the European Union to the Republic of CroatiaDelegation of the European Union to the Republic of CroatiaDelegation of the European Union to the Republic of CroatiaTrg žrtava fašizma 6,10000 Zagreb, CroatiaTel: 00 385 (0) 1 4896 500Fax: 00 385 (0) 1 4896 555delegation-croatia@eeas.europa.euhttp://www.delhrv.ec.europa.eu/?lang=en
  • 14. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 141414142.2.2.2. BBBBancoancoancoanco EEEEuropeo para lauropeo para lauropeo para lauropeo para la RRRReconstrucción y eleconstrucción y eleconstrucción y eleconstrucción y el DDDDesarrolloesarrolloesarrolloesarrolloEl objetivo del BERD es ayudar a Croacia en su acceso a la UE a través de la mejora dela competitividad de las empresas locales y de las condiciones de inversión, así como mediantela restructuración y modernización de la infraestructura del país.Para ello el BERD apoya los diferentes procesos de privatización, apoya la inversión ex-tranjera en el país y por su puesto, el desarrollo de nuevas infraestructuras.En particular, las actividades del BERD en Croacia están integradas dentro del esfuerzointernacional de promover el crecimiento y la estabilidad en el sureste europeo.Por ello, la actividad del BERD se materializa a través del soporte para el aumento de lacompetitividad y de la eficiencia energética de las pequeñas y medianas empresas y con ello,conseguir dar soporte para la mejora de la seguridad energética del país y de la infraestructuracomercial municipal. Concretamente las prioridades de este banco durante el periodo 2010 –2013 han sido las que siguen:Conseguir apoyo regional a las empresas croatasFinanciación comercial de la infraestructura nacional y municipal,Financiación de las PYME y el turismoDesde su participación en Croacia, el BERD (Banco Europeo de Reconstrucción y Desa-rrollo) ha apoyado diferentes aspectos como por ejemplo, los procesos de privatización, el apo-yo a la inversión extranjera directa, la reestructuración del sector financiero (bastante afectadodespués de la crisis) y el desarrollo de la infraestructura.El BERD comenzó a trabajar en Croacia en 1994. Desde esta fecha ha invertido más de2.000 millones de EUR.Las cifras de su volumen de negocios (variable flujo anual que incluye: préstamos, equity,trade finance) para los últimos dos años son de 153 millones de EUR para 2011 y de 205 millo-nes de EUR para 2012.Estas cantidades pueden descomponerse en las ayudas al sector público y privado. Pu-de observarse como en 2011 la mayor parte de las ayudas fueron destinadas al sector público,mientras que en 2012, se destinaron al sector privado.TablaTablaTablaTabla 4444 ---- Destino de las ayudas del BERD en CroaciaDestino de las ayudas del BERD en CroaciaDestino de las ayudas del BERD en CroaciaDestino de las ayudas del BERD en CroaciaMillones EUR 2011 2012Sector privado 26 146Sector público 127 59Volumen de negocio 153 205Fuente: BERD
  • 15. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 15151515Corporativo; 26%Energía; 20%Institucionesfinancieras; 24%Infraestructuras;30%En 2011 el volumen de negocio del BERD ascendió a un total de 153 millones de EUR enCroacia, además de los 15 millones de EUR de line de crédito concedida a Privredna Banka Za-greb destinados a préstamos para proyectos que mejorarían la competitividad de las pyme. Losproyectos actuales que está financiando el BERD se pueden clasificar en cuatro grandes grupos:1. Corporativo:Corporativo:Corporativo:Corporativo: agroindustriales, manufacturas, servicios, inmobiliario, turismo y tele-comunicaciones.2. Energía:Energía:Energía:Energía: recursos naturales y sector de la energía.3. Instituciones financieras:Instituciones financieras:Instituciones financieras:Instituciones financieras: inversiones en PYME a través de intermediarios financie-ros.4. Infraestructura:Infraestructura:Infraestructura:Infraestructura: infraestructura municipal y transporte.Fuente: BERDAlgunos de los proyectos más destacados en el 2011 fueron el apoyo a la inversión parala construcción de pequeñas empresas locales, financiación para la construcción de la plantahidroeléctrica de Ombla o la promoción de la generación y uso de energía verde en Croacia.En 2012, el volumen de negocios del BERD en Croacia fue de 205 millones de EUR,donde 146 millones de EUR se destinaron al sector privado y 59 millones de EUR al público. Porotro lado, el valor de todos los proyectos financiados por su parte fue de 114 millones de EUR,que está relacionado con proyectos de infraestructuras, inmobiliario/turismo, instituciones finan-cieras y Agribusiness en las siguientes cuantías:TablaTablaTablaTabla 5555 ---- Valor de los proyectos financiados por el BERD en Croacia en 2012Valor de los proyectos financiados por el BERD en Croacia en 2012Valor de los proyectos financiados por el BERD en Croacia en 2012Valor de los proyectos financiados por el BERD en Croacia en 2012Infraestructuras 48Inmobiliario/Turismo 31,3Instituciones Financieras 18,9Agribusiness 15,8Total PROYECTOS(mill. EUR)114Fuente: BERD
  • 16. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 16161616Además se presentan a continuación el total de las facilidades marco que el BERD con-cedió a Croacia: un total de 20,75 millones de EUR que se descomponen como sigue:TablaTablaTablaTabla 6666 ---- Facilidades marco que el BERD concedió a Croacia en 2012Facilidades marco que el BERD concedió a Croacia en 2012Facilidades marco que el BERD concedió a Croacia en 2012Facilidades marco que el BERD concedió a Croacia en 2012Western Balkans Sustainable Energy Direct Financing Facility 3,75EBRD - Italy Local Enterprise Facility 2Western Balkans Private Sector Support Facility 5Western Balkans and Croatia Financing Framework 10Total FACILIDADES MARCO (mill. EUR) 20,75Fuente: BERDEn la propia página web del BERD se pueden consultar los proyectos financiados por es-te organismo, ya estén abiertos o en proceso de adjudicación. Sin más ánimo que dar un ejem-plo, se presentan los proyectos firmados y pendientes de aprobación de 2012 y 2013, para loscuales irán saliendo diferentes invitaciones a licitar:Fecha Proyecto Sector Público/Privado Estado26-mar-13 44336Aguas y aguas residuales en Rije-kaInfraestructura medioam-tiental y municipalPrivadoPendientede revisión29-oct-12 44325 Danieli - ABS SISAK Servicios y manufacturas Privado Firmado02-jul-12 42125 Aguas residuales en SibenikInfraestructura medioam-tiental y municipalPúblico Firmado21-jun-12 43928Société Générale - Splitska BankaAsociación par el crecimientoPréstamos a bancos Privado Firmado07-jun-12 43818Erste Bank Croatia-Senior LOANMSME FinanciamientoPréstamos a bancos Privado Firmado11-may-1242542Rehabilitación de la infraestructu-ra del puerto de SplitTransporte Público FirmadoFuente: BERD
  • 17. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 171717173.3.3.3. Banco MundialBanco MundialBanco MundialBanco MundialLa misión del Banco Mundial en Croacia tiene por objetivo desarrollar la competitividadde la economía del país y apoyarlo en su preparación para su ingreso en la Unión Europea.Tal y como anuncia el propio banco, “el objetivo del BM es facilitar la convergencia deCroacia con otros países de la UE de un modo fiscal, social y medioambientalmente sostenible”.Para ello el BM ha mantenido una estrategia de inversión diversificada en múltiples secto-res como el de la educación, energía, industria, transporte o infraestructuras, entre otros, y quehan supuesto una importante inversión en la economía croata.Sus objetivos por lo tanto, son crear instituciones transparentes, fomentar un ambientefavorable para el crecimiento del sector privado y apoyar el uso sostenible de los recursos natu-rales. Durante el periodo 2009 – 2012 está prevista una inversión de entre 750 y 1.364 millonesde euros. Las cantidades a las cuales el gobierno croata podrá acceder variarán en función delcumplimiento de los objetivos marcados por el Banco Mundial.Desde 1993, el BM ha proporcionado financiación para 47 proyectos en Croacia por untotal de 3.300 millones de dólares. En la actualidad el BM se mueve dentro de la denominada“Estrategia de alianza 2009-13” y la cuantía total de los préstamos que ha concedido hasta aho-ra es de 1.052 millones de USD. En la actualidad hay 12 proyectos en marcha, sin terminar.Una vez completada dicha estrategia, pues abarca hasta el 2013, se pasará a la “Nuevaestrategia de alianza 2014-17” que actualmente está en estado de borrador. Los objetivos deesta nueva estrategia será conseguir la estabilidad macroeconómica, acelerar las reformas es-tructurales y lograr una mejor utilización de los fondos provenientes de la UE.
  • 18. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 181818184.4.4.4. BBBBancoancoancoanco EEEEurourourouropeo depeo depeo depeo de IIIInversionesnversionesnversionesnversionesEL BEI es uno de los mayores financiadores del área de los Balcanes, donde lleva parti-cipando desde el año 1977.Con respecto a Croacia, el objetivo del BEI es proporcionarle los recursos financieros ne-cesarios para financiar proyectos con garantías de la UE, y con ello contribuir al desarrollo del“Croatian National Development Plan” y su posterior adhesión a la UE. Por este motivo, el BEIcoopera de forma muy cercana con otras cofinanciadoras, como el BERD o el BM para poderconseguir su objetivo último de hacer posible la ejecución de los proyectos más adecuados quefaciliten la integración de Croacia en la UE.Llevado a su materialización puede subrayarse que entre 2001 y 2010 el BEI ha invertido2.400 millones de EUR, donde el 64% ha ido destinado a proyectos en transporte.Entre 2001 y 2008 ha invertido 1.572 millones de EUR: el 44% para transporte (705 mi-llones), 25% para préstamos intermedios (386 millones), 18% en energía (281 millones) y el 13%restante para infraestructuras (200 millones). Como podrá verse en la tabla que se muestra acontinuación, en 2010 el BEI incrementó sus actividades en Croacia con el fin de reducir el im-pacto negativo de la crisis. Esta ayuda fue fundamentalmente a inversiones en PYME.En 2012, este banco ha financiado proyectos por valor de 300 millones de EUR. Esta fi-nanciación de 2012 se ha destinado sobretodo a apoyar a las pyme y a los gobiernos locales.En 2013 ya se ha concedido financiación a un proyecto por valor de 250 millones de EUR.TablaTablaTablaTabla 7777 ---- Inversión del BEI en Croacia (2008Inversión del BEI en Croacia (2008Inversión del BEI en Croacia (2008Inversión del BEI en Croacia (2008 ---- 2012)2012)2012)2012)Inversión del BEI en Croacia(millones de EUR)2008 1702009 4152010 5112011 3052012 300Fuente: BEISegún anuncia el propio banco, “para el futuro, el sector de las infraestructuras, en con-creto de las infraestructuras de transporte seguirá siendo una prioridad del BEI, sobre todo el fe-rrocarril. También se prevé una importante financiación en el sector del medio ambiente, en con-creto, proyectos relacionados con el tratamiento de aguas residuales, salud y educación”.
  • 19. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 19191919Estos son los proyectos que el BEI ha financiado a lo largo de 2012 en Croacia y el pro-yecto al que se le ha concedido financiación para el 2013:TablaTablaTablaTabla 8888 ---- Proyectos financiados por el BEI en Croacia en 2012 y 2013Proyectos financiados por el BEI en Croacia en 2012 y 2013Proyectos financiados por el BEI en Croacia en 2012 y 2013Proyectos financiados por el BEI en Croacia en 2012 y 2013Proyectos financiados en 2012 Sector Firma Mill EURESB Loan for smes & Mid-Cap II Líneas de crédito 21/12/2012 50HBOR Loan for smes and Mid-Cap III Líneas de crédito 18/09/2012 100HBOR Loan for smes and Mid-Cap III Líneas de crédito 10/02/2012 150300Proyectos financiados en 2013 Sector Firma Mill EURHBOR Loan for smes and Mid-Cap IV Líneas de crédito 25/01/2013 250Fuente: BEIEn la página web del BEI se pueden consultar los diferentes proyectos en los que partici-pa este banco. Estos proyectos a fecha de abril de 2013 son los que siguen:Fecha deentradaProyecto Sector Estado08-feb-13 Extensión del aeropuerto de Zagreb Transporte Bajo evaluación09-nov-12 HBOR Loan para pyme Líneas de crédito Firmado12-mar-12 Biogas Energía Aprobado29-dic-11 Rehabilitación de ferrocarril Transporte Bajo evaluación07-feb-11 Subestación paso superior (ferrocarril) Zagreb Transporte Aprobado25-may-09 SB Loan para pyme Líneas de crédito AprobadoFuente: BEI
  • 20. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 20202020BIBLIOGRAFÍA Y CONTACTOSUnión Europea: Fondos IPAUnión Europea: Fondos IPAUnión Europea: Fondos IPAUnión Europea: Fondos IPA, Estructurales, Estructurales, Estructurales, Estructurales y de Cohesióny de Cohesióny de Cohesióny de CohesiónComisión Europea (información): http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/instruments/funding-by-country/croatia/index_en.htmComisión Europea (información fondos):http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/thefunds/ipa/croatia_development_en.cfmComisión Europea (proyectos) :https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/europeaid/online-services/index.cfm?ADSSChck=1359104349939&do=publi.welcome&userlanguage=esDelegación de la UE en Croacia: http://www.delhrv.ec.europa.eu/?lang=enMinisterio de Desarrollo Regional y de Fondos de la UE de Croacia:http://www.mrrfeu.hr/default.aspx?id=866Diario Oficial de la UE (DOCE)Oficina Comercial y Económica de la Embajada de España en Zagreb:http://www.oficinascomerciales.es/icex/cda/controller/pageOfecomes/0,,5280449_5282899_5283038_0_HR,00.htmlSavska Cesta, 41, 1º - 10000 Zagreb (Croacia)Teléfono: +385 161 76 901/ 663Departamento de “Oportunidades de Negocio” de ICEX:http://www.icex.es/icex/cda/controller/pageICEX/0,6558,5518394_5519196_6735919_0_0_-1,00.htmlAntena ICEX en Bruselas:Contacto: María Lacasa Díaz, Jefe de Dpto. Antena Programas EuropeosOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de EspañaRue Montoyer, 10 – 1000 Bruselasantena@icex.esTeléfono: +32 (0)2 551 10 57/ 59Voz IP: (+34) 91 349 86 46Documentos sobre programas y proyectos: http://www.icex.es/ayudaexternaueCroacia: http://www.icex.es/ayudaexternaue/croacia.htmAgencia de Financiación y Contratación croata: http://www.safu.hr/enBanco Croata para la Reconstrucción y el Desarrollo: http://www.hbor.hr/art1074Funcionamiento de los Fondos Estructurales y de Cohesión:http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/thefunds/funding/index_en.cfmUE: Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIFUE: Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIFUE: Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIFUE: Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIF)http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/western-balkans-conference/wbif-a4-def_en.pdfInstrumento IPF: http://www.wbif-ipf.eu
  • 21. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 21212121UE: Estrategia de la UE para el DanubioUE: Estrategia de la UE para el DanubioUE: Estrategia de la UE para el DanubioUE: Estrategia de la UE para el Danubiohttp://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/cooperate/danube/index_en.cfmOportunidades financieras: www.danube-region.eu/pages/funding-opportunitiesBBBBancoancoancoanco EEEEuropeo para lauropeo para lauropeo para lauropeo para la RRRReconstrucceconstrucceconstrucceconstrucción y elión y elión y elión y el DDDDesarrolloesarrolloesarrolloesarrollohttp://www.ebrd.com/downloads/research/factsheets/croatia.pdfPágina web general: http://www.ebrd.com/pages/country/croatia.shtmlProyectos:http://www.ebrd.com/saf/search.html;jsessionid=E253D259F8ACC29A50CCF1370E602ABF?type=procurement_notice&contract=Project%20goods,%20works%20and%20servicesAnálisis histórico: información de proyectos adjudicados y a qué empresas se han dado.Interesante para conocer competidores y posibles socios.http://www.ebrd.com/pages/workingwithus/procurement/project/reports.shtmlContacto:Zsuzsanna HargitaiEBRD Croatia officeMiramarska 233rd floor10000 ZagrebTel: +385 1 6000 310Fax: +385 1 6197 218EBRD HeadquartersOne Exchange SquareLONDON EC2A 2JNUnited KingdomTel: +44 20 7338 6000Fax: +44 20 7338 6100Enrique BalEBRD London officeBalE@ebrd.comBanco MundialBanco MundialBanco MundialBanco MundialAntena en Washington:Antena en Washington:Antena en Washington:Antena en Washington:Sara Hormigo, Jefa del Departamento Multilateralshormigo@comercio.mineco.esBBBBancoancoancoanco EEEEuropeo deuropeo deuropeo deuropeo de IIIInversionesnversionesnversionesnversioneswww.eib.org/projects/pipeline/regions/enlargement/index.htm
  • 22. FONDOS MULTILATERALES EN CROACIAOficina Económica y Comercial de la Embajada de España en Zagreb 22222222ANEXOSANEXOSANEXOSANEXOSAnexo IAnexo IAnexo IAnexo IAyuda externa de la UE: Instrumento de Preadhesión (IPA) en Croacia. Resumen documento deplanificación orientativa plurianual 2011 – 2013.Anexo IIAnexo IIAnexo IIAnexo IIReglamento del Consejo por la que se establece el Marco Financiero Plurianual para el período2014 – 2020.Anexo IIIAnexo IIIAnexo IIIAnexo IIIPosición de la Comisión de Servicios para el desarrollo del Acuerdo de Asociación y los progra-mas en la República de Croacia en el período 2014 – 2020.
