Chapter 12 & 5
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Chapter 12 & 5 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 12: The Presidency A More Perfect Union 1/e
  • 2. The Presidency• Presidential Elections• Presidential Roles: Domestic Sphere – Chief Legislator – Chief Economist – Party Leader• Presidential Roles: Foreign Policy Sphere – Chief Diplomat – Commander-in-Chief ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2
  • 3. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3
  • 4. The Presidency• Overlap in the Domestic and Foreign Policy Roles: Chief Executive and Chief of State – Chief Executive – Chief of State ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4
  • 5. The Presidency• The President and the Executive Branch – The Vice President • The Vice President’s Job • Choosing a Vice President – The Cabinet – The Executive Office of the President • White House Office (WHO) • National Security Council (NSC) • Office of Management and Budget (OMB) ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5
  • 6. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6
  • 7. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 7
  • 8. The Presidency• Presidential Succession – When the President Dies in Office – When the President Cannot Serve: The Twenty-Fifth Amendment ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8
  • 9. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9
  • 10. The Presidency• Sources of Presidential Power – The Constitution: Expressed Powers – The Constitution: Inherent Powers – Statutory Powers – Special Presidential Powers • Executive Orders • Emergency Powers • Executive Privilege ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10
  • 11. The Presidency• The People as a Source of Presidential Power – The President and the Bully Pulpit – The President and Public Approval – The Media as a Tool of Presidential Influence ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 11
  • 12. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 12
  • 13. The Presidency• The Evolution of Presidential Power – Early Presidents and the Scope of Presidential Power – The Watershed 1970s: The Pentagon Papers, Watergate, and the “Imperial Presidency” – The Post-Watergate Presidency – Impeachment: A Check on Abuses of Presidential Power ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13
  • 14. The Presidency• Evaluating Presidential Leadership – Popular Assessment – Scholarly Assessment• Women in the White House – The First Lady – When a Woman is Elected President ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14
  • 15. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 15
  • 16. Chapter FiveIt’s Your Money
  • 17. Exhibit 5-1The Flowof PublicMoney
  • 18. The Public Finance Equation + SurplusRevenues − Spending = or − (Deficit)Personal income tax Health & human servicesSales & use tax EducationCorporation tax TransportationOther taxes & fees General governmentBond sales (borrowing) CorrectionsFederal funds Debt service
  • 19. Exhibit 5-2CaliforniaStateGovernmentRevenues
  • 20. Exhibit 5-3California 2005 Tax Rate Schedule XUse if your filing status is Single or Married filingseparately.If Married filing jointly, double all the dollar figures.
  • 21. Exhibit 5-3Federal2005 TaxRateSchedule X
  • 22. Exhibit 5-4California“Progressive”Personal IncomeTax:Tax Returns andTax Liabilities byIncome
  • 23. Exhibit 5-5 Personal Income Volatility
  • 24. Exhibit 5-6Allocation of 7.25% Statewide California’sSales and Use TaxFor every dollar of taxable purchases, you pay sales tax to: Destination Amount Restrictions Unrestricted except for motor State general fund 5¢ fuel sales, which are restricted to transportation State local revenue fund ½¢ State local public safety fund ½¢ Restricted for public safety State fiscal recovery fund ¼¢ City or county jurisdiction in which sale occurred ¾¢ Local government operations County ¼¢ Restricted for transportation Note: A city or county may levy additional sales and use tax. Therefore, the SUT varies in California from 7.25 to 8.75 percent.
  • 25. Exhibit 5-8 Property Tax Allocation
  • 26. Exhibit 5-10 Intergovernmental Transfers Percent and amount of recipient’s total revenues From To Federal State 29.0 % State* -- $42.9 billion 22.3 % 38.0 % Counties** $9.1 billion $15.6 billion 4.5 % 7.7 % Cities*** $1.9 billion $2.8 billion 8.2 % 54.5 % School districts**** $3.8 billion $25.7 billion*State of California, Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the year ending June 30, 2005, Controller of the State of California, 2005.**Counties Annual Report 2003-2004, Controller of the State of California, 2006.***Cities Annual Report 2003-2004, Controller of the State of California, 2006.****School Districts Annual Report 1999-2000, Controller of the State of California, 2003.
  • 27. Exhibit 5-11 What Year Is This?Budget cycles overlap. A department is always inthe midst of at least three concurrent budget cycles.
  • 28. Exhibit 5-12California’sAnnualBudgetProcess
  • 29. Exhibit 5-13 A Tale of Two Agencies California Department of Corrections California State University (CSU) & Rehabilitation (CDCR)Total employment 54,868 Total employment 44,000 Full-time faculty 11,069Correctional officers 33,428 Part-time faculty 10,025CO salary $39,732-$67,932 Faculty salary $45,156-$97,776Budget 2006-2007* $8.6 billion Budget 2006-2007* $4.6 billion 33 prisonsFacilities Facilities 23 campuses 40 campsInstitutional Institutional 170,475 348,000population population†Cost per inmate $34,150 Cost per FTE student $13,218Commitment Enrollment 608 1,243per 100,000 over 18 per 100,000 over 18 * Proposed General Fund Spending † Estimated Full-time Equivalent Students 2006-2007
  • 30. Exhibit 5-14CaliforniaStateGovernmentExpenditures
  • 31. Exhibit 5-15Major LocalPrograms