Present Perfect

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Present Perfect

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT vs PAST SIMPLE
  2. 2. The Present Perfect vs Past Simple (1) <ul><li>We use the present perfect to talk about your or other people´s experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>The exact time that the experience happened isn’t important. </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t usually use a past time reference (yesterday, last month, a year ago …) </li></ul><ul><li>We use the past simple to talk about completed actions in the past, often with a time reference. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Examples (1) <ul><li>I’ve been to London. </li></ul><ul><li>John hasn’t travelled very much. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever met a famous person? </li></ul><ul><li>I went to London in 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>I talked to my boss yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Did you watch the film on tv last night? </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Present Perfect vs Past Simple (2) <ul><li>We use the present perfect to talk about things that have or haven’t happened in the recent past </li></ul><ul><li>This use is common when you give someone news. </li></ul><ul><li>We often use these adverbs: just , already and yet to talk about the recent past. </li></ul><ul><li>We use the past simple for finished actions in the past, often with a time expression (yesterday, last Wednesday, last year, two days ago, in 1999 …) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Examples (2) <ul><li>I’ve already had lunch. </li></ul><ul><li>Have they spoken to the teacher yet? </li></ul><ul><li>I’m sorry. The manager has just left. </li></ul><ul><li>The bus hasn’t arrived yet. </li></ul><ul><li>I had dinner at my parents’ house last night. </li></ul><ul><li>Did they speak to the teacher yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>The bus didn’t come until 10.30. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Present Perfect vs Past Simple (3) <ul><li>We use the present perfect to talk about unfinished actions that started in the past and still continue now. </li></ul><ul><li>We use for and since with the present perfect when we are talking about unfinished actions. </li></ul><ul><li>We use for to talk about the length of time an action has been going. </li></ul><ul><li>We use since to say when the action started. </li></ul><ul><li>We use the past simple for actions that are finished. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Examples (3) <ul><li>I’ve been a teacher for twenty years. </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t had toothache since I was a child. </li></ul><ul><li>How long have you had that car? </li></ul><ul><li>I was a teacher for five years. </li></ul><ul><li>He didn’t have toothache yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>How long did you have that car? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Complete these sentences with the correct preposition for or since . <ul><li>She has worked as a secretary … 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>They have been married … a few years. </li></ul><ul><li>They have lived in Manchester … a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>He’s written five books … I met him. </li></ul><ul><li>We haven´t seen them … several weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t been to the beach … last summer. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you used the phoned … you arrived? </li></ul><ul><li>We haven’t heard any noise … many hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Has she studied hard … yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>I have studied English … I was at elementary school. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Complete the sentences with the present perfect o the past simple of the verbs in brackets. <ul><li>There ______________ (be) many road accidents since the beginning of this year. </li></ul><ul><li>I ______________ (visit) my friend several times since she moved. </li></ul><ul><li>The waiter ____________ (break) two plates yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Teresa ____________ (live) in London many years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>They ____________ (not do) any homework yet. </li></ul><ul><li>The repairman ____________ (not fix) the computer last week. </li></ul><ul><li>It ___________ (be) a very cold winter last year. </li></ul><ul><li>The postman __________ (deliver / already) the letters. </li></ul><ul><li>When ___________ (you / come) to this country? </li></ul><ul><li>____________ (your brother / learn) how to water-ski last summer? </li></ul><ul><li>I ________(read) his books when I was at school. I ________ (enjoy) them very much. </li></ul><ul><li>We ___________ (miss) the bus. Now we’ll have to walk. </li></ul>

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