  • 23. Dpto. Antena Programas EuropeosOficina Económica y Comercial de España en Bélgicaantena@mcx.esTel: 0032 2 551 10 591AYUDA EXTERNA DE LA UNIÓN EUROPEA INSTRUMENTO DE PREADHESIÓN (IPA) CROACIARESUMEN DOCUMENTO DE PLANIFICACIÓN ORIENTATIVA PLURIANUAL 2011-2013Dotación: 430,4 Mill. €ÁREAS DE ACTUACIÓN 2011 2012 2013 2011-20131 - Ayuda a la transición y desarrollo institucional 39,9 40,8 38,5 119,32 - Cooperación transfronteriza 18,87 16,44 17 49,313 - Desarrollo regional 58,2 59,3 62 179,54 - Desarrollo de recursos humanos 16 16,04 18 50,045 - Desarrollo rural 26,5 27,3 27,7 81,5TOTAL ( Mill. € ) 140,6 143,5 146,2 430,41. TRANSICIÓN Y DESARROLLO INSTITUCIONAL 2011-2013: 119 M€A. Justicia y asuntos de interior y derechos fundamentales 64 M€- Reforma judicial- Derechos Fundamentales (minorías y refugiados)- Lucha contra la corrupción, delincuencia organizada y blanqueo de capitales- Armonización de las políticas de emigración visados y asilo- Gestión de fronteras- Plan de acción SchengenB. Reforma de la Administración Pública 9 M€- Desarrollo del funcionariado- Mecanismos de contratación pública- Fiscalidad- Estadística- Unión aduanera- Control financieraPor otra parte, 26 M€ se destinarán a Apoyo institucional en los subcomponentes de Transporte,Medio Ambiente y Competitividad en el marco del desarrollo regional; 10 M€ se destinarán alcomponente IV (Desarrollo de Recursos Humanos) y 10 M€ al Componente V (Desarrollo Rural).
  • 24. Dpto. Antena Programas EuropeosOficina Económica y Comercial de España en Bélgicaantena@mcx.esTel: 0032 2 551 10 5922. COOPERACIÓN REGIONAL TRANSFRONTERIZA- CBC 2011-2013: 49 M€Pueden consultar los Programas 2007-2013 de Cooperación Transfronteriza en el siguienteenlace: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/funds/ipa/crossborder_en.htm3. DESARROLLO REGIONAL 2011-2013: 179 M€Los fondos del IPA correspondientes al Componente III se ejecutarán a través de tres programasoperativos plurianuales relativos, respectivamente, al medio ambiente, los transportes y lacompetitividad regional.A. Medio ambiente y Cambio Climático 77 M€- Tratamiento de residuos sólidos- Aguas residuales- Agua potable- Capacidad institucionalB. Transporte 77 M€- Transporte ferroviario (corredores X y V de la RTE)- Vías navegables- Apoyo institucionalC. Competitividad regional 51 M€- Competitividad y convergencia con la UE- Reducción de las disparidades socioeconómicas regionales- Desarrollo y medio ambiente (bajas emisiones de carbono)4. DESARROLLO DE RECURSOS HUMANOS 2011-2013: 50 M€La realización del Componente IV del IPA, “Desarrollo de los recursos humanos” comenzó en2009. En diciembre de 2008 se aprobó el otorgamiento a las autoridades croatas de los poderesde gestión para su realización. Antes del 31 de diciembre de 2010, se convocaron las licitacionesde los ocho planes de subvenciones y se firmaron siete planes de subvenciones, comopreparativos para el Fondo Social Europeo. El 23 de noviembre de 2010 se revisó y aprobó elprograma operativo de desarrollo de los recursos humanos. El componente IV del IPA estásufriendo algunos retrasos.
  • 25. Dpto. Antena Programas EuropeosOficina Económica y Comercial de España en Bélgicaantena@mcx.esTel: 0032 2 551 10 593Las prioridades se detallan a continuación:- Educación y formación- Empleo e integración social- Desarrollo de la capacidad institucional5. DESARROLLO RURAL 2011-2013: 81 M€El Componente V “Desarrollo Rural”, empezó en 2010. Destaca el escaso número de propuestasrecibidas. A pesar de los avances realizados, los retrasos que seguía habiendo a finales de 2009pusieron en peligro los fondos asignados para los años 2007 y 2008. De conformidad con lanorma presupuestaria de “n+3”, dichos fondos deberían ser liberados si no se gastan antes deque finalice el año 2011.Dentro del Componente V del IPA se presta apoyo al sector del desarrollo rural mediante unprograma único de desarrollo rural plurianual, que abarca la totalidad del período de 2007 a2013.Se detalla a continuación las actividades prioritarias:- Preparación de la aplicación y gestión de la política agrícola- Apoyo institucional- Adaptación del Acervo comunitario y aplicación de normas de la PAC y sectores conexos(seguridad alimentaria, sector veterinario y fitosanitario, medidas agroambientales, apoyo ala iniciativa Leader11 Leader (Relaciones entre actividades de desarrollo de la economía rural) es una iniciativa que se inscribe en lapolítica europea en favor del desarrollo rural, financiada por los Fondos Estructurales de la UE. El programa sedirige a diversificar las actividades económicas de las zonas rurales a través de la puesta en práctica de estrategiasde desarrollo territorial innovadoras, sostenibles, integradas y participativas. Está centrada principalmente en laasociación y en las redes de intercambio de experiencias.(http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/rur/leaderplus/index_es.htm)
  • 26. EN ENEUROPEAN COMMISSIONBrussels, 6.7.2012COM(2012) 388 final2011/0177 (APP)Amended proposal for aCOUNCIL REGULATIONlaying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020
  • 27. EN 2 ENEXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM1. CONTEXT OF THE AMENDED PROPOSALFollowing the adoption of its proposal for a Council Regulation laying down themultiannual financial framework for the years 2014-20201("MFF Regulation"), theCommission submitted proposals for all the legislative acts concerning themultiannual programmes for that period. As detailed under point 2 below, two ofthese proposals imply amendments to the proposal for a MFF Regulation.It is also necessary to update the multiannual financial framework table included inthe annex to the MFF Regulation to take into account the following elements:(a) Allocations for the Republic of Croatia are to be added to the Commissionsproposal for EU-27 based on the Act of Accession signed on 9 December20112.(b) The availability of new data for regional GDP and national GNI results inchanges to the regional and national eligibility under the Unions cohesionpolicy and therefore in a recalculation of the regional and national allocations.(c) The most recent macro-economic forecasts and projections should be takeninto account to calculate the maximum national allocations for Member Statessubject to capped cohesion envelopes as well as to express the ceilings of theMFF table for the period 2014-2020 as a percentage of EU-28 GNI.2. LEGAL ELEMENTS OF THE AMENDED PROPOSALProposed amendments to recitals and articles are marked in bold and underlined inthe attached Amended Proposal.2.1 Article 7On 15 November 2011 the Commission presented a proposal for a Regulation of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council laying down general provisions on theAsylum and Migration Fund and on the instrument for financial support for policecooperation, preventing and combating crime, and crisis management3("HorizontalRegulation"), a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of theCouncil establishing the Asylum and Migration Fund4, and a proposal for aRegulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing, as part of theInternal Security Fund, the instrument for financial support for police cooperation,preventing and combating crime, and crisis management5. The same day, theCommission presented a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament andof the Council establishing, as part of the Internal Security Fund, the instrument for1COM(2011) 398 final of 29.6.2011.2OJ L 112, 24.4.2012, p. 21.3COM(2011) 752 final.4COM(2011) 751 final.5COM(2011) 753 final.
  • 28. EN 3 ENfinancial support for external borders and visa6. The three specific Regulationsprovide that the provisions of the Horizontal Regulation shall apply to them.In the Horizontal Regulation the Commission announced that it will amend itsproposal for a MFF Regulation to extend the provisions of Article 7 to theprogrammes implemented under shared management under the Asylum andMigration Fund and Internal Security Fund7. This is part of the Commissionsendeavour to harmonise rules applicable to shared management. Accordingly, whilstevery effort should be made to ensure that the national programmes under bothFunds are adopted in 2014, a transfer to subsequent years of allocations not used in2014 should be possible so as to avoid the loss of related commitmentappropriations.2.2 Article 8 (and recital No 7)On 6 October 2011, the Commission presented a proposal for a Regulation of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council laying down common provisions on theEuropean Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the CohesionFund, the European Agricultural and Rural Development Fund and the EuropeanMaritime and Fisheries Fund covered by the Common Strategic Framework andlaying down general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, theEuropean Social Fund and the Cohesion Fund and repealing Regulation (EC) No1083/2006 ("CSF Regulation")8.Article 21 of the CSF Regulation provides for rules on conditionality linked to thecoordination of the Member States economic policies, including the possiblesuspension of commitments and payments for programmes supported from the Fundscovered by the Common Strategic Framework.Article 21(8), last paragraph, of that Regulation provides that, when the conditionsfor lifting a suspension of commitments or payments are met, the Council shall, atthe same time, decide, on a proposal of the Commission, to re-budget the suspendedcommitments in accordance with Article 8 of the Council Regulation laying downthe multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020.Consequently, Article 8 (and recital No 7) has to be amended accordingly to allowfor the transfer and re-budgeting of suspended commitments.Article 6 shall apply to decisions related to the lifting of a suspension ofappropriations for payments.2.3 Article 11 and new Article 11a (and recital No 7 and Article 9(5))Beyond the two above changes stemming from the legislative proposals onmultiannual programmes, the Commission also proposes to amend Article 11 of itsproposal for a MFF Regulation: For reasons of legal clarity and terminology itproposes to split Article 11 into two Articles, so as to distinguish the case of the6COM(2011 750 final.7COM(2011) 752 final, point 5.1. of the explanatory memorandum, page 7, last bullet point.8COM(2011) 615 final.
  • 29. EN 4 ENaccession of a new Member State to the Union from that of the reunification ofCyprus. This requires recital No 7 and Article 9(5) to be amended accordingly.2.4 Amendments to recital No 8 and Article 5For clarification purposes, and given the availability of more recent macroeconomicforecasts, some minor amendments are made to recital No 8 and Article 5 of theproposal.3. BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS3.1 Incorporating the allocations for Croatia in the MFF tableCountry-specific allocations for the Republic of Croatia need to be added to theCommissions proposal for the Structural Funds, the Cohesion Fund, the EuropeanAgricultural Fund for Rural Development, the European Maritime and FisheriesFund, the Asylum and Migration Fund and the Internal Security Fund.These allocations are calculated on the basis of the same methodology applied for theEU-27, subject to the transitional provisions laid down in the Act of Accession.Accordingly, for the Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund, the amounts calculatedon the basis of the proposed allocation method for the period 2014-2020 are subjectto a twofold adjustment:– A phasing-in schedule of 70% for the year 2014 and 90% for the year 2015;– The allocations for 2014 and 2015 should amount to respectively 2.33 timesand 3 times the 2013 allocation insofar as the limits of the new acquis allow(i.e. the capping rate of 2.5% of national GDP cannot be breached).As regards the CAP:– For market measures the allocation is calculated on the full application of theacquis, subject to the special conditions laid down in the Act of Accession forthe wine sector;– For direct payments, the same 10 year phasing-in schedule is applied to theapplicable level of such payments in the EU-15 as was the case for the MemberStates which acceded on 1 May 2004 and 1 January 2007;– For rural development, the allocation is based on the same methodology whichthe Commission applied for the overall amounts for EU-27. The Act ofAccession does not foresee a phasing-in period.As regards the EMFF, the allocation is subject to the same twofold adjustment for theyears 2014-2015 (phasing-in and multiplicator) as is the case for the structural andcohesion funds.Croatia participates fully in the Asylum and Migration Fund as of 2014. It receives aspecial Schengen allocation for the year 2014 and consequently shall not benefitfrom the external borders and visa strand of the Internal Security Fund for that year.
  • 30. EN 5 ENFurthermore, Croatia shall receive a temporary "cash-flow facility" to improve its netbudgetary position for the year 2014.Besides benefitting from these pre-allocated amounts, Croatia shall also fullyparticipate in all other internal policies. Therefore all the non pre-allocated envelopesneed to be adjusted accordingly. The same approach as for the 2013 amounts for theclosure of the Accession negotiations has been applied – i.e. the amounts arecalculated in proportion to the share of Croatia in the GDP and the population of EU-27, resulting in an increase of all the proposed non pre-allocated envelopes by0.62%9.Heading 5 would need to be updated to take account of the additional administrativeexpenditure requirements resulting from the accession of Croatia. With Croatiasaccession and to manage the enlarged Union, additional resources will be neededmainly for linguistic, legal and programme management tasks. For the Commissionalone the net reinforcement needed will amount to 384 additional full time equivalentunits, mostly in the form of posts to be added to the establishment plan with theirphasing in to be completed by 2014. The other Institutions will need additionalresources mainly for linguistic and legal expenditure, equipment and operatingexpenditure, communication activities and IT management tasks, requiring a netreinforcement of some 274 additional full time equivalent units mostly in the form ofposts. Those additional posts will also facilitate the integration of Croatian nationalsto ensure geographical balance. The additional cost over the period 2014-2020 for allinstitutions is estimated at EUR 536 million (2011 prices).Finally, the impact of these additional commitments needs to be added to the annualglobal payment ceilings on the basis of the same payment schedules used for the EU-27.The resulting additional amounts are summarised in the table below. The proposedceilings for EU-27 need to be adjusted accordingly.9The share of Croatia in the population and GNI of EU 27 amounts to 0.62%. This share was used forestablishing the amounts for 2013 in the Common Position on Chapter 33 – Financial and Budgetaryprovisions.
  • 31. EN 6 ENAdditional amounts for Croatia in the MFF 2014-2020(EUR million - 2011 prices)COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020Total2014-20201. Smart and Inclusive Growth 1 088 1 295 1 330 1 361 1 395 1 428 1 462 9 360of which: Economic, social and territorial cohesion 1 011 1 214 1 244 1 271 1 300 1 329 1 358 8 7282. Sustainable Growth: Natural Resources 458 477 488 496 520 542 564 3 545of which: Market related expenditure and direct payments 118 134 148 163 193 222 249 1 2273. Security and citizenship 88 31 31 31 31 31 31 2734. Global Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 05. Administration 80 76 76 76 76 76 76 536of which: Administrative expenditure of the institutions 80 76 76 76 76 76 76 5366. Compensations 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 27TOTAL COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS 1 741 1 879 1 925 1 964 2 021 2 078 2 133 13 741TOTAL PAYMENT APPROPRIATIONS 550 877 1 284 1 640 1 764 1 941 1 900 9 956
  • 32. EN 7 EN3.2 Updating of the ceiling for Smart and Inclusive Growth and the sub-ceiling for Economic, social and territorial cohesionThe cohesion allocations in the Commission proposals were based on the latestavailable data when the proposals were adopted, i.e. the average regional GDP forthe years 2006 to 2008, regional education and labour market data for the years2007-2009, the average GNI for the years 2007 to 2009, as well as the Spring 2011macro-economic forecast and accompanying medium term projections.Following the publication of regional GDP data for 2009, regional education andlabour market data for 2010, and of GNI data for 2010, these proposals now need tobe updated: The three-year average determining eligibility shifts to 2007-2009 forregional GDP and to 2008-2010 for GNI. Furthermore, the maximum envelopes forthose Member States subject to a cap of 2.5% of national GDP are now calculated onthe basis of the Spring 2012 forecast and updated medium-term projections.This results in the following changes to the overall allocation for the EU-27:(EUR million - 2011 prices)COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020Total2014-20201. Smart and Inclusive Growth -1 015 -860 -610 -573 -675 -810 -963 -5 506of which: Economic, social and territorial cohesion -1 015 -860 -610 -573 -675 -810 -963 -5 5063.3 Updating of the global ceilings for payment appropriationsThe annual global ceilings for payments need to be updated on the basis of the mostrecent information available:– The budget execution for the year 2011– The adopted budget for the year 2012– The draft budget for the year 2013 and the accompanying revised paymentschedules3.4 Updating of the overall annual ceilings for commitments and paymentsexpressed as a percentage of EU-GNIFinally, the overall annual ceilings for commitments and payments of the MFF table,as modified under sections 3.1 and 3.2 above, need to be expressed in terms of apercentage of EU-28 GNI, calculated on the basis of the Commissions Spring 2012macro-economic forecast and updated medium-term projections.
