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Open Data Commons - OSSAT 14 April 2010

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Introduction to Open Data Commons, a licensing project by the Open Knowledge Foundation on legal tools for open data at the 14 April Open Source Show and Tell <http: /> hosted by The Team and …

Introduction to Open Data Commons, a licensing project by the Open Knowledge Foundation on legal tools for open data at the 14 April Open Source Show and Tell <http: /> hosted by The Team and presented by me, Jordan Hatcher.

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  • 1. Show and Tell: Open Data Commons Jordan S. Hatcher, JD, LLM Co-founder, Open Data Commons Board of Directors, Open Knowledge Foundation Lawyer and strategy consultant in IP/IT Wednesday, 14 April 2010 1
  • 2. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 2
  • 3. Open Knowledge Foundation http://www.okfn.org Wednesday, 14 April 2010 3
  • 4. We promote open knowledge Wednesday, 14 April 2010 4
  • 5. http://www.okfn.org/projects Wednesday, 14 April 2010 5
  • 6. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 6
  • 7. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 7
  • 8. http://www.okfn.org/projects Wednesday, 14 April 2010 8
  • 9. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 9
  • 10. Why is open data important? Wednesday, 14 April 2010 10
  • 11. Collecting data is hard... Wednesday, 14 April 2010 11
  • 12. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 12
  • 13. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 13
  • 14. More data allows cooler stuff Wednesday, 14 April 2010 14
  • 15. More collaboration allows cooler stuff Wednesday, 14 April 2010 15
  • 16. Open approaches increase collaboration Wednesday, 14 April 2010 16
  • 17. 1. Law as a component of “open” 2. Some of the legal issues with open data 3. Open Data Commons as a project Wednesday, 14 April 2010 17
  • 18. © Copyright 2009. All Rights Reserved. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 18
  • 19. • automatic © • worldwide • can cover databases • life+70 • no notice required Wednesday, 14 April 2010 19
  • 20. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 20
  • 21. Open Defined opendefinition.org Wednesday, 14 April 2010 21
  • 22. • Use • Reuse “open” • Redistribute • Attribution & Share Alike okay http://www.opendefinition.org/buttons Wednesday, 14 April 2010 22
  • 23. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 23
  • 24. Open data is the application of many the same principles and philosophies as free and open source software and open content projects such as Creative Commons to data and databases. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 24
  • 25. Open Data Diffusion of Innovations / Technology Adoption Curve Wednesday, 14 April 2010 25
  • 26. 1. Law as a component of “open” 2. Some of the legal issues with open data 3. Open Data Commons as a project Wednesday, 14 April 2010 26
  • 27. (contract) IP and Wednesday, 14 April 2010 27
  • 28. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 28
  • 29. Contents (the “data”) can be anything: facts, ages, dates, sonnets, images, text observation notes, IP addresses, postal addresses haiku, tweets, telephone numbers, income level, NI number survey responses, music lyrics, film cast listings, patent numbers, filing dates, marital status, racial information, education level and on and on and on... Wednesday, 14 April 2010 29
  • 30. Contents of the database will be in a spectrum: Some will clearly have © Some will arguably have © Some will not have © (particularly facts) (many databases of factual information will still contain © contents) Wednesday, 14 April 2010 30
  • 31. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 31
  • 32. 1. Content inside the © database 2. Database itself 3. Database software Wednesday, 14 April 2010 32
  • 33. Database Rights Wednesday, 14 April 2010 33
  • 34. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 34
  • 35. 1. Content inside the Database database Rights 2. Database itself Wednesday, 14 April 2010 35
  • 36. contract Wednesday, 14 April 2010 36
  • 37. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 37
  • 38. contract Wednesday, 14 April 2010 38
  • 39. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 39
  • 40. Other IP rights Wednesday, 14 April 2010 40
  • 41. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 41
  • 42. trademarks ®™ Wednesday, 14 April 2010 42
  • 43. Privacy vs Property Wednesday, 14 April 2010 43
  • 44. Importance of data + Legal rights over data = Need for a legal solution Wednesday, 14 April 2010 44
  • 45. 1. Law as a component of “open” 2. Some of the legal issues with open data 3. Open Data Commons as a project Wednesday, 14 April 2010 45
  • 46. OpenDataCommons.org Legal tools for Open Data 2007 → Talis → Open Knowledge Foundation Wednesday, 14 April 2010 46
  • 47. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 47
