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CLASS 13
CLASS 13: EWRT 2
AGENDA
New Groups
Review: Thoughts on Machiavelli or LaoTzu
Introduce Essay #3: Justice: Due Week 8:
Friday before noon...
STAND IF YOU
ARE NOT IN A
GROUP
1.

You must
change at least
half of your
team after
each essay.

2.

You may never
have a...
REVIEW DISCUSSION
 Do you agree with Machiavelli’s thesis that stability
and power are the only qualities that matter in ...
ESSAY #3: JUSTICE
 Essay #3 will be in response to either the excerpt
from Cicero, Thoreau, or both.
 Choose your topic ...
RESPONDING TO A PROMPT: CICERO #3
 Clarify what Philus means by the term “wisdom,” which
he introduces in paragraph 18. H...
TAKE IT APART AND BRIEFLY RESPOND TO
EACH QUESTION
1. Clarify what Philus means by the term “wisdom,” which he
introduces ...
THE THESIS: LOOK AT THE BRIEF ANSWERS YOU GAVE TO THE
QUESTIONS. THEN, BEGIN TO WORK THEM INTO A SHORT ANSWER.
YOUR THESIS...
NOT ONLY A THESIS, BUT AN OUTLINE
Now, write a brief directed summary as an introduction, and conclude it
with your thesis...
PUT YOUR EVIDENCE, EXPLANATION, AND
ANALYSIS INTO YOUR OUTLINE
Directed Summary
Thesis
Section 1: Clarify what Philus mean...
REVISE, EDIT, FORMAT MLA STYLE, AND MAKE A
WORKS CITED PAGE
MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO: A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY
 Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC) was one of the most
important orators, intell...
IN YOUR GROUPS

Discuss the rhetorical strategies
of Cicero.
Discuss the “Questions for
Critical Thinking” on page 129.
Fi...
RHETORICAL STRATEGIES
Argument Dialogue

Compares





(Between Philus and Laelius)

Definition/interpretation


(What ...
WHY DOES LAELIUS CHOOSE PHILUS TO
ARGUE AGAINST JUSTICE?
DOES ARGUING AGAINST A POSITIVE
VALUE HELP OUR UNDERSTANDING OF
THAT VALUE’S IMPORTANCE?
WHAT IS PHILUS’S REPUTATION AND HOW DOES IT
AFFECT HIS ARGUMENT?
HOW DO IDEAS OF
JUSTICE DIFFER IN THE
DIFFERENT LANDS
PHILUS MENTIONS?
ON WHICH SIDE OF THIS ARGUMENT IS CICERO HIMSELF?
TO WHAT EXTENT IS PHILUS
A FEMINIST?
WHICH OF LAELIUS’S STATEMENTS IN THE FINAL PARAGRAPHS OF THE SELECTION SEEM
WEAKEST TO YOU? WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHS?
Q. Why does Philus feel that “human beings are
not just, by nature, at all”?
Q. Why does Philus use the example of the two...
TRUE AND NATURAL JUSTICE AND LAW?
Q. Why is justice not natural?
Q. If justice is not natural, can wisdom be
natural?
Q. C...
Q. When laws vary in each country, how do we
know what is just and what is wrong?
Q. Has our society evolved and grown to ...
JUSTICE

• Get into your groups
• Divide up the questions in the
“Critical Reading” section of the
Thoreau essay.
• We wil...
 Read A World of Ideas: Henry David Thoreau
"Civil Disobedience" (133-157)
 Post #25 Questions (TBD) for Critical Readin...
Ewrt 2 class 13 cicero
Ewrt 2 class 13 cicero
Ewrt 2 class 13 cicero
Ewrt 2 class 13 cicero
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Transcript of "Ewrt 2 class 13 cicero"