  • 33. EN 8 EN2011/0177 (APP)Amended proposal for aCOUNCIL REGULATIONlaying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,Having regard to the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union, and in particularArticle 312 thereof, in conjunction with the Treaty establishing the European Atomic EnergyCommunity, and in particular Article 106a thereof,Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission10,Having regard to the consent of the European Parliament11,After transmission of the draft legislative act to national Parliaments,Acting in accordance with a special legislative procedure,Whereas:(1) The annual ceilings on commitments appropriations by category of expenditure andthe annual ceilings on payment appropriations established by this Regulation mustrespect the ceilings set for commitments and own resources in [Council DecisionXXXX/XX/EU, Euratom].(2) Taking into account the need for an adequate level of predictability for preparing andimplementing medium-term investments, the duration of the financial frameworkshould be set at seven years starting 1 January 2014, with an assessment of theimplementation of the financial framework at mid-term. The results of this assessmentshould be taken into account during the last three years of the duration of the financialframework.(3) Special instruments, the Emergency Aid Reserve, the European Union SolidarityFund, the Flexibility Instrument, the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund, theReserve for crises in the agriculture sector and the Contingency Margin, are necessaryto allow the Union to react to specified unforeseen circumstances, or to allow thefinancing of clearly identified expenditure which could not be financed within thelimits of the ceilings available for one or more headings as laid down in the financialframework. Specific provisions are therefore necessary to provide for a possibility toenter in the budget commitment appropriations over and above the ceilings set out infinancial framework where it is necessary to use special instruments.10OJ C , , p. .11OJ C , , p. .
  • 34. EN 9 EN(4) If it is necessary to mobilise the Unions budget guarantees for the loans providedunder the Balance of Payment Facility and the European Financial StabilisationMechanism set out in Council Regulation (EC) No 332/2002 of 18 February 2002establishing a facility providing medium-term financial assistance for Member Statesbalances of payments12and in Council Regulation (EU) No 407/2010 of 11 May 2010establishing a European financial stabilisation mechanism13, the necessary amountshould be mobilised over and above the ceilings of the commitments and paymentsappropriations of the financial framework while respecting the own resources ceiling.(5) The financial framework should be laid down in 2011 prices. The rules for technicaladjustments of the financial framework to recalculate the ceilings and marginsavailable should also be laid down.(6) The financial framework should not take account of budget items financed by assignedrevenue within the meaning of Regulation (EU) No [xxx/201x] of the EuropeanParliament and of the Council of […] on the financial rules applicable to the annualbudget of the Union14.(7) Rules should be laid down for other situations that may require the financialframework to be adjusted. Those adjustments may be related to the implementation ofthe budget, macroeconomic conditionalities linked to the coordination of MemberStates economic policiesexcessive government deficit, revision of the Treaties,enlargements, the reunification of Cyprus, or delayed adoption of new rulesgoverning certain policy areas.(8) The national envelopes for cohesion policyfor growth and employment are establishedon the basis of forecast for Gross Domestic Product (hereinafter "GDP") of spring20121. Given the forecasting uncertainties and the impact for the capped MemberStates an assessment should be made in mid-term to compare the forecasted and actualGDP and its impact for the envelopes. In case the GDP for 2014-2016 differs morethan +/- 5% from the forecast used in 20121 the envelopes for 2018-2020 for theMember States concerned need to be adjusted. The rules for this adjustment need to beprovided for.(9) The financial framework may need to be revised in case of unforeseen circumstancesthat cannot be dealt with within the established ceilings of the financial framework. Itis therefore necessary to provide for revision of the financial framework in such cases.(10) It is necessary to provide for general rules on interinstitutional cooperation in thebudgetary procedure.(11) In order to help the budgetary procedure to run smoothly, it is necessary to provide forthe basic rules for the budgeting of the expenditure for the Common Foreign andSecurity policy and overall amount for the period covered by the financial framework.(12) Detailed arrangements on interinstitutional cooperation in the budgetary procedure andon the budgeting of the expenditure for the Common Foreign and Security policy are12OJ L 53, 23.2.2002, p. 113OJ L 118, 12.5.2010, p. 1.14OJ L .
  • 35. EN 10 ENlaid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of […] 201x between the EuropeanParliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters andsound financial management15.(13) Specific rules are also necessary for dealing with large-scale infrastructure projectswhose lifetime extends well beyond the period set for the financial framework. It isnecessary to establish maximum amounts for the contributions from the Unionsbudget to those projects. Those requests should not have any impact on other projectsfinanced from the Unions budget.(14) The Commission should present a proposal for a new multiannual financial frameworkbefore 1 January 2018 to enable the institutions to adopt it sufficiently in advancebefore the start of the following financial framework. The financial framework laiddown in this Regulation should continue to apply if the new financial frameworkregulation is not adopted before the end of the term of the financial framework laiddown in this Regulation,HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:Article 1Multiannual Financial FrameworkThe multiannual financial framework for the period 2014 to 2020 (hereinafter the financialframework) is set out in the Annex.Article 2Compliance with the ceilings of the financial framework1. The European Parliament, the Council and the Commission shall comply with theannual expenditure ceilings, set out in the financial framework, during eachbudgetary procedure and when implementing the budget for the year concerned.2. The commitment appropriations may be entered in the budget over and above theceilings of the relevant headings laid down in the financial framework where it isnecessary to use the resources from the Emergency Aid Reserve, the European UnionSolidarity Fund, the Flexibility Instrument, the European Globalisation AdjustmentFund, the Reserve for crises in the agriculture sector and the Contingency Margin inaccordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/200216, Regulation (EC) No1927/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council17, Regulation Noxxxx/201x of the European Parliament and the Council18and the InterinstitutionalAgreement of […] 201x on cooperation in budgetary matters and sound financialmanagement (hereinafter the Insterinstitutional Agreement).15OJ C …16OJ L 311, 14.11.2002, p. 3.17OJ L 406, 30.12.2006, p. 1.18OJ L , , p.
  • 36. EN 11 EN3. Where a guarantee for a loan covered by the Unions budget according to Regulation(EC) No 332/2002 or Regulation (EU) No 407/2010 needs to be mobilised, it shall beover and above the ceilings laid down in the financial framework.Article 3Respect of own resources ceiling1. For each of the years covered by the financial framework, the total appropriations forpayments required, after annual adjustment and taking account of any otheradjustments and revisions as well as the application of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article2, may not be such as to produce a call-in rate for own resources that exceeds theown resources ceiling set in accordance with [Decision XXXX/XX/EU, Euratom].2. Where necessary, the ceilings set in the financial framework shall be lowered inorder to ensure compliance with the own resources ceiling set in accordance with[Decision XXXX/XX/EU, Euratom].Article 4Technical adjustments1. Each year the Commission, acting ahead of the budgetary procedure for year n+1,shall make the following technical adjustments to the financial framework:(a) revaluation, at year n+1 prices, of the ceilings and of the overall figures forappropriations for commitments and appropriations for payments;(b) calculation of the margin available under the own resources ceiling set inaccordance with [Decision XXXX/XX/EU, Euratom];(c) calculation of the absolute amount of the Contingency Margin provided for inPoint 15 of the Interinstitutional Agreement.2. The Commission shall make the technical adjustments referred to in paragraph 1 onthe basis of a fixed deflator of 2% a year.3. The Commission shall communicate the results of the technical adjustments referredto in paragraph 1 and the underlying economic forecasts to the European Parliamentand the Council.4. No further technical adjustments may be made in respect of the year concerned,either during the year or as ex-post corrections during subsequent years.Article 5Adjustment of cohesion policy envelopes1. In its technical adjustment for the year 2018, if it is established that cumulated GrossDomestic Product ("GDP") of any capped Member State for the years 2014-2016
  • 37. EN 12 ENhas diverged by more than +/- 5 % from the cumulated GDP estimated in 20121 forthe establishment of cohesion policy envelopes for Member States for the period2014-2020, the Commission shall adjust the amounts allocated from fundssupporting cohesion to the Member State concerned for that period.2. The total net effect, whether positive or negative, of the adjustments referred to inparagraph 1 may not exceed EUR 3 billion.3. The required adjustments shall be spread in equal proportions over the years 2018-2020 and the corresponding ceilings of the financial framework shall be modifiedaccordingly.Article 6Adjustments related to implementationWhen notifying the European Parliament and the Council of the results of the technicaladjustments to the financial framework, the Commission shall present any proposals foradjustments to the total appropriations for payments which it considers necessary, in the lightof implementation, to ensure an orderly progression in relation to the appropriations forcommitments. The decisions on those proposals shall be taken before 1 May of year n.Article 7Adjustment of Structural Funds, Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for RuralDevelopment Fund and, the European Fund forMaritime and Fisheries Fund, the Asylumand Migration Fund and the Internal Security Fund1. In the case of adoption after 1 January 2014 of new rules or programmes undershared management forgoverning the Structural Funds, the Cohesion Fund, theEuropean Agricultural Fund for Rural Development Fund and, the European FundforMaritime and Fisheries Fund, the Asylum and Migration Fund and theInternal Security Fund, the financial framework shall be adjusted in order totransfer to subsequent years, in excess of the corresponding expenditure ceilings, ofallocations not used in 2014.2. The adjustment concerning the transfer of unused allocation for the year 2014 shallbe adopted before 1 May 2015.Article 8Adjustments related to macroeconomic conditionalities linked to the coordination ofMember States economic policiesexcessive government deficitIn the case of the lifting of a suspension of budgetary commitments concerning the EuropeanRegional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, theEuropean Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime andFisheries Fund in the context of macroeconomic conditionalities linked to thecoordination of Member States economic policiesan excessive deficit procedure, the
  • 38. EN 13 ENCouncil, in accordance with the Treaty and in compliance with the relevant basic act, shalldecide on a transfer of suspended commitments to the following years. Suspendedcommitments of year n may not be re-budgeted beyond year n+2.Article 9Revision of the financial framework1. In case of unforeseen circumstances the financial framework may be revised incompliance with the own resources ceiling set in accordance with [DecisionXXXX/XX/EU, Euratom].2. Any revision of the financial framework in accordance with paragraph 1 shall takeinto account the scope for reallocating expenditure between the programmes coveredby the heading concerned by the revision, with particular reference to any expectedunder-utilisation of appropriations. Where feasible, a significant amount, in absoluteterms and as a percentage of the new expenditure planned, shall be within theexisting ceiling for the heading.3. Any revision of the financial framework in accordance with paragraph 1 shall takeinto account the scope for offsetting any raising of the ceiling for one heading by thelowering of the ceiling for another.4. Any revision of the financial framework in accordance with paragraph 1 shallmaintain an appropriate relationship between commitments and payments.5. Adjustments referred to in Article 3(2), 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 11a and 16 also constitute arevision of the financial framework.Article 10Adjustment of the financial framework in case of a revision of the TreatiesShould a revision of the Treaties with budgetary implications occur during the financialframework, the necessary adjustments to the financial framework shall be made accordingly.Article 11Adjustment of the financial framework in case of enlargement and unification of CyprusIf new Member States accede to the Union during the period covered by the financialframework, the financial framework shall be adjusted to take account of the expenditurerequirements resulting from the outcome of the accession negotiations.
  • 39. EN 14 ENArticle 11aAdjustment of the financial framework in case of reunification of CyprusIn case of reunification of Cyprus during the period covered by the financial framework, thelatter shall be adjusted to take account of the comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problemand the additional financial needs resulting from reunification.Article 12Interinstitutional cooperation in the budgetary procedureThe European Parliament, the Council and the Commission (hereinafter the institutions) shalltake any measures to facilitate the annual budgetary procedure.The institutions shall cooperate in good faith throughout the procedure with a view toreconciling their positions. The institutions shall cooperate through appropriateinterinstitutional contacts to monitor the progress of the work and analyse the degree ofconvergence at all stages of the procedure.The institutions shall ensure that their respective calendars of work are coordinated as far aspossible in order to enable proceedings to be conducted in a coherent and convergent fashion,leading to the final adoption of the budget.Trilogues may be held at all stages of the procedure and at different levels of representation,depending on the nature of the expected discussion. Each institution, in accordance with itsown rules of procedure, shall designate its participants for each meeting, define its mandatefor the negotiations and inform the other institutions of arrangements for the meetings in goodtime.Article 13Financing of the Common foreign and security policyThe total amount of operating Common foreign and security policy (hereinafter "CFSP")expenditure shall be entered entirely in one budget chapter, entitled CFSP. That amount shallcover the real predictable needs, assessed in the framework of the establishment of the draftbudget, on the basis of forecasts drawn up annually by the High Representative of the Unionfor Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and a reasonable margin for unforeseen actions. Nofunds may be entered in a reserve.Article 14Contribution to the financing of large scale projectsA maximum amount of EUR 7 000 million in 2011 prices shall be available for the Europeansatellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo) from the EU budget for the period2014-2020.
