Sales force
HUNTERS & FARMERS
A sales model… or
competences needed
within every business
development activity?
Author: J.C...
A day at the office……Business Development

Ready for action……

Keep kalm……let it grow
Characteristics

Hunters

Farmers

•
•
•
•

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

•
•
•

Emotionally stable / resilient
Optimists
Self motivato...
Some research
• 19 % of Hunters has farmer characteristics
• 15% of Farners has Hunter characteristics
• So 80 / 85% of fa...
Keep in mind that there are many types of sales
Keep in mind that there are many diffrent sales
processes
Keep in mind that:
Hunter farmer is from origin a selling model

•
•
•
•
•

Personal preparation models
Interpersonal Skil...
Hunter & Farmer
The term “hunter” is used to describe the type of sales rep
who is focused on closing deals with new custo...
Resilience versus Intelligence
Hunters must be emotionally resilient to deal with
the high levels of daily rejection that ...
Hunt vs. Fulfillment:
Hunters are driven by the rush of the hunt, and the
thrill of the "kill". Given how exciting that ru...
Team pleyer and lonely wolf
Hunters are self-motivators and work very well
independently. They sometimes even have a disda...
Qualifying
The best business development people out there are superior
qualifiers. Hunters can be given 100 accounts and v...
Nurturing
In contract, farmers are great nurturers. They look at
relationships from a long term perspective and are
intere...
CONCLUSION
A sales model… or competences needed within every
business development activity?
…………give your opinion on my tw...
SALES MODELS
PERSONAL PREPARATION MODELS
Sales Professionals hear the word "no" more often in a
single month than most people in other ...
INTERPERSONAL SKILLS MODELS
Relationships are extremely important in most selling.
Understanding the customer's interactio...
PRESENTATION BASED MODELS
Focus is on using the presentation portion of the sales
interaction to do the actual selling.
5....
PRESENTATION BASED MODELS
Focus is on using the presentation portion of the sales
interaction to do the actual selling.
7....
APPLICATIONS MODELS
Fully developed primarily during the 1980's in response
to special selling situations and are more str...
APPLICATIONS MODELS
10. Team Selling Model: Although it has been around for many years, it
is just now becoming popular wi...
VALUE SELLING MATRIX MODELS
In a value selling process the actual selling is done
during the diagnostic interview phase of...
Sources

Wright State University 2005
http://www.deloitte.com/assets/Dcom-UnitedStates/Local%20Assets/Documents/us_co
pdf
...
Hunter farmer ....a sales model… or competences needed within every business development activity
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  • Describe the scope of the market and give an impression of the main strategic developments during the coming years in the market.
  • Hunter farmer ....a sales model… or competences needed within every business development activity

