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Conditionals

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Conditionals

1. 1. CONDITIONALS
2. 2. Zero Conditional <ul><li>We use </li></ul><ul><li>If + Present Simple + Present Simple </li></ul><ul><li>for facts that are generally true. </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you want to become an engineer, you have to study hard.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you are a vegetarian, you don’t eat meat.” </li></ul>
3. 3. First Conditional <ul><li>We use </li></ul><ul><li>If + Present Simple + will / won’t + bare infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>to talk about things that may happen in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I’ m late, my parents will be angry.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If we don’t hurry, we won’t finish .” </li></ul>
4. 4. <ul><li>We use the present tense in the if clause and will / won’t in the other. </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you send me a card, I’ ll be very happy.” </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use will / won’t in both clauses. </li></ul><ul><li>“ If it will be sunny, we’ll have a barbecue.” </li></ul>
5. 5. <ul><li>We can reverse the two clauses of a first conditional sentence without changing the meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>If it rains , we’ll stay ay home. </li></ul><ul><li>We’ll stay at home if it rains. </li></ul><ul><li>When the if clause comes first, we put a comma between the two clauses. We don’t need one if it comes second. </li></ul>
6. 6. Second Conditional <ul><li>We use </li></ul><ul><li>If + Simple past + would + bare infinitive </li></ul><ul><li> “ If she knew the answer, she would tell us.” </li></ul><ul><li>to talk about unreal situations in the present. </li></ul><ul><li>“ If we had lots of time, we’ d travel .” </li></ul>
7. 7. <ul><li>to talk about ulikely events in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I saw a ghost, I would speak to it.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I won the lottery, I’ d travel around the world.” </li></ul>
8. 8. <ul><li>After IF we can use were instead of was in all persons but it is more formal. </li></ul><ul><li>Was is mainly used in spoken English. </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I were/was you I would go to the doctor’s.” </li></ul>
9. 9. <ul><li>After IF we can use were instead of was in all persons but it is more formal. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If he were / was younger, he would get the job. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Was is mainly used in spoken English. </li></ul><ul><li>We can use If I were you... to give advice. </li></ul><ul><li> If I were you I would go to the doctor’s. </li></ul>
10. 10. Third Conditional <ul><li>We use. </li></ul><ul><li>If + Past Perfect + would + have + past participle </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I had known , I would have told them.” </li></ul><ul><li>to talk about things that have already happened in the past and their unreal past results. </li></ul>
11. 11. <ul><li>We can use COULD and MIGHT instead of WOULD depending on their meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you had eaten three pizzas, you might have been sick.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If my parents had told me they were coming, I could have cooked a nice meal.” </li></ul>
12. 12. <ul><li>The third conditional is the only conditional that refers to the past . </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I had had a toothache, I would have gone to the dentist.” </li></ul>
13. 13. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses. <ul><li>If I see him, I ___________ (give) him a lift. </li></ul><ul><li>If I had a record player I ____________ (record) it myself. </li></ul><ul><li>If I ___________ (know) her e-mail address, I’d give it to you. </li></ul><ul><li>If I had known that your father was in hospital, I ________ (visit) him. </li></ul><ul><li>If you __________(arrive) ten minutes earlier you would have got a seat. </li></ul><ul><li>He __________ (look) a lot better if he shaved more often. </li></ul><ul><li>The chair will collapse if you ___________ (stand) on it. </li></ul><ul><li>If he ___________ (eat) all that, he will be ill. </li></ul><ul><li>If he had asked you, ______________ (you / accept)? </li></ul><ul><li>If you had left that wasp alone, it __________ (not sting) you. </li></ul><ul><li>If I were sent to prison, _______________ (you / visit) me? </li></ul><ul><li>Someone ___________ (steal) your car if you leave it unlocked. </li></ul><ul><li>What will happen if my parachute _____________(not open)? </li></ul><ul><li>If he knew that it was going to be boring he____________ (not come). </li></ul><ul><li>I_________ (be) ruined if I bought her everything she asked for. </li></ul>