  • 40. EN 15 ENArticle 15Mid-term assessment of implementation of the financial frameworkIn 2016, the Commission shall present an assessment of the implementation of the financialframework accompanied, where necessary, by relevant proposals.Article 16Transition towards the next financial frameworkBefore 1 January 2018, the Commission shall present a proposal for a new multiannualfinancial framework.If no Council regulation determining a new multiannual financial framework has beenadopted before 31 December 2020, the ceilings and other provisions corresponding to the lastyear of the financial framework shall be extended until a regulation determining a newfinancial framework is adopted. If new Member States accede to the Union after 2020, theextended financial framework shall, if necessary, be adjusted in order to take into account theresults of accession negotiations.Article 17Entry into forceThis Regulation shall enter into force on the third day following that of its publication in theOfficial Journal of the European Union.This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.Done at …,For the CouncilThe President
  • 41. EN 16 ENANNEXMultiannual Financial Framework table (EU-28)(EUR million - 2011 prices)COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020Total2014-20201. Smart and Inclusive Growth 64 769 67 015 68 853 70 745 72 316 74 386 76 679 494 763of which: Economic, social and territorial cohesion 50 464 51 897 53 177 54 307 55 423 56 474 57 501 379 2432. Sustainable Growth: Natural Resources 57 845 57 005 56 190 55 357 54 357 53 371 52 348 386 472of which: Market related expenditure and direct payments 42 363 41 756 41 178 40 582 39 810 39 052 38 309 283 0513. Security and citizenship 2 620 2 601 2 640 2 679 2 718 2 757 2 794 18 8094. Global Europe 9 400 9 645 9 845 9 960 10 150 10 380 10 620 70 0005. Administration 8 622 8 755 8 872 9 019 9 149 9 301 9 447 63 165of which: Administrative expenditure of the institutions 7 047 7 115 7 184 7 267 7 364 7 461 7 561 51 0006. Compensations 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 27TOTAL COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS 143 282 145 021 146 400 147 759 148 690 150 195 151 888 1 033 235as a percentage of GNI 1.10% 1.09% 1.08% 1.08% 1.07% 1.06% 1.06% 1.08%TOTAL PAYMENT APPROPRIATIONS 133 976 141 175 144 126 138 776 146 870 144 321 138 356 987 599as a percentage of GNI 1.03% 1.06% 1.06% 1.01% 1.06% 1.02% 0.96% 1.03%
  • 42. Position of the Commission Services on the development of Partnership Agreementand programmes in the Republic of CROATIA for the period 2014-2020
  • 43. 1Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................21. MAIN CHALLENGES ...................................................................................................32. PRIORITIES FOR FUNDING.......................................................................................92.1 Strengthening the competitiveness of the economy..............................................92.2. Increasing labour market participation, ensure better education and skillsand reduce poverty taking into account regional differences..........................102.3 Preserving and maintaining a healthy environment and protecting thenatural resources and heritage, and adapting to climate change .....................122.4 Strengthening the administrative capacity, enhancing an efficient publicadministration and increasing the involvement of civil society andsocial partners..................................................................................................133. SUCCESS FACTORS FOR EFFECTIVE DELIVERY..............................................144. PRIORITIES FOR EUROPEAN TERRITORIAL COOPERATION..........................16ANNEX.............................................................................................................................17A. MAXIMISING SUCCESS - ARRANGEMENTS FOR EFFECTIVEPROGRAMMING AND DELIVERY......................................................................17B. ASSESSMENT OF FUNDING NEEDS IN RELATION TO THEMATICOBJECTIVES ...........................................................................................................19C. ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS ..................................................................36
  • 44. 2INTRODUCTIONAcknowledging the signature of the Accession Treaty between Croatia and the MemberStates of the European Union, the Commission services have prepared this PositionPaper in anticipation of accession of the Republic of Croatia to the EU to enable timelyprogramming of EU funds’ investments for the 2014-2020 period.The European Union faces the daunting challenge of emerging from the crisis and puttingeconomies back on a sustainable growth path. The strategy for recovery entails restoringsound public finances, growth-enhancing structural reforms and targeted investments forgrowth and jobs. For the latter, the European Structural and Investment (ESI) funds1canmake an important contribution to sustainable growth, employment and competitivenessand increase the convergence of less developed Member States and regions with the restof the Union.To ensure that the ESI funds deliver long-lasting economic and social impacts, theCommission has proposed a new approach to the use of the funds in its proposal for the2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework2. Strong alignment with policy prioritiesof the Europe 2020 agenda, macroeconomic and ex-ante conditionality, thematicconcentration and performance incentives are expected to result in more effectivespending. It is an approach that underlines the need for strong prioritisation and resultsaway from a culture of entitlement. The ESI funds will thus provide an important sourceof public investment and serve as a catalyst for growth and jobs by leveraging physicaland human capital investment while they serve as an effective means to support theimplementation of the Country Specific Recommendations issued in the context of theEuropean Semester. The Commission will propose the first recommendations afteraccession.ESI Funds should aim at jointly fostering competitiveness, convergence andcooperation by setting the right country-specific investment priorities. A general refocusof spending towards research and innovation, support to SMEs, ICT, quality educationand training, inclusive labour markets fostering quality employment and social cohesion,delivering the highest productivity gains, mainstreaming of climate change objectivesand shifting to a resource-efficient low carbon economy is necessary. In order to do so,planning and implementation of ESI funds have to break through artificial bureaucraticboundaries in the next programming period and develop a strong integrated approachfor mobilizing synergies and achieving optimal impact both within countries and acrossborders. The Europe 2020 objectives must be mainstreamed across the different ESIFunds, each of them bringing their contribution to smart, sustainable and inclusivegrowth. Moreover, ESI Funds have a key role to play in supporting financial instrumentsthat can leverage private investment and thus multiply the effects of public finance. Inshort, we need a carefully targeted and results oriented use of ESI funds that maximisestheir combined impact.The purpose of this position paper is to set out the framework for dialogue between theCommission services and Croatia on the preparation of the Partnership Agreementand Programmes which will start early in 2013. The paper sets out the key countryspecific challenges and presents the Commission Services preliminary views on the main1The EU funds covered by the Common Strategic Framework (CSF), i.e. the European RegionalDevelopment Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF), the Cohesion Fund (CF), the EuropeanAgricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF)2COM (2011) 500 final, COM (2011) 398 final and COM (2012) 388 final.
  • 45. 3funding priorities in Croatia for growth enhancing public expenditure. It calls foroptimizing the use of ESI Funds by establishing a strong link to productivity andcompetitiveness enhancing reforms, leveraging private resources and boosting potentialhigh growth sectors, while emphasizing the need to preserve solidarity within the Unionand ensuring the sustainable use of natural resources for future generations. There is alsoa need to concentrate future EU spending on priority areas to maximise the results to beobtained, rather than spreading funding too thinly. EU funding should also be used tofund EU level priorities and to ensure that Croatia can draw full benefits from itsemerging EU membership. Therefore the Commission proposes to group and limit EUfunding to the key challenges outlined in this position paper. National public spendingshould not only be used to co-finance projects but also to finance additional investmentswhich are complementary and linked to EU funded projects in particular at regional andlocal level.The position paper takes account of the lessons learnt during the 2007-2013 IPAprogramming period, the accession negotiations commitments, as well as the policydialogue in the framework of "Joint Assessment of Croatias employment policypriorities" and the "Joint Inclusion Memorandum", the Commissions legislativeproposals for 2014-2020. It should be noted however that preparing and implementingthe ESI funds will require greater efforts from the Croatian political and administrativelevels.In a context of fiscal discipline, this position paper encourages Croatia and its regions todevelop and implement medium-term strategies capable of facing the challenges ahead,notably globalisation, while helping preserve the European social model. Moreover, itprovides for a flexible framework for Croatia and its regions to react and refocusEuropean, national and local resources on creating growth and employment so that fiscalsustainability and growth-friendly policies go hand-in-hand, also dealing with structuraland institutional problems in Croatia and its regions and across its national borders in itsterritorial and geographical context, including as per the EU Strategy for the DanubeRegion, and also in the Adriatic and Ionian context, in order to have maximum impact.Finally it invites Croatia and its regions to exploit to the maximum potential synergiesbetween the ESI Funds and with other sources of EU funding in a strategic and integratedapproach. This includes developing cooperation perspectives with neighbouring countriesand regions as widely as possible.1. MAIN CHALLENGESCroatias economy has been in recession since 2008 which has lowered the level of GDPby more than 10%. The European Commissions most recent Economic Forecast projectsGDP to decline by 1.9% in 2012. When the international economy picked up in 2010 and2011, the Croatian economy was unable to stage an export-led recovery. Croatiacontinued to lose its market share due to a narrow export base and insufficientcompetitiveness. Foreign direct investments declined, indicating an unfavourableinvestment environment in Croatia. Declining imports have narrowed the current accountdeficit to around 1% of GDP. This, in turn, has stabilised gross external debt as a share ofGDP, but at a very high level (105% in mid-2012) which remains a key vulnerability ofthe Croatian economy. In the context of declining economic activity domesticinflationary pressures have subsided in recent years. The number of employed personshas fallen by about 10% since 2008, pushing up the unemployment rate to close to 15%in 2012. The unemployment rate would have increased even more if the labour force hadnot been shrinking by about 1% annually.
  • 46. 4The fiscal deficit of general government has risen steadily since the beginning of therecession to 5.1% of GDP in 2011. Gross consolidated debt has increased from 29.3% ofGDP at the end of 2008 to 50.5% in mid-2012. The authorities are making efforts tocontain the fiscal deficit by aiming for a reduction of public expenditures, but raising theefficiency of public expenditure remains a major challenge. Interest rates are relativelyhigh to the detriment of investment activity, although the central bank conducts arelatively accommodative monetary policy while maintaining exchange rate stability.Regional disparities in Croatia have multiple dimensions. The most obvious disparitiesstill appear in war affected areas which remain largely underdeveloped and among theones with the highest needs of investments. Large areas are still contaminated byexplosive devices. Due to the specific shape of Croatia and its numerous islands, accessto certain areas is difficult, costly and slow, causing isolation. Part of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County is disconnected by land from the rest of the country. Regional disparitieshave widened over years due to the concentration of the economic activity in Zagreb andin the capital city region. Migration trends to the fast-developing regional urban centrescontribute to the growing urban/rural divide in other regions as well.There are important challenges that need to be addressed by Croatia to contribute to theEurope 2020 targets3:Europe 2020 headline targets NationaltargetCurrentLevel3% of the EUs GDP to be invested in R&D/innovation 0.73%20% greenhouse gas emissions reduction compared to 1990levels420% of energy from renewables 14.6%20% increase in energy efficiency75% of the 20-64 year-olds to be employed 57%Reducing early school leaving to less than 10% 4.1%At least 40% of 30-34–year-olds completing tertiary orequivalent education 24.5%Reducing the number of people in or at risk of poverty orexclusion by at least 20 millionCroatias most pressing challenges are related to Under-development of knowledgebased factors of growth and insufficient connection of the growth hubs; Low labourmarket participation, particularly of youth, inefficient education system and adifficult social situation; Protecting the environment, preserving the naturalresources and heritage and adapting to climate change and Inefficient publicgovernance on central and local level and weak involvement of civil society andsocial partners, which are all interrelated.Under-development of knowledge based factors of growth and insufficientinfrastructureCroatia is lagging behind in knowledge based factors of growth and in more generalterms, in optimising the support for R&D and innovation and in strengthening the3The Table presents the latest Eurostat data for Croatia in comparison to EU 2020 targets. National targetswill be provided by Croatia in the economic programme due in April 2013.430% if the conditions are right
  • 47. 5knowledge triangle. The country has one of the lowest R&D expenditure compared to theEU (0.7% of GDP) with high portion coming from public sources (nearly 50%). Thepublic-private co-operation in the R&D&I sector is hindered by administrativerestrictions, lack of joint projects, lack of transnational linkages, underdevelopedacademic entrepreneurship and low absorption capacities of the business sector. Theefficiency of the R&D & innovation expenditure is a major weakness, as it is rarelytransferred into commercially viable knowledge. Science and innovation policy isprimarily focused on public science. Low-tech sectors dominate the economic structure.Significant disparities can be observed with regard to regional distribution of R&Dexpenditure, with a concentration of the R&D performance in the North-western Croatia.Unfavourable business environment is discouraging the business development andcompetitiveness. Croatia loses market share due to a narrow export base and insufficientcompetitiveness. Croatia has developed a wide range of services for SMEs but these arestill largely oriented towards low value added support. Although Croatia scores high inthe region in the access to finance for SMEs, obtaining start-up capital including venturefunds and private equity is still difficult. Cumbersome administrative environmentrepresents further obstacles to SME growth. Support to the modernisation andrestructuring of enterprises e.g. in shipbuilding and steel sectors, including the upgrade ofthe production process, is not sufficiently developed. The agricultural sector ischaracterised by low productivity; it provides for 15% of total employment but representsonly 5.5% of gross value added of the country. The farm structure is mostly characterisedby a high degree of fragmentation of ownership5, while connections between agriculturalproducers are very weak with few cooperatives and no producer groups in agriculture andforestry. The fisheries sector is also facing structural challenges and limited organisationof the production side. In the context of growing internal demand for fisheries products,(notably in the seaside during touristic period) and exports, opportunities exist to increasevalue added by improving production and marketing planning by producersorganisations. At the same time coastal communities will face difficulties to findalternative sources of income.The transport and ICT networks are unbalanced and hinder competitiveness. Afocus has been given to the development of motorways during the past 15 years. Allother modes of transport require quality improvements while road safety still represents achallenge. The railway network has long sections which are not electrified or which arein single track. European Rail Traffic Management System is not yet deployed along themain lines to ensure interoperability with neighbouring countries. The navigability of theDanube and Sava does not sufficiently meet international navigation standards. RiverInformation Services are not developed. Multi-modal facilities are still at an early stage.The share of container transport is still low compared to other European ports. Transportlinks within cities agglomerations do not enable sufficient mobility.Companies are overall well connected to basic ICT infrastructures while the economywould benefit from an improved access to high speed (next generation access) broadbandnetworks6. Households are still significantly below the EU average (49% compared toEU average of 68% in 2011). The targets set by the current Broadband DevelopmentStrategy 2012-2015 are not aligned with the targets of the Digital Agenda for Europe.5Half of Croatias 195,000 agricultural holdings have less than 3 hectares of land. Only 4 per cent havemore than 20 hectares. Often land holdings are scattered over several locations.6Reduce digital divide (DAE targets - 100% basic broadband coverage by 2013; 100% and NGAinfrastructure coverage with speeds 30Mbps and above by 2020; 50% or more of Europeanhouseholds have subscriptions above 100Mbps by 2020) 90%*, and 50%* and NA respectively (by2015) 49%, and 15%* and NA respectively)
  • 48. 6There is insufficient coverage, accessibility, and use of information and communicationtechnologies (ICT) in rural areas in particular.Low labour market participation, particularly of youth, inefficient education systemand a difficult social situationSince 2008 the labour market in Croatia has been deteriorating and regional disparitieshave increased. At 57% in 2011 the employment rate is much below the EU average of68.6%. Young people are in a particularly unfavourable position on the labour market(youth unemployment increased to 36.1% in 2011), as are women, older workers and thelong term unemployed. Women also face difficulties in entering the labour market due toinsufficient child care services. There are significant differences at the regional level,with the smallest gender activity gap in in North-western Croatia and the largest in theleast-developed Central and Eastern Croatia. Finally, national minorities, in particularRoma and Serbs, and persons with disabilities face severe labour market integrationdifficulties. Active labour market policy measures have limited coverage despite a recentincrease in participation. Their contribution to the employability of the participantsremains rather insufficient. Labour market institutions are facing the increasing numberof unemployed and the persistence of undeclared work.Labour market performance will not be improved without addressing the mismatch oflabour market supply and demand. In the field of education, there are substantialsystemic needs regarding both quality and access aspects. Roma children still suffer fromparticularly severe exclusion from the education system. The link to labour market needsis insufficient, and particularly regarding vocational education and training, the lack ofadequate practical training provision significantly reduces the employability of personswith such education. The share of the population with a tertiary degree is still below theEU average (despite a positive trend in attainment level). Low participation in lifelonglearning in Croatia remains a very demanding challenge (2.2% in 2011 and the EUaverage 8.2%), with a particularly low proportion of older people.Further improvement is needed to combat poverty and social exclusion. In Croatia,there is limited access to appropriate and quality community-based services to promoteactive inclusion, again with significant regional differences. Croatia is among the EUcountries with the highest at-risk-of-poverty rate. The material deprivation rate is alsowell above the EU average. Groups that are the most exposed to poverty are older peopleparticularly women, children up to 18 years, single households, in particular singlehouseholds with elderly members and unemployed men. With the financial crisis there isalso a worsening trend in the risk of poverty among better educated, younger andeconomically active people. Poverty amongst the Roma is much higher than the rest ofthe population. Croatia has also relatively poor public health indicators with risk factorssuch as smoking, obesity and the overconsumption of alcohol representing an importantdisease burden. The health of vulnerable groups such as the elderly, children, people withdisabilities and the Roma minority is the most badly affected. Croatia is facing limitedavailability of care, especially in rural areas, on islands, and in small towns, due to thestructural lack of healthcare workers and other barriers to access such as expense,distance or waiting lists.National minorities, in particular Roma and Serbs, tend to face general discrimination.There is a decline in the overall numbers of ethnic minorities in the Croatian civil serviceand their participation is not progressing towards the targets set in the national plans. 77The Ministry of Public Administration adopted a recruitment plan which sets a target for minorityemployment of 5.5% in the state administration and in local government by 2014.
