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Ingles 5to B 2013
 

Ingles 5to B 2013

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Los temas de la presentación son:

Los temas de la presentación son:
*PRESENTE CONTINUO
*PASADO CONTINUO
*FUTURO CONTINUO

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    Ingles 5to B 2013 Ingles 5to B 2013 Presentation Transcript

    • Integrantes: Rolan González Pedro Giménez Alejandro Pérez José Zambrano Año: 5to B
    • Past Continuous (Pasado continuo)  El pasado continuo se utiliza para acciones que ocurrieron en un momento específico en el pasado. Como el presente continuo, se forma con el verbo "to be" y el gerundio.  El Pasado Continuo se construye con el verbo auxiliar “to be” en su forma pasada y el verbo principal en infinitivo con la terminación ING:
    • Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales)  Form (Forma) : Para formar el pasado continuo se utiliza el verbo auxiliar          "to be" y el gerundio (infinitivo + "-ing") del verbo. El verbo auxiliar "to be" está en el pasado simple, pero ten en cuenta que "to be" es un verbo irregular. Sujeto Auxiliar (to be) Gerundio I, He, She, It was talking, eating, learning, doing, going... You, We, They were talking, eating, learning, doing, going...
    • Structure (Estructura)  1. Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)  Estructura Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + gerundio.  Ejemplos:  I was talking. Play  I was talking. (Estaba hablando.)  He was eating. Play  He was eating. (Estaba comiendo.)  They were learning. Play  They were learning. (Estaban aprendiendo.)
    • 2. Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)  Estructura Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + "not" + gerundio.  Ejemplos:  I wasn't talking. Play  I was not [wasn't] talking. (No estaba hablando.)  He wasn't eating. Play  He was not [wasn't] eating. (No estaba comiendo.)  They weren't learning. Play  They were not [weren't] learning. (No estaban aprendiendo.)
    • 3. Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas)  EstructuraVerbo auxiliar ("to be") + sujeto + gerundio?  Ejemplos:  Were you talking? Play  Were you talking? (¿Estabas hablando?)  Was he eating? Play  Was he eating? (¿Estaba comiendo?)  Were they learning? Play  Were they learning? (¿Estaban aprendiendo?)
    • Uses (Usos)  1)El pasado continuo lo utilizamos para una acción larga que ya en el pasado fue interrumpida. La acción que se interrumpe está en pasado continuo y la acción que provoca la interrupción está en pasado simple. "When" y "while" señalan el uso del pasado simple y continuo. En general, usamos el pasado simple directamente después de "when" y el pasado continuo después de "while." • Ejemplo:  Jose called while I was watching the news.  Play  Jose called while I was watching the news. (Jose llamó mientras estaba mirando las noticias.)
    •  2)Se usa el pasado continuo para hablar sobre acciones en un tiempo específico en el pasado.  Ejemplos:  Paula wasn't living in Spain in 2005. Play  Paula wasn't living in Spain in 2005. (Paula no estaba viviendo en España en el 2005.)
    • 3)Se usa el pasado continuo para dos acciones que estaban ocurriendo al mismo tiempo en el pasado.  Ejemplos:  My son was reading while I was cooking. Play  My son was reading while I was cooking. (Mi hijo estaba leyendo mientras que yo estaba cocinando.)
    • Oraciones  I was walking near a hospital  He was talking to me on the street  she was not playing football  I was not playing guitar  I was driving
    • Present Continuous (Presente continuo) Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales) Form (Forma)  Para formar el presente continuo se utiliza el verbo auxiliar "to be" y el gerundio (infinitivo + "-ing") del verbo.
    • Structure (Estructura) 1)Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas) Estructura Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + gerundio ("-ing").  Ejemplos:  I'm talking Play  I'm talking. (Estoy hablando.)  He's eating. Play  He's eating. (Está comiendo.)  They're learning. Play  They're learning. (Están aprendiendo.)
    • 2) Negative Sentences (Frases negativas) Estructura Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + auxiliar negativo ("not") + gerundio ("-ing").  Ejemplos:  I'm not talking. Play  I'm not talking. (No estoy hablando.)  He's not eating. He isn't eating. Play  He's not [He isn't] eating. (No está comiendo.)  They're not learning. They aren't learning. Play  They're not [They aren't] learning. (No están aprendiendo.)
    • 3) Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas) Verbo auxiliar ("to be") + sujeto + gerundio ("-ing")?  Ejemplos:  Are you talking? Play  Are you talking? (¿Estás hablando?)  Is he eating? Play  Is he eating? (¿Está comiendo?)  Are they learning? Play  Are they learning? (¿Están aprendiendo?)
    • Uses (Usos) 1) El presente continuo se utiliza para hablar sobre algo que está pasando en el momento en el que hablamos. Expresiones de tiempo tales como "now", "right now" and "at the moment" indican el presente continuo.  Ejemplos:  I'm studying now. Play  I'm studying now. (Estoy estudiando ahora.)  He's eating at the moment. Play  He's eating at the moment. (Está comiendo en este momento.)  Is it raining? Play  Is it raining? (¿Está lloviendo?)
