MLA format: on our website under “MLA Guidelines.” Download “Hapi Tobia Student”MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used towrite papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using theEnglish language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with asystem for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation intheir essays and Works Cited pages.Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility bydemonstrating accountability to their source material. Most importantly,the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism,which is the purposeful or accidental uncredited use of source materialby other writers.http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
Margins and Header: Last Name Formatting 1 1” all around Double Click in Header Area Go to “Layout” and adjust margins or use Type your last name custom settings Justify right Times New Roman Go to “insert” and 12 click on “page Indent body number” paragraphs ½ inch from the margin
Heading: Double Title Spaced Your Name Original Title (not the title of the essay we read) Dr. Kim Palmore No italics, bold, underline, EWRT 1A or quotation marks 3 May 2012 Centered on the page No extra spaces (just double spaced after your heading and before the body of your text)
Short Quotations To indicate short quotations (fewer than four typed lines of prose or three lines of verse) in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks. Provide the author and specific page citation (in the case of verse, provide line numbers) in the text, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text.
For example, when quoting short passages of prose, usethe following examples: According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184), though others disagree. According to Foulkess study, dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" (184). Is it possible that dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184)?When short (fewer than three lines of verse) quotations frompoetry, mark breaks in short quotations of verse with a slash,/, at the end of each line of verse (a space should precedeand follow the slash). Cullen concludes, "Of all the things that happened there / Thats all I remember" (11-12).
Long Quotations For quotations that extend to more than four lines of verse or prose, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented one inch (10 spaces) from the left margin; maintain double-spacing. Only indent the first line of the quotation by an additional quarter inch if you are citing multiple paragraphs. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. (You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay.)
Common Writing Errors Wordinesshttp://dawnreader.blogspot.com/2012/03/watching-kids-write-i.html
Wordiness: using more words than necessaryto express thought.Many people write wordy papers because theyare trying to make their ideas sound importantby using long words and intricate sentences.They think that their writing must becomplicated to seem professional. Althoughthese writers are trying to impress their readers,they often end up confusing them. The bestwriting is clear, concise, and easy tounderstand. Your ideas are much moreimpressive when your reader does not have to
Often writers use several words for ideas that can be expressed inone. This leads to unnecessarily complex sentences and genuine redundancy as the following examples show: Redundant Not Redundant The printer is located The printer is adjacent to the computer adjacent to the The printer is located in computer the immediate vicinity of the computer The printer is near the The user can visibly see computer the image moving The user can see the He wore a shirt that was image moving blue in color The input is suitably He wore a blue shirt. processed The input is
Now you try it. Write this sentence in as few words as possible without changing the meaning! The available receptacle, in any case, was of insufficient size to contain the total quantity of unnecessary waste.
How to reduce wordiness! 1. Reduce Long 2. Reduce Phrases Clauses Likewise, try to reduce When editing, try to phrases to single words: reduce long clauses to shorter phrases: Wordy: The clown at the end of the line tried to Wordy: The clown who sweep up the spotlight. was in the center ring was riding a tricycle. Revised: The last clown tried to sweep up the Revised: The clown in spotlight. the center ring was riding a tricycle.
Eliminating Wordiness Strategies 3. Avoid Empty Openers 4. Don’t Overwork Modifiers Avoid There is, There are, and Do not overwork very, really, There were as sentence totally, and other modifiers that openers when There adds add little or nothing to the nothing to the meaning of a meaning of a sentence. sentence: Wordy: By the time she got Wordy: There is a prize in every home, Merdine was very tired. box of Quacko cereal. Revised: By the time she got Revised: A prize is in every box home, Merdine was exhausted of Quacko cereal. Wordy: She was also really Wordy: There are two security hungry. guards at the gate. Revised: She was also hungry Revised: Two security guards [or famished]. stand at the gate.
Eliminating Wordiness 5. Avoid Redundancies Replace redundant expressions (phrases that use more words than necessary to make a point) with precise words. Remember: needless words are those that add nothing (or nothing significant) to the meaning of our writing. They bore the reader and distract from our ideas. So cut them out! Wordy: At this point in time, we should edit our work. Revised: Now we should edit our work.
Try these!1. He dropped out of school on account of the fact that itwas necessary for him to help support his family.2. It is expected that the new schedule will be announcedby the bus company within the next few days.3. There are many ways in which a student who is interestedin meeting foreign students may come to know one.4. It is very unusual to find someone who has never told adeliberate lie on purpose.5. Trouble is caused when people disobey rules that havebeen established for the safety of all.
Possible Answers1. He dropped out of school to support his family.2. The bus company will probably announce its schedule during the next few days.3. Any student who wants to meet foreign students can do so in many ways.4. Rarely will you find someone who has never told a deliberate lie.5. Disobeying safety regulations causes trouble.
Find a Wordy Sentence Check your essay for wordiness. Look for a sentence that falls into one of the categories we just discussed. Edit it for clarity and conciseness.
Writing Tips Write about literature in present tense Write about your experience in past tense Avoid using “thing,” “something,” “everything,” and “anything.” Avoid writing in second person. (Don’t use “you” unless it is in dialogue.
HOMEWORK MAY 2/3 Post #20: Your final draft of Essay #2 Study: Vocabulary (1-16) Read: HG through chapter 16; SMG 134- 148 and answer the following questions: Be ready to talk about these in class!• What is the concept about which Ngo writes? Which extended anecdote does Ngo use to help explain the concept to his readers? What is his thesis? How does he classify his concept? Categories? Types? How does he define his concept? Find examples of each his classified concepts. Bring: Final draft of Essay #2; SMG