  • 49. 7Disparities in living standards among the regions remain a pertinent issue. Vulnerabilityto poverty is primarily associated with rural areas where the poverty rate levels aresignificantly higher than in urban areas. In fisheries-dependent communities, especiallythose located on islands, there is a need for economic diversification.Challenges related to protecting the environment, preserving the natural heritage andadapting to climate changeLarge investment projects are needed in order for Croatia to meet the agreed targets inthe fields of waste and water management, where transitional agreements have beengranted. The country does not yet meet the EU environmental standards in rehabilitationand closure of numerous non-compliant landfills and construction of new ones,remediation of hazardous industrial waste landfills and hazardous waste management.Croatia is one of the richest European countries in terms of biodiversity and nature and itwill be an important challenge in the coming years to protect and develop theseinvaluable resources as well as to ensure their sustainable utilisation. Croatia is under thecommitment to ensure the designation, protection, restoration and management ofNatura2000 sites and other high nature value sites, including the extensive managementof important agricultural and forest habitats. The most serious threat to wild species inCroatia is degradation and loss of habitats, including as a result of agriculture causinghabitat fragmentation. Large areas of high nature value grasslands and pastures are at riskof being abandoned or taken into intensive agricultural use. Rural Croatia has greatpotential for nature tourism but it needs developing. Water availability in Croatia issufficient, but its spatial and annual distribution is unfavourable. The environmentalchanges caused by natural phenomena, but also by the impact of human activity, threatenwater quality. Croatia should also prevent overfishing.Renewable energy sources still do not have an appropriate share in the energy structure.The current share of renewable energy sources is 14.6% (against the target of 20% by2020). Investments in renewable energy sources and energy efficiency are hindered bycumbersome and lengthy administrative procedures discouraging potential investors,individual households as well as the public sector investments. At the same time, Croatiais dependent on few energy sources, in particular on gas and oil import.Croatia is on track in fulfilling its Kyoto commitments. Over the past decade, greenhousegas (GHG) emissions had a slight increase towards 2007 and kept decreasing afterwardsmostly due to a decreasing industrial output caused by the recession. Energy use (fuelcombustion) is the main source of emissions in Croatia. Non-ETS (Emissions TradingSystem) sectors such as transport, agriculture, households and waste contribute to theemissions. Croatia is exceeding its existing ammonia (NH3) 2010 emission ceiling in theGothenburg Protocol by about 25%8.Agriculture and forestry are at risk from negative impacts related to a hotter and drierclimate, such as droughts and wild fires. In general Croatias urban areas and countrysideare not sufficiently resilient to climate change and disasters. Forests cover about 47% ofthe land in Croatia. Forest fires pose a major challenge. Further, preventive floodprotection measures are not sufficiently developed. Finally, in view of constantlybooming tourism special attention should be paid to preserving the unique sea andmaritime eco-system of the Adriatic Sea.8According to preliminary data
  • 50. 8Inefficient public governance on central and local level and weak involvement of civilsociety and social partnersThe need for more efficient public administration in Croatia is widely recognised and hasbeen the focus of reforms in recent years. While the State Administration ReformStrategy 2008-2011 has been finalised, measures foreseen have been limited in scope,covering state (central level) administration only and not addressing sufficiently locallevels. Croatia recently introduced sectorial legislation addressing civil servants and aprocess of harmonisation of this sectorial legislation with the General AdministrativeProcedures Act is taking place. However, challenges of the public administration arecurrently not addressed in a strategic and comprehensive manner. The judiciary sectorremains an area that requires substantial further improvements as regards effectiveness,efficiency and transparency.The structure of the Croatian public administration remains complex. Publicadministration at all levels is still not sufficiently effective, transparent and accountable,and the risk of corruption is present. Decentralisation remains an issue and there is noclear strategy elaborated yet to speed up the process. A structural problem of relativelyhigh turnover still exists in the public administration in Croatia and the capacity of civilservice calls for substantial improvement. The current performance evaluation system isregarded as a formal obligation with no bearing on the career progression of civilservants. New salary system and career development strategies are required as to ensuremerit-based promotion and reward mechanisms as well as to decrease employee turnoverand to attract qualified personnel. Training and career development systems are notsufficiently up-to-date, which hampers the establishment of a modern and service-oriented and professional civil service. The State School for Public Administration lackssufficient capacity to implement training programmes for civil servants, officials of localand regional self-government and public officials. The recruitment of its staff is not yetfinalised.Coordination between the key stakeholders at national, regional and local levels remainsweak. Many local and regional administrations have not yet developed a comprehensivecooperation strategy with civil society. Civil society organisations in Croatia facemultiple challenges due to: lack of staff and expert capacities, lack of information and ofsustainable financial sources. Involvement of civil society organisations in the policymaking process is still rather limited. Social partner organisations are also facingdifficulties as regards staff capacity and the level of social dialogue in Croatia.
  • 51. 92. PRIORITIES FOR FUNDINGThe ESI Funds will be one of the most important instruments to tackle the maindevelopment challenges for Croatia and to implement the Europe 2020 strategy. For ruraldevelopment and fisheries, priorities for funding should also contribute to the CommonAgricultural and Common Fisheries Policies. Targeted funding should harness growth inCroatias blue economy. To this end the intervention from the ESI Funds needs to beconcentrated on a limited number of priorities. Experience shows that thematicconcentration allows for an increase in effectiveness of public interventions by reachinga critical mass with a real impact on the socio-economic situation of a country and itsregions. Prioritisation is of particular importance in times of fiscal consolidation.Four complementary and mutually reinforcing funding priorities are proposed hereunderin line with country-specific challenges9. They reflect the importance of funding needsand potential contribution to growth and jobs. There is no ranking in the presentation ofthe funding priorities.These are the priorities the Commission would like to co-finance in Croatia for the nextprogramming period 2014-20. Sufficient flexibility is built into the new programmingarchitecture to respond to new challenges and unexpected events, which allow forreprogramming on justified grounds.2.1 Strengthening the competitiveness of the economyStrengthening Croatias innovation profile through smart specialisationA smart specialisation strategy should identify innovative and high-growth sectors inparticular in industry/business that will be the priority investment sectors for the ESIfunds. Supportive actions would include better coordination between different bodiesresponsible for innovation policy, the promotion of clusters, the stimulation for theprivate sectors participation in RDI, the support to joint university-industry projects andto the commercialisation of innovation. The sectors concerned are not restricted to "high-tech" but could also include "traditional" ones, such as the agriculture and forestry andcreative industries. The research and innovation capacities in emerging and rapidlygrowing markets should be particularly addressed. The transnational cooperation(cooperation and transfer of experience, development of new markets…) should be fullyexploited.Supporting the modernisation and competitiveness of enterprisesESI funds should be invested in entrepreneurship, access to finance for SMEs and furtherdevelopment of higher value-added business support services. Enterprises should besupported in the start-up stage and during their lifecycle aiming at an increasedproductivity and competitiveness, development of new products and processes, up-takingof ICT and achieving more efficiency in terms of energy and resource consumptioninvolving innovative and greener production processes. Modernisation and restructuringof enterprises should be pursued through introducing of up-to date technologies,providing training, re-skilling and up-skilling, upgrading the management andorganisation systems in the supply chain, as well as improving the market organisation to9The thematic objectives in the proposed regulations and their link to the funding areas are outlined inAnnex I.
  • 52. 10drive competitiveness and value-adding capabilities. Targeted business support could bedeveloped in industrial areas under reconversion in view of creating conditions for newinvestment in new activities. Competitiveness should also be particularly addressed in thewider context of the EU Strategy for the Danube region where Croatia is co-coordinatorof the priority area.In rural areas, the local development should be fostered and economic diversificationshould be supported. There is a considerable potential to increase productivity throughrestructuring and modernisation of agricultural sector and measures to increase valueadded through processing and marketing of agricultural products and diversification intonon-agricultural sectors. Fisheries and aquaculture sectors offer potential for the futuredevelopment of the Croatian blue economy. The creation of new aquacultures farms andthe modernisation of the existing ones should facilitate the increase of fisheriesproduction, the products diversification and the increase of sanitary and environmentalstandards. Insufficiently consolidated sector organisation should obtain proper support todevelop producers groups.The extension and upgrading of the transport and ICT infrastructureInterventions should concentrate on the development of a balanced transport network,within the framework of a comprehensive strategic transport plan. Special attentionshould be placed on eliminating bottlenecks and completing missing transport links,especially to the neighbouring countries and important transport nodes. Priority should begiven to the railway sector (completion of the TEN-T Core Railway Network10), theinteroperability and connectivity with neighbouring countries (ERTMS alonginternational lines). There is a need for a modal shift in the transport sector from road torail and clean transport in order to contribute to the decrease of greenhouse gas emissionsin the transport sector. In the road sector the emphasis should be placed on improvingroad safety. Urban mobility systems need to be developed in major cities, in particularin the Zagreb agglomeration. Accessibility within urban areas and their connectivity withthe city agglomeration need to be developed based on an urban development plan,integrating all modes of transport. Sustainable and clean urban traffic solutions are to begiven a priority. Intelligent transport systems have to be deployed or upgraded for allmodes of transport.The access to, and use of high quality ICT networks and services need to be promotedin particular in remote and isolated island/rural areas while observing the rules ofcompetition policy.2.2. Increasing labour market participation, ensure better education and skills andreduce poverty taking into account regional differencesSignificantly enhance the labour market participation of the most vulnerable groups,particularly women, older workers, and the long term unemployedSpecific groups, namely young people, women, older people, the long term unemployed,national minorities (particularly Roma and Serbs) need more support to integrate into thelabour market. Sufficient resources from the ESI Funds should be allocated forpromoting and increasing the employability of these groups, for providing targeted10The TEN-T network for Croatia following the Guidelines in force (Decision No 661/2010/EU) has beendefined. The revision of those Guidelines is currently in legislative procedure and the proposal of theCommission indicatively includes the Comprehensive TEN-T network of Croatia. Following theaccession of Croatia the Core TEN-T network will have to be defined.
  • 53. 11and tailored training, and ensuring the acquisition of competences and skills in line withlabour market demand. Adapting workplaces and facilitating longer working lives andactive and healthy ageing would increase the participation of older workers in the labourmarket. Due priority should be given to Roma people and national minorities. ESI Fundsshould be allocated to measures to support better labour market integration of women.Active labour market policy measures should be better targeted and tailored for specificneeds of groups. To improve the outcome of active labour market policy measures, ESIFunds could also be used to support regular evaluations of the measures. Regionaldifferences should be taken into account when investing in increasing labour marketparticipation. ESI Funds should be ensured for modernisation and strengthening of labourmarket institutions with a view to improving the quality of services provided.Increase the employment of young peopleESI Fund investment should concentrate specifically on the sustainable integration ofyoung people into the labour market, aimed at increasing the employment of youngpeople. Investments in more individualised active labour market measures, including inincreased access to quality apprenticeships and internships, possibly in the framework ofa "youth guarantee scheme" should be ensured. Specific focus is needed for youngpeople not in education and employment. Promoting self-employment andentrepreneurship, and ensuring vocational education and training aligned with labourmarket needs is necessary. ESI Funds should support activities consisting of theprovision of career guidance services and job matching in partnership with localstakeholders are also needed.Improve skills level of the population, address the challenge of matching labourmarket skills demand and supply, improve vocational education and training outcomesand enhance participation in the education systemESI Funds should invest in improving the quality, efficiency and openness of theeducation system, including the tertiary and equivalent education in order toincrease participation and attainment levels. ESI funds should support thedevelopment and implementation of strategic education reform measures, in particularwith regard to increasing teaching standards, the quality of teaching methods, andmodernising curricula. Substantial investments to support the access and participation ineducation of the various national minorities, and in particular the Roma, are also needed.ESI Funds should further support the upgrading of higher education programmes,promoting partnerships between higher education institutions with all relevantstakeholders and improving accessibility of higher education need to be improved.Investments in vocational education and training should include measures to providepractical training, including apprenticeship schemes and incentives for employers toprovide more training. In order to significantly increase the participation in the lifelonglearning for all groups, and in particular for older persons, adequate programmes shouldbe designed and implemented with the ESI funds support.Improve social inclusion of the most vulnerable groups, including elderly, children,persons with disabilities and RomaESI Funds should increase investment in active inclusion to reduce the number of peopleat risk of poverty. Persons with disabilities including those with mental disorders shouldalso be supported. This requires multi-faceted policy approaches. Firstly, integratedemployability measures, including individual support and counselling tailored to theneeds of people at risk of poverty should be introduced. Secondly, sufficient support,including through the availability and accessibility of high quality early childhoodeducation and care services, should be provided so that parents can integrate better intothe labour market, and to give their children a better start in education (especially with
  • 54. 12regard to the Roma community). Since Central and East Croatia have the highestconcentration of poor and vulnerable groups, and since the bulk of poorer people live inrural areas, investments should be particularly focused in these disadvantaged regions.Reduce discriminationIn addition to the active inclusion measures there is an overall need in Croatia to reducewidespread discrimination against certain groups. ESI Funds should allocate sufficientresources to combat discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion orbelief, disability, age or sexual orientation. Appropriate measures should be furtherenhanced to address those who may still be subject to threats or acts of discrimination.Additional incentives should be introduced to further increase the participation of ethnicminorities in the civil service at the national, regional and local level. As regards accessto the labour market, start-up business counselling and entrepreneurship activitiestargeting unemployed national minorities should be continued. To fight againstdiscrimination, the implementation with ESI support of awareness rising campaigns andintercultural activities should be introduced at national, regional and local levels.Ensure high quality, accessible and decentralised social and health services and investin basic services for the rural populationAccess to high quality community-based social support and healthcare is limited. Thereare significant regional differences in access between urban and rural areas. Thereforeinvestments should focus on expanding and diversifying such services and making themaccessible to all. Further support is needed to establish a "one stop shop" for socialservices and for inter-connecting health administrations at different levels, and to furtherdevelop electronic services (such as e-health) for citizens. The transition from theinstitutions to community-based services, particularly for children, the elderly, homelesspeople such as people with disabilities and those in need of mental care and othervulnerable groups should be ensured. Investments in basic services should be usedproactively to address poverty and promote economic and social development in ruralareas in line with the specific needs of the areas concerned. A particular focus is neededon general economic and social development in order to address the many-sidedchallenges facing these areas.2.3 Preserving and maintaining a healthy environment and protecting the naturalresources and heritage, and adapting to climate changeSubstantial investment from ESI funds should be made to improve the efficiency of thewaste management sector and ensure compliance with the environment standards set byEU acquis. Likewise, improving the efficiency of the water management sector andcompliance with the environmental standards and the acquis should be supported by ESIfunds. Integrated Water Management policy is to be prepared.Protection of biodiversity, soil and water (including via the promotion of sustainablefarming and forestry systems) and measures to promote ecosystem services includingNATURA 2000 sites and green infrastructures should also be supported by ESI funds.An important starting element will be the preparation of studies and inventories to selectNatura 2000 sites, management planning, capacity building and awareness-raising. Theinvestment from ESI funds should as well be used for enhancing the protection,valorisation and management of the natural resources and heritage. When possible, thetourist potential and other business potential of the natural heritage (including culturalheritage) should be considered, to contribute to the economic sustainability ofpreservation of such heritage. In order to avoid negative consequences of intensiveagriculture on biodiversity and nature, it is necessary to ensure: proper land managementof grasslands and pastures, particularly (semi)natural ones, as well as water management,
  • 55. 13including protection of rivers. Efforts will be needed to reduce nutrient runoff into watercourses which flow into marine or fresh waters at risk of eutrophication.The reform of the Common Fisheries Policy should bring about sustainable fishing formaritime and fisheries sectors and foster the economic development of fishingcommunities. Investment need to untie the potential of the sea and coast in order todevelop the blue economy and promote economic growth and sustainable jobs. Toreconcile sustainable development of aquaculture with touristic activities, the ESI fundsshould support maritime spatial planning and integrated coastal zone management.Croatia needs to devote adequate ESI investment to support a low-carbon economy, tostimulate the use of renewable energy in order to reduce GHG emissions, including off-shore and on-shore wind energy as well as solar and biomass energy, looking especiallyat the potential of innovative technologies. Diversification of energy sources will help toreduce Croatias dependency in particular on gas and oil import, as will building ofinterconnections with EU markets.Croatia needs to enhance the climate change adaptation and improve the prevention ofdamages caused by adverse weather conditions, and continue strengthening itsprevention, preparedness, and response to disasters. Special attention should be paid toflood, drought and water management, and particularly to fire prevention and restorationmeasures in forests. The irrigation systems for agriculture could be developed.These priorities should also be addressed in the wider context of the cross-border andtransnational cooperation and the EU Strategy for the Danube region.2.4 Strengthening the administrative capacity, enhancing an efficient publicadministration and increasing the involvement of civil society and social partnersStrengthening the capacity of the public administration, promoting good governance aswell as strengthening the capacity of civil society and social partners remain coreconcerns for Croatia. The capacity of the specialised administration both at national,regional and local level should be ensured to implement the reforms and measures toaddress the various policy challenges (in particular the administrations directlycontributing to the implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy), and at the same time,the risk to ESI funds implementation and absorption due to inadequate staff resourcesshould be avoided. The present suboptimal absorption levels in IPA Funds in Croatia aredue to a large extent to inadequate administrative capacity.This calls for concentrating ESI investments on the institutional capacity-buildingthematic objective.Develop an effective and efficient public administrationAddressing both central administration and local level administration, sufficient ESIFunds should be devoted to setting up and implementing the legal frameworkunderpinning an efficient, reliable and service-oriented public service. The fulldevelopment and implementation of a new salary and career development system shouldbe a priority for future funding so as to ensure merit-based promotion and rewardmechanisms as well as to decrease employee turnover and to attract qualified personnel.Civil servants professionalism should further be improved through modernising trainingand career development. Adequate capacities for training delivery, for example bystrengthening support to the National School of Administration and ensuring trainingcentres at the regional and local levels should be developed through ESI funds support.Measures aiming at simplification, streamlining and transparency of the administrationprocedures should be supported.