    • 2) También lo usamos para hablar de algo que está sucediendo en la actualidad pero no necesariamente cuando hablamos. En este caso, se utilizan expresiones de tiempo como "currently", "lately" o "these days".  Ejemplos:  They're learning English. Play  They're learning English. (Están aprendiendo inglés.)  She's currently looking for a job. Play  She's currently looking for a job. (Actualmente está buscando un trabajo.)  Are you working much lately? Play  Are you working much lately? (¿Estás trabajando mucho últimamente?)
    •  Usamos el presente continuo para hablar de algo que está ya decidido que se hará en el futuro próximo. Su uso indica que es bastante seguro que lo planificado sucederá.  Ejemplos:  I'm going to the party tonight. Play  I'm going to the party tonight. (Voy a la fiesta esta noche.)  He isn't coming to class tomorrow. Play  He's not [He isn't] coming to class tomorrow. (No viene a la clase manaña.)  Are you working next week? Play  Are you working next week? (¿Trabajas la semana que viene?)
    • Oraciones :  you are going to be a teacher  I am writing a letter  I am listening to the radio  my dog is eating some meat
    • Future Continuous (Futuro continuo)  Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales)  Form (Forma)  Para formar el futuro continuo se utilizan los verbos auxiliares "will" y "to be" y el gerundio (infinitivo + "-ing") del verbo principal o se puede utilizar el verbo auxiliar "to be" y "going to be".
    • Structure (Estructura) 1)Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)  Estructura 1 Sujeto + "will be" + gerundio...  Estructura 2 Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + "going to be" + gerundio...  Ejemplo:  I will be talking. I'm going to be talking.
    • 2)Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)  Estructura 1 Sujeto + "will" + "not" + "be" + gerundio....  Estructura 2 Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + "not" + "going to be" + gerundio...  Ejemplos:  I won't be talking. I'm not going to be talking.
    • Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas)  Estructura 1 Verbo auxiliar "will" + sujeto + "be"+ gerundio...?  Estructura 2 Verbo auxiliar ("to be") + sujeto + "going to be" + gerundio...?  Ejemplos:  Will you be talking? Are you going to be talking?
    • Uses (Usos) _A diferencia del futuro simple, las dos formas del futuro continuo significan casi lo mismo y son intercambiables. También, los usos del futuro continuo son los mismos del pasado continuo, en que se usa para acciones que pasarán en un momento especifico, pero en el futuro.
    • 1)El futuro continuo lo utilizamos para una acción larga que pasará en el futuro y será interrumpida. La acción que se interrumpe está en el futuro continuo y la acción que provoca la interrupción está en el presente simple.  Ejemplos:  Jose will be watching the news when you call. Play  Jose will be [is going to be] watching the news when you call. (Jose estará mirando las noticias cuando le llames.)  Is it going to be raining when I leave? Play  Will it be [Is it going to be] raining when l leave? (¿Estará lloviendo cuando salga?)
    • 2) Se usa el futuro continuo para hablar sobre acciones en un tiempo específico en el futuro.  Ejemplos:  Paula will be living in Spain next April. Play  Paula will be [is going to be] living in Spain next April. (Paula estará viviendo en España el próximo abril.)  We're still going to be working at 10 o'clock tomorrow night. Play  We'll still be working [We're still going to be working] at 10 o'clock tomorrow night. (Todavía estaremos trabajando a las 10 mañana por la noche.)
    • Formación del "future continuous" Afirmativo  Sujeto + shall/will + be + verbo en forma -ing Forma larga Forma corta I shall/will be working I'll be working You will be working You'll be working Ejemplos I'll be doing the washing up. Estaré haciendo la colada. You will be playing cards. Estarás jugando a las cartas.
    • Negativo Forma larga Forma corta Sujeto + shall/will + not + be + verbo en forma -ing+ ... Sujeto + shan´t/won't + be + verbo en forma ing + ... Sujeto + 'll + not + verbo en forma -ing + ... Forma larga Forma corta I shall/will not be working I shan´t/won't be working I'll not be working You will not be working You won't be working You'll not be working
    • Ejemplos I´ll not be eating anything. No estaré comiendo nada. You won´t be playing basketball. No estarás jugando al baloncesto.
    • Interrogativo Afirmativo Shall/Will + sujeto + be + verbo en forma -ing + ... ? Negativo Forma larga Shall/Will + sujeto + not + be + verbo en forma -ing + .... ? Forma corta Shan´t/Won't + sujeto + be + verbo en forma -ing + ... ? Afirmativo Negativo Negativo Shall/Will I be Shall/Will I not be Shan´t/Won't I be working? working? working? Will you be Will you not be working? working? Won't you be working?
    • Ejemplos Will I be having a good time? ¿Estaré pasándomelo bien? Won´t you be living there anymore? ¿No estarás viviendo allí nunca más?
    • Oraciones  They will be leaving at 6 pm next Saturday  Their plane will be landing at Maiorca airport one hour later  she will be waiting for him at the station  We will be working at this time tomorrow  You will be watching her best film ever if you buy her latest DVD