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Abigail's Journal Abigail's Journal Document Transcript

  • March  22nd,  1765     Hi  I’m  Abigail!  This  is  my  new  journal  my  father  got  for  me.  We  live  on  a  small  farm   away  from  people,  there  are  just  a  couple  of  families  living  around  us.  My  mother   said  that  we  needed  to  live  in  the  country  because  in  central  Boston  there  is  too   much  going  on,  and  it’s  not  suitable  for  children.  I’m  the  third  oldest  in  my  family,   there’s  my  mother,  my  father,  my  older  brothers  Jeremiah  and  Jonathan,  and  my   younger  sister  Katherine.       I  always  hear  my  mother  complaining  to  the  ladies  who  come  over  about  how  rude   people  are  to  the  British  Soldiers.  I  asked  my  brother  what  everything  meant,  and  he   told  me  that  there  are  some  taxes  that  have  been  placed  for  a  few  days,  and  after  the   British  soldiers  won  the  French-­‐Indian  War,  England  lost  money  and  resources.   The  British  Parliament  put  down  the  stamp  act,  so  they  could  get  more  money.  An   official  stamp  was  put  on  every  legal  and  business  document,  as  well  as  newspapers,   books,  buying  land  and  advertisements.  Everything  had  to  be  taxed  before  it  was   approved,  otherwise  it  wasn’t  legal.  Everyone  started  to  protest!  Jeremiah  went  into   town  with  my  father  and  told  me  all  about  it,  he  says  that  he  see’s  why  they  are   protesting,  but  I  think  he’s  just  agreeing  with  our  father.  The  people  have  been   protesting  that  they  lost  their  rights,  and  that  they  shouldn’t  have  to  pay  all  the   taxes.  My  mother  see’s  it  as  a  good  way  for  King  George’s  economy  to  grow,  but  my   father  is  completely  against  it.     The  other  day,  Jeremiah,  Jonathan  and  father  went  into  town,  I  would,  but  I’m  only   11.  When  they  returned,  I  overheard  Father  telling  Mother  that  a  new  act  called  the   “Sugar  Act”  was  placed.  My  father  was  saying  how  the  prices  for  everything  were   raised,  and  how  he  couldn’t  buy  any  candy  for  us  because  it  was  too  expensive.   Katherine  was  sad  she  didn’t  get  any.       After  that,  all  that  was  talked  about  between  my  parents  and  Jeremiah  were  the  new   acts  that  kept  on  getting  placed.  One  of  them  was  that  colonists  had  to  give  a  British   Soldier  shelter.  Ms.  Rosemary’s  family  next  door  has  to  provide  a  home  for  a  British   Soldier.       There  was  the  Navigation  act,  where  all  products  had  to  be  sold  or  bought  from   England.  There  were  to  be  no  trading  with  other  countries,  I  think  its  good  that  all   the  taxes  go  to  King  George.  Anything  to  help  him  and  his  soldiers!     My  mother  was  telling  me  that  Father  doesn’t  support  King  George,  and  that  she   doesn’t  know  why  he’s  making  such  a  big  deal.  I  agreed,  he  is  barely  home  now,  and   when  he  is  he’s  always  grumbling  about  how  unfair  the  whole  situation  is.    Jonathan   says  that  there  are  lots  of  people  protesting  that  they  shouldn’t  have  to  pay  taxes,   but  my  mother  just  tells  him  to  hush,  because  she  says  that  all  the  taxes  are  going  to   King  George.  She  says  that  if  all  the  colonists  would  just  cooperate,  King  George  may   lower  the  taxes.  I  can’t  help  but  agree  with  that.  But  my  father  just  rolls  his  eyes  at   my  mother.  
  •                                                   This  is  a  picture  of  a  riot  after  the  stamp  act  was  placed  in  1765.  
