Innovating in simulation                                 architectures for Naval Warfare                                  ...
2  Fleet Synthetic TrainingOur findings about the current situation of Distributed Simulation in the Navy      © NEXTEL AE...
3Training in the Navy   Custom Training Cycles for each allied Fleet   Diferent types of training     Doctrine          –...
4Drivers to Fleet Synthetic Training    Training At-Sea Stoppers:      Encroachment                                      ...
5Potential cost savings    In-port simulation can save a lot of money:       Fuel                                        ...
6Potential use of Simulation in the Navy   In DDG-51 (USN) training, only 10% of most frequent exercises can be simulated ...
7Situation from Technology Point-of-View  Fidelity and interoperability of simulation-based training has improved signific...
8Roadblocks to increased use of Simulation (NON-TECHNICAL ISSUES)   Fleet opinions on simulation:     “Reducing underway ...
9Roadblocks to increased use of Simulation (TECHNICAL ISSUES)   Fight the battlefront, not the network      Bandwidth is ...
10  Fleet Synthetic TrainingHow SIMWARE can leverage the existing assets, reuse them and compose new                scenar...
11Why is NADS interested in this field    Experience in naval programs (SCOMBA, F100,S80)    (NAVANTIA Tier-1 Subcontracto...
12SIMWARE allows a multi-paradigm Distributed Training Architecture   SIMWARE as proposed for the CENADIN Naval Training C...
13SIMWARE interesting features   Relies on a powerful middleware DDS-based                      Simplified API hides compl...
14SIMWARE is a breath of fresh air   SIMWARE backbone is made                 Not replacing DIS nor HLA  Complimentary   ...
15What is DDS??? Why use DDS in Simulation???                                                                             ...
16Vision shared with NAVANTIA: CENADIN project                                        SIMWARE enables “Pier side/On Shore/...
17“SIMWARE inside” example of LVC Infrastructure for Operations Research           Tactical C2 system                     ...
18“SIMWARE inside” example of Advanced Flight Training Devices   SIMWARE speeds-up the development of all kind of Flight  ...
19“SIMWARE inside” example of Experimentation Simulators   SIMWARE has been employed in the   development of a simulated  ...
20A QuickStart with SIMWARE                        © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012.                      ...
21About NADS   Corporate Headquarters                                               Since 2002 providing services and so...
22A shared objective: making distributed simulation easy    On Thursday morning, we will be available for answering your q...
NADSAvenida de Manoteras, 1828050 Madrid – Spain+34 91 142 06 13www.nads.es – www.simware.esinfo@nads.es   © NEXTEL AEROSP...
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Innovating in simulation architectures for Naval Warfare Training & Simulation

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HLA, since its inception, has been a great success for interoperating simulators although its adoption in real time simulations has been more limited.

The OMG DDS (Data Distribution Service) standard has been specifically designed to be applied in large critical distributed systems and federations of systems-of-systems. Some of the most prestigious organizations around the word have recommended or even mandated its use. NADS has adopted DDS for the foundations of SIMWARE: a disruptive high-performance Simulation middleware. In this paper it is presented one of the use cases where SIMWARE adds great value; in Naval Training & Simulation.

Nowadays almost all of the most advanced Navies of the world are concerned about how to reduce costs of training their crews. Most of surface forces train both at sea and on shore, but seem to prefer at sea training in practice.

A number of exercises could be conducted in port using LVC simulation, possibly at lower cost. But today, there are few training exercises with equivalencies in simulators. Even these equivalencies are only for a small part of all typical mission areas. An important stopper is the complexity of the simulation interoperability technology.

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Innovating in simulation architectures for Naval Warfare Training & Simulation

