A. The Background of the Analysis
In English there are many different types of text, narrative text, descriptive,
report, etc. In reading the course we will discuss the different types of the text. And
one of the texts which we discuss in this paper is a narrative text.
What is Narrative Text? Narrative Text Narrative text is a text text which
contains about fantasy, fairy tales, or a true story that has been exaggerated.
There is usually a moral to be learned at the end of the story. Example of narrative
text can be folk tales, animal stories, legends, myths, short stories, comic, cartoon,
Therefore, on this occasion we will discuss about the Narrative text clearly.
ranging from linguistic characteristics, sentence structure and other components.
1. To know the definition of Narrative text.
2. To know the Structure Narrative text.
3. To know the characteristics of Narrative text.
4. To know the difference between a Narrative and Recount text.
A. Definition of Narrative
Narrative text is a text text which contains about fantasy, fairy tales, or a true
story that has been exaggerated. There is usually a moral to be learned at the end
of the story. Example of narrative text can be folk tales, animal stories, legends,
myths, short stories, comic, cartoon, and others.
B. The purpose of text
To amuse, entertain, and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different
ways; Narrative deal with problem attic event .
C. Generic Structure of Narrative text
1) Orientation: sets the scene and introduction the participants (Character,
place and time)
2) Complication: crisis arise.
3) Evaluation: Optional.
4) Resolution or also called solution: The crisis is resolved, for better or for
5) Reorientation: the cover of the story: optional
6) Coda: changes in the figures and the lessons to be learned from the
Also sometimes there is a complicated storyline and complex, so the
structure of the story can be shaped:
D. Language Feature of Narrative Text.
a. Use active verbs.
b. Use past tense.
c. Use conjunction.
d. The first person (I or We) or the third person (He, She, or They).
e. Use specific nouns.
f. Use adjective and adverbs
E. Example: The Legend of Malin Kundang
ORIENTATION Once Upon a time, lived a diligent boy
named Malin Kundang. He lived in the
seashore with his mother. They were
very poor, but they lived quiet and
COMPLICATION One day, a big ship closed to the beach
near their village. They asked peoples to
join work in their ship and went to the
cross island. Malin Kundang wanted to
join with them because he wanted to
improve his familys life. But his mother
didnt permit him. She worried to Malin.
RESOLUTION Malin still kept his argument and finally
he sailed with the bigship.
COMPLICATION Several years later, Malin Kundang
succed and he became rich trader. Then,
he came to his native village with his
beatiful wife, but his wife didnt know
Malins real descent. His happy mother
quickly approached Malin and brought
a plate of village cake, Malins Favorite.
But Malin didnt admit that woman as
his poor mother, and then he kicked the
village cakewhich brought by his mother
RESOLUTION His mother very broken heart because
MAlin rebellious to her, who had growth
him. Then, his mother cursed Malin
REORIENTATION AND CODA Suddenly, the bigship which Malins had
was vacillated by a big storm and all of
his crewman tossed aside out. Malin
realized that was his fault that rebellious
his mother. He bowed down and became
F. Kinds of Narrative Text:
A traditional story accepted as history; serves to explain the world view of a
people. A story of great but unknown age which originally embodied a belief
regarding some fact or phenomenon of experience, and in which often the forces
of nature and of the soul are personified; an ancient legend of a god, a hero, the
origin of a race, etc.; a wonder story of prehistoric origin; a popular fable which is,
or has been, received as historical.
- The Myth Of Malin Kundang
Legends also stories that have been made, but they are different from the
myth. myth reply questions about the workings of nature, and is set in a time long
ago, before written history. Legend of the people and the actions or deeds. People
are living in a more recent and is mentioned in history. Stories submitted for the
purpose and is based on the facts, but they do not really exist.
- Story Of Lake Tobe
Fables are about animals that can talk and act like a man, or a plant or
forces of nature such as lightning or wind.
Plants may be able to move and speak and natural forces cause things to happen
in the story because of their strength.
- THE WOLF AND THE HOUSE DOG
D. Fairy Tales
Fairy tales are stories written specifically for children, often about magical
characters such as elves, fairies, goblins and ogres. Sometimes animal
- Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs
G. Differences of Narrative Text and Recount Text
Generic Structure dari Narrative Text:
Orientation: It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story
are introduced.(berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa
atau apa, kapan dan dimana)
Complication: Where the problems in the story developed. (Permasalahan
muncul / mulai terjadi dan berkembang)
Resolution: Where the problems in the story is solved. Masalah selesai, ---
secara baik "happy ending" ataupun buruk "bad ending".
Recount Text atau Teks Experiences merupakan teks yang berisi dan
menggambarkan pengalaman masa lalu dengan menceritakan kembali peristiwa
dalam urutan yang terjadi (kronologis). Tujuan dari recount text atau experiences
teks adalah untuk menceritakan kembali peristiwa dengan tujuan baik
menginformasikan atau menghibur audiens.
Generic Structure of Recount
1. Orientation: Introducing the participants, place and time. (Menceritakan siapa
saja yang terlibat dalam cerita, apa yang terjadi, di mana tempat peristiwa terjadi,
dan kapan terjadi peristiwanya)
2. Events: Describing series of event that happened in the past. (Menceritakan
apa yang terjadi (lagi) dan menceritakan urutan ceritanya)
3. Reorientation: It is optional. Stating personal comment of the writer to the story.
("Reorientation" berisi komentar pribadi penulis cerita dan penutup cerita / akhir
Language Feature of Recount
• Introducing personal participant; I, my group, etc
• Using chronological connection; then, first, etc
• Using linking verb; was, were, saw, heard, etc
• Using action verb; look, go, change, etc
• Using simple past tense
Narrative Text Recount Text
“Narrative” is a text telling a
story focusing specific
participants. Its social function is
to tell stories or past events and
entertain the readers.
“Recount” is a text which retells
events or experiences in the
past. Its purpose is either to
inform or to entertain the
1. Orientation: Introducing the
participants and informing the
time and the place
1. Orientation: Introducing the
participants, place and time
2. Events: Describing series of
2. Complication: Describing the
rising crises which the
participants have to do with
3. Resolution: Showing the way
of participant to solve the crises,
better or worse
event that happened in the past
3. Reorientation: It is optional.
Stating personal comment of
the writer to the story
1. Using processes verbs
2. Using temporal conjunction
3. Using Simple Past Tense
1. Introducing personal
2. Using chronological
connection; then, first, etc
Jika disimpulkan, maka sebuah narrative text adalah teks yang berisi sebuah
cerita baik tertulis ataupun tidak tertulis dan terdapat rangkaian peristiwa yang
saling berhubungan yang mementingkan adanya sebuah konflik dan solusinya
sedangkan recount adalah sebuah teks yang berisi sebuah cerita dimana
didalamnya menceritakan kembali baik berupa cerita maupun pengalaman yang
dialami oleh penulis dan orang yang diceritakan.
Narrative text is a text text which contains about fantasy, fairy tales, or a true story
that has been exaggerated. There is usually a moral to be learned at the end of
the story. Example of narrative text can be folk tales, animal stories, legends,
myths, short stories, comic, cartoon, and others. If concluded, it is a narrative text
is a text which contains a story in the form of written or unwritten, and there is a
series of interconnected events that emphasizes the existence of a conflict and the
solution while the recount is a text that contains a story in which in the form retell
stories and the experiences of the author and the people who described.
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