 Teams
 In-class writing: What defines your
character?
 Group Discussions
 Choosing your prompt
 Formulating a tentat...
1. For the rest of the quarter, we will use teams to
earn participation points. Your teams can be made
up of 3 or 4 people...
The first team competition starts today and
consists of two class discussions based on
writing essay #1, practicing rhetor...
Sit with your
team
members in
class to
facilitate
ease of
group
discussions
 Team members should
sit at one table. Eight
teams, eight tables.
Everyone faces the front
 The game starts today,
so ma...
 Team 1
 Bernice/Danerys
 Rateb/Ser Jorah
 Dagm/Khal Drogo
 Melissa/Viserys
 Team 2
 Joe/Robb
 Emily/Bran
 Anita/...
 Team 1
 Brandon/Tyrion
 Janet/Lysa
 Sue/Catelyn
 Navsam/Bron
 Team 2
 Alli/Samwell
 Jimmy/Jon
 Paul/Benjen
 Ama...
 Points will be earned
for correct answers to
questions, meaningful
contributions to the
discussion, and
provocative ques...
How do others perceive
your character?
How does your character see
him or herself?
If there is a difference, what
cause...
What makes your character who he or she is?
Write out brief answers that explain or defend
his or her behavior and action...
 Write at least three questions that you would like to
ask other characters in your group. For instance, you
might ask wh...
In your groups,
discuss your
characters. Use
the writing you
have done so
far—that we did
in class today and
whatever othe...
 Is he or she a minor or major character?
 Does your character grow during the
novel?
 Does your character reflect his ...
TOPIC 1: Not all supporting characters play
an integral role in a story; however,
sometimes a minor character is so impor...
 TOPIC 2: A dynamic character is
one who changes or grows
emotionally or psychologically
from the beginning of the novel
...
 TOPIC 3: Often a character reflects
the culture of the country in which he
or she lives, that is, he or she
exemplifies ...
 TOPIC 4: Analyze a character that
reveals his or her personality, ethics,
morals, and nature through the
challenges he o...
 TOPIC 5: Aristotle's ideas about
tragedy were recorded in his book
of literary theory titled Poetics. In
it, he has a gr...
1. Analyze a minor character that plays a significant role. Write a well-
developed essay in which you analyze the charact...
Testing your Choice
 Your thesis is a statement or theory that you put
forward as a premise to be maintained or proved.
 It is also a map fo...
 [Jon] is faced with a myriad of conflicts, both external
and internal, which come from different sources: his
heritage, ...
 If you don’t yet know which prompt to address, responding
to a couple of them by writing rough theses might help you
cho...
 Of course, this working thesis is in its simplest form.
 You will likely change it significantly as you refine your
tho...
 The more I understand about Jon and who he is based
on how he confronts his conflicts, the more specific I
would make my...
 Intro
 Thesis
 Internal Conflict
 Ethics
 Justice/fairness
 Morals
 Struggle with duty on
the wall
 Nature
 Moth...
 Once you have your thesis (or theses
written), start sketching out a
working outline.
 Use your thesis to determine wha...
How to write one!
• A directed summary provides readers of your
paper with the information they need to
understand your argument and explana...
• Hook the reader. In the first sentences, write what is
particularly interesting about the work. This thought-
provoking ...
In A Game of Thrones by George R.R. Martin, a series of obscure
events in the kingdom’s capitol pulls Eddard Stark of Wint...
• Use transitions throughout the introduction. Because
there are so many aspects of the work that have to be
included, the...
[Jon] is faced with a myriad of conflicts, both
external and internal, which come from different
sources: his heritage, hi...
 Begin your directed summary.
 Consider what details you must
include to prepare the reader
for your essay.
 Try funnel...
 Read A Game of Thrones through
page 600
Post #10 Post your working thesis
and outline. Find evidence to
support your poi...
