OpenGLAM: Building a Cultural
Commons - Together
Reasons, obstacles and how we try to overcome them
@jpekel
Saturday 12 Oc...
Content
à
à
à
à

About Europeana and the OpenGLAM initiative
Why Open?
What are the obstacles?
How are we trying to so...
Europeana’s vision and mission
à Europeana is a catalyst for change in the
à

à

@jpekel
Saturday 12 October 2013(w)

w...
Europe’s cultural heritage portal
à 29m records from 2,200

à
à
à
à
à
à

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)

European gall...
OpenGLAM initiative

An initiative of the Open Knowledge
Foundation
Supported by a network of organisations
and local init...
OpenGLAM initiative

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Open Definition

“A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to
use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, ...
Why Open?

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Why Open?
à
à
à
à

Public Mission
Larger Audience
Connect and contextualise collections
The digital dream

@jpekel
Sat...
Why Open?
à Public Mission
à Larger Audience
à Connect and contextualise collections
à The digital dream

@jpekel
Satu...
Public Mission
"Enable access to everyone who wants to do research"
- British Library, Our Mission and 2020 Vision
"Our co...
Why Open?
à Public Mission
à Larger Audience
à Connect and contextualise collections
à The digital dream

@jpekel
Satu...
Larger Audience
à Put your material where the users are

@jpekel
Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Why Open?
à Public Mission
à Larger Audience
à Connect and contextualise collections
à The digital dream

@jpekel
Satu...
Connect and Contextualise

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Why Open?
à Public Mission
à Larger Audience
à Connect and contextualise collections
à The digital dream

@jpekel
Satu...
The Digital Dream
A world in which our shared cultural heritage, the map of
humanity, is open to all regardless of their b...
What are the obstacles? And how
are we trying to overcome them?

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Obstacles
à
à
à
à

Concerns over lost revenue stream
Worries about misuse of data and content
Technical challenges: St...
Obstacles
à Concerns over lost revenue stream
à Worries about misuse of data and content
à Technical challenges: Standa...
Loss of revenue

@jpekel
Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Obstacles
à Concerns over lost revenue stream
à Worries about misuse of data and content
à Technical challenges: Standa...
Fear of loss of control
à Linking always back to your original file
à Europeana as trusted source for cultural data
à ‘...
What makes up a Europeana record?

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
What makes up a Europeana record?

Thumbnail/preview

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
What makes up a Europeana record?

Thumbnail/preview

Metadata

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Obstacles
à Concerns over lost revenue stream
à Worries about misuse of data and content
à Technical challenges: Standa...
Technical standards and tools

à The Europeana Data Model (EDM)
  Compatibility with different levels of description
1. ...
Obstacles
à Concerns over lost revenue stream
à Worries about misuse of data and content
à Technical challenges
à Lega...
Looking for content to reuse

!

28

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Refining content by types of reuse allowed

29

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)

!
How can you reuse this object?

!

30

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
What does Rights Reserved … mean?

!

31

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
How do I access that great poster?

!

32

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Rights Statements

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Preview & Digital Objects are licensed as
described in EDM: rights
!

CCO

!

Layer #3: Metadata (descriptive object infor...
Twelve Rights Statements available for
EDM: rights
!

@jpekel
35

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Europeana want more of these…

!

36

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
… and less of these…

!

37

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
The data providers experience

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
Rights Statements & Issues

!

•  We have our own licensing policy
•  Our collection is very complex
•  Europeana Rights S...
Rights Statements & Solutions

!

•  Europeana have clearly defined Rights Statements;
•  Published at www.europeana.eu/po...
Conclusion

Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
The 21st century GLAM
It remains:
The key preserver of our shared cultural heritage
An authoritative source of information...
The 21st century GLAM
It stands to gain:
An audience far beyond the wildest dreams of its first founders
Connections to ot...
Thank you
Joris Pekel
@jpekel
Saturday 12 October 2013(w)

Joris.pekel@kb.nl
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OpenGLAM Poland: Building a Cultural Commons togeter

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Talk at the OpenGLAM Poland Conference in Warsaw 12/10/2013. Here I discussed reasons why to open up your data and content, what the obstacles are, and what Europeana tries to do to overcome these.

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OpenGLAM Poland: Building a Cultural Commons togeter

