THE HUMAN BRAIN
The human brain. The human brain is one of the most wonderful things in
the entire world. In fact, I think the human brain IS the most wonderful thing in
the entire universe. It’s perfect or nearly perfect. But the brain is not like the
appendix, which you can live without it, or an arm, that you can live without it too.
NO, the brain is your most fundamental organism in your body, Well I now that you
can live without the heart, or the lungs, or any important organism more. BUT the
brain controls your movements, your feelings, your thoughts, and a 90% more that
scientists don’t know.
Well this is only the begging, because you, YES YOU, you don’t know
anything about your brain! And the brain is a part of you, and you should know your
self better than anyone else, But don’t worry , because it’s not only you who doesn’t
know anything about them selves, you, me, your parents or even your neighbours,
every body in this planet!!! But now, let me explain you things that you don’t know
about human brains:
WHAT IS YOUR BRAIN AND HOW DOES IT WORK
Your brain is like the control centre of your body. It has a lot of
functions, with a lot of different works. But the fundamental one is: The Nervous
The nervous system is made up of 100 billion nerve cells, That is about
the number of trees in the Amazon rainforest. And each cell is connected to about
10,000 others. So the total number of connections is about 1,000 trillion. Amazing
huh? Well if that is amazing to you, then you will die of the surprise when you read
these: The number of thoughts you can have is greater to the number of atoms in
the universe!!! And do you know why is these? Because if one nerve cell has 10,000
connections, that means that a thought has ten thousand paths to use in one nerve
cell. So it’s like a combination game. For example: If you have four shapes and you
want to make all of the possible combinations you will have to choose one and do as if
you were a thought in a brain. Just choose a path were you will like to go and then
come back to the one you were before and choose another path until the number of
combinations is finished. For example:
• m i
If the series continues, it will end up with 24 able combinations.
So because there are so able combinations, the number of thoughts you
can have is more than the number of atoms in the universe. Amazing huh? Well if
this is amazing for you, just prepare to read this next section.
PARTS OF THE BRAIN
Your brain, as I said before, is the control centre of the body. He is
always working. For example, while you are reading these, your brain is working.
Everything you do, no mater if it’s jump, think, or anything else, Your brain
takes part on it.
But maybe, you have think what makes us so different to the animals.
Well it’s easy, us, humans have the ability to think by our selves. To take our
own decisions and plan or think before doing.
But how can we plan, or how can move or read? Are there different parts
in the brain with different jobs to do each one? Yes, and if you want to know
them all, read them in the next section:
• The Frontal Lobe: The frontal lobe lies under the forehead. It’s
connected to the Brain Stem. The frontal lobe controls planning,
reasoning, movements, and maybe, some parts of our speech. But
the brain is separated in two parts: The left hemisphere and the
right hemisphere. So that means that every part(except for the
Brain Stem, the Cerebellum and the Corpus Callosum)is separated
in two equal half’s.
• The Parietal Lobe: The Partial Lobe is at the top of the head, and
this part is the one that receives the information from the skin.
That means that we don’t feel pain, cold, etc in our skin, we feel it
in this part of the brain. So here, heat, cold, pressure, pain and the
positions you make in life, are felled and controlled here.
• The Temporal Lobe: The Temporal Lobes are at the sides of the
brain, just above the ears. Here “speech perception”, hearing, and
some kinds of memory are functioned. Here is the auditory centre,
that is about the size of a poker chip. And the 90 percent of the
right-handed people, with a 70 percent of the left-handed people,
have language speaking centre at the left part of the Temporal
• The Occipital Lobe: The Occipital Lobe is at the back of the
head, just above the Cerebellum. It controls and process
information from the eyes. That means that if you got hit back
here with something really hard, you could loose your eye vision and
you could become blind. That’s why there are people that have the
Occipital lobe damage and now they can’t see anything.
• The Cerebellum: The Cerebellum lies between the Brain Stem and
the Occipital lobe. This area controls posture, balance and co-
ordination. While you do or learn a posture, the cerebellum is all
time working. With out it you may could not walk or run.