  • 56. 14An overall change of management style should be introduced with a view to modernisingthe administration and strengthening its capacity for evidence-based policy-making andeffective service delivery. Quantified impact assessment and other evidence-basedapproaches such as systemic evaluations are essential for designing and implementing thereforms. The ESI Funds should support the development of good governance in Croatiaalso through action on prevention and fight against corruption.As regards the effectiveness of the judicial system, adequate resources should bededicated to addressing weaknesses in administrative capacity, the functioning ofrelevant institutions (inter alia Judicial Council) and implementing reforms. The fundingshould focus on the improvement of the efficiency and quality of justice procedures,including written procedures, small claims, insolvency procedures, and enforcement ofdecisions. It should promote the alternative dispute resolution and support trainingmeasures, provision of expertise and international exchange of information.Strengthen the capacity of social partners and civil society organisations to be involvedin policy-making and policy-deliveryGiven the relative weakness of the NGO sector and the lack of organised capacities ofsocial partner organisations in Croatia, ESI Funds should allocate sufficient resources toimprove the capacity of stakeholders, social partners and NGOS, and to help thembecome actively involved in policy processes at all levels. ESI funds should supportfurther improvement of the social dialogue process by ensuring specialised training forsocial partners to enhance their organisational capacities and by raising the awareness ofthe importance of social dialogue in Croatia.3. SUCCESS FACTORS FOR EFFECTIVE DELIVERYTogether with financial consolidation structural reforms play a key role in enhancingthe overall efficiency thereby the growth potential of the Croatian economy. They arealso a key condition for the successful implementation of the ESI funds which can onlyhave optimal impact, if an appropriate policy, legal and administrative framework is inplace.Human resources are an essential element of successfully designed and deliverednational and regional policies and programs, including those financed from ESI funds.External training, at-work training and efficient mentoring by senior staff are necessaryfor enhancing the human resources capacity and should receive sufficient allocation fromESI funds. This includes training provision on areas such as budget programming,monitoring and evaluation. Cooperation with some other Member States might bringinteresting practices to learn from.The new Common Provisions Regulation will set out ex-ante conditionalities which arepreconditions relating to the effective and efficient use of EU funds and which shouldbe fulfilled by the time a programme is approved. The Commission will formallyexamine the consistency and adequacy of the information provided by Croatia in theframework of its assessment of the Partnership Agreement and programmes.Where ex-ante conditionalities are not fulfilled by the time of submitting the PartnershipAgreement to the Commission, Croatia will need to lay down a series of actions to betaken at national and regional level and a timetable for implementing them. All ex-anteconditionalities need to be fulfilled by the deadline agreed and at the latest within twoyears of the adoption of the Partnership Agreement by 31 December 2016. The detailedactions relating to the fulfilment of the conditionalities will be set out in the relevantoperational programmes.
  • 57. 15Based on current experience, the Commission Services have identified a number of ex-ante conditionalities critical for successful implementation of the above fundingpriorities. The Croatian authorities need to take actions to fulfil the pre-conditions forsuccessful spending in each of these areas: The existence of a strategy for reinforcing the Member States administrativeefficiency including public administration reform. develop a national or regional research and innovation strategy for smartspecialisation; develop a comprehensive national transport plan; design a national digital strategy and operational national broadband plan The existence of a national and/or regional policy framework for lifelong learningin line with Union level policy guidelines; Active and labour market policies are designed and delivered in coherence withthe Employment guidelines and the Broad Guidelines for the economic policiesof the Member States and of the Union regarding enabling conditions for jobcreation; Labour market institutions are modernised and strengthened in accordance withthe Employment guidelines; ensure the effective implementation of EU environmental “acquis” in the sectorsof waste management (Directive 2008/98/EC) and water management (Directive2000/60/EC) as well as horizontal provisions concerning environment impactassessment and strategic environment impact assessment (Directives85/337/EEC; 2001/42/EC); transposition into national law of Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC); in fisheries, set up administrative capacity to comply with data collectionobligations for fisheries management (having in mind the future shift from directto shared management) and to implement the Union control, inspection andenforcement system. Develop a multiannual strategic plan for aquaculture; the existence of a mechanism which insures effective implementation andapplication of EU State Aid law The existence of appropriate statistical systems and result indicators Ensure that the appropriate tendering capacity, templates and procedures are inplace.
  • 58. 164. PRIORITIES FOR EUROPEAN TERRITORIAL COOPERATIONEuropean Territorial Cooperation programmes should follow a strategic andambitious approach, based on the major challenges of the border regions and programmeareas, taking into account the experiences from previous programming periods, links withnational policies and other Community-funded programmes, and an increased sense ofpartnership. The use of the European Groupings for Territorial Cooperation could beconsidered when planning and implementing cooperation approaches.In the cross border co-operation programmes, Croatia should draw up with each of itsneighbouring countries approaches addressing specific needs, including the involvementof private partners. Actions should concentrate on removing the main bottlenecks intransport improving accessibility, in particular in the various maritime borders, onremoving the existing barriers to labour mobility, on increasing the support to theresearch and development, favouring exchanges of know-how and joint innovativeprojects focussing among other on to the health sector. Promoting climate changeadaptation and risk prevention and management should also be tackled at transnationallevel. The level of competitiveness of SMEs remains insufficient; there is a strong needto promote SME’s internationalisation.As regards the Adriatic and Ionian maritime approaches, European territorial co-operation should aim at improving coherence, coordination and alignment of policies andinstruments, including country-specific ones, having an impact on the maritime economy.The objectives and orientations agreed under the Adriatic and Ionian Sea basin strategy11should in particular be taken into account: Maximizing the potential of the blue economy;Healthier marine environment; A safer and more secure maritime space; Sustainable andresponsible fishing activities.Within the EU Strategy for the Danube Region, Croatia should promote greatercoherence between the Strategy and programming of ESI interventions and transfer ofgood practice in relation to research and innovation, energy efficiency and riskprevention and management. Croatia should ensure strong participation in thecompetitiveness area, as well as devoting sufficient resources and attention to the role ofPriority Area Coordinators and Steering Groups overall.11COM/2012/713
  • 59. 17ANNEXThe annex contains the arrangements for effective programming and delivery, assessmentof funding needs in relation to thematic objectives and assessment of specific aspects ofadministrative capacities.A. MAXIMISING SUCCESS - ARRANGEMENTS FOR EFFECTIVE PROGRAMMING ANDDELIVERYExperience from previous programming periods indicates several factors affectingeffectiveness of investment, in particular the need for strategic orientation andconcentration, the need to avoid fragmentation of investments, projects insufficientlyembedded in national systems, weak response to the actual needs, and low Europeanvalue added. A general shift towards more coherent and innovative approach is necessaryin order to demonstrate clearly the impact on attaining the Europe 2020 objectives. Forfuture investments in areas listed below the Commission expects specific justificationregarding their usefulness for attaining the Europe 2020 objectives and respect of thefollowing considerations:- Due to poor impact of such types of investments of pre-accession funds, thefunding of business zones should not be financed from ERDF unless an obviouscontribution to economic growth in line with specialisation strategies can beproven.- Investment in local roads should only be supported when contributing to thedevelopment of deprived rural or urban areas, or where they address a specificneed in the agriculture or forestry sectors, provide necessary links to themotorway and expressway network, or fill gaps in cross-border links.With regard to the effective implementation and absorption of ESI funds, challenges ofthe inefficient public governance on central and local level and weak involvement of civilsociety and social partners should be addressed in due time.Support needs to be granted in accordance with EU state aid rules. Financing shouldaddress real market failures and be limited to the minimum necessary, so that funds areused efficiently, overcompensation is avoided and distortions of competition are limited.Adequate resources should be dedicated to developing good quality statistical indicatorsessential for monitoring the implementation of public policies targets and Europe 2020targets.The proposed 2014-2020 legislation for the ESI funds offers additional flexibility to setup programmes in each Member State to best match their institutional set-up.Cooperation at all levels is key to achieving quality of spending.Annex I of the Commissions amended proposal for the Common Provision Regulation12includes elements of the Common Strategic Framework and sets out different options forintegrated approaches to programming, to achieve coordination and synergies duringimplementation, which Member States are encouraged to explore.For rural development, the option to draw up thematic sub-programmes within a ruraldevelopment programme provides the opportunity to devote closer attention to particularneeds.12COM (2012) 496 final of 11.9.12.
  • 60. 18The most suitable architecture will have to be developed in partnership with stakeholdersin Croatia and in negotiations with the Commission. Therefore the Croatian authoritiesare invited to set out the action taken to involve the partners in the preparation of thePartnership Agreement. All the relevant stakeholders at national, regional and local levelshould be included when programming and implementing the instruments to ensurethematic concentration, avoid thematic overlaps and strengthen synergies whileimproving co-ordination and the strategic nature of the programme.In setting up the programmes, synergy should be sought not only between the five ESIfunds but also with other EU instruments such as Erasmus for All, Horizon 2020 andProgramme for Social Change and Innovation, the LIFE programme, Creative EuropeProgramme and Connecting Europe Facility.Integrated Territorial Investments (ITI) in Cohesion Policy allow the implementation ofparts of programmes in a cross-cutting manner and can provide flexibility below theprogramme level to implement integrated actions. Where this mechanism is selected,Croatia should define for each ITI an appropriate governance structure and in particulardesignate a management body. Allocations should be defined in the programmes for theITI.The Partnership Agreement should set out the contribution to the integrated approach forterritorial development; including both macro regional and sea-basin approaches as wellas– where appropriate – a planned integrated approach to sustainable urban development.Community-led Local Development (CLLD) offers an integrated bottom-up approach inresponse to complex territorial and local challenges through the involvement of localcommunities. Croatia is invited to explain its approach as regards CLLD across the ESIFunds indicating the main challenges, objectives and priorities, the type of territories, therole of local action groups and of different ESI Funds and coordination mechanisms.Croatia should also indicate the preparatory support for local actors.Financial instrumentsFinancial instruments could play an important role in the delivery of EU policyobjectives by providing more flexible and sustainable forms of financing and attractingprivate sector investors with a significant multiplier effect on public resources andimproving access to financing for ESI beneficiaries. They contribute to making financingof public policies more effective and sustainable, thus helping Member States to facetheir long-term challenges and increasing the long term impact of the policy.With the support of the 2014-2020 ESI funds Member States are encouraged to usefinancial instruments more widely in sectors where they are particularly suitable andwhere an ex-ante assessment has established evidence of market failures or sub-optimalinvestment situations. In addition to the extensive use of these instruments to supportinvestments in SMEs, they should also be more widely used for investments in projectswhich have a demonstrated capacity to pay back the whole or part of the resourcesinvested, including for promoting integrated urban development operations and forpromoting energy efficiency. In Croatia, it is recommended that financial instruments arealso used in areas of agriculture for supporting farm modernisation and tourism.
  • 61. 19B. ASSESSMENT OF FUNDING NEEDS IN RELATION TO THEMATIC OBJECTIVESThe following sections present the Commission Services view on priorities for ESIFunds for Croatia. They have been developed on the basis of the Commission Servicesin depth country analysis and selected from the 11 thematic objectives, which stem fromthe Commission proposal for the Common Provision Regulation13for ESI Funds adoptedby the Commission on 6 October 2011. These 11 thematic objectives translate the Europe2020 strategy into operational objectives to be supported by the ESI Funds.The 11 thematic objectives are common for cohesion, rural development and themaritime and fisheries policies; they ensure that interventions under these policies arealigned towards the achievement of joint objectives, those of Europe 2020. They providea menu of possible funding objectives for the whole of the EU. According to eachMember States specific situation a more focussed selection is then made in agreementwith the national authorities. The challenges and funding areas for Croatia correspond tothe following thematic objectives:Funding priorities Related thematic objectivesStrengthen the competitiveness ofthe economyStrengthening research; technological developmentand innovationEnhancing the competitiveness of small andmedium-sized enterprises, the agricultural sector andthe fisheries and aquaculture sectorPromoting sustainable transport and removingbottlenecks in key network infrastructuresEnhancing access to, and use and quality of ICTIncrease labour marketparticipation, ensure bettereducation and skills and reducepoverty taking into accountregional differencesPromoting employment and supporting labourmobilityPromoting social inclusion and combating povertyInvesting in education, skills and life-long learningPreserving and maintaining ahealthy environment andprotecting the natural resourcesand heritage, and adapting toclimate changeProtecting the environment and promoting resourceefficiencySupporting the shift towards a low-carbon economyin all sectorsPromoting climate change adaptation, riskprevention and managementStrengthening the administrativecapacity, enhancing an efficientpublic administration andincreasing the involvement ofcivil society and social partnersEnhancing institutional capacity and an efficientpublic administration13COM(2011)615 final/2; http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/what/future/proposals_2014_2020_en.cfm#1
  • 62. 20FUNDING PRIORITY: Strengthen the competitiveness of the economyThe objectives of the funding priority Strengthening the competitiveness of theeconomy will be achieved primarily by thematic objectives Strengthening research;technological development and innovation, Enhancing the competitiveness of small andmedium-sized enterprises, the agricultural sector and the fisheries and aquaculture sectorand Promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in key networkinfrastructures and also Enhancing access to, and use and quality of ICT.Thematic objective: Strengthening research; technological development and innovationFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds:1. Develop RD&I excellence and promote centres of competence, in particular thoseof European interest strengthen connections between the entrepreneurial, institutional, academic andresearch communities; design and implement collectively a smart specialisationstrategy (national and/or regional levels) which includes the identification,promotion and investment in a set of high-growth research and innovation sectorsin particular in industry/business Promote qualified research workforce, in particular in knowledge-intensiveservices high-technology sectors stimulate the demand-pull from the public sector to encourage industry andacademia to invest in new R&I for solutions fitting public service needs promote networking & clusters, joint research activity between private companiesas well as between the private and public sector and foster the university-industrycooperation in a set excellence and high-growth sectors (see above), includingtransnationally; stimulate adoption and diffusion of new technologies and products, includingthrough public procurement2. Promote business R&I investment, support applied research and technologicaltransfer to help companies develop more innovative products/ processes/ marketing/services, and diversify the national/regional economy through high-growth activities develop/reinforce technological platforms and facilities, including technologycentres/offices, sciences parks, with a clear focus on enhancing applied researchin excellence and high-growth sectors; invest in the commercial exploitation of new ideas and research results and thecreation of more knowledge-intensive businesses through targeted and high-levelservices tailored at the needs of SMEs at their various stages of development andalong the innovation value chain, in particular in key enabling technologies(development of new product, pilot solutions and processes, advancedmanufacturing capabilities); develop adequate, attractive and sustainable financial instruments for R&Dcompanies, in particular risk and seed capital promote knowledge transfer in the agricultural and forestry sectors , includingsupport for advisory services and structures for cooperation among farmers andother actors concerning the introduction of new technologies and innovativepractices in agriculture and forestry.
  • 63. 21Assuring performance of investments by ESI Funds under this thematic objectiverequires meeting the relevant ex-ante conditionalities. In addition the following generalconsiderations would improve governance and delivery: Strengthen the research system: (1) avoid fragmentation of budgetary andphysical resources (including identifying centres of excellence); (2) emphasizeintegration to the international scientific community; (3) properly manage humanresources, including promoting qualified research workforce and careerdevelopment based on academic results (4) ensure a results-based management ofprogrammes through programmatic agreements and external evaluations (asopposed to per headcount) ; (5) encourage and ease patenting. Adopt and implement a research & innovation strategy (ex-ante conditionality),with a clear prioritization and orientation to results, to develop a long-termdevelopment vision and ease the design of large scale programmes that wouldinvolve private business cooperation and stimulate their investments in R&D.This strategy should include (1) an assessment whether the current institutionalframework for R&D incentivizes economic agents (researchers, researchorganization and the business sector); (2) the strategy should include a) a mappingand appraisal of the role and efficiency of existing "infrastructure" for researchcommercialization and business development and identify clearly the still neededones, in view of ensuring their sustainability and the optimal allocation of funds.A market demand and supply for the associated services, and the assurance thatnecessary conditions for the sustainability of these infrastructures and equipmentare in place should be prerequisites for any funding decision of therefurbished/new equipments and/or infrastructures concerned. Improve policy-making, implementation, monitoring, evaluation, andgovernance of the national research and innovation system. The existingnational and regional R&D and innovation infrastructures and capacities may beupgraded and completed on the basis of national roadmaps and linked to EUpriorities (ESFRI): (1) ensure better coordination between different bodiesresponsible for innovation policy; (2) review the institutional framework ofnational innovation system; ensure high-level oversight of the system to promotecoherence; possibly consolidate all technology-based federal programme in oneresponsible and experiences agency (3) ensure full participation of relevantstakeholders in policy making (4) achieve a high degree of transparency andaccountability of policies, including the adoption of monitoring and evaluationmechanisms; (5) integrate to the extent possible, actions identified by theInnovation Union flagship. Cooperate actively in R&D and innovation initiatives at macro regional level(incl. Western Balkans, Adriatic, Danube regions), which provides a criticalmass for ensuring the necessary resources and market. This concerns in particularthe design and implementation of the Regional Research and DevelopmentStrategy for Innovation in the Western Balkans, as well as the Danube andAdriatic strategy and cooperation (Danube Research Area). The initiatives mayrelate to (1) the development of cross-border regional clusters in sectors ofcompetitive advantage based on knowledge and innovation; (2) the establishmentof competitive regional centres of excellence in the fields of strategic interest forthe region; (3) promoting the development of regional research infrastructures;(4) facilitate the training, mobility and cooperation of scientists within the region.