  1. 1. Innovating in simulation architectures for Naval Warfare Training & Simulation [ APLICATIONS OF SIMWARE FOR THE NAVY ]José Carlos DíazInternational Sales Managerjcdiaz@nads.esNATO CAX FORUM, Rome(IT), Sept. 2012
  2. 2. 2 Fleet Synthetic TrainingOur findings about the current situation of Distributed Simulation in the Navy © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  3. 3. 3Training in the Navy Custom Training Cycles for each allied Fleet Diferent types of training  Doctrine – Basic – Intermediate – Advanced  Levels US IDTC scheme. © RAND Corporation – Unit Force – Battle Group – Force  Training place – Ships At-sea – Ships Pierside Group – Shore-based Readiness assesments Unit Repeatable exercises Equivalences Joint and Coalition Integration © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  4. 4. 4Drivers to Fleet Synthetic Training Training At-Sea Stoppers:  Encroachment Readiness  Environmental issues  Weapons Effects  Distance Between Home Ports  Cost of Fuel Restrictions to Training Training Technology Possibilities:  Train Any Time in Any Place Readiness  Employ all weapons  Practice Then Prove  Overcome tyranny of distance  Realistic OPFOR Training Technology © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  5. 5. 5Potential cost savings In-port simulation can save a lot of money:  Fuel “Operation Brimstone is estimated to cost  Utility about $750,000. To run a comparable live  Manpower exercise could run around $50 million.”  Range service and maintenance Excerpt from National Defense Magazine, September 2006 Excerpt from “COST EFFECTIVENESS OF WEST COAST DISTRIBUTED SIMULATION TRAINING FOR THE PACIFIC FLEET”. B.T.Shearon, 2001 © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  6. 6. 6Potential use of Simulation in the Navy In DDG-51 (USN) training, only 10% of most frequent exercises can be simulated [YARDLEY et al., 2003] Among catalogued exercises, several of them could be “technically” simulated © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  7. 7. 7Situation from Technology Point-of-View Fidelity and interoperability of simulation-based training has improved significantly From single ship training to combined missions with other ships within their battle group Multi-ship simulation training is a reality:  BFTT - Battle Force Tactical Training System (USN) TRAINER  MWTS - Maritime Warfare Training System (RAN) TRAINER DIS has been dominant until recently SITUATION TRAINER AWARENESS Now HLA is the preferred interoperability standard When planning a complex exercise a lot of interoperability issues arise TRAINER Many gateways to be developed  more time & money Pier Side Voice & Data Communications: Synthetic-Real, Links… Pier Side Pier Side SYNTHETIC TRAINER Pier Side TRAINER SYNTHETIC HQ Pier Side Pier Side SYNTHETIC Pier Side SYNTHETIC © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  8. 8. 8Roadblocks to increased use of Simulation (NON-TECHNICAL ISSUES) Fleet opinions on simulation:  “Reducing underway time will reduce readiness”  “Scheduling in-port training is difficult because of equipment maintenance requirements”  “For intermediate and advanced training, ships need to get underway”  “In-port battle group exercises enhance underway training, but do not replace it” Training Policies that preclude earning credit for shore-based training No Standards for assesing readiness Interference with other activities Costs © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  9. 9. 9Roadblocks to increased use of Simulation (TECHNICAL ISSUES) Fight the battlefront, not the network  Bandwidth is finite  Superscalability: Navy, Joint, Agency, and Partner Nation participants Interoperability: too beautiful to be true  DIS is alive (USAF, Australia…)  US Navy & NATO pursuing HLA  TENA just round the corner  Many different flavors of HLA implemented out there (HLA 1.3, HLA 1516, HLA-evolved…) Fidelity: Good enough? What must be as real as real? Break even? How and why for merging live and synthetic ... What makes sense Virtual to live radios and back. How to integrate the LVC world Scheduling among multiple players ... Art and/or science Many parts and pieces: Simulation, Networking, and Training Systems interfaces  No one “system” that a Nation can develop or buy. The complexity of separate pieces (no single system or provider) for distributed, integrated, synthetic training. © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  10. 10. 10 Fleet Synthetic TrainingHow SIMWARE can leverage the existing assets, reuse them and compose new scenarios © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  11. 11. 11Why is NADS interested in this field Experience in naval programs (SCOMBA, F100,S80) (NAVANTIA Tier-1 Subcontractor since 2003) Since 2003 working in:  M&S Architectures – HLA & DDS Distributed Simulation – DDS-based Real-Time Simulation  M&S interoperability middleware – Multi-vendor HLA interoperability – DDS-based RTI’s – LVC-C4I integration  Training over I*Net – SCORM contents – Simulation-LMS integration Launched SIMWARE in 2010 R+D project with NAVANTIA started in 2012 to create a Naval Training infrastructure New SISO Working Group  Layered Simulation Architectura (LSA) © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  12. 12. 12SIMWARE allows a multi-paradigm Distributed Training Architecture SIMWARE as proposed for the CENADIN Naval Training Centre Distributed Training Architecture HLA/DIS/DDS Situational ESG Awareness Ships Pierside Scenario Combat Sensor Action System Operator Officer Generation and Control . SIMWARE . HLA/DIS/DDS Simulated Sensors TRAINING CENTER HLA/DIS/DDS SAF/CGF Shore-Based Trainers Exercise Control Combat Sensor Action System Operator Officer Data Link 16 CSG WIDE AREA NETWORKS Training Exercise Control Comms Staff Secure VoIP / Chat © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  13. 