Design of an Early Warning System for domestic appliances

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  • How do we get the list of devices ?
  • To what criteria does an appliance gave to comply ?
  • To what criteria does an appliance gave to comply ?
  • To what criteria does an appliance gave to comply ?
  • To what criteria does an appliance gave to comply ?
  • If a device complies with criteria for further study, this is what we’re gonna do
  • If a device complies with criteria for further study, this is what we’re gonna do
  • When the appliance has been studied, we can focus on the design and improvement possibilities / looking more inside the device
  • When all is known about the appliance, a warning is given out and communications with the developer are started. Either they improve their practice, or we can start naming and shaming
  • Design of an Early Warning System for domestic appliances

    1. 1. Designing an Early Warning System for domestic appliances<br />Presentation of results<br />Joost van Barneveld<br />Marnix Brinkman<br />Jens Haakman<br />Tom van Tol<br />Frank Wilbrink<br />July 2nd2010<br />Commisioned by<br />Supervised by<br />Dominique Tappy<br />Luis Janeiro<br />Sible Schöne<br />Kornelis Blok<br />
    2. 2. Contents<br />Introduction<br />Research Methodology<br />EWS Methodology<br />Results<br />Recommendations<br />Conclusions<br />Question<br />
    3. 3. Relevance of an Early Warning System<br />Power: up to 32 W<br />EcodesignDirective: max. 13 W<br />Would have saved 375 GWh annualy<br />120.000 tonnes of coal<br />280.000 tonnes of CO2<br />
    4. 4. Research Question<br /> “What should the design be of an Early Warning System for the Netherlands that can identify and select upcoming household appliances based on their additional energy use and potential saving options,in order to facilitate preventive policy making?”<br />
    5. 5. Intermediate research questions<br />How should upcoming and potentially inefficient household appliances be identified? <br />Based on which criteria should the household appliances be selectedand how can the necessary information for these criteria be obtained? <br />How should the EWS obtain information about the total energy impactof the selected household appliances?<br />How should energy saving options for inefficient appliances be identified and evaluated? <br />How should policy advicebased on the findings about upcoming household appliances be reported, by whom and to whom? <br />Who should run the EWS? What information should it exactly provideand to whom?  <br />
    6. 6. Navigation<br />Introduction<br />Research Methodology<br />EWS Methodology<br />Results<br />Recommendations<br />Conclusions<br />Question<br />
    7. 7. Learning by doing<br />No examples of an existing EWS<br />Client EWS methodology suggestion<br />Inventory<br />Selection<br />Analyse energyuse<br />Analyse potentialsavings<br />Reporting<br />
    8. 8. Navigation<br />Introduction<br />Research Methodology<br />EWS Methodology<br />Results<br />Recommendations<br />Conclusions<br />Question<br />
    9. 9. EWS Methodology<br />
    10. 10. 10<br />Identification<br />Brainstorm <br />Magazines <br />Other methods<br />Retail stores<br />Trend watchers<br />Internet sources<br /> <br />
    11. 11. 11<br />Selection<br />Appliances should be<br />Dutch<br />New <br />Consumingenergy<br />Excludedfrom the EU EcoDesign Directive<br />Impact the household energy budget for > 0.5%<br />=<br /> <br />
    12. 12. 12<br />Selection - Example<br />Waterbed<br />Impact of + 3.1% on energy budget of 3500 kWh<br />Significant market penetration<br />Not new, no growing market penetration<br />Set-Top-Boxes<br />Impact of + 1.4% <br />New and growing market penetration<br /> <br />
