3 d print and i pv4


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Slides supporting the webinar on 3D printing and Intellectual Property.
How does IP affect 3D printing?
How does 3D printing affect IP?

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3 d print and i pv4

  1. 1. 3D printing and IntellectualProperty©Joren De Wachter
  2. 2. 2©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  3. 3. Overview1. What is 3D printing?2. Recent developments.3. Impact of 3D printing – a projection.4. IP and 3D printing5. 3D printing and IP6. Conclusions3©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  4. 4. ‹#›
  5. 5. What is 3D printing?5©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  6. 6. What is 3D printing?6©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  7. 7. What is 3D printing?7©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  8. 8. What is 3D printing?8©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.comType Technologies MaterialsExtrusion Fused deposition modeling (FDM)Thermoplastics (e.g. PLA, ABS),eutecticmetals, ediblematerialsGranularDirect metal laser sintering(DMLS) Almost any metal alloyElectron beam melting (EBM) Titanium alloysSelective heat sintering (SHS) ThermoplasticpowderSelective laser sintering (SLS)Thermoplastics, metal powders,ceramicpowdersPowder bed and inkjet head 3dprinting, Plaster-based 3Dprinting (PP) PlasterLaminatedLaminated object manufacturing(LOM) Paper, metal foil, plastic filmLight polymerisedStereolithography (SLA) photopolymerDigital Light Processing (DLP) liquidresinSource: Wikipedia
  9. 9. What is 3D printing?• Uses– Industrial uses:• Rapid prototyping• Rapid manufacturing• Mass customization• Mass production– Domestic and hobbyist uses– 3D printing services9©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  10. 10. What is 3D printing?PERSONALISATIONOFMANUFACTURING10©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  11. 11. Recent Developments11©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  12. 12. Business12©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  13. 13. Impact – a projection• Actual cost of prime material & assembly iscurrently about 10-20%; all the rest is travel,storage, throw away, etc• Consumers don’t like >90% of products theybuy13©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  14. 14. Impact – a projection14©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  15. 15. Impact – a projection15©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.comPost-Scarcity?
  16. 16. IP and 3D printing• Patents– Mostly expired (core patents date from 80s)– Different from inkjet/laser• Copyright– CAD software– Driver software– Interface: STL file format• Design– Does not really apply16©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  17. 17. IP and 3D printing• Open Source & Creative Commons– Driver software– Hardware (Arduino)– File format– File content• “Maker Revolution”17©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  18. 18. 3D printing and IP• Patents– Patents in manufacturing processes & machinery• Manufacturing capability changes fundamentally• 3D printing and other additive manufacturing allows fornew ways of manufacturing (e.g. chocolates)• Expansion on existing ways of manufacturing• Does not apply to all manufacturing• Standardized manufacturing will remain of value, but itsprocesses will be impacted18©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  19. 19. 3D printing and IP• Patents– Patents in manufacturing processes & machinery• Enforceability and cost-efficiency (RoI) of patents?• Value of patents– Patents in spare parts• 3D scanning• Efficiency of patents against personalised reproduction?• No DMCA for patents19©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  20. 20. 3D printing and IP• Patents– Patents in materials– Reproduction of specific materials (medicine, DNA-based)– Expansion into new materials– Difference with business model of inkjet/laserprinters on paper: technology of printing itself isopen20©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  21. 21. 3D printing and IP• Patents– Patents in software• Open Source hardware and software (most value is insoftware)• Innovative strength of Open Source will affect scope ofpatentability– Patents in business models (Intellectual Ventures’patent on DRM system)• Quite stupid21©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  22. 22. 3D printing and IP22©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.comGooglesketchupCopyright?
  23. 23. 3D printing and IP23©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  24. 24. 3D printing and IP24©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.comCopyright?
  25. 25. 3D printing and IP• Copyright– Copyright in the CAD file– Copyright in the design– Copyright in a scan file• Distinction between “expression” and“function”• What is a “copy”?• Effect of Creative Commons25©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  26. 26. 3D printing and IP• Copyright• Enforceability?26©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  27. 27. 3D printing and IP• Design rights and design patents27©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  28. 28. 3D printing and IP• Design rights– “copy” & “reproduction”?– Enforceability– Economic value of the exclusive rights?• Economic value of design – Design as a Service28©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  29. 29. 3D printing and IP• Trademarks– Spare parts?– “branding” vs “product/service”– Control over use of brand?– Personalized manufacturing vs trademarksattached to standardized/controlled product– Efficiency of enforcement?29©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  30. 30. 3D printing and IP• Possible solutions?– Lego• Patents expired• Use of Trademark/Copyright/Design to protectfunctionality has failed• Solution: open up, create community, value brand, firstmover advantage– Open Source: Red Hat– “IP as a Service”30©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  31. 31. 3D printing and IP• Reassess:– Ownership v Influence– Closed v Open• Business models?31©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  32. 32. A storyYseult goes to her first party32©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  33. 33. Conclusions• Revolution?• Innovation?• Role of IP rights?• Use of IP rights?• Value of IP rights?33©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  34. 34. Conclusions34©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  35. 35. Conclusions35©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com
  36. 36. Conclusions36©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com“Copy” v “Personalized”
  37. 37. Thank you37©Joren De Wachterwww.jorendewachter.com