• The Brain Stem: The Brain Stem is the oldest and is too the most
basic brain part. It is in the middle of all the lobes and above him
lies the Corpus Callosum. The Brain Stem is the most important
region of all the brain. It controls the survival functions, like
breathing and your heart beat. It controls the sleeping, walking,
digestion, the body temperature and body wastes.
• The Corpus Callosum: The Corpus Callosum is a tiny little area in
the brain just above the Brain Stem and between the two
hemispheres. It’s a very important area because while the
hemispheres are doing independently their own work, the Corpus
Callosum sends messages from one to another so like that, the two
hemispheres are co-ordinate between each other.
As you can see, all of the parts of the brain are useful, and without one
of them we couldn’t live. And if we did, we wouldn’t live as normal as we are now.
But now lets talk about those things that sometimes are good, but sometimes
are really bad...
Humans have emotions that are produced in the Brain Stem. But emotions
can be good or bad, or really bad.
The six basic emotions are: happiness, surprise, fear, sadness, disgust
and anger at some times. This six emotions and a lot more, are the “good” ones.
But they can turn into extreme emotions if we don’t control them. As everyone
knows, there can be people with an extreme knowledge. But there are two kinds
of knowledge. The emotional one, and the intelligent one. If people are borne
with a very high emotional knowledge, they can control better their emotions.
But if people are borne with very little emotional knowledge, it will be difficult
to control their emotions. They may loose their patient at lot of times, and
instead of keeping their emotions to them selves and act wisely, they may loose
control of them when ever their emotions start to be more intense.
But emotions are not the same thing as feelings, no. A feeling is the
reaction to when you touch something, and the emotions are what happen inside
of you. For example: If you fall from a chair, the first thing you feel is your but
hitting the floor, and that will be a feeling. But you have fall so quickly that you
have scared from it, so before you start crying because of the pain(feeling) the
scariness has blocked your mind for 1 or 2 seconds. This is why emotions can
sometimes be dangerous. And in case of extreme scariness, this emotion can
lead to the death of some people. But there are lot more dangerous emotions.
For example, sadness can become depression, anger can become aggression and
pleasure can lead to addiction. And as I said before, scariness can cause panic
attacks. But don’t worry because in our lives these things don’t happen normally,
but if I was you, I will prefer to control my own emotions.
Emotions are not always bad, they let us react to situations. For example,
anger will set your heart racing, and feeling happy will make you smile. But lets
shut-up and please read this next and the most important section of all because
it reveals you the secret of live, or at least how to live a lot more longer than
THE SECRET OF LIVE
Many people know that if you don’t smoke you will live longer. Or a healthy
diet can improve your health, but the main secret of live is to be revelled.
There are theories that demonstrate that music is a very good source of
live. Why? Well because the music acts on a part of your brain and relax it, and
the more relax you are, the longer you will live.
Experiments done demonstrate that if you hear at least 1 hour of music
every day of your live, you will end up living more than 10 years longer. For
example there was a man called Sinichi Suthuky who invented a method very
different from the traditional one, that lets children from two or three years
old, play whatever instrument.
This man started learning the violin at the age of 18 or 20. And he lived
until he was 99. But this guy (although he played the violin 4 hours a day)
smoked more than a cigarette machine. So this demonstrates that music is an
authentic source of live.
But music is not the only way to live longer. Because if you are always
happy, as if you were hearing music, you are more relaxed. And why do you live
longer if you are always happy and in a good mood? Because if you are mad the
neurons get altered and you start loosing them.
A chemical that alters you and the way your brain is working is Dopamine.
Dopamine is a chemical that affects your emotions by altering them. And each
time you get really excited, the Dopamine starts to alter your emotions.
But if you really want to memorize the secret of live, you better wake up
that lazy memory. What? You steel don’t know what is memory, well you better
read this next part because memory is one of the most important things in your
As I have said before, memory is one of the most important things in
your brain. Why? Well because without memory you couldn’t even recognize your
mother! Your memory is your brain’s “store room”. It contains everything you
have learnt. You can store an amazing amount of information. For example, when
you were a child, you learnt around ten new words a day, and now you know
100,000 or more.
