Present Perfect
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Present Perfect

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Present Perfect Present Perfect Presentation Transcript

  • PRESENT PERFECT vs PAST SIMPLE
  • The Present Perfect vs Past Simple (1)
    • We use the present perfect to talk about your or other people´s experiences.
    • The exact time that the experience happened isn’t important.
    • You don’t usually use a past time reference (yesterday, last month, a year ago …)
    • We use the past simple to talk about completed actions in the past, often with a time reference.
  • Examples (1)
    • I’ve been to London.
    • John hasn’t travelled very much.
    • Have you ever met a famous person?
    • I went to London in 1998.
    • I talked to my boss yesterday.
    • Did you watch the film on tv last night?
  • The Present Perfect vs Past Simple (2)
    • We use the present perfect to talk about things that have or haven’t happened in the recent past
    • This use is common when you give someone news.
    • We often use these adverbs: just , already and yet to talk about the recent past.
    • We use the past simple for finished actions in the past, often with a time expression (yesterday, last Wednesday, last year, two days ago, in 1999 …)
  • Examples (2)
    • I’ve already had lunch.
    • Have they spoken to the teacher yet?
    • I’m sorry. The manager has just left.
    • The bus hasn’t arrived yet.
    • I had dinner at my parents’ house last night.
    • Did they speak to the teacher yesterday?
    • The bus didn’t come until 10.30.
  • The Present Perfect vs Past Simple (3)
    • We use the present perfect to talk about unfinished actions that started in the past and still continue now.
    • We use for and since with the present perfect when we are talking about unfinished actions.
    • We use for to talk about the length of time an action has been going.
    • We use since to say when the action started.
    • We use the past simple for actions that are finished.
  • Examples (3)
    • I’ve been a teacher for twenty years.
    • I haven’t had toothache since I was a child.
    • How long have you had that car?
    • I was a teacher for five years.
    • He didn’t have toothache yesterday.
    • How long did you have that car?
  • Complete these sentences with the correct preposition for or since .
    • She has worked as a secretary … 1991.
    • They have been married … a few years.
    • They have lived in Manchester … a long time.
    • He’s written five books … I met him.
    • We haven´t seen them … several weeks.
    • I haven’t been to the beach … last summer.
    • Have you used the phoned … you arrived?
    • We haven’t heard any noise … many hours.
    • Has she studied hard … yesterday?
    • I have studied English … I was at elementary school.
  • Complete the sentences with the present perfect o the past simple of the verbs in brackets.
    • There ______________ (be) many road accidents since the beginning of this year.
    • I ______________ (visit) my friend several times since she moved.
    • The waiter ____________ (break) two plates yesterday.
    • Teresa ____________ (live) in London many years ago.
    • They ____________ (not do) any homework yet.
    • The repairman ____________ (not fix) the computer last week.
    • It ___________ (be) a very cold winter last year.
    • The postman __________ (deliver / already) the letters.
    • When ___________ (you / come) to this country?
    • ____________ (your brother / learn) how to water-ski last summer?
    • I ________(read) his books when I was at school. I ________ (enjoy) them very much.
    • We ___________ (miss) the bus. Now we’ll have to walk.