Point Of View

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This is geared for Middle school students to help them understand point of view. It references Cynthia Rylant's "A Crush"

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  • Read the informative promo of the novel “Indians in Pakistan” written by Vivek Pereira, which can be viewed at http://www.slideshare.net/VivekPereira1/indians-in-pakistan-26749249 - This book is available on Pothi.com & Amazon.in at http://www.amazon.in/Indians-Pakistan-Vivek-Pereira/dp/9351261573/ref=pd_ybh_1
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Point Of View

  1. 1. Point of view is the perspective from which a story is told What is point of view?
  2. 2. Four types of point of view • First person • Third person omniscient • Third person limited • Third person objective
  3. 3. First person point of view • The narrator is one of the characters in the story. • First person pronouns such as I, me, my, and mine are used in telling the story.
  4. 4. First person point of view • Since the narrator is a character in the story, he/she may not be completely reliable. • We find out only what this character knows, thinks, and witnesses.
  5. 5. Example from “A Crush” • I wonder who’s been leaving flowers at the door of the hardware store every Wednesday. I wish I could find out if they’re for me or for Stan.
  6. 6. Third person omniscient • The narrator is not a character in the story. • Third person pronouns such as he, his, she, hers, it, its, they, and them are used in telling the story.
  7. 7. Third person omniscient • The narrator is all-knowing, and can see into the minds of all of the characters. The narrator can also report what is said and done. • We find out what all of the characters do, feel, think, and witness.
  8. 8. Example from “A Crush” • Ernie felt scared to go out in public but Jack decided that going to a restaurant early in the morning might be helpful.
  9. 9. Third person limited • The narrator is not a character in the story. • Third person pronouns such as he, his, she, hers, it, its, they, and them are used in telling the story.
  10. 10. Third person limited • The narrator tells the story from the vantage point of one character. • We find out only what this character does, knows, thinks, and witnesses.
  11. 11. Example from “A Crush” • Ernie liked to watch Dolores from the restaurant across the street, and he hoped that Jack didn’t mind getting up so early to drive him there.
  12. 12. Third person objective • The narrator is not a character in the story. • Third person pronouns such as he, his, she, hers, it, its, they, and them are used in telling the story. • The narrator is an observer who can only tell what is said and done.
  13. 13. Third person objective • The narrator cannot see into the minds of any of the characters. • We find out only what the characters say and do.
  14. 14. Example from “A Crush” • Every Wednesday there were fresh flowers at the hardware store, but both Stan and Dolores claim they don’t know who sends the flowers.
  15. 15. Let’s Try • Let’s see if we can identify the different kinds of point of view with other examples, this time from “A Retrieved Reformation.”
  16. 16. Which type of point of view is this: • Ben Price investigated the scenes of the robberies, and immediately knew that Jimmy was the author. Ben knew how Jimmy worked. The clerk of the Planters’ Hotel was impressed by the clothes and manner of Jimmy. Annabel loved Jimmy, and her father approved of him.
  17. 17. Third person omniscient
  18. 18. Which point of view is this: • Say, Billy, I’ve quit the old business - a year ago. I’ve got a nice store. I’m making an honest living, and I’m going to marry the finest girl on earth two weeks from now.
  19. 19. First person
  20. 20. Which point of view? • A guard came to the prison shoe shop and escorted Jimmy to the front office. There the warden handed him his pardon, and Jimmy left prison the next day at quarter past seven. He was wearing cheap clothes and shoes.
  21. 21. Third person objective
  22. 22. Which point of view? • After opening the vault to save Agatha, Jimmy walked toward the front door of the bank. He thought he herd a familiar voice call after him, but he never hesitated. At the door Jimmy greeted Ben Price, but the detective acted rather strangely: “I don’t believe I recognize you,” he said. And Jimmy saw Ben turn and stroll down the street.
  23. 23. Third person limited
  24. 24. • Now, I’d like you to try to write a sentence or two in each type of point of view we just learned
  25. 25. • Work with the classmate next to you and write a sentence or two about an event that happened to you or that you witnessed this weekend.
  26. 26. • Tell about the same event from the different points of view below. Refer back to your definitions handout whenever you’re in doubt, and look at the examples given there to help you identify the different types of point of view.

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