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Ramon pascual
 

Ramon pascual

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    Ramon pascual Ramon pascual Presentation Transcript

    • The ALBA Synchrotron Light Facility R. Pascual Chairman Executive Commission Barcelona , 24 de maig de 2012Amb la col·laboració:
    • What are the Research Infrastructures? The Research Infrastructures are tools to provide essential services to the scientific community for pure or applied research They can be related to all the scientific and technological fields, from the social sciences to the astronomy, through genomics and nanotechnologies. Examples include libraries, databases, biological archives, clean rooms, communication networks, research vessels, satellites and navigation centres, coastal observatories, telescopes, synchrotrons and accelerators. They can have a unique location or can be distributed or can be virtual. (European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures, ESFRI)Amb la col·laboració:
    • ESFRI Roadmap • Social Sciences and Humanities • Environmental Sciences • Energy • Biological and Medical Sciences • Materials and Analytical Facilities • Physical Sciences and Engineering • e-Infrastructures European Strategy Forum on Research InfrastructuresAmb la col·laboració:
    • The smallest, the Lawrence cyclotron (1929) The largest, the LHC at CERN, GenevaAmb la col·laboració:
    • • To observe we always need: – A photon (or other particles) source – The objet to be observed – A detector outgoing photons – A system to reconstruct the imageAmb la col·laboració:
    • Amb la col·laboració:
    • Synchrotron radiation are the electromagnetic waves emitted by a charged particle that moves in a curved trajectory at a speed close to the speed of light. electron V : near c= 300 000 km/s synchrotron radiationAmb la col·laboració:
    • Accelerator complex to produce SR Booster Synchrotron Linear accelerator Electron gun Experimental Beam lines Storage ring StationsAmb la col·laboració:
    • Main characteristics of SL Continuous Spectrum, from infrared to X-rays, with Ecrit (keV) = 0.665 E2 (GeV) B(T) Intense, as a narrow beam ϑ(rad) = 0.51/E (MeV) Polarized in the orbital plane With temporal structureAmb la col·laboració:
    • 1st and 2nd generation sources : from dipolar magnets electrons 3rd generation sources: photons wiglers and ondulatorsAmb la col·laboració:
    • • Basic Science • Applied Science • Physics • Pharmacy and Health • Chemistry • Alimentation • Material sciences • Plastics • Surfaces • Microelectronic • Life sciences • Environment • Medicine • Metallurgy • Lithography & • Cosmetics Microfabrication • Textile and paper • Metrology • Construction • Cultural heritage • PalaeontologyAmb la col·laboració:
    • SOLEIL ALBAAmb la col·laboració:
    • Why ALBA? – To have an important tool to meet the demand of pure and applied research (public and private) in many different fields – To get experience in the field of accelerator technologies – To have a large scientific installation at the international level • Around such facilities often take place the crossed fertilization from research to development and to innovation – To increase the know-how of companies • It is necessary to get non standard instrumentation, both at the installation and running phases (more than 30 years)Amb la col·laboració:
    • Firsts steps of ALBA 1992: After the recommendation of a Committee of the regional administration the construction is announced 1993: A Steering Committee is nominated and a training program is established 1995: Agreement between Spanish and Catalan governments to make a detailed study (within the IFAE) March 2002: Formal agreement between governments March 2003: CELLS is created June 2003: First meeting of the CELLS Council October 2003: Start of the activityAmb la col·laboració:
    • • Two Advisory Committees were established • Machine Advisory Committee • Scientific Advisory Committee • Recruitment of personnel • Provisional headquarters in the UAB (until april 2009) • After geological studies a site was decided and the executive project was ordered • Groundbreaking started: May 2006 • Groundbreaking ceremony: July 2006 • Final of civil works (end 2008) • Moving to new installations (april 2009)Amb la col·laboració:
    • Status of the project • Installation and commissioning of the linac (summer 2008) • Starting of booster and SR installation (December 2008) • The linac and the booster work regularly (electrons at 3 GeV) • Commissioning of the storage ring and beamlines • Recently: Beginning of regular services • ...it is a continuous improvement... • 1.5-2 years behind schedule • On budgetAmb la col·laboració:
    • Amb la col·laboració:
    • 16 straight sections of 8m, 4.4m and 2.6 m long Booster: 3 GeV, 250 m 4 fold symmetry emittance smaller 20 nm·rad Storage ring: 268 m double bend achromat lattice 16 cells with 4 fold symmetry Linac: 100 MeV At 3 GHz Repetition rate of 3HzAmb la col·laboració:
    • Comparison of 3rd Generation Synchrotrons 20 Canadian Light Source 18 SPEAR3 (USA) 16 14Emittance / nm rad PLS (Korea) 12 10 MAX-II (Sweden) ELETTRA (Italy) 8 ALS (USA) Australian Synchrotron 6 BESSY II (Germany) Swiss Light Source ESRF SPring-8 (Japan) 4 ALBA/CELLS (Spain) SOLEIL (France) Diamond APS (USA) 2 PETRA III (Germany) 0 0Amb la col·laboració: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Energy / GeV