13. 13SIMWARE interesting features Relies on a powerful middleware DDS-based Simplified API hides complexity of HLA or DDS  Open Standard (OMG DDS) Design & Utility Tools:  Extreme efficiency using bandwidth  Model Driven Development of Sim Models  Low lattencies while superscalable from SIMULINK  Fault Tolerant & Resilient  Data mapping & transformations manager Interfaces with other COTS and Simulators  Gateway designer through HLA  Simulation Control Panel DIS gateways can be developed through the Optional HLA RTI using DDS as wire protocol API & tools Distributable Simulation Computing Load Custom programmed gateways DATAMODEL Easily Configurable DATAMODEL A TRANSLATION GATEWAYS B Simulation Models can be developed easily from SIMULINK and COMMON SIMULATION ARCHITECTURE plugged into a common SIMWARE provides a superior common simulation architecture architecture where interoperability, reuse and composability are © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. commodities Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  14. 14. 14SIMWARE is a breath of fresh air SIMWARE backbone is made Not replacing DIS nor HLA  Complimentary over DDS Not just another simulation framework  QoS Management To be integrated with the best COTS in the market Admits Very Low-Bandwidth IP networks (some interesting tests in CWIX Spain 2009 and 2010)  Radiocomms (HF, VHF, etc.) – We tested on a 4.800 bps network!!! • ISDN lines • GPRS DDS Hard Real Time Pub/Sub features:  No single point of failure!!!  High Rates for High fidelity © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  15. 15. 15What is DDS??? Why use DDS in Simulation??? Data Data Not replacing DIS nor HLA but changing the Writer Reader way a federate communicate with others Data Data Reader Writer through the network SIMWARE backbone is made over DDS TOPIC “D” Data TOPIC “A”  QoS Management Writer Data [DDS Global Data Space] Reader Admits Very Low-Bandwidth IP networks TOPIC “B” (some interesting tests in CWIX Spain 2009 and 2010) Data TOPIC “C” Data Writer Writer  Radiocomms (HF, VHF, UHF with IP cap.) – tested on a CNR 4.800 bps network!!! • ISDN lines, GPRS… DDS Hard Real Time Pub/Sub features:  No single point of failure!!!  High Rates for High fidelity A new SISO Study Group working in defining what is called “Layered Simulation Architecture – LSA” based in DDS © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  16. 16. 16Vision shared with NAVANTIA: CENADIN project SIMWARE enables “Pier side/On Shore/Blended” Distributed Simulation Efficient in IP networks with Low Bandwidth Its native DDS backbone makes easy to integrate most of the Combat Management Systems Ideal for Training Centres © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  17. 17. 17“SIMWARE inside” example of LVC Infrastructure for Operations Research Tactical C2 system Distributed Simulation Services FAC virtual Sim BMS Missile LGB Sim Sim Service FFT Comman Service service d service Sensor Aircraft SP Army C2 DDS Sim Sim services Interface Service Service SimWare PowerLink SimWare Simware RTI DATA DISTRIBUTION SERVICES (DDS) – REAL TIME DATA BUS SimWare PowerLink CGF Serious Gaming VR-Forces VBS2 & STEELBEAST PRO HLA propietary network © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  18. 18. 18“SIMWARE inside” example of Advanced Flight Training Devices SIMWARE speeds-up the development of all kind of Flight Training Devices NADS has developed JAR certified FNPTs for Flight Schools based on Simware in record time  NADS EXIM I/II FNPT-I Using SIMWARE can reduce up to 50% Time to Market  Predefined Simulator Architecture  Facilitates maintenance and upgrading  Seamless interoperability with external DIS/HLA simulators © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  19. 19. 19“SIMWARE inside” example of Experimentation Simulators SIMWARE has been employed in the development of a simulated environment for programming aerial infrared countermeasures (flares) SIMWARE SimDeveloper was used for developing and testing of High-Fidelity models Mistral class I/R missile Flares © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  20. 20. 20A QuickStart with SIMWARE © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  21. 21. 21About NADS Corporate Headquarters  Since 2002 providing services and solutions to the  Madrid – Spain Defence & Aerospace industry Commercial Delegations  Core Business:  Paris- France (France, Germany & BENELUX)  Simulation and Training Solutions Engineering Workcenters  Simulation Technology  Madrid – Spain (Products & Projects)  C4I and Critical Mission Solutions  Cadiz – Spain (Naval Systems Engineering)  Integrated Logistic Support (ILS) Partners  Active members in M&S community  PRISMTECH (FR, UK, NL, USA)  NATO NIAG SG 162  PEGASUS SIMULATION (CAN)  SISO LSA SG  SIMIGON (ISRAEL)  OMG DDS © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  22. 22. 22A shared objective: making distributed simulation easy On Thursday morning, we will be available for answering your questions and showing you some demos made with SIMWARE. Find us in Exposition Area (-2 basement)DVDs with TRIAL PACK of SIMWARE 4.2.2 available upon request. Few copies here!!! Send now your B2B meeting requests at info@nads.es © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
  23. 23. NADSAvenida de Manoteras, 1828050 Madrid – Spain+34 91 142 06 13www.nads.es – www.simware.esinfo@nads.es © NEXTEL AEROSPACE DEFENCE & SECURITY S.L., 2012. Reservados todos los derechos / All Rights Reserved
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