Types Of Memory:
• Short-Term Memory: The Short-Term memory stores every kind
of information. Every thing that occurs, every second, every
minute is stored in the Short-Term memory. The problem is that
this memory only stores his information for 30 or 40 seconds. By
that time, any information that you have memorize is eliminated or
passed to a new type of memory:
•Long-Term Memory: In the Long-Term memory things can be
stored for longer time. But when you memorize something, it
doesn’t go directly to this kind of memory. Because this memory
stores the most important information. But the information can be
stored here in two ways. One, the information stays but you loose
more of it when years pass. Or two, the information is stored for
ever. But this kind of information that is stored forever, is usually
what you have learned time ago like riding a bike, read...
Deja-vu is a French word that stands for “already seen”. It’s the feeling
that something has already happened when it has happened for the first time.
Scientists do still not explain why this strange feeling occurs, but there exist
several theories about this feeling. But Deja-vu is most common to occur in
younger people when you are usually tired or stressed.
But the real reason of what produces Deja.vu, is that the Corpus Callosum
passes information to the other hemisphere twice. The first time directly, and
the second time ten or fifteen seconds later. So you would sense that
something had already happened.
STRANGE CASES OF STRANGE PEOPLE
This section of strange cases is a really good one because if you
continue reading, you will notice that everything is possible. Why am I telling
you this? Well continue reading and you will know.
In 1848, Phineas Gage of Vermont, USA, was at his work transporting
dynamite to a train. Unfortunately, the dynamite blew up and an iron bar cross
the whole Phineas Gage head.
His friend rapidly take him to the hospital, at the hospital, the doctor
said that he was still alive, but in a few hours he will die. They waited and
waited and Phineas didn’t die. And Suddenly, a miracle. Although Phineas had a
hole in his head that crossed it from top to bottom, he would live.
But why didn’t Phineas died? Well because the iron bar destroyed a
part of the brain that hadn’t have to do much with vital systems. The iron bar
crossed the front part of the brain. The Frontal Lobe. But don’t think that
nothing else happened to Phineas. He was all the time in a bad mood, and he had
loosed nearly all of his emotions.
And after this story about a man that survived to a dinamite explosion
but instead he loose all of his emotions, we now pass to a different one, that is
Solomon Veniaminoff was a normal guy, like you and me, but he had one
little detail that made him different from anyone else: He had the greatest
memory in the whole world.
Moscow, May 1928.
Solomon Veniaminoff, was a normal man, but he coldn’t forget anything
that had happened 50 years ago.
Because of the problem. Solomon went to see one of the best
psychologist: Alexander Luria.
When he arrived to his office, Solomon told him his problem, and
Alexander wrote in a piece of paper 60 numbers. All different. Solomon only read
them once, and then he said them all of them out loud. He didn’t made any
mistake in the numbers or the order that Alexander wrote. Alexander was
amazed, he had never had a patient like that, He was so amazed that he studied
Solomon’s brain and the possible things that happened to him. He told other
neurologists and psychologists, and at the end, they came with an answer.
Solomon’s “superpower” was considered a disease that was called
synaesthesia. Alexander Luria was the one that discovered his decease. But if you
want to have a better memory, Wilder Penfield of Canada in the 1990s found a
painful way to improve your memory, that is by sticking electrodes into your
brain. This gives you flashbacks from the past as if they were happening now.
But if you want to see how much power the brain has, you better read
this next part.
THE PHENOMENAL POWER OF THE HUMAN BRAIN
If you are still in dude about the power of the human brain just read
out loud this text below:
I cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht I was rdanieg
The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mnid! Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at
Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer inwaht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are,
the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae.
The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm. Tihs is
bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a
wlohe. Amzanig huh? Yaeh, and I awlyas thought slpeling was ipmorantt.
Amazing huh? This is because as says in the text, the brain just not
reads every single letter, he reads a word as a whole. But this is not as easy as it
sounds, because the brain, when he reads a word, he first has to search for it in
his memory and then understand it. And all this he does it in 0.5 seconds or less
if you have more practice.
And unfortunately this is all my friends. I hope you have liked all of
this information and I hope all of this will help you any day of your live. BYE!