Ewrt 2 class 6
Ewrt 2 class 6
Ewrt 2 class 6
Ewrt 2 class 6
Ewrt 2 class 6
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Ewrt 2 class 6

  1. 1.  Teams  In-class writing: What defines your character?  Group Discussions  Choosing your prompt  Formulating a tentative thesis  Outlining your essay  Introductions: Writing a directed summary
  2. 2. 1. For the rest of the quarter, we will use teams to earn participation points. Your teams can be made up of 3 or 4 people. Each team will sit at one table. 1. The teams will remain the same through the discussion of material for one essay. 2. You must change at least half of your team after each essay. 3. You may never have a new team composed of more than 50% of any prior team.
  3. 3. The first team competition starts today and consists of two class discussions based on writing essay #1, practicing rhetorical strategies, and one class period dedicated to a library visit and activity: Class 8 (next Thursday).
  4. 4. Sit with your team members in class to facilitate ease of group discussions
  5. 5.  Team members should sit at one table. Eight teams, eight tables. Everyone faces the front  The game starts today, so make sure one of your team members is tracking points.  Make sure your name is on the team point sheet.
  6. 6.  Team 1  Bernice/Danerys  Rateb/Ser Jorah  Dagm/Khal Drogo  Melissa/Viserys  Team 2  Joe/Robb  Emily/Bran  Anita/Osha  Team 3  Patrick/Robert  Jonathan/Sandor  Audrey/Joffrey  Andrew/Sansa  Team 4  Lynnda/Arya  Riley/Bran  Ronald/Robb  Wendy/Sansa Team 5 Caleb/Tyrion Amy N/Lysa Liz/Shae Team 6 Jay/Bran Amy R/Arya Edward/Jon Team 7 Isaac/Benjen Daichi/Jon Samantha/Samwell Seon/ Alliser Thorne Team 8 Kaz/Robert Heather/Cersei Cyrus/Tyrion
  7. 7.  Team 1  Brandon/Tyrion  Janet/Lysa  Sue/Catelyn  Navsam/Bron  Team 2  Alli/Samwell  Jimmy/Jon  Paul/Benjen  Amador/Eddard  Colin/Tyrion  Team 3  Joshua/Petyr  Gerardo/Varys  Mike/Cersei  Jesus/Tyrion  Team 4  Minh/Sansa  Alice/Joffrey  Dan/Sandor  Kevin D/Tyrion  Team 5  Hsin Tien/Septa Mordane  Morgan/Catelyn  Luis/Arya  Dongyi/Sansa  Team 6  Jeffrey/Danerys  Demera/Viserys  Dillon/Jorah  Team 7  Yessalin/Danerys  Tori/Danerys  Brooklyn/Khal Drogo  Team 8  Komeil/Eddard  Mayookh/Robb  Mavis/Bran  Jenny/Arya  Kevin L/Jon
  8. 8.  Points will be earned for correct answers to questions, meaningful contributions to the discussion, and provocative questions. Each team will track their own points, but cheating leads to death (or loss of 25 participation points).  Answers, comments, and questions must be posed in a manner that promotes learning. Those who speak out of turn or with maliciousness will not receive points for their teams.
  9. 9. How do others perceive your character? How does your character see him or herself? If there is a difference, what causes it?
  10. 10. What makes your character who he or she is? Write out brief answers that explain or defend his or her behavior and actions. Consider these influences: Culture Family history Personal history Class/Occupation/Ass ignment Gender/Sex Aspirations
  11. 11.  Write at least three questions that you would like to ask other characters in your group. For instance, you might ask why a character treats your character a certain way, or you might ask about the motivation for an action or behavior.  Choose questions that will shed light on their motivations and behavior. Try to make others question their characters’ integrity, ambition, or other motivation. When we get into groups, these questions will be the fodder for your discussion today. Jot down any discoveries you make about your character.