  • December  16th,  1773     I  can’t  believe  that  the  colonists  against  England  would  do  something  so  horrific!   Jonathan  came  back  to  the  farm  to  visit  us  and  told  us  about  the  previous  event.   Some  of  the  colonists  dressed  up  as  Native  Americans  and  dumped  almost  90,000   pounds  of  tea  into  the  Boston  Harbor!  I  can’t  believe  that  they  would  be  this  angry   about  taxes!  He  told  me  they  even  had  a  song!  “Rally  Mohawks!  Bring  your  axes,  and   tell  King  George  we’ll  pay  no  more  taxes  on  his  foreign  tea.”       A  couple  years  ago,  the  Boston  Massacre  occurred.  A  few  boys  and  men  were   taunting  the  British  troops  by  throwing  snowballs  at  them,  Jeremiah  was  one  of   them.  One  of  the  British  accidently  fired  into  the  crowd  and  caused  a  fight  to  break   out.  5  men  were  killed  that  night.  Luckily,  Jeremiah  was  unharmed,  but  those  poor   men  were  killed  all  because  of  the  colonists  picking  a  fight.  If  they  had  left  the  troops   alone  those  men  would  still  be  alive.       A  couple  weeks  ago,  the  Tea  Act  was  placed,  stating  that  the  East  India  Company   could  sell  tea  directly  to  us  American  Colonies.  The  Parliament  decided  to  sell  us  tea   at  extremely  low  prices,  but  the  other  colonists  didn’t  want  to  admit  that  it  was  right   to  tax  them.  So  they  simply  refused  to  buy  tea.  I  guess  the  Parliament  thought  that   they  would  rather  pay  taxes  than  deny  a  cup  of  tea,  but  boy  were  they  wrong.       Three  ships  bearing  barrels  of  tea  arrived  two  weeks  ago.  This  morning,  rumors   started  to  spread,  people  around  town  were  whispering  to  each  other  about  “The   Boston  Harbor  Tea  Pot  Tonight”.      After  this  event  happened,  people  liked  to  call  it  the  “Boston  Tea  Party”.     I  think  the  other  colonists  are  being  foolish.  All  of  this  is  just  going  to  lead  to  no   good.  It  can’t  be  much  longer  until  a  war  between  the  British  and  the  Americans   breaks  out,  right?     This  is  a  picture  of  the  Boston  Harbor  during  the  Boston  Tea  Party.  
  • April  19th,  1775       I  really  do  not  understand  those  other  colonists.  Why  would  they  try  to  take  on  the   British  army  of  700  experienced  soldiers?  They  have  such  little  war  experience.   Since  the  Boston  Tea  Party,  Jonathan  and  Jeremiah  have  joined  the  Patriots  in  the   army.  I  live  on  the  farm  with  Katherine  and  our  mother.  Mother  is  growing  older,   she  doesn’t  do  much,  just  walks  around  the  house  all  day  tidying  things  up.  So  I  stay   to  take  care  of  Katherine,  because  she  is  only  16.       I  must  admit,  they  were  smart  for  teaming  up  with  other  colonies  to  fight  the  British,   but  that  doesn’t  mean  I  support  it,  my  brothers  are  in  those  colonies,  so  I  can’t  be   against  it.  They  joined  together  because  they  knew  the  British  Soldiers  would  crush   them  one  colony  at  a  time  if  they  didn’t.       The  colonists  now  believe  that  if  they  don’t  have  a  representative  in  the  Parliament,   they  shouldn’t  have  to  pay  taxes.    But  the  British  think  that  the  Parliament  is  the   supreme  source  of  power  in  this  situation.       My  friend  Elizabeth  from  town  came  over  a  couple  days  ago,  she  was  telling  me   about  the  event  that  recently  happened.  She  told  me  that  the  night  before,  the   people  in  Concord  were  awoken  by  the  sound  of  Paul  Revere  shouting  down  the   streets,  “The  Redcoats  are  coming!  The  Redcoats  are  coming!”  He  told  the  rebel   leaders  John  Hancock  and  Sam  Adams  to  flee-­‐which  they  did.  The  British  Army  was   sending  over  700  soldiers!  But  700  colonists  were  sent  to  ward  them  off.  They  stood   in  lines,  facing  each  other  until  someone  accidently  fired  their  gun.  No  one  knows   who  it  was,  but  it  led  to  a  great  battle,  the  Battle  of  Lexington.  This  was  the  real   beginning  of  the  revolution.       Surprising  everyone,  the  American  colonists  drove  off  the  British.  Rumor  has  it  that   some  colonists  are  going  to  send  a  petition  for  peace  to  King  George.  I  doubt  he’ll   accept  it.  After  all  the  rebelling,  how  could  he?       I  don’t  think  that  it  is  the  right  time  for  independence.  We  has  13  colonies  are  not   strong  enough  to  stand  on  our  own.  There  are  still  people  like  me,  who  wish  for   peace  with  the  British,  but  there  aren’t  as  many.  The  American  Army  is  getting   stronger  and  stronger.  Maybe  they  have  a  chance  of  gaining  independence…  I  just   hope  my  brothers  keep  safe  along  the  way.     This  is  a  picture  from   the  Battle  of  Lexington    
