Tool 1 1-ppt-01
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Tool 1 1-ppt-01 Tool 1 1-ppt-01 Presentation Transcript

  • ICT for Education An Overview Report Prepared by FLORES JEHORAM
  • Overview ICTs in Education – Dilemmas and Realities Role and Nature of ICTs in Education Potential of ICTs From Potential to Effectiveness
  • Dilemmas Realities  Analyze Educational objectives  Determine Objective for ICT •Vendors •Monolithic  Understand Potential of ICTs Decision •Belief Maker •Parents •Automatic  Examine suitability of ICTsMyths •Doubt  Plan program of investment •Business •Computers •Wait  Implement prerequisites and •Substitute •Techies corequisites  Evaluate and adjust continuously View slide
  • Necessity of ICTs Effective Learning •Globalization of •Economy •Information • Tech Innovations For All • Knowledge-based •Economy •Society Anytime •Escalating Demand for Education Anywhere View slide
  • ICTs for What Purpose ICTs for Learning Objectives Learning Objective Technology Text Audio Video Computer Internet Storage or display x x x x x Exploration x x x x x Application x x x Analysis x x Evaluation x x x x x Constructing or design of x x x project
  • ICTs for What Purpose ICTs for Teaching Objectives Teaching Objective Technology Text Audio Video Computer Internet Presentation x x x x x Demonstration x x x x x Drill and practice x (e.g., x x Language lab) Animation and simulation x x Research x x x x x Collaboration/ communication networked x Management of student learning x x x
  • ICTs for What Purpose ICTs and the School Technologies on Location Technologies at a Distance Printed matter Correspondence Slides, transparencies Scanners Digital notepads and white boards Audiotapes Radio Films and videos TV broadcasts Digital books Web pages CDs Web: Internet, intranet Computer projection Webcast
  • Access Community Efficiency Linkages PotentialPlanning & Of LearningManagement ICTs Lifelong Teaching Learning Skill Formation
  • Potential:1. Expanding Educational Opportunities • Radio Broadcast • Interactive Radio Instruction • Television • Virtual Schools • Virtual Universities
  • Potential:2. Increasing Efficiency Issues Solutions  Dual Shift Systems  Broadcast Radio  Multigrade Schools  Interactive Radio  Small Urban or  Educational TV Rural Schools  Virtual Online  Flexibility in Courses Learning Schedule
  • Potential:3. Enhancing Quality of Learning Potential Solutions • Motivate and engage learners • Radio and TV • Bring life to concepts and processes • Multimedia Learning • Foster inquiry Modules • Provide flexibility • Virtual Labs • Allow application of information • Connecting to the Worlds • Provide access to world of • Designing and Creating information Things • Bring the world into the classroom • Offer collaborative opportunities and communication • Offer tutored and individualized learning
  • Potential:4. Enhancing Quality of Teaching Issues Solutions • Difficult Profession • Multimedia Training • No One-Shot Training and Support System • Continuum • Training Videos  Initial Training • Teacher Development  Lifelong Upgrading Portal  Connecting • Internet Resources for Teachers
  • Potential:5. Facilitating Skill Formation • New Workplace Realities Solutions • E-Training  Simulations  Just-in-Time  Competency-based  Convenient Place multi-media  Up-to-Pate  Video and Interactive  User-centric media  Workplace Training
  • Potential:6. Sustaining Lifelong Learning Issues Solutions  Workers need to learn  Radio and TV new skills  Multimedia Packages  Modern societies demand  Online Courses constant updating  Open Universities  The “educated” can become obsolete  “Third Age” Universities  Life-cycle pattern is changing
  • Potential:7. Improving Policy Planning & Management • Management of Institutions and Systems – School: Admissions, student flow, personnel, staff development, facilities… – System: School mapping, personnel payroll, MIS, communication, information, . . . • Management of Policy Making – Storage and analysis of data – Construction and assessment of policy scenarios – Tracer studies and tracking systems
  • Potential:8. Advancing Community Linkages Growth in ICT Access Millions 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Main telephone lines (millions) Mobile cellular subscribers (millions) Personal computers (millions) Internet users (millions)
  • Potential:8. Advancing Community Linkages Telephones, Cellular phones and PCs per 1,000 inhabitants 140 120 100 Telephone subscribers/100 Inhabitants Cellular subscribers/100 Inhabitants 80 PCs/100 inhabitants 60 40 20 0 Africa America w/o US US and Canada Asia Europe Oceania WORLD & Canada
  • Potential:8. Advancing Community Linkages Internet hosts and users per 10,000 inhabitants 6000 5000 Internet Hosts/10,000 4000 inhabitants Internet Users/10,000 inhabitants 3000 2000 1000 0 Africa America w/o US US and Canada Asia Europe Oceania WORLD & Canada
  • Potential:8. Advancing Community Linkages • ICT access varies within countries • Disparities is magnified by gender factor • ICT access contributes to escape from poverty • ICT access for all requires attention to – Infrastructure – Cost – Laws and regulations
  • Radio Stations and Receivers Suitcase Radio Station Crank/Solar Radio Crank Radio Digital Satellite Radio
  • Telecenters
  • Women-Friendly Telecenters • Within accepted culture; fosters harmony • Women do not have to travel far • Center meets needs of men and women • No childcare problem • Space is roomy and provides privacy • Staff is well integrated
  • Potential Prerequisites CorequisitesEffectiveness
  • From Potential to Effectiveness 1. Educational Policy 2. Approach to ICTs 3. Infrastructure 4. ICT-Enhanced Content 5. Committed and Trained Personnel 6. Financial Resources 7. Integration 8. Piloting and Evaluation
  • Levels of ICTs for Different LearningObjectives and Roles of Learners LEARNING OBJECTIVE Constructing or design of Project Evaluation Levels of ICTs Analysis Application Exploration Storage or Passive ACTIVE display LEARNER’S ROLE
  • Levels of ICTs for Different Teaching Uses andRoles of Teachers TEACHING OBJECTIVE Management of Student Learning Collaboration/Co mmunication Levels of ICTs Research Animation/ Simulation Drill & Practice Demonstration Presentation Provider Facilitator TEACHER’S ROLE Go Back
  • Infrastructure Wind Power GeneratorSolar Energy Namibia Schoolnet Pedal Power Generator Go Back
  • 5. Costing and Budgeting Total Cost of Ownership  Acquisition - hardware and software  Installation and configuration  Connectivity  Maintenance : 15-20% of initial investment  Supplies: 8-10%  Utilities: 4-8%  Computer training 5-10%  Retrofitting of physical facilities  replacement costs (5-7 years) 31-48% Additional Costs  Acquisition and creation of content materials  Orientation and training of staff  Testing, evaluation and adjustment Go Back
  • Conclusion XTo Tech or not to Tech Education •• ICT ――►Education More Effective and Responsive ICTs
  • “We do not think anymore of thespectacle of printing every time weread a book, the phenomenon of TVevery time we watch a movie, or themiracle of the telephone every time wemake a call.The ultimate success of ICTs forlearning will be attained when we stopmarveling about the ICTs and apply ourminds and emotions to the wonders oflearning.”
  • The End