Class 30


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Class 30

  1. 1. Class 30: OnLine Ewrt 1A
  2. 2. Agenda You should have one clean copy of your revised draft for these exercises. Common Writing Errors  Incorrect spacing  Missing Words. Revision Strategies Eliminating Repetition Review; MLA review
  3. 3. Incorrect spacing This error can be corrected by careful reading. Turn on your grammar checker. • Several qualities will mark the successful candidate:confidence, trustworthiness, competence-- and desire. Missing Words. This error too can be corrected by careful reading, especially reading aloud. • An example: "I would happy to meet you," which is missing the verb "be." Common Writing Errors
  4. 4. How to find errors! Read your text carefully!
  5. 5. 1. Read your work backwards, starting with the last sentence and working your way in reverse order to the beginning. Supposedly this works better than reading through from the beginning because your brain knows what you meant to write, so you tend to skip over errors when you're reading forwards. 1. Read your work out loud. This forces you to read each word individually and increases the odds that you'll find a typo. 1. Always proofread a final printed version of your work. Proofreading on a computer monitor is more difficult than going over it on paper. 2. Give yourself some time. If possible, let your work sit for a while before you proofread it. When you clear your mind and approach the writing anew, your brain is more able to focus on the actual words, rather than seeing the words you think you wrote.
  6. 6. Eliminate Repetition
  7. 7. Eliminate Redundant Words and Phrases 1. absolutely certain: Certainty has no room for doubt; it's absolute. 2. absolutely never: Never is always absolute. 3. ask a question: It's impossible to ask anything except a question. 4. ATM machine: The M in ATM means machine. 5. basic essentials: If they are essentials, they must be basic. 6. close proximity: You cannot have far proximity. Delete close 7. combined together: If you combine things, they have to be together 8. completely finish: Can you partly finish? Delete completely. 9. continue on: Can you continue off? Delete on. 10. month of July: Everybody knows July is a month.
  8. 8. Remove Repetitive Sentences • Another common occurrence in writing is repetitive sentences. Although they may seem necessary for effect or emphasis, they actually attribute to wordiness. • Consider the sentences, “The oven had quit working. It was broken.” The second sentence, while it may corroborate the first, is repetitive. Removing it unclutters the writing without altering or diminishing the meaning.
  9. 9. How to Eliminate Repetition • Rule 1 - Words beginning sentences • Never start two consecutive sentences with the same word. • I have seen instances of six sentence paragraphs with each sentence starting with the same word. Fixing this will immediately elevate your writing • Rule 2 - Words beginning paragraphs • There should be at least four (4) paragraphs starting with different words before you use the same paragraph starting word again. • This provides the reader with a smoother ride through your essay • Rule 3 - Do focused page scans for other repetitions • Scan each page for extensive repetitive use of particular words. The time you take to find all instances of repetitions in your work will be time well spent.
  10. 10. More suggestions • Rule 4 - Never repeat a descriptive phrase • Some writers get a bit carried away when they devise a great phrase. They start to use it every few pages - or several times on the same page. Don't turn your own brilliance into a cliché or an avoidable error. • Rule 5 - Make finding repetitions a separate editing run on your essay • Because eliminating repetition is such an important part of producing high quality work, make this a separate editing run on your essay.
  11. 11. Check for Repetition in your Essay • Look for redundancies. • Small little; perfectly clear • Look for repetitive sentences. • I went to the store. At the store I bought ice cream. • Look to see if you are using the same words to begin sentences or paragraphs. • There are; Later; At the ranch; Mary
  12. 12. MLA AGAIN
  13. 13. Review MLA • Last name and page number in header, on right side, .5 inches from the top. • Heading double-spaced and correct. Check the date format. • Title is original, centered, not bolded or underlined. • Margins are 1” all around • Quotations, summaries, and paraphrases are cited correctly. • A Works Cited page contains a complete list of sources used in the preparation of the essay.
  14. 14. Homework  Read: SMG p684 "Logical Fallacies”  Post #35 Edited introduction and conclusion of Essay #3  Study: Vocabulary chapters 19-23  Test next Tuesday: Class 32  Due: Submit essay #3 Electronically before our next class:  Bring:  SMG