    13. 13. 13<br />Selection - Results<br />Shortlist: top-10 appliances<br />Selectionbyclient:<br />Prove usefulness of an EWS<br />High profile products such as STBs and Modems<br />Novelty kitchen appliances (Espresso, Quooker®)<br /> <br />
    14. 14. 14<br />Selection - Results<br /> <br />
    15. 15. 15<br />Energy Use Analysis<br />Power and usage statistics<br />Off<br />Standby<br />idle <br />Operational/on<br />Replacement of appliances<br />Market penetration<br /> <br />
    16. 16. 16<br />Energy Use Analysis<br />Impact=Off, Standby, Idle, Load(Enew appliance−Eold appliance)3500kWh×Market penetration<br /> <br /> <br />
    17. 17. 17<br />Energy Savings Analysis<br />Avoidable standby use?<br />Switched off?<br />Best practice?<br />High power consumption?<br /> <br />
    18. 18. 18<br />Reporting<br />Three page report per appliance<br />Description<br />Energy consumption and usage<br />Impact assessment<br />Savings recommendations<br /> <br />
    19. 19. Navigation<br />Introduction<br />Research Methodology<br />EWS Methodology<br />Results<br />Recommendations<br />Conclusions<br />Question<br />
    20. 20. Internet Modems<br />Upward impact: 3,5% – 6,1% per modem<br />Broadband internet diffusion nearly 90%<br />Turn modem off<br />Minimizepower consumption<br />
    21. 21. Home Servers<br />Fits in the digital media trend<br />One additional PC per household<br />Always on, impact between 3% and 21%<br />Any PC can function as a home server<br />Design to minimize power use and idle time<br />
    22. 22. Desktop PC Video Cards<br />Better graphics  more power<br />Impact between 0,3% and 2,8%<br />Consumers need to match their needs<br />Very few consumers actually need high end cards<br />Low and medium end cards impact up to 0,3%<br />
    23. 23. Boiling Water Tap<br />
    24. 24. Set-Top Boxes<br />Digital TV separate decoders<br />Energy usage seems unthought of<br />Uses between 2,8% and 4,3%<br />Ecodesign Directive should solve this issue<br />
    25. 25. Espresso Machines<br />Hot-reservoir machines consume up to 2263 kWh or 64%<br />Effective power management can save up to 1/2 of consumption<br />Filter pad machines save energy<br />Like black coffee ?225 g of coal per cup !<br />
    26. 26. Game Consoles<br />New generations<br />Impact XBox 360, PS3 up to 4,9% – 5,7 %<br />Semiconductor innovations<br />Don’t use for DVDs<br />uses 125 – 173 Watt versus 13 watt<br />
    27. 27. Air Refreshers<br />Impact between 1% - 4%<br />Increasing market penetration due to allergies<br />Multiple devices per household<br />Some functions like lights can be removed<br />
    28. 28. Navigation<br />Introduction<br />Research Methodology<br />EWS Methodology<br />Results<br />Recommendations<br />Conclusions<br />Question<br />
    29. 29. Workflow<br />Actors<br />Data acquisition<br />Operator<br />Recommendations<br />
    30. 30. Workflow<br />
    31. 31. Actors<br />
    32. 32. Data Acquisition<br />Consumers<br />Large quantities, less reliable<br />Professionals<br />Marketpenetration ?<br />Data may be biased<br />Introduces budget issues<br />Legislation<br />Effective<br />Slow<br />• Manufacturers<br />• TNO<br />• GfK<br />EWS Database<br />
    33. 33. Operation<br />An NGO should operate the EWS<br />Neutral party<br />Professional organisation<br />Can attract funds<br />Actor targeted warning<br />Manufacturers: design recommendations, ranking<br />Consumers: website, newspaper article<br />NGOs: Factsheets, press kits<br />Government: legislation advice, climate impacts<br />
    34. 34. Recommendations<br />
    35. 35. Navigation<br />Introduction<br />Research Methodology<br />EWS Methodology<br />Results<br />Recommendations<br />Conclusions<br />Question<br />
    36. 36. Conclusion<br />I’m diggin’ this hole so you can power your set top box...<br />For nothing.<br />So, get this EWS running ASAP<br />Got it ?<br />

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