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  1. 1. Structuring thought through talkMind control how often have you controlled thoughtthrough questioning?Wertsch (1991)The father asks where she last saw the toy: the child says I can’t remember’. He asks did youhave it in your room? Outside? Nextdoor?To each question, the child answers ‘no’. When he says ‘in the car?’, she says, ‘I think so’ andgoes to retrieve the toy.
  2. 2. Wertsch (1991)In Voices of the Mind, James Wertsch outlines an approach to mentalfunctioning that stresses its inherent cultural, historical, and institutionalcontext. A critical aspect of this approach is the cultural tools or"mediational means" that shape both social and individual processes. Inconsidering how these mediational means--in particular, language--emerge in social history and the role they play in organizing the settingsin which human beings are socialized
  3. 3. Would Ludwig and Lev have been friends
  4. 4. The limits of my language mean the limits of myworld.(Ludwig Wittgenstein 1889-1951)Ludwigs father was an industrial tycoon, and by thelate 1880s was one of the richest men inEurope, with an effective monopoly on Austriassteel cartel.Wittgenstein and Hitler were born just six daysapart, they ended up two grades apart at theRealschule a small state school with 300 pupils.In January 1917, he was sent as a member of ahowitzer regiment to the Russian front, where hewon several more medals for bravery including theSilver Medal for Valour, First ClassHe gave away his entire inheritance. He leftacademia several times teaching in schools inremote Austrian villages, where he encounteredcontroversy for hitting children when they mademistakes in mathematics.
  5. 5. “Thought undergoes many changes as it turns into speech, itdoes not merely find expression; it finds reality and form”(Lev Vygotsky 1896 – 1934)Lev Vygotsky was born in Belarus, then part of theRussian Empire (present-day Belarus) into a non-religious middle class Jewish family. His father was abanker.He was raised in the city of Gomel, where heobtained both public and private education. In 1913Vygotsky was admitted to the Moscow StateUniversity where he graduated with a degree in lawin 1917.Upon graduation Vygotsky returned to Gomel, Thereis virtually no information about his life during theyears of the German occupationHe studied a range of topics white attendinguniversity, including sociology, linguistics, psychologyand philosophy.
  6. 6. • Discus which your favorite strategy would beand explain why.• Choose the one activity you would want tokeep if you had to throw all others away.As a group…
  7. 7. Why did Ferris take a day off school?

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