(600 - 800 words: About 3 pages) 75 pts. (4-7 minutes)
Assignment:Write a speech 600-800 words in length (four
to seven minutes of presentation).
Prompt:Write a speech (based on essay #4) proposing a
solution to a well-defined problem faced by a community or
group to which you may belong. Alternatively, you may
address a well-defined problem faced by one of the districts
or communities in The Hunger Games. Address your
proposal to your audience: one or more members of the
group, its leadership, or to outsiders who may be able to
contribute to solving the problem. Present your speech to
the class to convince them that your ideas are correct.
You will turn in a formal written version of your speech (MLA
You will perform your speech in class.
You may give your presentation as a formal speech; in other words, you
may read in front of the class.
You may video yourself, put up the video on YouTube and then show it
You may combine the possibilities by, for example, playing a video in
the background as you talk to the class.
You may engage others in your presentation as long as they have a
clear role in what you are doing.
You may suggest another form.
Possible structures for your presentation:
You may act as an attorney arguing in court.
You may persuade in part through a skit and then explain what the skit
You make an infomercial.
You may pretend that you are a guest on a television talk show.
You may use your original format if you clear it with me beforehand.
King followed Monroe’s motivated sequence:
A Method in Five Steps!
The five steps of the Monroe motivated
In the attention step, speakers call attention to
the situation. King, speaking from the steps of
the Lincoln Memorial, calls attention to
Lincoln’s signing of the Emancipation
Proclamation, the situation of the Negro today
(“One hundred years later, the Negro still is
not free.”), and the fact that the words of the
Constitution and Declaration of Independence
granting all people the unalienable rights of
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness have
not been fulfilled.
For the need step, speakers describe the difficulty,
trouble, distress, crisis, emergency, or urgency. King
says,“Instead of honoring this sacred obligation
[what the Constitution and Declaration of
Independence promise], America has given the
Negro people a bad check, a check that has come
back marked ‘insufficient funds.’” And why have
they come to Washington, D.C.? — to “remind
America of the fierce urgency of now.”
In the satisfaction step, speakers tell listeners
how to satisfy the need they establish. King
says,“We must make the pledge that we shall
always march ahead.”To march ahead, he
said,“We can never be satisfied.”Then he
tells listeners to go back home knowing their
situation can and will be changed.
For visualization, speakers
offer listeners a vision of
what life can be once their
solution (offered in the
satisfaction step) is
adopted.This is where
King offers listeners his
dream:“I have a dream”
offered along with five
different descriptions of
what life can and will be
like in Georgia,
Mississippi, Alabama, in
communities, and around
The final stage is the
action step when
speakers offer listeners a
specific course of action
to follow. King’s action
step occurs when he asks
his audience to “Let
freedom ring,” and he
uses the phrase at the
end of the speech
focusing on eight states
symbolizing the whole
ESSAY OUTLINE SPEECH OUTLINE
I. Presentation of the problem
A. Its existence
B. Its seriousness
C. Its causes
II. Consequences of failing to solve the
III. Description of the proposed solution
IV. List of steps for implementing the
V. Reasons and support for the solution
A. Acknowledgment of objections
B. Accommodation or refutation of
VI. Consideration of alternative solutions
and their disadvantages
VII. Restatement of the proposed solution
and its advantages
I. In the attention step, speakers call
attention to the situation. (The
II. For the need step, speakers
describe the difficulty, trouble,
distress, crisis, emergency, or
urgency. (Its Seriousness)
III. In the satisfaction step, speakers
tell listeners how to satisfy the need
they establish. (The Solution)
IV. For visualization, speakers offer
listeners a vision of what life can be
once their solution (offered in the
satisfaction step) is adopted. (The
V. The final stage is the action step
when speakers offer listeners a
specific course of action to follow.
(Call to Action: Conclusion)
Post # 47 Rearrange your essay #4 into a
draft of your speech using Monroe’s
motivated sequence.Your speech should be
shorter. Remember to save your essay
format. Speeches begin Wednesday, week
11 class 50. Everyone should be prepared to
Be prepared to discuss King’s rhetorical
strategies: (Bring your Post # 46 to class)
Bring your speech to class
Study Vocab:Test #5 tomorrow.
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