Government%20 chapter%201.1[1]

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Government%20 chapter%201.1[1]

  1. 1. 1. WHAT ARE THE FOUR CHARACTERISTICS OF STATE?  Population  Territory  Sovereignty  Government
  2. 2. 2. WHAT ARE THE FOUR THEORIES OF THE ORIGINS OF A STATE?  Force Theory  Evolutionary Theory  Devine Right Theory  Social Contract Theory
  3. 3. 3. WHAT ARE SIX PURPOSES OF THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT?  Form a more perfect union  Establish justice  Insure domestic tranquility  Provide for the common defense  Promote the general welfare
  4. 4. 4. GOVERNMENT  The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
  5. 5. 5. PUBLIC POLICY  Something the government decides to do about a certain issue.
  6. 6. 6. LEGISLATIVE POWER  The power to make laws.
  7. 7. 7. EXECUTIVE POWER  The power to enforce and administer laws.
  8. 8. 8. JUDICIAL POWER  The power to interpret laws and settle disputes.
  9. 9. 9. CONSTITUTION  A body of fundamental laws that sets out the principles, structures, and processes of government.
  10. 10. 10. DICTATORSHIP  Government in which those who rule are not responsible to will of the people.
  11. 11. 11. DEMOCRACY  Government in which power rests with the people.
  12. 12. 12. STATE  A body of people living in a defined area who have a government and the power to make and enforce laws without the consent of a higher authority.
  13. 13. 13. SOVEREIGN  Having supreme and absolute power.

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