  1. 1. OpenGLAM: Building a Cultural Commons - Together Reasons, obstacles and how we try to overcome them @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w) Warsaw, 12-10/2013
  2. 2. Content à à à à About Europeana and the OpenGLAM initiative Why Open? What are the obstacles? How are we trying to solve this? @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  3. 3. Europeana’s vision and mission à Europeana is a catalyst for change in the à à @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w) world of cultural heritage. Our mission: The Europeana Foundation and its Network create new ways for people to engage with their cultural history, whether it’s for work, learning or pleasure. Our vision: We believe in making cultural heritage openly accessible in a digital way, to promote the exchange of ideas and information. This helps us all to understand our cultural diversity better and contributes to a thriving knowledge economy.
  4. 4. Europe’s cultural heritage portal à 29m records from 2,200 à à à à à à Saturday 12 October 2013(w) European galleries, museums, archives and libraries Books, newspapers, journals, letters, diaries, archival papers Paintings, maps, drawings, photographs Music, spoken word, radio broadcasts Film, newsreels, television Curated exhibitions 31 languages
  5. 5. OpenGLAM initiative An initiative of the Open Knowledge Foundation Supported by a network of organisations and local initiatives working to open up content and data held by GLAMs which includes the likes of Europeana, the Digital Public Library of America, Creative Commons and Wikimedia A provider of expertise to GLAMs on open issues A growing network of open culture evangelists in various countries @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  6. 6. OpenGLAM initiative Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  7. 7. Open Definition “A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.” @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  8. 8. Why Open? Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  9. 9. Why Open? à à à à Public Mission Larger Audience Connect and contextualise collections The digital dream @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  10. 10. Why Open? à Public Mission à Larger Audience à Connect and contextualise collections à The digital dream @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  11. 11. Public Mission "Enable access to everyone who wants to do research" - British Library, Our Mission and 2020 Vision "Our core values are: accessibility, sustainability, innovation and cooperation." -National Library of the Netherlands, Our Mission and Vision "To provide diverse audiences with the best quality experience and optimum access to our collections, physically and digitally." - the Victoria & Albert Museum, Mission and Objectives "The Federal Archives have the legal responsibility of permanently preserving the federal archival documents and making them available for use." - German Federal Archives - Responsibilities The National Gallery of Denmark is Denmark’s premier museum of art. Through Accessibility, education, and exhibition - Danish National Gallery - Mission @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  12. 12. Why Open? à Public Mission à Larger Audience à Connect and contextualise collections à The digital dream @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  13. 13. Larger Audience à Put your material where the users are @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  14. 14. Why Open? à Public Mission à Larger Audience à Connect and contextualise collections à The digital dream @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  15. 15. Connect and Contextualise Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  16. 16. Why Open? à Public Mission à Larger Audience à Connect and contextualise collections à The digital dream @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  17. 17. The Digital Dream A world in which our shared cultural heritage, the map of humanity, is open to all regardless of their background A world in which people are no longer passive consumers of cultural content created by an elite, but contribute, participate, create and share @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  18. 18. What are the obstacles? And how are we trying to overcome them? Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  19. 19. Obstacles à à à à Concerns over lost revenue stream Worries about misuse of data and content Technical challenges: Standards and tools Legal uncertainties @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  20. 20. Obstacles à Concerns over lost revenue stream à Worries about misuse of data and content à Technical challenges: Standards and tools à Legal uncertainties @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  21. 21. Loss of revenue @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  22. 22. Obstacles à Concerns over lost revenue stream à Worries about misuse of data and content à Technical challenges: Standards and tools à Legal uncertainties @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  23. 23. Fear of loss of control à Linking always back to your original file à Europeana as trusted source for cultural data à ‘Problem of the Yellow Milkmaid’ à (http://pro.europeana.eu/documents/858566/2cbf1f78-e036-4088-af25-94684ff90dc5) Expertise much requested online @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  24. 24. What makes up a Europeana record? Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  25. 25. What makes up a Europeana record? Thumbnail/preview Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  26. 26. What makes up a Europeana record? Thumbnail/preview Metadata Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  27. 27. Obstacles à Concerns over lost revenue stream à Worries about misuse of data and content à Technical challenges: Standards and tools à Legal uncertainties @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  28. 28. Technical standards and tools à The Europeana Data Model (EDM)   Compatibility with different levels of description 1.  Allow different levels of granularity 2.  Allow the specification of domain-specific application profiles 3.  Enable the re-use of existing standards @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  29. 29. Obstacles à Concerns over lost revenue stream à Worries about misuse of data and content à Technical challenges à Legal uncertainties @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  30. 30. Looking for content to reuse ! 28 Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  31. 31. Refining content by types of reuse allowed 29 Saturday 12 October 2013(w) !
  32. 32. How can you reuse this object? ! 30 Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  33. 33. What does Rights Reserved … mean? ! 31 Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  34. 34. How do I access that great poster? ! 32 Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  35. 35. Rights Statements Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  36. 36. Preview & Digital Objects are licensed as described in EDM: rights ! CCO ! Layer #3: Metadata (descriptive object information) Layer #2: Previews (lower quality versions of #1) ! ! EDM:rights Layer #1: Digital objects (on the site of the provider) ! @jpekel 34 Saturday 12 October 2013(w) !
  37. 37. Twelve Rights Statements available for EDM: rights ! @jpekel 35 Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  38. 38. Europeana want more of these… ! 36 Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  39. 39. … and less of these… ! 37 Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  40. 40. The data providers experience Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  41. 41. Rights Statements & Issues ! •  We have our own licensing policy •  Our collection is very complex •  Europeana Rights Statements don t apply to our collection •  We don t need to provide a Rights Statement, that information is clear from our website •  We don t know which Rights Statements applies @jpekel 39 Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  42. 42. Rights Statements & Solutions ! •  Europeana have clearly defined Rights Statements; •  Published at www.europeana.eu/portal/rights/terms-and-policies •  Europeana provide tools for determining the Rights Statement; •  Public Domain Calculator •  EDM Rights Selection Tool •  Europeana deliver workshops and bespoke advice •  Europeana advocate via publications such as The Public Domain Charter •  Europeana monitor the usage and appropriateness of the Rights Statements @jpekel 40 Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  43. 43. Conclusion Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  44. 44. The 21st century GLAM It remains: The key preserver of our shared cultural heritage An authoritative source of information and expertise about your collections You curate, contextualise and tell stories about your collections @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  45. 45. The 21st century GLAM It stands to gain: An audience far beyond the wildest dreams of its first founders Connections to other collections that contextualise stories about its objects A closer connection to its audience (and the improvements to its digital collections that come with that) @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w)
  46. 46. Thank you Joris Pekel @jpekel Saturday 12 October 2013(w) Joris.pekel@kb.nl

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