Suicide
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Suicide

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Suicide Suicide Presentation Transcript

  • Suicide By: Jorge Tabarés
  • Introduction – What is Suicide?
    • The idea that people have about suicide of a bad way to die is universal and shared by everyone. In other words, an unacceptable way of dying according to society and even punished by the law.
    View slide
    • Christianism, Judaism, Buddhism, Islamism and Hinduism have opposed suicide as if it were sin, although it has not always been like that.
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    • In ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, Scandinavia, Feudal Japan, Egypt or China, suicide was practiced by diverse motives of honor: a military defeat, or another dramatic example will be the sacrifice of the widows at their husband´s funeral.
  • Why do People commit suicide?
    • Depression
    • Bipolar Disorder
    • Schizophrenia
    • PTSD
    • Postpartum Depression
  • Depression
    • Untreated depression is the number one cause for suicide.
    • Depression occurs because of an imbalance of chemicals in the brain.
    • Unfortunately, many people do not receive treatment for depression, and those, are at risk for suicide.
  • PostPartum Depression
    • “ After two months of suffering from severe anxiety attacks, feeling very, very sad but not really being able to cry and not being able to talk to anyone, I thought I must be losing my mind. I wanted to end it all. I thought my husband, new baby and four kids would be better off without me. I didn't really want to die. I didn't want to live either if I was going to be like this.”
    • Women usually begin to experience postpartum depression within the first two weeks after childbirth. 
  • Schizophrenia
    • Four in ten people who suffer from schizophrenia attempt suicide.
    • One in ten people who suffer from schizophrenia dies by suicide.
    • People with schizophrenia often have hallucinations and/or delusions. They may hear voices that no one else can hear, believe that other people are controlling their thoughts…
    • The disorder is caused by genetic factors and is not caused by a response to negative experiences, stress, alcohol or drug use.
  • Bipolar Disorder
    • Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes strong mood swings or "episodes."
    • A manic episode may occur when an elevated mood exists with three or more of the other symptoms for most of the day, nearly every day, for one week or longer.
    • A depressive episode occurs when several of the above symptoms last for two weeks or longer. Basically if "the blues" last for two weeks, you probably have depression, or have experienced a depressive episode.
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    • PTSD is a mental disorder that may occur in people who experience or witness intense violence, serious accidents, or life-threatening situations.
    • Military combat
    • Rape
    • Domestic violence
    • Assault
    • Sexual molestation
    • Sexual abuse
    • A kidnapping
    • Experiencing a rapid heart beat
    • Extreme vigilance - Always feeling "on guard"
    • Difficulty working
    • Sleep disturbances
    • Irritability
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Suicide (LGBT) Teen Suicide
    • "I always knew that I was gay. I also remember seeing heterosexual couples and knowing that I wasn't like them. I would get very depressed about not being like other kids. Many times I would take a kitchen knife and press it against my chest, wondering if I should push it all the way in," 
  • Why do these people to commit suicide?
    • Ignorant people cannot accept others that are not like them. And they do not understand that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trangender people do not "choose" their orientation;they are born lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender, just like some people are born with white skin and others are born with black skin.
    • And the discrimination, ignorance, and intolerance that members of the LGBT community experience when they are young continue into adulthood.
  • Teen Suicide
    • Most teens interviewed after making a suicide attempt say that they did it because they were trying to escape from a situation that seemed impossible to deal with or to get relief from really bad thoughts or feelings.
  • Causes of Teen Suicide
    • Death of a parent.
    • Divorce of parents.
    • Feeling like a "pawn" that is being used between feuding, divorced parents.
    • Joining a new family with a step-parent and step-siblings.
    • Breaking up with a boyfriend / girlfriend.
    • Moving to a new community.
    • Not feeling accepted by peers.
  • Suicide Statistics
  • U.S. Suicide Statistics (2001) Breakdown by Gender / Ethnicity / Young, Old Age Groups
    • Rate Per
    • Number Per Day 100,000 % of Deaths
    • Total ......................30,622...............83.9...........10.8................1.3
    • Males ....................24,672...............67.6............17.6................2.1
    • Females...................5,950...............16.3..............4.1................0.5
    • Whites....................27,710...............75.9............11.9................1.3
    • Nonwhites................2,912..................8.0.............5.6................0.9
    • Blacks......................1,957..................5.4.............5.3................0.7
    • Elderly (65+ yrs.).....5,393................14.8............15.3................0.3
    • Young (15-24 yrs.)...3,971................10.9.............9.9...............12.3
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  • Statistics 2001, 2004, 2005 Graph
  • Prevention
  • How to prevent a suicidal person to commit suicide?
    • Always take suicidal comments very seriously.
    • Try not to act shocked.
    • Get help Immediately, do not handle the situation by yourself.
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