  1. 1. CLASS 13 CLASS 13: EWRT 2
  2. 2. AGENDA New Groups Review: Thoughts on Machiavelli or LaoTzu Introduce Essay #3: Justice: Due Week 8: Friday before noon. Discussion: Marcus Tullius Cicero "The Defense of Injustice" Bio Rhetorical Strategies  Questions for Critical Reading  QHQs Suggestions for Reading: Thoreau
  3. 3. STAND IF YOU ARE NOT IN A GROUP 1. You must change at least half of your team after each essay. 2. You may never have a new team composed of more than 50% of any prior team.
  4. 4. REVIEW DISCUSSION  Do you agree with Machiavelli’s thesis that stability and power are the only qualities that matter in the evaluation of governments? If not, what else matters?  Can we have Lao-Tzu’s peace, even though there is ambition, materialism, war, and famine on earth? How is it possible?
  5. 5. ESSAY #3: JUSTICE  Essay #3 will be in response to either the excerpt from Cicero, Thoreau, or both.  Choose your topic from "Suggestions for Writing" on pages 129-30, prompts 1-9 or on pages 157-58 prompts 1-6. The prompts are also listed on the website. It should be a least two pages long but not longer than three pages (excluding a works cited page). It should be formatted MLA style. It is due week 8, Friday at noon.
  6. 6. RESPONDING TO A PROMPT: CICERO #3  Clarify what Philus means by the term “wisdom,” which he introduces in paragraph 18. How do you understand his use of the term and how appropriate is the word “wisdom” for the ideas he describes? Would most people today regard the behavior he sketches out as an example of wisdom? Is it wisdom for you? What moral or ethical problems arise from Philus’s concept of wisdom?
  7. 7. TAKE IT APART AND BRIEFLY RESPOND TO EACH QUESTION 1. Clarify what Philus means by the term “wisdom,” which he introduces in paragraph 18. 2. How do you understand his use of the term a. how appropriate is the word “wisdom” for the ideas he describes? 3. Would most people today regard the behavior he sketches out as an example of wisdom? 4. Is it wisdom for you? 5. What moral or ethical problems arise from Philus’s concept of wisdom?
  8. 8. THE THESIS: LOOK AT THE BRIEF ANSWERS YOU GAVE TO THE QUESTIONS. THEN, BEGIN TO WORK THEM INTO A SHORT ANSWER. YOUR THESIS WILL LIKELY BE A COMBINATION OF ANSWERS TO THE MOST IMPORTANT OR COMPELLING OF THE QUESTIONS. 1. Clarify what Philus means by the term “wisdom,” which he introduces in paragraph 18. a. How do you understand his use of the term I. how appropriate is the word “wisdom” for the ideas he describes? 2. Would most people today regard the behavior he sketches out as an example of wisdom? a. Is it wisdom for you? 3. What moral or ethical problems arise from Philus’s concept of wisdom?
  9. 9. NOT ONLY A THESIS, BUT AN OUTLINE Now, write a brief directed summary as an introduction, and conclude it with your thesis. Expand your list of questions into an outline. Find textual support for answers that will come from the text  Clarify what Philus means by the term “wisdom,” which he introduces in paragraph 18.  how appropriate is the word “wisdom” for the ideas he describes?  What moral or ethical problems arise from Philus’s concept of wisdom? Find examples or support for answers that will come from another source  Would most people today regard the behavior he sketches out as an example of wisdom? Express your opinion where the question asks for it.  How do you understand his use of the term [wisdom]  Is it wisdom for you?
  10. 10. PUT YOUR EVIDENCE, EXPLANATION, AND ANALYSIS INTO YOUR OUTLINE Directed Summary Thesis Section 1: Clarify what Philus means by the term “wisdom,” which he introduces in paragraph 18. How do you understand his use of the term how appropriate is the word “wisdom” for the ideas he describes? Section 2: Would most people today regard the behavior he sketches out as an example of wisdom? Is it wisdom for you? Section 3: What moral or ethical problems arise from Philus’s concept of wisdom? Conclusion
  11. 11. REVISE, EDIT, FORMAT MLA STYLE, AND MAKE A WORKS CITED PAGE
  12. 12. MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO: A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY  Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC) was one of the most important orators, intellectuals, and philosophers in the Roman Republic.  He was highly educated and served as Quaestor (a financial administrator) in Sicily, Aedile (an official) in Rome, and as Praetor (Lawyer). He was eventually elected Consul in 63.  In 44, when Caesar was murdered, Cicero championed the Republic. He tried to win over Octavian, but failed. He also gave his greatest speech, the Philipics, aimed at Marc Antony. However, this backfired, as the Second Triumvirate was formed, and Cicero's name was on the list of enemies. He fled Rome, but he was captured and executed.  Cicero's oration, philosophy, rhetoric, poetry, and letters create a vast collection of works that are matched by few in the modern world.
  13. 13. IN YOUR GROUPS Discuss the rhetorical strategies of Cicero. Discuss the “Questions for Critical Thinking” on page 129. Find textual support for your answers!
  14. 14. RHETORICAL STRATEGIES Argument Dialogue Compares   (Between Philus and Laelius) Definition/interpretation  (What is Justice?) Offers Alternatives  (perform injustice/not suffer it; perform and suffer; neither perform or suffer it) (Justice to policies of Rome) Contrasts  (Wisdom with Justice) Analogy  (virtuous man vs. ruffian) Evaluation Counterargument  (perform injustice and not suffer it)  (by Laelius at the end to make his point)
  15. 15. WHY DOES LAELIUS CHOOSE PHILUS TO ARGUE AGAINST JUSTICE?
  16. 16. DOES ARGUING AGAINST A POSITIVE VALUE HELP OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THAT VALUE’S IMPORTANCE?
  17. 17. WHAT IS PHILUS’S REPUTATION AND HOW DOES IT AFFECT HIS ARGUMENT?
  18. 18. HOW DO IDEAS OF JUSTICE DIFFER IN THE DIFFERENT LANDS PHILUS MENTIONS?
  19. 19. ON WHICH SIDE OF THIS ARGUMENT IS CICERO HIMSELF?
  20. 20. TO WHAT EXTENT IS PHILUS A FEMINIST?
  21. 21. WHICH OF LAELIUS’S STATEMENTS IN THE FINAL PARAGRAPHS OF THE SELECTION SEEM WEAKEST TO YOU? WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHS?
  22. 22. Q. Why does Philus feel that “human beings are not just, by nature, at all”? Q. Why does Philus use the example of the two men, one a good man and one a criminal, to explain the idea of injustice? Q. Would this example be as just as effective to explain the idea of justice? Q. What truth does having a devil’s advocate in the text reveal about the nature of justice?
  23. 23. TRUE AND NATURAL JUSTICE AND LAW? Q. Why is justice not natural? Q. If justice is not natural, can wisdom be natural? Q. Can there be a “true law”? Q. So what does “true law” mean? Q. What is a universal law? Q. Does true justice exist at all?
  24. 24. Q. When laws vary in each country, how do we know what is just and what is wrong? Q. Has our society evolved and grown to inherit universal-natural laws over time? Q. If Cicero were still alive today, how would he go about refreshing the infrastructure and workings of our polarized government to maximize the efficiency of law making and effective implementation?
  25. 25. JUSTICE • Get into your groups • Divide up the questions in the “Critical Reading” section of the Thoreau essay. • We will reconvene to discuss the homework Suggestions for Critical Reading Page 157
  26. 26.  Read A World of Ideas: Henry David Thoreau "Civil Disobedience" (133-157)  Post #25 Questions (TBD) for Critical Reading: (page 157)  Post #26 QHQ Thoreau HOMEWORK
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