LIFE OF CHARLES DARWIN ( CHARLES ROBERT DARWIN)
CHILDHOOD AND EDUCATION Charles Robert Darwin was born in the town of Shrewsbury, England on February 12th 1809. He was the fifth of six children of wealthy doctor and financier Robert Darwin, and Susannah Darwin . The seven-year-old Charles Darwin in 1816.
At the age of eight, Charles was sent to Cases school by his mother but he attended this school for only one year. At this age Charles already liked natural history and collecting. Unfortunately during this year his mother died and he was enrolled at Butlers school. From September 1818, he went with his older brother Erasmus to the nearby Anglican Shrewsbury School as a boarder.
Darwin spent the summer of 1825 as an apprentice doctor, helping his father, before going to the University of Edinburgh Medical School. He found classes boring and surgery distressing, so he didn´t like his studies. In Darwins second year he joined the Plinian Society, a student natural history group whose debates strayed into radical materialism. And he got really interested about biology and wildlife. Darwin wasnt a good student, he was just interested in nature, plants and animals… and in his collections.
At the end he gave up medicine and he prepared himself to becomea vicar. He met Henslow, he was the person who invited Darwin toparticipate on the trip around the world on the HMS beagle.He agreed, although he had to spend 3 in land.In the Galapagos Islands he observed the small differences betweenthe species of the finches and the tortoises
In 1837 Darwin started writing his “Diary of avoyage on the Beagle” that was the most readablevoyage book in the 19th century.And he concluded that a new species can appear ifthat species is isolated from its own species.Darwin died on the 19th. April 1882.
ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES On 24 November 1859 he published On the Origin of Species. He detailed much of his research on natural selection, it contained a large amount of evidence to back up his ideas and became a landmark work in the field of evolutionary biology. In it, Darwin presents a theory of evolution that is in most aspects identical to the theories now accepted by scientists. He carefully argues out this theory of evolution of species by natural selection by presenting all the accumulated scientific evidence from his voyage on the HMS Beagle. His theories were opposed to the then-accepted viewpoint of creationism.