AgendaCommon Writing Errors: Missing comma withtransitional and parentheticalexpressions, absolute phrases, and contrastedelementsDiscussion: Torture EssaysIn-class writing: Outlining and Thesis statementpractice
Common Writing Errors:Missing comma with transitional and parentheticalexpressions, absolute phrases, and contrasted elements Transitional Expressions CORRECT: Therefore, I could not finish writing my paper. Parenthetical Expressions CORRECT: You, on the other hand, can’t carry a tune. Absolute Phrases CORRECT: Having taken preventative measures, I did not get sick. Contrasting Elements CORRECT: I want English, not Economics, classes.
Practice1. Lance where did you leave the car keys?2. We can however just stay home and have a quiet evening.3. Instead Id rather use the money for a vacation.4. That trip to the dentist wasnt so bad in fact.5. However I hope I dont have to go there again for a long time.6. Celine Dion for example achieved success as a singer at an early age.7. How did you catch the criminal Sherlock Holmes?8. I hope you realize moreover that this is your last chance.9. Mr. Van Allen unfortunately is no longer with our organization.
Discussion: Torture Essays In groups of three: Using Bagaric’s essay “A Case for Torture” (266): Find (and mark) the thesis statement Identify (and mark) Bagaric’s most compelling reasons for justifying torture in his essay Find (and mark) illustrations (specific details, quotes, statistics, or real-life examples) he uses to support his reasons. Find (and mark) the issues he addresses in his counterargument. Using Johnson’s essay “Inhuman Behavior: A Chaplains View of Torture (268): Find (and mark) the thesis statement Identify (and mark) Johnson’s most compelling reasons for justifying torture in his essay Find (and mark) illustrations (specific details, quotes, statistics, or real-life examples) he uses to support his reasons Find (and mark) the issues he addresses in his counterargument.Are you using any of these as support for your essay? Should you?
FREECASHWhich arguments from our FREECASHbrainstorming session do you find mostcompelling?Which side will you argue?Which objections will you address byaccommodating or refuting?
The Prompt: Is tortureever morally justified?Plan and write an essay in which youdevelop your point of view on thisissue. Support your position withreasoning and examples taken fromyour reading, studies, experience, orobservations.
TORTURE ESSAY OUTLINE FORM Controlling idea of the essay. Which side will you argue? Torture is sometimes morally justifiable? Torture is never morally justifiable?____________________________________________ Three main points of the argument: 1. Torture_______________________________ 2. Torture_______________________________ 3. Torture______________________________
INTRODUCTION: The introduction should make the reader want tocontinue reading. The lead in statements could (1) make a strikingassertion, (2) use a split anecdote (a story that is begun inthe introduction and is finished in the conclusion), or (3)use an interesting detail, statistic, or quotation. Choose one and write your idea here:
Thesis Transition to thesis: While both sides have passion for their positions; or?_______________________________________________________________________ Thesis (which includes points of argument; You can eliminate these later if you desire, but for now, they must be there):________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Body ParagraphsEach topic sentence should be a major point ofargument that supports the thesis statement.Explanation sentences are general statementsthat support the topic sentence.The concrete illustrations support theexplanation sentences, provide specificdetails, quotes, statistics, or real-life examples.
Body Paragraph 1 (develops first point of argument): Topic sentence: _________________________________________________________ ____ Explanation _________________________________________________________ ______ Concrete Illustration: _____________________________________________________ Explanation: _________________________________________________________ ____ Concrete Illustration: ______________________________________________________ Explanation: _________________________________________________________ ______ Concrete Illustration: ______________________________________________
Follow the same format for the next two paragraphs Body paragraph 2 Body paragraph 3 Topic Sentence Topic Sentence Explanation Explanation Illustration Illustration Explanation Explanation Illustration Illustration Explanation Explanation Illustration Illustration Transition Transition
Counterargument (anticipates objections by accommodation or refutation):First anticipated objection:____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Accommodation or Refutation? Circle your approach.____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Second anticipated objection:____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Accommodation or Refutation? Circle your approach.______________________________________________________________________________
CONCLUSION:The concluding paragraph should include ageneral summary statement that recaps thethesis, a sentence that restates the major pointsof argument, and a wrap-up statement. Theconclusion could also contain the end of a splitanecdote that would finish the story begun in theintroduction. The wrap-up statement couldcontain insights of the essay writer, encouragethe reader to take action, emphasize theimportance of one of the points of argument, orcreate a solid sense of finality.
General summary statement that recaps thesis in different words:____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Recap major points of argument:1.___________________________________________________________2.___________________________________________________________3.___________________________________________________________End of Anecdote:____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Wrap-up statement (consequences and insights; prediction of thefuture if your warnings are not heeded):__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Homework: EXAM PREPFinish outline and thesis statement.REREAD DEBATE ESSAYS! Bring a copy of your outline (with a thesis) andyour book to class!Bring a computer to class if you want to type yourin-class essay.