  • 64. 22 Further develop the capacity and competence of its farm advisory services toensure sufficient coverage of all aspects required under the Common AgriculturalPolicy, in particular issues linked to cross-compliance and sustainablemanagement and climate action in agriculture and forestry. The thematic objective should be implemented in line with the prioritiesidentified in the ERA- European Research Area Communication adopted by theCommission on 17 July 2012 and in synergy with Horizon 2020 and other EUinstruments. Investments in research and innovation should take into account EU widestrategies such as the Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan14roadmaps inthe field of energy, where a coordination effort with other Member States inpooling resources should be made in order to increase the level of excellence andto avoid duplication.Actions under this thematic objective may contribute, if relevant, to related interventionsidentified under thematic objective aiming at enhancing the competitiveness of SMEs,and investing in education 15.Thematic objective: Enhancing the competitiveness of small and medium-sizedenterprises, the agricultural sector and the fisheries and aquaculture sectorFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds:1. Promoting entrepreneurship the development of an entrepreneurship educators’ network, which wouldgenerate greater awareness of the importance of the entrepreneurship agendawhile build intelligence on enterprise skills and share good practice support to lifelong entrepreneurial learning strategy with a particular focus towomen and young people.2. Enhancing the competitiveness of SMEs by providing high-quality businesssupport facilitate the economic exploitation of new ideas, and fostering the creation ofnew firms and start-ups; develop high-quality business services, in particular in the areas of businesstransfer, access to new markets, business strategy and monitoring, improvedresource efficiency, innovation management capacity, and take-up of moreinnovative products/ processes/ marketing/ services, facilitate the development of SMEs in emerging and specific areas, such as newforms of tourism, culture, creative industries, eco-innovations and eco-efficiency,including coordination with public procurement to speed up the market take-up. Promote eco-innovation among SMEs, in particular through: supportingdevelopment of clusters in green technologies, including marine and maritime14http://ec.europa.eu/energy/technology/set_plan/set_plan_en.htm15Thematic objectives 3 and 9 according to the draft Regulation.
  • 65. 23sectors; addressing the key hurdles to the deployment of eco-innovations andnon-technological innovations; Harness the economic potential of the seas and coasts in areas with growthpotential such as tourism and biotechnology, in line with the Blue Growthinitiative. Knowledge, data collection and sharing should be extendedaccordingly. develop new business models, including new value chains and marketingorganisation, in particular to facilitate internationalisation (e.g. through providingtraining and practical guidance on procedures and enabling access to financialinstruments), and exports across borders, in the Internal Market and beyond develop the markets across borders create appropriate conditions for new investments and productive activities informer industrial sites, including with the development of targeted businesssupport.3. Facilitating SMEs access to finance provision of start-up capital, guarantees, loans and mezzanine and seed capitalthrough financial instruments and support for the development of business plans.The support may concern the private equity and venture capital funds inparticular. Targeted market analyses proving the need of the SMEs as well as theanalysis of the absorption capacity of financial intermediaries are perquisites tothe intervention of Structural Funds. Particular effort should be dedicated to newand science-based companies. Promote general development and economic diversification via support for smallenterprises and local development in rural areas.4. Modernisation of the agricultural, fisheries and aquaculture sector Support for restructuring and modernisation of agricultural holdings in order toincrease their competitiveness and productivity as well as for investments inprocessing, marketing and development of agricultural products, promotingparticipation in quality schemes (e.g. designation as organic producer) in order toincrease value added in the sector. Promote the development and market integration of small farms which have apotential for improving productivity and expanding or diversifying theirproduction. Promote the establishment of producer organisations and other forms ofcooperation between farmers as well as support for farm risk management, localmarkets and short supply chains in rural areas to create better developmentopportunities for small farmers. Provide special support for farmers establishing themselves for the first time inorder to facilitate restructuring and generational renewal in the agricultural sector. increase the productivity of fisheries and aquaculture sectors; , provide supportfor business development, business skills and entrepreneurship in the fisheriesand aquaculture in order to drive competitiveness, improve the overallperformance and profitability of operators, foster innovation and value adding.Assuring performance of investments by ESI Funds under this thematic objectiverequires meeting the relevant ex-ante conditionalities. In addition, the following generalconsiderations would improve governance and delivery:
  • 66. 241. The effective removal of obstacles of business environment and to the growth ofSMEs remains an essential conditions for the success of the interventions supportedby the Cohesion policy. Further efforts are need regarding the costs and time involved incompany registration and notification procedures, the streamlining of bankruptcyprocedures, the regulatory impact assessments and the establishment of permanentconsultation fora. The corporate governance in state-owned enterprises should beimproved to reduce interference in commercial decisions2. With regard to the agricultural sector:- Target beneficiaries not yet generating adequate levels of revenue and avoiddeadweight effects. In the processing sector investments should in particular targetinnovation, productivity and internationalization. Consider channelling support throughfinancial instruments, such as loan guarantee funds or credit funds.- Further promote the consolidation of land holdings in the agricultural sector so as toreduce fragmentation of ownership and create the basis for more efficient landmanagement in the sector.Actions under this thematic objective may contribute, if relevant, to related interventionsidentified under thematic objectives aiming at Strengthening research; technologicaldevelopment and innovation; employment and social inclusion16.Thematic objective: Promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in keynetwork infrastructuresFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds:1. Developing comprehensive, high quality and interoperable railway system Modernise existing railways corridors and develop new network elements ifnecessary, including the deployment of ERTMS systems and ensuringinteroperability. Modernisation of the rolling stock linked to the modernisation of the corridors.2. Supporting a multimodal Single European Transport Area by investing in theTrans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) network Developing well-functioning intermodal transport system by investing inconstruction of multi-modal and inter-operable corridors and nodes (includingconnecting inland waterway port, maritime ports and airports with other modes,especially railways) as well as logistic centres, including intelligent transportsystems, especially along the TEN-T core corridors. Facilitating the shift of road freight transport to other transport modes, notablyrail, through intermodal platforms, and the use of intelligent transport systems. Removing of bottlenecks in inland waterways Danube and Sava, whileminimising substantial modifications to riverbeds, and supporting investments torender fleets more environmentally friendly as well as investment in RiverInformation Services.16Thematic objectives 1, 8 and 9 according to the draft Regulation.
  • 67. 253. Enhancing regional mobility through connecting secondary and tertiary nodes toTEN-T infrastructure Improving regional accessibility by improving road safety. Improving local accessibility as part of integrated local development initiatives(CDLL or ITI).4. Developing environment-friendly transport systems and promoting sustainableurban mobility; Developing intelligent, sustainable and low-carbon urban transport systems toimprove mobility within cities. Improving connections with the cityagglomerations based on an urban development plan, integrating all modes oftransport. Coordinate and harmonize different transport modes and serviceproviders. Implementing measures to increase public awareness on advantages of public andnon-motorised modes of transport (e.g. training, education, eco-driving, corporatemobility scheme development).Assuring performance of investments by ESI Funds under this thematic objectiverequires meeting the relevant ex-ante conditionalities. In addition, the following generalconsiderations would improve governance and delivery: Improve factual basis for strategic planning of transport infrastructure by using anappropriate traffic model, which considers real and projected demand with anefficient and effective integration of different modes of transport. Introduce a sound system for evaluation and prioritisation of projects andconsider seeking support from JASPERS. Ensure financial sustainability of investments through the preparation andimplementation of an appropriate maintenance strategy (applying the "polluterpays" and "user pays" principles). Revenues from pricing and charging systemsand not EU funds should be used for financing maintenance costs. Reform the inefficient tariff system in the railway sector to ensure adequateresources for maintenance; increase the competitiveness of railway transport.Actions under this thematic objective may contribute, if relevant, to interventionsidentified under thematic objectives aimed at investing in low-carbon economy. 17.Thematic objective: Enhancing access to, and use and quality of ICTFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds: Creation, improvement, and expansion of basic and high-speed (next generationaccess) broadband infrastructure, in particular in underserved regions where suchaccess cannot adequately provided by the market; Promote the development of ICT applications and services in support of thesustainability and competitiveness of targeted areas. This could include the ruralareas (for example e-content relevant for the development of rural tourism) andisland areas.17Thematic objective 4 according to the draft Regulation.
  • 68. 26 Enhance the digital competence and use of ICT by farmers and other small ruralbusinesses, for example through training measures. Development of ICT and e-government applications (including e-health services),to respond to economic and societal challenges as well as enhancing innovation,the modernisation of public administration and access to the services by citizens,and enterprises.Assuring performance of investments by ESI funds under this thematic objective requiresmeeting the relevant ex-ante conditionalities in advance of 2014. In addition, thefollowing general considerations would improve governance and delivery:- Establish a digital growth plan with SWOT analysis, as well as an operationalNational Broadband Plan designed to advance basic broadband as well as NGAcoverage and take-up;- Improve the management and technical capacities of institutions in charge ofpromoting and implementing ICT policy, and enhance their coordination;- Allocate the necessary national budget for maintenance and operation of the ICTinfrastructureActions under this thematic objective may contribute, if relevant, to related interventionsidentified under thematic objective aiming at an efficient public administration18.18Thematic objective 11 according to the draft Regulation.
  • 69. 27FUNDING PRIORITY: Increase labour market participation, increase education andskills and reduce poverty by taking into account regional differencesThe objectives of the funding priority will be achieved primarily by thematic objectivePromoting employment and supporting labour mobility, as well as thematic objectivesPromoting social inclusion and combating poverty and Investing in education, skills andlife-long learning.Thematic objective: Promoting employment and supporting labour mobilityFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds:1. Access to employment for job-seekers and inactive people, including localemployment initiatives and support for labour mobility: increase employment of specific groups: young people, women, older workers,persons with disabilities and the long term unemployed, including Roma andother national minorities; modernise and ensure the administration capacity of labour market institutions implement active labour market policy measures, such as targeted and tailoredtraining for the most disadvantaged groups on the labour market; adaptation of work places and labour market practices as to facilitate longer andhealthier working lives and promote employability and provide employment andtraining measures supporting active and healthy ageing; promote further development of supporting good quality, sustainable servicessuch as child care services and extra-curricular activities in view of increasing theemployment rate of women. Promote innovative ways of work organisation(flexible working time, part time work, teleworking etc.); promote partnerships between national minorities associations and other non-governmental organisations and labour market actors dealing with employment ofvulnerable groups; support start-up counselling and entrepreneurship activities forthe national minorities; promote local and regional partnership for employment to better target the needsof the local and regional labour market.2. Sustainable integration of young people not in education, employment, ortraining (NEET) into the labour market: tailor measures of active labour market policy measures to the specific needs ofyoung people further implementation of "youth guarantees" by offering further education,(re)training and activation measures to every young person, in particular for youngunemployed people NEET and medium and high skilled young NEET people to beensured; provide traineeship and apprenticeships schemes and practical vocationaltraining; improve partnerships between vocational education and training (VET) secondaryschools and economic/social/labour actors at the local and national level; provide targeted career guidance services for young people;
  • 70. 283. Promoting social inclusion, poverty reduction and economic development of rural,coastal and fisheries areas facilitate diversification, creation of small enterprises and job creation in ruralareas promote economic diversification and develop employment opportunities in thefisheries and coastal areasAssuring the performance of investments through the ESI Funds under this thematicobjective requires meeting the ex-ante conditionalities. In addition, the following generalconsiderations would improve governance and delivery: Programmes that are results-oriented, with defined target groups and propermanagement and sufficient administrative capacity. A strategic approach should be ensured.Actions under this thematic objective may contribute, if relevant, to related interventionsidentified under thematic objectives aimed at competitiveness of SMEs and agricultural,fisheries and aquaculture sectors; social inclusion and combating poverty and investing ineducation, skills and lifelong learning19.Thematic objective: Promoting social inclusion and combating povertyFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds:1. Active inclusion reduce the number of people at risk of poverty and exclusion throughstrengthening measures to help people at risk, including to return to employmentor to receive further training; promote digital literacy; targeting the long termunemployed and other most vulnerable and marginalised/disadvantaged groups,in particular children, elderly, women, Roma and persons with disabilities; provide integrated employability measures such as individualised support andcounselling tailored to the need of specific groups; further develop socialentrepreneurship;2. Combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief,disability, age or sexual orientation Introduce actions targeting people at risk of discrimination, notably nationalminorities; raise awareness and promote closer cooperation among different institutions topromote intercultural activities and to fight discrimination, particularly at theworkplaces; ensure active partnership with NGOs;3. Enhancing access to affordable, sustainable and high-quality services, includinghealth care and social services of general interest enhance access to affordable, sustainable high-quality health and social servicesincluding services for school care, out of school care, child care and long termcare services and care of dependant persons such as elderly;19Thematic objectives 3, 9 and 10 according to the draft Regulation.
  • 71. 29 reduce inequalities in access to health care and health information facedespecially by vulnerable groups; address preventable lifestyle-related risk factors and chronic diseases; support the transition from institutional care to community-based care forchildren, elderly, and other vulnerable groups; ensure further training and careerdevelopment opportunities of staff working in care services; promote linkage of social and health services4. Promoting social inclusion, poverty reduction and economic development of ruralareas fostering local development in rural, coastal and fisheries areasAssuring the performance of investments through the ESI Funds under this thematicobjective requires meeting the ex-ante conditionalities. In addition, the following generalconsiderations would improve governance and delivery: A strategic approach should be ensured. The cost-effectiveness and adequacy of social and unemployment benefits, whilstminimizing disincentives to work and traps effects, to be improved; ESI Funds should respond to particular needs and conditions of vulnerable persons tocounteract any kind of discrimination on the labour market.Actions under this thematic objective may contribute, if relevant, to related interventionsidentified under thematic objectives aimed at ICT; competitiveness of SMEs andagricultural, fisheries and aquaculture sectors; employment and labour mobility andinvesting in education, skills and lifelong learning 20.Thematic objective: Investing in education, skills and lifelong learningFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds:1. Improving the quality, efficiency and openness of tertiary and equivalenteducation with a view to increasing participation and attainment levels review higher education programmes to make them more relevant for labourmarket needs; promote partnerships/networks between social partners, enterprises, educationand training institutions/providers in order to improve the transfer of informationon labour market needs; improve accessibility to education in different regions and for the groups ofpeople most at risk, in particular Roma.2. Enhancing access to lifelong learning, upgrading the skills and competences ofthe workforce and increasing the labour market relevance of education andtraining systems deliver reform measures with a view to improving the quality and relevance of theeducation system at all levels and increase access (in particular of ethnicminorities)20Thematic objectives 2, 3, 8 and 10 according to the draft Regulation.
  • 72. 30 increase participation in lifelong learning, in particular for older workers, the lowskilled and the long term unemployed; promote the attractiveness of vocational education and training, includingcampaigns and skills competitions, and support young people in compulsoryeducation to get acquainted with vocational trades and career possibilities; adapt vocational education and training (VET) systems to labour marketdemands, by developing work-based learning in VET, including apprenticeshipschemes, and encouraging companies to take on more trainees; Support the development of skills and competences needed on the labour market Promote the recognition of competences acquired through non-formal andinformal education.3. Promoting knowledge transfer and innovation in the agriculture, forestry,maritime and fisheries sectors Support maritime education, science and research and the qualification and skillsrelevant to Croatias blue economy Fostering life-long learning and vocational training in the agricultural and forestrysectors.Assuring the performance of investments under the ESI Funds under this thematicobjective requires meeting the ex-ante conditionalities. In addition, the following generalconsiderations would improve governance and delivery: Programmes that are results-oriented, with defined target groups and propermanagement and sufficient administrative capacity. A strategic approach should be ensured.Actions under this thematic objective may contribute, if relevant, to related interventionsidentified under thematic objectives aimed at research, technological development andinnovation; ICT; competitiveness of SMEs and agricultural, fisheries and aquaculturesectors; low carbon economy; protecting the environment and promoting resourceefficiency; employment and labour mobility, and inclusion and combating poverty 21.21Thematic objectives 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 9 according to the draft Regulation.
