The informative speech: The persuasive speech : The special occasion speech :
As the word “informative” implies, an informative speech “informs”. the speaker is a teacher , and his or her purpose is to educate the audience. that topic may be an object, an event, a concept, or a process .
Speeches About Objects:Objects are things that are tangible and, thus, recognized through sight, hearing, taste, or touch.- Speeches about objects include those about people, places, animals, structures, etc-Example: What to look for when purchasing a new computer system Why President John F. Kennedy was the Prince of Camelot
Speeches About Events: Events are happenings or occurrences, both past and present.-Example The origins of the holiday known as Halloween. Independence of Panama
Speeches About Processes: A process is how something is made, how something is done, or how something works .- Example: How to organize a plot for a novel
A persuasive speech usually challenges an audience’s beliefs and/or tries to move those in attendance to change existing viewpoints or at least recognize the validity of opposing viewpoints.
Examples of Questions Examples of Questions Examples of Questionsof Fact of Policy of ValueWill the stock market Should pro-athletes have Do people have the rightrally in 2010? mandatory tests for to choose to die with performance-enhancing dignity? drugs?Did Lee Harvey Oswald Are smokers being Should dogfights beact alone in assassinating unfairly singled out for legalized?President John F. higher taxation?Kennedy?
There are myriad special occasions in life, for example, birthdays, anniversaries, graduations, weddings, bar mitzvahs, christenings, award presentations, retirement dinners, and funerals
-The speech must fit the occasion. If the occasion is formal, for example, the speech should be as well; but if the occasion is casual, the speech should reflect a similar mood.-The speech must meet the allotted time. Speakers should be neither too brief nor too longwinded.-Intended remarks must be accurate. For example, if someone is presenting an award and intends to begin with interesting facts about the recipient, these facts must be correct.