2. Make-up Vocabulary
You may make up any
one exam (1-5).
Let me know which one
You have 15 minutes to
finish the Exam.
May the force be with
Essay #4 was due before class today.
Introduction to Essay #5
Martin Luther King’s “I Have A Dream”
Organizing your speech
4. Essay #5: Proposing a
Assignment: 100 points: Write a
speech 700-800 words in length (five
to six minutes of presentation).
Prompt: Write a speech (based on
essay #4) proposing a solution to a
well-defined problem faced by a
community or group to which you
may belong. Alternatively, you may
address a well-defined problem faced
by one of the districts or communities
in The Hunger Games. Address your
proposal to your audience: one or
more members of the group, its
leadership, or to outsiders who may
be able to contribute to solving the
problem. Present your speech to the
class to convince them that your ideas
5. You will turn in a hard copy of your formal
speech (MLA style) on the first speech day.
You will perform your speech in class.
You may give your presentation as a formal speech; in other words, you
may read in front of the class.
You may video yourself, put up the video on YouTube, and then show it
You may combine the two methods; for example, you may play a video in
the background as you talk to the class.
You may engage others in your presentation as long as they have a clear
role in what you are doing.
You may suggest another form.
6. Martin Luther King Jr. has now been
dead longer than he lived. But what an
extraordinary life it was.
At 33, he was pressing the case of civil rights with
President John Kennedy. At 34, he galvanized the
nation with his "I Have a Dream" speech. At 35, he
won the Nobel Peace Prize. At 39, he was
assassinated, but he left a legacy of hope and
inspiration that continues today.
King's most famous speech, "I Have a Dream," was
delivered in 1963 at the March on Washington, one
of the largest political rallies for human rights in
United States history; it called for civil and
economic rights for African Americans.
7. “I Have a Dream”
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
8. The Problem
What is the
9. The Problem
“But one hundred years later, we must face the
tragic fact that the Negro is still not free. One
hundred years later, the life of the Negro is
still sadly crippled by the manacles of
segregation and the chains of discrimination.
One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a
lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast
ocean of material prosperity. One hundred
years later, the Negro is still languishing in
the corners of American society and finds
himself an exile in his own land.”
10. The Solution
What is his solution? Can you find his
11. The Solution
His thesis (or purpose) statement is that now is the
time for equality:
Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley
of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is
the time to open the doors of opportunity to all of God's
children. Now is the time to lift our nation from the
quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of
12. King’s Strategies
King uses a variety of strategies in his speech:
Establishment of Authority
Logic and reasoning
Appeal to Emotions
Through rhetorical strategies
But he also uses an organizational strategy that works
to captivate the audience.
13. King followed Monroe’s Motivated Sequence:
A Method in Five Steps!
The five steps of the Monroe motivated sequence
14. The Attention Step
In the attention step, speakers call attention to the
situation. King, speaking from the steps of the Lincoln
Memorial, calls attention to Lincoln’s signing of the
Emancipation Proclamation, the situation of the Negro
today (“One hundred years later, the Negro still is not
free.”), and the fact that the words of the Constitution and
Declaration of Independence granting all people the
unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of
happiness have not been fulfilled.
15. The Need Step
For the need step, speakers describe the difficulty, trouble,
distress, crisis, emergency, or urgency. King says, “Instead
of honoring this sacred obligation [what the Constitution
and Declaration of Independence promise], America has
given the Negro people a bad check, a check that has come
back marked ‘insufficient funds.’” And why have they come
to Washington, D.C.? — to “remind America of the fierce
urgency of now.”
16. The Satisfaction Step
In the satisfaction step, speakers tell listeners how to
satisfy the need they establish. King says, “We must make
the pledge that we shall always march ahead.” To march
ahead, he said, “We can never be satisfied.” Then he tells
listeners to go back home knowing their situation can and
will be changed.
17. The Visualization Step
For visualization, speakers offer
listeners a vision of what life can
be once their solution (offered in
the satisfaction step) is adopted.
This is where King offers listeners
his dream: “I have a dream”
offered along with five different
descriptions of what life can and
will be like in Georgia,
Mississippi, Alabama, in
communities, and around the
18. The Action Step
The final stage is the action step
when speakers offer listeners a
specific course of action to follow.
King’s action step occurs when he
asks his audience to “Let freedom
ring,” and he uses the phrase at the
end of the speech focusing on eight
states symbolizing the whole nation.
19. ORGANIZE YOUR SPEECH
GET OUT YOUR
20. Side by Side
I. Presentation of the problem
A. Its existence
B. Its seriousness
C. Its causes
II. Consequences of failing to solve the problem
III. Description of the proposed solution
IV. List of steps for implementing the solution
V. Reasons and support for the solution
A. Acknowledgment of objections
B. Accommodation or refutation of objections
VI. Consideration of alternative solutions and their
VII. Restatement of the proposed solution and its
VII. End with an inspiring call to action.
I. In the attention step, speakers call
attention to the situation. (The
II. For the need step, speakers describe
the difficulty, trouble, distress,
crisis, emergency, or urgency. (Its
III. In the satisfaction step, speakers
tell listeners how to satisfy the need
they establish. (The Solution)
IV. For visualization, speakers offer
listeners a vision of what life can be
once their solution (offered in the
satisfaction step) is adopted. (The
V. The final stage is the action step
when speakers offer listeners a
specific course of action to follow.
(Call to Action: Conclusion)
Speeches will be the last
three meeting days.
Everyone should be
prepared to go first.
Everyone must show up
on every speech day to
get full credit for a
speech. Failing to show
up on one day will result
in a 10 point penalty.
Reorganize your essay into the five steps of the Monroe
Eliminate sections of your essay that will be cumbersome
or unnecessary in your speech.
Condense sections that are too long
Simplify sections that are difficult to listen to.
Bring a clean copy of essay #4, or bring it on your device.
Bring a copy of King’s Speech.