• Interrogative SentenceAn interrogativesentence asks a question. It ends with aquestion mark.
• ImperativeAn imperative Sentencesentence givesa command or makes a request.It ends with a period.
• Exclamatory An Sentence exclamatory sentence expresses astrong feeling. It ends with !an exclamation mark.
• Declarative Sentence A declarativesentence makes a statement. It ends with a period.
Which type of sentence is:• I think thealiens have landed .
Which type of sentence is:• I think thealiens have landed . DECLARATIVE
Which type of sentence is: • Which planet isyour home ?
Which type of sentence is: • Which planet isyour home ?INTERROGATIVE
Which type of sentence is:• Take me to your leader !
Which type of sentence is:• Take me to your leader !EXCLAMATORY
Which type of sentence is:• Go back to your own planet, please .
Which type of sentence is:• Go back to your own planet, please . IMPERATIVE
Directions: Write four questions, one ofeach type, to explain what is happeningin the picture.
-Also called an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE -Contains a SUBJECT, PREDICATE, and EXPRESSES a COMPLETE THOUGHT. A. Some students like to study in the mornings. B. Juan and Anthony play football every afternoon. C. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.
Identify the subject and predicate in these SIMPLE sentences.4. Cindy and Sue auditioned for the lead role in the play.2. The kittens were adopted by the family.3. Peanut butter and jelly sandwiches are my favorite.4. The committee decorated the gym for Friday night’s dance.5. The surprise party was organized by Wendy’s two best friends.
-Contains two independent clauses (mini sentences) joined by acoordinator.-The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Helpfulhint: The first letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS.) Thesecoordinators are known as COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS-Except for very short sentences, coordinators are always preceded by acomma.A. I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English. B. Alex played football, so Maria went shopping. C. Alex played football, for Maria went shopping.
Identify the conjunction in these COMPOUND sentences.4. I am going to the dance, so I have to buy a new dress.6. Jenny took the pictures, and Aaron developed then.3. New York is on the East Coast, and California is on the West Coast.4. Bill walked into the crowded room, but I can’t find him.5. Is the party on Friday, or is it on Saturday?
-Has an independent clause joined by one or more dependentclauses. -A dependent clause does not express a complete thought and can’t stand alone as a sentence. It usually begin with a subordinating conjunction, such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which.
Examples:When he handed in his homework, he forgot to handthe teacher the last page.The teacher returned the homework after she noticed theerror.The students are studying because they have a testtomorrow.After they finished studying, Jack and Maria went to themovies.Before they eat breakfast, the kids must make their beds.
Identify the subordinator or dependent clause in each COMPLEX sentence.4. Because it was raining, the game was called off.2. The students, who were wet and cold, got back on the bus.3. The house, which Abraham Lincoln, was born is still standing.4. George played football because Jean went shopping.5. At the age of 19 months, a severe illness left Helen Keller deaf and blind.
-Contains two independent clauses and one dependentclause.-Put a comma after the dependent clause if it begins thesentence.-Put a comma before the and, but, or or that connects thetwo independent clauses.
Examples:Charlie could not hear his watch because it had stopped, and hewas worried.Because it had stopped, Charlie could not hear his watch, and hewas worried.Although Sara called out for Charlie, no one answered, and Sarawas scared.Sara could not see Charlie, but when she was on the hilltop, shecould hear him cry out.
Since every sentence in English fits into one ofthese four categories, you can now controlyour punctuation and grammar! Simple Compound Complex Compound/ complex
Think You’ve Got It?• 1 independent clause = simple sentence – Don’t’ forget: These can have compound subjects and predicates!• 2 independent clauses = compound sentence• 1 or more dependent clause + 1 independent clause = complex sentence• 2 or more independent clauses + 1 or more dep. clause = compound complex sentence
Simple, Compound, or Complex?• The alien walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance.
Simple, Compound, or Complex?• The alien walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance.• SIMPLE: – Subject: “the teacher” – Compound Predicate “walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance.”
Simple, Compound, or Complex?• Juan played football while Juanita went shopping.
Simple, Compound, or Complex?• Juan played football while Juanita went shopping.• COMPLEX – Independent Clause: Juan played football – Subordinate Clause: while (subordinating conjunction) Juanita went shopping.
Simple, Compound, or Complex?• Juan played football, yet Juanita went shopping.
Simple, Compound, or Complex?• Juan played football, yet Juanita went shopping.• COMPOUND – Juan played football, yet (coordinating conjunction) – Juanita went shopping.
Simple, Compound, or Complex?• After Reggie passed the test, he went to the park to celebrate!
Simple, Compound, or Complex?• After Reggie passed the test, he went to the park to celebrate!• COMPLEX – After (subordinating conjunction) Reggie passed the test, – he went to the park to celebrate!
YOU NOW KNOW EVERYTHING YOUNEED TO KNOW• To write anything you want to write• Any way you want to write it• And still get the punctuation righteach time! CONGRATULATIONS!