  • October  19th,  1780       I  can’t  believe  it!  The  colonists  beat  the  British  in  the  Battle  of  Yorktown!  Jonathan   and  Jeremiah  are  coming  home  tomorrow,  Katherine  and  I  haven’t  seen  them  in  a   while,  we’re  really  happy  that  they  are  safe.     The  army  finally  realized  that  they  weren’t  strong  enough  to  take  them  on  by   themselves,  so  they  combined  forces  with  the  French  Army,  causing  the  British  to   surrender.       A  few  years  ago,  the  first  official  national  flag  was  created.  It  had  13  white  stars  on   the  blue  to  represent  “A  New  Constellation”.  There  were  more  loyalists  a  few  years   ago,  some  did  more  than  the  others.  A  couple  loyalists  reported  to  Britain,  telling   them  that  Washington  was  going  to  cross  the  Delaware,  and  gave  them  all  the   supplies  they  had,  while  Washington  and  his  men  were  struggling  to  survive  due  to   the  amount  of  food  and  water  they  had.  I  wouldn’t  do  that  though.  I  may  be  a   loyalist,  but  I  live  in  America,  and  I’m  starting  to  see  things  from  the  others  point  of   view,  my  brothers  have  changed  my  view  on  the  British.  I  was  around  my  mother  a   lot  so  I  believed  whatever  she  believed.     1776  was  a  good  year  for  the  Americans.  The  armies  defeated  so  many  British   Soldiers.  In  fact,  King  George  was  so  angry,  he  burned  down  the  New  England   seaport  towns.  I  think  that  was  a  bit  unnecessary.       Maybe  independence  is  for  America  after  all.                                 This  is  a  photo  of  the  Battle  of  Yorktown.          
  • September  3rd,  1783       The  war  is  over!  No  more  fighting,  no  more  unfair  taxes,  and  our  whole  family  is   back  together.       Jeremiah  and  Jonathan  came  home  yesterday.  Katherine  and  I  cooked  dinner  for  the   family.  As  we  were  sitting  at  the  table,  they  informed  us  that  the  United  States   signed  the  Treaty  of  Paris  with  Britain.  Which  meant  that  America  won   independence!  They  told  us  all  about  the  battles,  how  they  defeated  the  redcoats  by   digging  a  trench  and  attacking  them  as  they  were  in  it.  They  forced  the  British   troops  to  surrender!  They  were  already  lacking  unity,  and  they  were  all  exhausted,   that’s  probably  part  of  the  reason  that  they  surrendered.       But,  according  to  my  friend  Elizabeth,  the  Americans  responsible  for  dealing  with   the  treaty  were  not  following  through  with  their  obligations.  They  hadn’t  paid  the   money  they  owed  to  the  British,  and  some  people  lost  land,  and  didn’t  get  it  back.  So   the  British  said  they  wouldn’t  leave  until  the  problems  were  all  solved.  They  were   supposed  to  leave  and  abandon  their  forts  in  the  western  lands,  but  they  wouldn’t   leave.     At  the  same  time,  there  was  a  dispute  with  Spain!  They  closed  the  Mississippi  to  us,   so  we  lost  the  fastest  way  to  ship  good  from  market  to  market.       Even  though  all  of  this  was  going  on,  the  war  was  over.  And  America  had  won   independence!  Even  though  we  weren’t  doing  a  very  good  job  at  keeping  peace  with   the  British,  it  would  happen  one  day.  Hopefully  soon,  but  the  future  generations  will   all  have  independence.  And  for  now,  my  family  and  I  are  happy,  because  the  war  is   over  and  none  of  us  are  in  danger.           This  is  a  photo  of  the  signing  of  the  Treaty  of  Paris  between  the   British  and  the  Americans