  12. 12. In your groups, discuss your characters. Use the writing you have done so far—that we did in class today and whatever other writing you feel appropriate—to drive your discussion
  13. 13.  Is he or she a minor or major character?  Does your character grow during the novel?  Does your character reflect his or her culture in a significant way?  Does your character suffer internal or external challenges that reveal his or her ethics, morals, or nature.  Could your character be read as a tragic hero?
  14. 14. TOPIC 1: Not all supporting characters play an integral role in a story; however, sometimes a minor character is so important to the novel that the theme, plot, protagonist, or antagonist would be greatly changed if that character did not exist. From A Game of Thrones, analyze a minor character that plays a significant role. Write a well-developed essay in which you analyze the character and explain why he or she is a significant character in the work. Be sure to use specific examples and quotations to support your claims.
  15. 15.  TOPIC 2: A dynamic character is one who changes or grows emotionally or psychologically from the beginning of the novel until end. Many novels have multiple dynamic characters. Choose one character from A Game of Thrones and write a well-developed essay in which you prove that he or she is a dynamic character. Be sure to use specific examples and quotations to support your claims.
  16. 16.  TOPIC 3: Often a character reflects the culture of the country in which he or she lives, that is, he or she exemplifies the skills, arts, values, beliefs, and ideals of a certain people or country. From A Game of Thrones, choose a character that embodies the culture of the people he or she represents. In a well-developed essay, define the culture of one character and show how that character illustrates that culture.
  17. 17.  TOPIC 4: Analyze a character that reveals his or her personality, ethics, morals, and nature through the challenges he or she faces. Think about the different types of conflict that exist. Conflict can be external, such as person versus person, person versus nature, or person versus society. Conflict can also be internal, for example, person versus self. How does your chosen character experience conflict during the novel? Keep in mind how conflict causes a character to change throughout the course of the story.
  18. 18.  TOPIC 5: Aristotle's ideas about tragedy were recorded in his book of literary theory titled Poetics. In it, he has a great deal to say about the structure, purpose, and intended effect of tragedy. His ideas have been adopted, disputed, expanded, and discussed for several centuries now. In a well- written essay, analyze a character from Game of Thrones, arguing for or against his or her status as a “tragic hero.”
  19. 19. 1. Analyze a minor character that plays a significant role. Write a well- developed essay in which you analyze the character and explain why he or she is a significant character in the work. 2. Choose one character and write a well-developed essay in which you prove that he or she is a dynamic character. 3. Choose a character that embodies the culture of the people he or she represents. Define the culture of one character and show how that character illustrates that culture. 4. Analyze a character that reveals his or her personality, ethics, morals, and nature through the challenges he or she faces. How does your chosen character experience and manage conflict? 5. In a well-written essay, analyze a character, arguing for or against his or her status as a “tragic hero.”
  20. 20. Testing your Choice
  21. 21.  Your thesis is a statement or theory that you put forward as a premise to be maintained or proved.  It is also a map for your essay; that is, it tells the reader what you are suggesting and why you believe your theory is true.  But your thesis does more than help the reader. A good, clear working thesis (one that may not yet be beautiful prose but that details your plan) can help you outline your essay.
  22. 22.  [Jon] is faced with a myriad of conflicts, both external and internal, which come from different sources: his heritage, his loyalty, and his aspirations –which tackle different aspects of his life. Jon Snow is the one character that is constantly challenged to pick sides, and, as a result, grows from these trials. These conflicts bring out Jon’s priorities and values and test his loyalty and result in the growing of Jon from a distressed kid into a likable and honorable man who appears to have found a place in this world.
  23. 23.  If you don’t yet know which prompt to address, responding to a couple of them by writing rough theses might help you choose.  Write out a rough thesis for at least one of the prompts: for example, if you chose topic 4, you might start with “Jon Snow reveals his personality, ethics, morals, and nature when he faces his life challenges. He struggles with both internal and external conflict: life at Winterfell, life as a bastard, life on the wall, and his struggle with honor, justice and duty. Jon changes as he confronts each of these issues, growing from an angry boy into an honorable man of the night’s watch.”
  24. 24.  Of course, this working thesis is in its simplest form.  You will likely change it significantly as you refine your thoughts and ideas about your character.  For example, instead of saying “Jon Snow reveals his ethics, morals, and nature when he faces his life challenges,” I would likely assert what kind of ethics, morals, and nature that he reveals. I might even limit my thesis to the two most fruitful categories.
  25. 25.  The more I understand about Jon and who he is based on how he confronts his conflicts, the more specific I would make my thesis.  For now, a working thesis and a simple outline can help you see which questions you can, or want to, answer.  They can also help you develop ideas about what you will write before you launch into your project.
  26. 26.  Intro  Thesis  Internal Conflict  Ethics  Justice/fairness  Morals  Struggle with duty on the wall  Nature  Mother/birth  Wanting to be a ranger  External Conflict  Life at Winterfell  Ethics  Defending Samwell  Morals  Catelyn  Nature  Direwolves  Conclusion
  27. 27.  Once you have your thesis (or theses written), start sketching out a working outline.  Use your thesis to determine what you will write.  As you make your outline, briefly consider which textual examples you will use as support.
  28. 28. How to write one!
  29. 29. • A directed summary provides readers of your paper with the information they need to understand your argument and explanation. • State the title and author of the literary work near the beginning of the first paragraph, perhaps in the first sentence. This is essential so that the reader knows which work you are discussing.
  30. 30. • Hook the reader. In the first sentences, write what is particularly interesting about the work. This thought- provoking information must also be relevant to the topic you will discuss in your essay. • Assume that the reader is familiar with the work about which you are writing. Do not include too much plot summary in the introduction or in the rest of the essay. Do include the part of the story that will support your thesis. This might or might not include some aspect of your character description
  31. 31. In A Game of Thrones by George R.R. Martin, a series of obscure events in the kingdom’s capitol pulls Eddard Stark of Winterfell from his comfortable, although icy cold, zone and pits him against charlatans and a rising coup d’état that threatens the safety of his family. As this political time bomb ticks, the last surviving descendants from the previous royal family, the Targaryens, are scheming up a coup of their own. Amidst all this political controversy, a particular bastard boy under the name of Jon Snow is faced with obstacles of his own. Although Jon is the illegitimate son of Eddard Stark, the lord of Winterfell, he still faces the ruthless fate that his society’s status quo has chosen for people like him. The whole novel is rife with conflict; however, Jon Snow clearly becomes the epitome of conflict and self-reflection. Example of the Directed Summary Approach to the Introduction
  32. 32. • Use transitions throughout the introduction. Because there are so many aspects of the work that have to be included, the introduction can end up fragmented and confusing. Make sure that it makes sense on its own as a paragraph. Clearly transition from your introduction into your thesis. • State the thesis near the end of the introduction (your introduction might be more than one paragraph). The thesis should clearly state what the essay will analyze/assert/argue and should be very specific.
  33. 33. [Jon] is faced with a myriad of conflicts, both external and internal, which come from different sources: his heritage, his loyalty, and his aspirations –which tackle different aspects of his life. Jon Snow is the one character that is constantly challenged to pick sides, and, as a result, grows from these trials. These conflicts bring out Jon’s priorities and values and test his loyalty and result in the growing of Jon from a distressed kid into a likable and honorable man who appears to have found a place in this world.
  34. 34.  Begin your directed summary.  Consider what details you must include to prepare the reader for your essay.  Try funneling your introduction, that is, narrowing your topic as you summarize the relevant parts of the story. The thesis will be the neck of the funnel and will direct the reader to your specific argument.
  35. 35.  Read A Game of Thrones through page 600 Post #10 Post your working thesis and outline. Find evidence to support your points. Include exact quotations and citations in your outline.  Post #11 Directed summary  Study Vocabulary list #3: Test next class  There will be NO WORD BANK
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