The health benefits of walking and playing paskins

808 views

Published on

Presentation for "It's More than a Walk in the Park" a conference organised by Living Streets

Held at Southwark Cathedral, London, 8 July 2004

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
808
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • FIT Future Integrated Transport – nothing to do with fitness!
    EPSRC Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
  • 195 children at schools in Hertfordshire
  • 200 children filled in diaries, and from their responses…
  • 200 children filled in diaries, and from their responses…
  • Based on the diary responses of the children
  • Structured activities are associated with the car, unstructured activities are associated with walking
  • Independent t-test One tailed significance
  • Children’s Activities Perceptions and Behaviour in the Local Environment
  • The health benefits of walking and playing paskins

    1. 1. Its More than a Walk in the Park Southwark Cathedral, 8 July 2004 The Health Benefits of Walking and Playing James Paskins, Roger Mackett, Lindsey Lucas and Jill Turbin Centre for Transport Studies University College London
    2. 2. CATS: Children’s Activity and Travel Survey  CATS is one part of Reducing children’s car use: the health and potential car dependency impacts  Funded by EPSRC under the FIT programme  The work was carried out in collaboration with Hertfordshire CC, health experts, an epidemiologist and a health promotion expert
    3. 3. Setting the scene: Changes in children's travel 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 1985/86 2002 Other Car Bicycle Walk Methods of travel by children in Great Britain (NTS)
    4. 4. Setting the scene: Changes in children's travel  The National Travel Survey tells us that the children are making an increasing proportion of their journeys by car  Children are making fewer but longer journeys  This increase in car use has been at the cost of the active modes: walking and cycling
    5. 5. Setting the scene: Changes in children’s physical activity  The increase in children’s car use is occurring at the same time as concerns are being raised about children’s physical activity  There is growing concern that decreasing physical activity will lead to increasing obesity and other long term health problems
    6. 6. Setting the scene: Children are getting fatter According to the UK Chief Medical Officer:  8.5% of 6 year olds and 15% of 15 year olds are obese  Between 1996 and 2001 the proportion of overweight children increased by 7% and obese children by 3.5%
    7. 7. CATS: The sample Male Female Total Year 6 (age 10-11) 54 58 112 Year 8 (age 12-13) 42 41 83 Total 96 99 195 200 children were originally recruited but 5 did not include enough data to be included in the analysis
    8. 8. Measuring physical activity: The RT3 motion sensor
    9. 9. 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 Time of day Activitycalories(kcal) Measuring physical activity: Example output from the RT3
    10. 10. Measuring physical activity: A child’s travel and activity diary I left at : : I got there at : I travelled there by Then I went to… I left at : : I got there at : I travelled there by Then I went to… Peter’s house Walked 15 20 Played on the computer then played football 18 40 Home Car 19 00 Watched TV and went to bed
    11. 11. Measuring physical activity: A child’s travel and activity diary I left at : : I got there at : I travelled there by Then I went to… I left at : : I got there at : I travelled there by Then I went to… Peter’s house Walked 15 20 Played on the computer then played football 18 40 Home Car 19 00 Watched TV and went to bed Activit y Trave l mode Event duration Location Trip duration
    12. 12. Measuring physical activity: Classifying the diary responses  A classification scheme was devised to group similar activities together  At the broadest level there are 8 “event” types used to classify the children’s responses School Travel Clubs and tuition (structured activities) Playing (unstructured activities) Being at their own home Being at other people’s homes Out on trips Other (physical work and waiting)
    13. 13. Measuring physical activity: Disaggregating the Broad Events Clubs and tuition (structured activities)  Structured ball games  Other structured sport  Organisations  Tuition Playing (unstructured activities)  Unstructured ball games  Other unstructured sport  Other outdoor play
