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World War I Power Point

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  • 1. World War I A war fought from 1914 to 1918, in which Great Britain, France, Russia, Belgium, Italy, Japan, the United States, and other allies defeated Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria.
  • 2. Zimmerman Telegram A 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire for Mexico to join the Central Powers, in the event of the United States entering World War I on the side of the Entente Powers. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence. Revelation of the contents outraged American public opinion and helped generate support for the United States declaration of war on Germany in April of that year.
  • 3. Freedom of the Seas A principle in the international law and law of the sea. It stresses freedom to navigate the oceans. It also disapproves of war fought in water. The freedom is to be breached only in a necessary international agreement.
  • 4. Lusitania A British ocean liner, holder of the Blue Riband and briefly the world's biggest ship. She was launched by the Cunard Line in 1907, at a time of fierce competition for the North Atlantic trade. In 1915 she was torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat, causing the deaths of 1,198 passengers.
  • 5. Sussex Pledge A promise made in 1916 during World War I by Germany to the United States prior to the latter's entry into the war. • Passenger ships would not be targeted; • Merchant ships would not be sunk until the presence of weapons had been established, if necessary by a search of the ship; • Merchant ships would not be sunk without provision for the safety of passengers and crew.
  • 6. Submarine Warfare Submarine warfare in World War I was partly a fight between German U-Boats and Atlantic supply convoys bound for Great Britain. British and Allied submarines conducted widespread operations in the Baltic, North Sea, Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Seas. A type of naval warfare in which submarines sink vessels such as freighters and tankers without warning, as opposed to attacks per prize rules (also known as "cruiser rules").
  • 7. Selective Service Act The Selective Service Act or Selective Draft Act authorized the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through conscription.
  • 8. Schenck v. U.S. Defendant's criticism of the draft was not protected by the First Amendment, because it created a clear and present danger to the enlistment and recruiting service of the U.S. armed forces during a state of war.
  • 9. American Expeditionary Force The American Expeditionary Forces were the United States Armed Forces sent to Europe in World War I. During the United States campaigns in World War I the AEF fought in France alongside French and British allied forces in the last year of the war, against Imperial German forces
  • 10. John J. Pershing A general officer in the United States Army who led the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. Pershing is the only person to be promoted in his own lifetime to the highest rank ever held in the United States Army—General of the Armies.
  • 11. Battle of Argonne Forest Part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire western front. It was fought from September 26, 1918, until the Armistice.
  • 12. Alvin York One of the most decorated American soldiers in World War I. He received the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, taking 32 machine guns, killing 28 German soldiers and capturing 132 others.
  • 13. Trench Warfare A type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other.
  • 14. U-Boats A German submarine used in World War I
  • 15. President Woodrow Wilson As World War I erupts in Europe, President Woodrow Wilson formally proclaims the neutrality of the United States, a position that a vast majority of Americans favored, on August 4, 1914.
  • 16. Fourteen Points The "Fourteen Points" was a 1918 statement by United States President Woodrow Wilson that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe.
  • 17. Versailles Treaty The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
  • 18. Reparations World War I reparations were the payments and transfers of property and equipment that Germany was forced to make under the Treaty of Versailles following its defeat during World War I.
  • 19. League of Nations International organization created to ensure world stability.
  • 20. Henry Cabot Lodge An American Republican Senator and historian from Massachusetts. He is best known for his positions on foreign policy, including his opposition to U.S. involvement in WWI, and his battle with President Woodrow Wilson in 1919 over the Treaty of Versailles. Lodge demanded Congressional control of declarations of war; Wilson refused and the United States Senate never ratified the Treaty nor joined the League of Nations.
  • 21. Isolationism A policy of national isolation by abstention from alliances and other international political and economic relations.