  • 73. 31FUNDING PRIORITY: Preserving and maintaining a healthy environment andprotecting the natural resources and heritage, and adapting to climate changeThe objectives of the funding priority will be achieved primarily by thematic objective onProtecting the environment and promoting resource efficiency, Supporting the shifttowards a low-carbon economy in all sectors and Promoting climate change adaptationand risk prevention.Thematic objective: Protecting the environment and promoting resource efficiencyFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds:1. Addressing the significant needs for investment in the waste sector to meet therequirements of the environmental acquis: Solid waste: Invest in measures contributing to the compliance to the LandfillDirective. As a transition period was granted in the Accession Treaty until end of2018 this area should be one of the top priorities; (2) New or updated WasteManagement Plans for both municipal and dangerous waste under the 2008 WasteFramework Directive have to be drawn up to implement the waste hierarchyforeseeing the appropriate infrastructure projects and actions; (3) In addition,Waste Prevention Programmes should be drawn up by 2013 and foresee all thenecessary prevention actions, that are also eligible for EU co-financing.2. Addressing the significant needs for improvement in the water sector to meet therequirements of the environmental acquis: As transition periods were granted in the field of urban wastewater treatment inthe Accession Treaty this area needs to be treated as a priority. The finalimplementation date is foreseen for 2023 with intermediate targets in 2018 and2020. Invest in assessing the water quality throughout Croatia as well as inmeasures facilitating the reach of full compliance with the urban wastewatertreatment directive Transition period was granted in the Accession Treaty until end of 2018 tocomply with the Drinking water directive thus this sector needs to be consideredas a priority sector. Croatia needs to prepare to apply an integrated water management policy in orderto ensure sufficient quantities of water of appropriate quality for current andfuture needs. Investments should be promoted to increase the efficiency in wateruse by agriculture.3. Protecting biodiversity, soil and water and promoting ecosystem servicesincluding NATURA 2000 and green infrastructures: Enhance the protection, valorisation and management of the natural resources andnatural and cultural heritage, while considering its tourist potential and otherbusiness potential when possible Remediation of high-risk sites contaminated by land mines (includingbrownfields) that pose a barrier to investments and economic development Reduce the impact of agriculture on the environment by promotingenvironmentally friendly farming systems, such as organic or integrated farming,
  • 74. 32reducing inputs of fertiliser and pesticides, and maintaining natural buffers andwildlife corridors in intensively farmed regions Ensure due respect for the environment and nature by providing relevant trainingand advisory services for farmers Introduce measures to reduce nutrient run-off into water courses which flow intomarine or fresh waters at risk of eutrophication. Reduce ammonia emissions from agriculture via support for improved animalhousing systems, manure storage, and fertiliser application Invest in the preparation of studies and inventories to select Natura 2000 sites,management planning, stakeholder consultation, capacity building of theauthorities responsible for nature protection as well as awareness raising amongdifferent stakeholders (investors, farmers, fishermen etc.) and wider public Invest in restoration and preservation of habitats, including the implementation ofmeasures related to Natura2000 sites and other high nature value areas (includingmarine protected areas under MSFD). Support farmers and foresters experiencingdisadvantages due to restrictions in Natura2000 areas Support the extensive management of high nature value grasslands and pastures Support the sustainable management and use of forests support the transition to environmentally sustainable fisheries (take measures toachieve Maximum Sustainable Yield and support discard ban, collect data forresource conservation purposes, ensure proper control of the implementation ofCFP rules) as well as eco-innovation (innovation reducing impact onenvironment) and aquaculture with high level of environmental protection Support marine litter initiatives and measures against invasive species Support the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive(MSFD), in close cooperation with bordering countries Evaluate and identify any overcapacity in its fishing fleets in order to phase it out Invest in restoration of coastal and marine zones natural, socio-economic andcultural resources, better management of urban sprawl, defence/ protection/mitigation from climate change (e.g. fighting coastal flooding and erosion) Support the use of integrated maritime policy tools for sustainable growth andcompetitiveness22as well as the sustainable exploration and exploitation ofseabed resourcesAssuring performance of investments by ESI Funds under this thematic objectiverequires meeting the relevant ex-ante conditionalities. In addition, the following generalconsiderations would improve governance and delivery: Investments in unsustainable transport and hydropower energy infrastructure posea threat to many river ecosystems which have kept their natural or near-naturalcharacter, while the reshaping of the major Croatian water courses especially theDanube might easily lead to irremediable ecological catastrophe. Croatia shouldtherefore ensure that all investments in this sector are subject to Environment22Such as marine knowledge, Maritime Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Zone Management, andintegrated maritime surveillance.
  • 75. 33Impact Assessment and Nature Impact Assessment and otherwise are in line withEU nature legislation. Data availability on water quality, setting up of the relevant monitoring system,preparation to the fast designation of the Nitrate Vulnerable Zones as well as therelated Action Programmes is to be ensured Develop adequate training measures, advisory services and measures to promotecooperation between relevant actors in order to promote sustainable practices andmanagement of habitats in agriculture and forestryActions under this thematic objective should be coordinated with interventions underthematic objectives related to competitiveness of SMEs, agriculture, fisheries andaquaculture; Low carbon economy; Climate change adaptation, risk prevention andmanagement, and Sustainable transport 23.Thematic objective: Supporting the shift towards a low-carbon economy in all sectorsFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds: promoting the production and distribution of renewable energy sources; promoting energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy and technologiesreducing GHG emissions in SMEs; supporting energy efficiency and renewable energy use in public infrastructuresand in the housing sector; Support investments in the on-farm production and use of renewable energy aswell as the promotion of renewable energy more broadly in rural areas. Thecontribution of forestry to bio-energy production should also be promoted.Enhance the carbon retention capacity of soils and forests and reduce greenhousegas emissions from farm operations.Assuring performance of investments by ESI Funds under this thematic objectiverequires meeting the relevant ex-ante conditionalities. In addition, the following generalconsiderations would improve governance and delivery:- Environmental sustainability should be taken into consideration when promotingthe production and use of biomass for energy purposes to avoid harmfulintensification of forestry management, land take for bio-fuel and biomass, shortrotation coppice and monoculture.- Attention should be paid to simplifying the administrative procedures andensuring easy access to information in order to facilitate investments in renewableenergy, including grid access where necessaryActions under this thematic objective should be coordinated with interventions underthematic objective aimed at protecting the environment24.23Thematic objectives 3, 4, 5 and 7 according to the draft Regulation.24Thematic objectives 6 according to the draft Regulation.
  • 76. 34Thematic objective: Promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention andmanagementFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds:1. Supporting dedicated investments for adaptation to climate change Support the preparation and implementation of the national strategy foradaptation to climate change and accompanying action plans Support awareness-raising and capacity-building activities, emergency preventionand preparedness measures to cope with potential climate disasters includingthrough the creation of early warning systems for floods etc.2. Promoting investments to address specific risks Improve drought and water management, for example via support for theestablishment of on-farm water storage zones and forest protection belts againstsoil erosion. The establishment, modernisation or extension of irrigation systems foragriculture can be supported Support fire prevention and restoration measures in forests Support the conservation of genetic resources through preservation of local cropvarieties and livestock breeds in order to enhance the adaptive potential of theagriculture and forestry and maintaining genetic diversity.Assuring performance of investments by ESI Funds under this thematic objectiverequires meeting the relevant ex-ante conditionalities. In addition, the following generalconsiderations would improve governance and delivery:- develop a strategic framework to prioritise measures for the adaptation to climatechange and risk prevention and management- develop and implement a national risk assessment plan, covering all natural andman-made risks, followed up by an assessment of the capabilities of the countryto cope with the major risks that heave been identified and a prioritisation offurther investments.- European support for irrigation purposes should be subject to strict EIA(Environmental Impact Assessment) and be in full conformity with the WaterFramework Directive and taking into account the water stress in view of theheavy intensification of the agricultural productionActions under this thematic objective should be coordinated with interventions underthematic objectives aimed at competitiveness of agriculture sector and protecting theenvironment25.25Thematic objectives 3 and 6 according to the draft Regulation.
  • 77. 35FUNDING PRIORITY: Enhancing institutional capacity and an efficient publicadministrationThe objectives of the funding priority will be achieved primarily by thematic objectiveEnhancing institutional capacity and an efficient public administration as well asthematic objectives Enhancing access to, and use and quality of ICT.Thematic objective: Enhancing institutional capacity and ensuring an efficient publicadministrationFor this thematic objective the funding priority translates into the following priorities andspecific objectives reflecting country specific challenges to be supported by the ESIfunds:1. Investment in institutional capacity and in the efficiency of public administrationsand public services with a view to reforms, better regulation and good governance implement reforms to ensure better legislation, synergies between policies andeffective management of public policies, integrity and accountability in publicadministration enhance the capacity of the civil service for policy and service delivery, providetraining and ensure on-the-job training for staff; implement reform measures in the career development system across the publicadministration with a view to motivate staff and ensure stability; enhance judicial capacity and improve the effectiveness and quality of the judicialsystem.2. Capacity-building for stakeholders delivering employment, education, health andsocial policies, and sectorial and territorial pacts to mobilise for reform at national,regional and local level enhance the capacity of stakeholders, such as social partners and non-governmental organisations, to help them deliver more effectively theircontribution in employment, education, health and social policies; target investments in skills and capacity of staff in public services on all levels ofadministration taking into account regional disparities and needs; establish partnerships among different stakeholders and institutions for thedelivery of efficient public services.Actions under this thematic objective may contribute, if relevant, to relatedinterventions identified under all thematic objectives.
  • 78. 36C. ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTSGeneral assessment of administrative capacitiesThe Croatian Government is currently undergoing preparations for the cohesion policy2014-2020 with the Ministry of Regional Development and EU funds acting as thecoordinating authority. The former Central Office for Development Strategy andCoordination of EU Funds became part of the Ministry of Regional Development and EUfunds.In case of setting up one single Managing Authority, it is recommended that theManaging Authority is fully empowered to ensure strong coordination of and guidance tothe Intermediate Bodies (IBs) to ensure concentration and synergies while improving co-ordination and the strategic nature of the programmes and their effective implementation.Ownership of policy sectors should be strongly embedded in the relevant line ministries,in parallel with capacity building for policy design and delivery.Particular attention should be paid to address any existing weaknesses in the Croatianadministration to ensure a proper level of implementation of the operational programmessupported through ESI Funding. The risk of insufficient capacity will be higher under theStructural Funds than in IPA, given the shortage and high turnover of staff, the need toadapt to new management procedures under the shared management system, includingnew procurement rules, a broader thematic scope of projects and expected heavierworkload linked to the increase of funds. An appropriate administrative capacity for anefficient implementation of the programmes is to be ensured at regional and local levelnext to the national level.The IPA experience has demonstrated a number of weaknesses in the administrative andtechnical capacities within the administration. The coordination between the institutionsand within bodies of the same operating structures is weak for some programmes. Furtherefforts are necessary for an effective implementation of the plans to increaseadministrative capacity for future cohesion policy implementation, for better strategicapproach in the development of projects and for a more mature project pipeline. Somehorizontal issues linked to EU acquis are not systematically anticipated at the projectdesign stage. Croatia should look at the examples of EU Member States and take note oflessons learned in the administrative capacity domain.The public procurement legislation in force since January 2012 provides for increasedtransparency, including publication of information on the actual execution of contracts.The effective implementation of this legislation is key, at national and especially at locallevel. Risk of corruption, particularly at local level needs to be addressed. Furthermore,improvements concerning the system of remedies are required26.In the field of transport policy further efforts are required, in particular to strengthen theadministrative capacity of the railway safety agency and to establish an independent jointaccident investigation body. Administrative capacity needs to be strengthened in thefields of industrial pollution control and risk management, nature protection andchemicals. The quality of environmental impact assessment for projects needs to besignificantly improved.26The Main Findings of the Comprehensive Monitoring Report on Croatia’s state of preparedness for EUmembership, 2012
  • 79. 37Project deliveryTo ensure smooth delivery of projects it is recommended to:- Expand the project pipeline initiatives providing tailored assistance for projectbeneficiaries as regards the project preparation and management. Scope of servicesoffered should be broadened (trainings, counselling services, project development).- Develop the systems of support for project promoters in areas suffering from weakbeneficiaries capacities (in all sectors). Improve coordination and planning ofinvestment in order to avoid redundancies and promote efficiency. Economic andsocial rationale (use of cost-benefit analyses), cost-effectiveness (procurement, costestimation, variant analysis) and physical implementation of projects in general shouldbe improved.- To ensure that programmes support measures that are results oriented, with definedtarget groups and proper management which requires administrative capacity.Efficient coordination and communication in preparation of the programmes iscrucial among different institutions, in particular Managing Authority andIntermediate Bodies.- long term planning of the appropriate project preparation phase of is a necessaryprerequisite for effective project delivery- Utilise cooperation framework for planning, exchange of good practice, and effectivedelivery such as in the Danube and Adriatic/Ionian regions.Administrative burdenCroatia should reduce the administrative burden for beneficiaries while ensuring anefficient implementation of the regulation. Actions for the ESI Funds to that end shouldinclude:- Streamlining of project selection procedures and enhancing transparency andobjectivity of the selection process and selection criteria, so that beneficiaries couldassess in advance whether their projects could succeed in the appraisal procedure.- Designing the reporting process so that it focuses on gathering the most relevant datafor monitoring (data from beneficiaries should be collected with frequency assuringeffective management of implementation);- Timely preparation and dissemination of implementation and procedural guidelinesbefore the start of the programmes;- Use of a system of simplified costs.PartnershipActive participation of relevant partners at each stage of the programming cycleimproves the quality of implementation. To this end the following should be considered:- The role of the civil society and social partners to act as a partner and to team upwith government should be strengthened in Croatia. It is of great importance thatall relevant stakeholders are actively involved in the preparation, implementationand monitoring and evaluation of the projects on national and regional, locallevel.
  • 80. 38- Partnerships with bodies specialised in non-discrimination to be integrated in thepolicy planning, including equality authorities and civil society.- Further develop and make better use (including effective dissemination ofdeveloped knowledge) of the existing networks mobilising citizens, business,NGOs and other partners for initiatives essential for the smooth implementationof operational programmes. The performance and needs of the networks shouldbe regularly assessed.Monitoring and evaluationThe management and control systems for 2014-2020 should build on the positiveachievements in the 2007-2013 period. Croatia is encouraged to reflect on how soundfinancial management could be enhanced by better coordination of funds andprogrammes and by cutting administrative costs and burden for the beneficiaries - and -for cohesion policy, by the use of e-Cohesion possibilities.The key principle of sound financial management remains the basis for the developmentof management and control systems in the next programming period.Croatia should have an appropriate system to record and monitor state aid expenditureand should ensure coordination by a body which is independent vis-à-vis grantingauthorities, has appropriate dedicated resources (budget, qualified staff), is consulted onthe design of state aid measures and its opinions are taken into accountThe physical implementation rate of IPA programmes to date is still limited due toinsufficient capacity in the design, appraisal and tendering of projects while themonitoring information system has been partially set-up.The evaluation culture should be strengthened in the future programming period.Evaluations should be taken into consideration already when programming and designinginstruments. Evaluations should inform programming in a timely manner.Adequate resources should be dedicated to developing good quality statistical indicatorsessential for monitoring the implementation of public policies targets and Europe 2020targets.In the field of rural development, Croatia should ensure that the verifiability andcontrollability of the measures proposed are confirmed in advance by the servicesresponsible for implementation and controls.In the field of environment the access to information regarding the register andmanagement plans of protected areas shall be publicly available in order to avoidwatering down of the nature protection acquis. Likewise, actions to develop skillsregarding assessment of plans and programmes with regard to their impacts onenvironment (e.g. transport plans, local land use plans etc.) and the integrated planning ofprojects whereby the environmental aspects are taken into account already at initialstages of the planning process and not at the end as a "damage control" tool, should alsobe considered for support. Update of the register of agricultural land, grasslands and anyother parcel identification system is crucial to controllable public investments, since i.e.Natura 2000 financing cannot be allocated without these tools.