    • Civil Engineering • Main Building for accelerators and experimental stations: – Donought of 18,500 m2 • Administrative Buildings: – 4,000 m2 • Technical Buildings – 7,600 m2, including and auxiliary building for storage and future projects • Very high mechanical stability to differential movements – Critical zone: a slab of 1 m thick floating over 2 m of graduated gravels, disconnected from the building • Very high electrical stability: – Redundant supply: • Connection to a 220 kV electric line through a dedicated transformer • Connection to a natural gas cogeneration plant for electrical and thermal energies • Static and dynamic (flying inertial wheels) continuity systems for the supply to the critical parts • Air conditioning with a variation of ±0.5ºC and ± 1ºC (depending of the zone) • Very strict conditions to the deionised refrigeration water • Controls by the “Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear”Amb la col·laboració:
    • Somos multidisciplinarios en cuanto a usuariosy en cuanto a las tecnologías que usamos. Ingenieria civil y sistemas de seguridad Electroimanes Fuentes de alimentación Refrigeración Materiales Eléctricos Mecánica de precisión Electrónica y Radiofrecuencia Técnicas de Ultra-Alto Vacío Instrumentación Acelerador Línieas de luz Dispositivos de Inserción Computación y control Software Hardware Sistemas de Diagnóstico Sistemas ópticos Servicios CriogeniaAmb la col·laboració:
    • Amb la col·laboració:
    • 32 DIPOLS (1.42 T) with GRADENT(5.9T/m)128 quadrupols 500 mm long 120 sextupols 150 mm long, With more than 100 correctors More tha 100 correctors Amb la col·laboració:
    • RF cavity for the booster 6 RF stations for the SR: 2 IOT amplifiers (80 kW and 67% efficiency) combined in a new Cavity Combiner More than 6000 equipments Represents more than 250 call for tendersTotal number of cables (cable+conectors) : 16,776Total number of Km of cables (approximate): 227 KmAmb la col·laboració:
    • Linac: 100 MeV At 3 GHz Repetition rate of 3HzAmb la col·laboració:
    • From linac to boosterAmb la col·laboració:
    • After 160 ms electrons accelerate from 100 Mev to 3 GeV, and are transfered from booster to the storage ringAmb la col·laboració:
    • 4.3 nm·rad, 400 mA and critical energy about 4.8 KeVAmb la col·laboració:
    • Superconducting Wiggler for BL 4Amb la col·laboració:
    • Beam linesAmb la col·laboració:
    • Electric station with dynamic uninterruptible power supply (UPS)Amb la col·laboració:
    • Water stationAmb la col·laboració:
    • Transverse underground gallery, at 6 m bellow the hall levelAmb la col·laboració:
    • First phase of beamlines Port Beam-line Experimental techniques Scientific applications 4 MSPD Materials Science and Powder Diffraction Structure of Materials, (SCW-30) Time resolved diffraction 9 MISTRAL X-ray microscopy. Cryogenic tomography of (BM) biological objects. Spatially resolved spectroscopy 11 NCD Non-Crystalline Diffraction Structure and phase transformations of (IVU-21) biological fibers, polymers, solutions. Time resolved X-ray studies 13 XALOC Macromolecular Crystallography Protein crystallography, with (IVU-21) particular emphasis on large unit cell crystals 22 CLÆSS Core Level Absorption & Emission Material Science, Chemistry, (MPW-80) Spectroscopies Time resolved studies 24 CIRCE Photoemission Spectroscopy and Nano-science and magnetic (EU-62) Microscopy domain imaging (PEEM). Photoemission microscopy (PEEM) Surface chemistry (NAPP) Near atmospheric pres. Photoem. (NAPP) 29 BOREAS Resonant Absorption and Scattering Magnetism, surface magnetism (EU-71) and magnetic structureAmb la col·laboració:
    • Budget and Characteristics • Total budget: 201 (-1) M€ (including personnel and running costs from 2003 to 2009) • Annual starting budget since 2010: 16 M€ • Personnel: 140 • Around 1000 users per year (for the first phase beam lines) • Atraction of companies and new investments COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS AND STUDY OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ALBA Authors Director: José García Montalvo (Universitat Pompeu Fabra) Barcelona, January 2004 and 2010Amb la col·laboració:
    • Amb la col·laboració:
    • Results of the first call for users • 200 proposals received • 636 registered researchers • All the BLs (x7) have a high numeber of proposals • 82% are Spanish proposals • 16% are EU proposals • 3 are no UE proposalsAmb la col·laboració:
    • Amb la col·laboració:
    • Amb la col·laboració:
    • Amb la col·laboració:
    • Business Opportunities in Large Facilities • Supplies and services contracts. • Technologies acquisitions (supplies, available technologies, collaboration projects , etc.) • References • Technicians Studies from CERN, ESRF, Berkeley,… From these studies we can say that, in numbers, the returns from the collaborations with “big science” centres present average multiplier factors in the range from 2.7 (ESA) to 3.7 (CERN)Amb la col·laboració:
    • General idea behind the collaborations If you have an apple and I have an apple, and we exchange these apples, then you and I still each have one apple. But if you have an idea and I have an idea, and we exchange theses ideas then each of us will have two ideas. George Bernard Shaw Taken from CERN Global NetworkAmb la col·laboració:
    • Thankyou for your attentionAmb la col·laboració: