Direct Characterization Indirect Characterization The writer makes direct the writer reveals statements about a information about a character’s personality and character and his/her tells what the character is personality through that character’s thoughts, words, like. and actions, along with how other characters respond Think adjectives. to that character, including what they think and say about him/her. Think verbs.Two Types of Characterization
Direct Characterization Indirect Characterization Gary is a nice and caring person. Gary watched his little brother for two hours while their mother was ill, taking care of his Gary can sometimes be very every need. He did this without mean or rude. being asked and he did not ask for anything in return. “The next thing I know, Gary was tearing up my rose garden,” said Beatrice his elderly grandmother as she gave her statement to the police. She was still badly shaken after the attack.
Group DiscussionGet into groupsAnswer the following questions (in the best case scenario, with textual evidence).Determine if the evidence is direct or indirect
Robert Baratheon Petyr BaelishCersei Lannister VarysJoffrey Baratheon Grand Maester PycelleTyrion Lannister Family CleganeJaime Lannister Jon Snow Bran Stark Maester Aemon Sansa Stark Jeor Mormont Arya Stark Samwell Tarley Rob Stark Theon Greyjoy• Eddard Stark• Catelyn Stark • Khal Drogo• Maester Luwin • Daenerys Targaryen• Citizens of Westeros: Prostitutes • Viserys Targaryen• House Stark: Septa Mordane/Old Nan • Jorah Mormont
How does ancestry shape your character? Is the character at odds with familytraditions?Who are character’s closest family members: spouse, children, parents, grandparents,siblings.What motivates your character? Money? Love? Truth? Power? Justice?What does your character want more than anything else in the world?What other characters or events are interfering with your character’s goals? Whatobstacles are in the way?What is your character’s single greatest fear? How did your character acquire his or herfears?What are your character’s flaws and weaknesses?Do the character’s fears and flaws prevent him or her from reaching a goal or goals?
1. Physical DescriptionPhysical description is the most common way of describing a character.It identifies physical attributes of the character. height, skin, hair and eye color, short/tall, skinny/fat, glasses, nose size and shape, disability, difference gestures and movements: walking, standing, moving, wrinkling brow
2. Name AnalysisTo analyze a character’s name, look more closely at its meaning, allusion, or suggestion. Not all characters have a name with significance to the story. Often though, author’s carefully choose a character’s name to represent a trait or quality about the character or the story.
STARK: Lords of Winterfell The English/German surname Stark means “strong, brave.” Stark is also a common word in the English language meaning “harsh, grim or desolate; extremely simple or severe; bluntly or sternly plain.” The word comes from the Middle/Old English stearc (stiff, firm). It is similar to the German stark and the Old Norse sterkr (both meaning strong). Interestingly enough, stark also means, in an archaic sense, “strong, powerful, massive, robust.”http://thekingskeep.wordpress.com/2011/05/02/whats-in-a- name-stark-edition-2/
This method of characterization is the reader’s description of the character’s attitude and behavior.The character’s attitude is how the character appears to feel about what is happening to him or her in the story. Sometimes we read attitude in behavior rather than words.
4. DialogueDialogue refers to characters’ wordsDialogue includes the characters diction (word choice) and syntax (word arrangement).It also includes the tone of the character when he or she speaks. Is the character serious? Sarcastic? Shy? Obnoxious? Ignorant?these qualities can be conveyed through the characters dialogue.
5.Thoughts The thoughts of a character can only be analyzed if we are inside the head of the character. This means that you can only include an analysis of a character’s thoughts if you are told what the character is thinking.
6. Reactions of OthersWhen analyzing the reactions of others, you are looking closely at how other characters in the story react to or treat the character that you are characterizing.Reactions include verbal responses and physical or emotional treatment.Character reactions can tell you if the character you are analyzing is liked or disliked, popular, honest, trustworthy and so on.
7. Action or Incident Characters can be analyzed by looking at an action or incident and how it affected them or how they reacted to it. What action did the character take when confronted with a certain situation? Is there and incident in the character’s past that has shaped him or her as a character? The action or incident determines the way the character develops as the story goes on.
8. Physical/Emotional Setting:The setting of a story affects the characters’ development as well as the plot.The physical setting of a story is where the story is actually taking place and can affect the way a character develops.The emotional setting of a story is the series of emotions that the character deals with throughout the story.
ClaimCompose a topic sentence in which you describe how theauthor uses diction, imagery, details, language, and/orsyntax to create your character.Explain (Context)Compose multiple sentences in which you givebackground information about where you found yourtextual evidence. What’s going on in the novel in thesection you chose your passage from?You’ll want to make this sentence work seamlessly withyour textual evidence. Think about using a colon at the endof your background info to introduce the quote.
Exemplify Insert your textual evidence: “…” (240). Make sure to punctuate your quoted textual evidence properly, including quotation marks and the page number in parenthesis.Explain/Analyze (Meaning) Compose several sentences in which you explain how the evidence helps create the character (or character trait) you identified in the topic sentence. The more fully you can explain how the textual evidence proves your topic sentence, the better.
HomeworkRead A Game of Thrones through 500Post # 8 In-class writing: Paragraph practicePost #9 Find one example for each of the eight methods of characterization.Study Vocabulary: Test next Tuesday