  • 48. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 48
  • 49. open approaches increase collaboration Wednesday, 14 April 2010 49
  • 50. Options 1. Ask for a licence. 2. Use under an exception (fair use or fair dealing). 3. Infringe 4. Use something else Wednesday, 14 April 2010 50
  • 51. Options 1. Ask for a licence. 2. Use under an exception (fair dealing such as criticism or private study). 3. Infringe 4. Use something else Wednesday, 14 April 2010 51
  • 52. GPL, FSF, OSI, BSD... = software Creative Commons... = content Data is different from software and content both legally and in what you do with it Wednesday, 14 April 2010 52
  • 53. • No Public Domain tool for Open databases existed Data • Demand for a share alike Commons database license & CC seen as poor fit Wednesday, 14 April 2010 53
  • 54. Open Data Commons Legal tools: • Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL) • Open Database License (ODbL) • Database Contents License (DbCL) • ODC Attribution (in development) Wednesday, 14 April 2010 54
  • 55. Who is using and proposing to use Open Data Commons tools... Wednesday, 14 April 2010 55
  • 56. Open Database License (ODbL) Wednesday, 14 April 2010 56
  • 57. ODbL = <http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/> Wednesday, 14 April 2010 57
  • 58. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 58
  • 59. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 59
  • 60. Public Domain Dedication & License (PDDL) Wednesday, 14 April 2010 60
  • 61. PDDL http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses/pddl/1.0/ Wednesday, 14 April 2010 61
  • 62. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 62
  • 63. Legal solutions for open data: (some options) Open Data Commons • Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL) • Open Database License (ODbL) (+ DbCL) • ODC Attribution (in development) Creative Commons • CC0 Wednesday, 14 April 2010 63
  • 64. Closing thoughts Wednesday, 14 April 2010 64
  • 65. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 65
  • 66. With thanks to kaitlin thaney / science commons Wednesday, 14 April 2010 66
  • 67. With thanks to kaitlin thaney / science commons Wednesday, 14 April 2010 67
  • 68. How you can help: • Volunteer to help bring open data to your community as a Community Contact. • Support the OKFN. • Join the OKF discuss list. • Feedback. Have an idea how we can help or what we should be doing? Let us know. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 68
  • 69. Thanks! www.OpenDataCommons.org www.okfn.org/support Jordan S. Hatcher e: webcontact ]AT[ opencontentlawyer D O T com w: www.jordanhatcher.com All original and CC-BY-SA derivative works licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 UK: Scotland Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/scotland/ Wednesday, 14 April 2010 69
  • 70. Questions? Wednesday, 14 April 2010 70
  • 71. Spacelab, Laboratory Module by cliff1066 CC-BY 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/nostri-imago/2911393890/ The original Tux, the official Linux mascot created by Larry Ewing in 1996: Permission to use and/or modify this image is granted provided you acknowledge lewing@isc.tamu.edu and The GIMP if someone asks. Copyleft symbol Public domain http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Copyleft.svg Edinburgh Map Map data CC-BY-SA Open Street Map and contributors Europe by Albertane CC-BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/albertane/120077777/ Linked Data diagram CC-BY-SA http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/LinkingOpenData#dbpedia-lod-cloud IMGP0809 CC-BY by mikefats http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikefats/11545170/ (shelf of products) Handshake CC-BY-SA by Aidan Jones http://www.flickr.com/photos/aidan_jones/3575000735/ (hand drawing) Wednesday, 14 April 2010 71
  • 72. data sharing: social and normative ISWC 2009 by kaitlin thaney CC-BY The Elect. Not the elected. CC-BY-SA by Steve Punter http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/2907555506/ Bibilios.net screenshot See https://biblios.net/ An empty tin can.by Sun Ladder, CC-BY-SA http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Empty_tin_can2009-01-19.jpg All other trademarks are copyright / trademark their respective owners. Some works may appear here under exceptions or exclusions to copyright and trademark law such as fair use / fair dealing and are not covered by the CC license over this work and these exclusions or exceptions may not apply to you. Wednesday, 14 April 2010 72
  • 73. Thanks! www.OpenDataCommons.org www.okfn.org/support Jordan S. Hatcher e: webcontact ]AT[ opencontentlawyer D O T com w: www.jordanhatcher.com All original and CC-BY-SA derivative works licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 UK: Scotland Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/scotland/ Wednesday, 14 April 2010 73
  • 74. Questions? Wednesday, 14 April 2010 74

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