    14. 14. Children’s travel: Trips per week to various activities Walk Car Other Total School 2.6 1.4 0.5 4.6 Clubs and tuition 0.3 0.8 0.0 1.2 Playing 0.7 0.4 0.0 1.2 Out on trips 0.6 1.7 0.2 2.4 Other homes 1.5 1.4 0.2 3.1 Other 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.7 Total 5.9 6.1 1.1 13.1
    15. 15. Children’s travel: Intensity of travel by children Mode of Travel Intensity (kcal/min) Walking 2.3 Car 1.0 Bicycle 1.7 Bus 1.5 Overall 1.6
    16. 16. Intensity of children’s activities Activity Intensity (kcal/min) School 1.0 Clubs and tuition 1.7 Playing 2.2 Out on trips 1.1 Own home 0.6 Other homes 0.9 Travel 1.6 Other 1.0 Overall 0.9
    17. 17. Linking travel and events  Taken independently, mode of travel and type of event are important determinants of children’s physical activity  Is there a relationship between the mode of travel used by a child to get to an event and the intensity of activity when they are there?
    18. 18. Linking travel and events Travel Mode Event Walk Car PE/Games 3.5 2.4 * Other school lesson 0.6 0.5 School break 2.0 1.7 Clubs and tuition 1.7 1.6 Playing 2.4 2.0 * Out on trips 1.5 1.0 * Other homes 1.1 0.8 * Overall 1.7 1.3 * Significant difference (p<0.05) between modes
    19. 19. Energy used in a week in school travel compared with PE/games 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Year 6 boys Year 6 girls Year 8 boys Year 8 girls Car Bus Walk Bicycle PE/games
    20. 20. Comparing structured and unstructured events: The sample  Only 46 of the 195 children took part in both structured and unstructured events over the 4 days  We can compare intensities and durations for the two event types within this group Male Female Total Year 6 (10-11) 8 16 24 Year 8 (12-13) 13 9 22 Total 21 25 46
    21. 21. Comparing structured and unstructured events: Intensity of events Unstructured activities - Activity Calorie intensity (7day) 76543210 Structuredactivities-ActivityCalorieintensity(7day) 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 .5 0.0 -.5 There is a significant positive correlation between the intensity of unstructured events and the intensity of structured events
    22. 22. Comparing structured and unstructured events: Intensity of events There is a significant difference between the intensity of unstructured events and the intensity of structured events (for the children who do both types of activity) UnstructuredStructured Mean 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 .5 0.0
    23. 23. Comparing structured and unstructured events: Duration of events There is a significant negative correlation between the duration of unstructured events and the duration of structured events Unstructured duration (7day) 10008006004002000 Structuredduration(7day) 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0
    24. 24. Comparing structured and unstructured events  There is a significant positive correlation for intensity – active children?  There is a significant negative correlation for duration – time lost for unstructured play?  For those who did both types of activity unstructured events are significantly more intense  NB: Based on a small sub-sample
    25. 25. Conclusions  Children are walking less  Children are getting fatter  This is partly due to increased car use  Children’s physical activity is linked to;  Being out of the house  Active modes: walking and cycling  Unstructured play  Walking to school can provide significant quantities of exercise (comparable in scale to PE lessons)
    26. 26. Conclusions (2)  The switch from unstructured to structured outdoor activities is leading to more car use  All children’s activities consume calories, but outdoor activities, including playing, are particularly good  Walking is associated with more intense activity at the destination  Being at home is associated with low calorie expenditure
    27. 27. Future work  The children’s car use project finished at the beginning of 2004  CAPABLE is a new EPSRC funded project that will build on this work  Doubling our activity monitoring sample  Adding information about children’s movements, through gps monitoring  Studying the link between physical activity and cognitive skills
    28. 28. Further information The project website can be found at  www.cts.ucl.ac.uk/research/chcaruse/  Professor Roger Mackett  E-mail: rlm@transport.ucl.ac.uk  Phone: 020 7679 1554  James Paskins  E-mail: james@transport.ucl.ac.uk  Phone: 020 7679 7679

    ×