    1. 1. Sales force HUNTERS & FARMERS A sales model… or competences needed within every business development activity? Author: J.C.Holleman Date: December 2013 APPENDIX: SALES MODELS
    2. 2. A day at the office……Business Development Ready for action…… Keep kalm……let it grow
    3. 3. Characteristics Hunters Farmers • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Emotionally stable / resilient Optimists Self motivators Best in approaching the right clients Better at communicating value More skilled at managing multiple stakeholders More opportunistic Sensitivity Team player Eye for detail Pessimists Monotasking Solid Dependable Problems with explaining the value of their services to a client
    4. 4. Some research • 19 % of Hunters has farmer characteristics • 15% of Farners has Hunter characteristics • So 80 / 85% of farmers see no added value of activities of hunters and vice versa • How will they ever communicate……?
    5. 5. Keep in mind that there are many types of sales
    6. 6. Keep in mind that there are many diffrent sales processes
    7. 7. Keep in mind that: Hunter farmer is from origin a selling model • • • • • Personal preparation models Interpersonal Skills model Presentation based model Application model Value selling model See appendix for details But……Hunters and farmers are also sales professionals with different characteristics and commonly characterized in most of the selling models so…
    8. 8. Hunter & Farmer The term “hunter” is used to describe the type of sales rep who is focused on closing deals with new customers. The analogy of the “farmer” describes a sales role that cultivates and nurtures customer relationships. Hybrids are hard to find…..
    9. 9. Resilience versus Intelligence Hunters must be emotionally resilient to deal with the high levels of daily rejection that come with prospecting; they have to bounce back in a matter of seconds from rejection and reach out to another potential prospect. Because hunters spend a lot of time prospecting, this is a key aspect to their success. On the other hand, farmers must be emotionally in-tune with their account team and the customer team. After all, customer satisfaction is an emotional feeling and farmers must be adept at sensing that.
    10. 10. Hunt vs. Fulfillment: Hunters are driven by the rush of the hunt, and the thrill of the "kill". Given how exciting that rush is, everyday details can seem pretty boring. Because the primary duty of a hunter is to hunt, this works out well. In contrast, good farmers like to get their hands dirty with the details, and consider themselves solid and dependable. This caters well to fulfillment duties, which are vital to managing an account.
    11. 11. Team pleyer and lonely wolf Hunters are self-motivators and work very well independently. They sometimes even have a disdain for marketing or sales operations folks that try to work with them, and often don't like team work. This is a vital characteristic because hunters work primarily by themselves during the prospecting and qualifying phases and have to be highly self-motivated. They rarely get help in their jobs unless an opportunity has passed the qualification phase. By contract, farmers are team players and collaborators. They work closely with their account management team and the client, often framing business challenges and creating solutions alongside their client.
    12. 12. Qualifying The best business development people out there are superior qualifiers. Hunters can be given 100 accounts and very quickly tell which five are worth pursuing. In business development, it is essential that hunters spend their time on prospects that might close or else they are wasting their time. This is the biggest barrier to a hunter's productivity, so the ability to qualify quickly and accurately is crucial.
    13. 13. Nurturing In contract, farmers are great nurturers. They look at relationships from a long term perspective and are interested in getting to know their clients on a multitude of dimensions. In account management, it is essential that salespeople develop thick long term bonds with their customers to promote trust and loyalty. If a farmer was given 100 prospects, they would naturally try to develop long term relationships with most of them.
    14. 14. CONCLUSION A sales model… or competences needed within every business development activity? …………give your opinion on my twitter @joostholleman
    15. 15. SALES MODELS
    16. 16. PERSONAL PREPARATION MODELS Sales Professionals hear the word "no" more often in a single month than most people in other occupations do in a lifetime. Winning the mental game of selling is crucial. 1. 5-P Sales Model: This basic model was defined as "Product Pushing through Personality, Persistence and Price." This was the land of the "born salesman." These people had an engaging personality and tenacious persistence. With a low price and playing a simple numbers game, they could make sales. Even today, people wake up in the morning and decide to go into selling with few or no skills. For them, mental conditioning is essential. 2. Mental Conditioning Sales Model: When sales people lose their excitement and enthusiasm for what they sell, their prospects respond similarly. Mental conditioning is to selling as physical conditioning is to sports. Significant advancements have been made from the short-lived motivation sessions. Today Neuro-Linguistic Programming, Psychological Kinesiology and other methods are available to build stamina.
    17. 17. INTERPERSONAL SKILLS MODELS Relationships are extremely important in most selling. Understanding the customer's interaction style will prevent miscommunication. 3. Relationship Sales Model: This model was based on building a relationship by calling on the same prospect repeatedly over an extended period of time. The salesperson and the buyer got to know each other better on both professional and personal levels. At the core of this model is the ability to cross boundaries, but not violate them. 4. Personality Styles Sales Model: The importance of relationships in selling fostered the use of psychological assessment instruments to identify key personality characteristics. Based on the recognition that different personality types prefer their own particular style of interaction, this model provides structure to the interaction and relationship building components of selling.
    18. 18. PRESENTATION BASED MODELS Focus is on using the presentation portion of the sales interaction to do the actual selling. 5. Closing Sales Model: Introduced in the 1950's, heavy emphasis was placed on presentation skills, trial closing and overcoming objections, then going for the final major closing sequence. In its pure form, this model was, and still is today, most commonly used in high-pressure sales. 6. Problem Solving Sales Model: In the early 1960's, Sales Professionals were taught to ask open and closed-ended questions to probe for problems. Once discovered, solutions were then presented. In today's highly competitive markets, this model tends to elicit the "price" objection.
    19. 19. PRESENTATION BASED MODELS Focus is on using the presentation portion of the sales interaction to do the actual selling. 7. Value-Added Sales Model: This model emerged in the late 1960's to counteract the tendency of the Problem Solving Model to cause the price objection to be raised. When the price objection is anticipated, incentives are "added on" to the basic product/service as a means to make up the difference in customer perceived value versus price. 8. Consultative Sales Model: This model was introduced in the early 1970's. The focus was to determine how the Sales Professional could lower the customer's operating costs and/or increase the customer's ability to generate revenues. This model requires that you have an extensive track record and strong proof of results. Consequently, it had limited application for new companies, new products or new services.
    20. 20. APPLICATIONS MODELS Fully developed primarily during the 1980's in response to special selling situations and are more strategic in nature. They assume the person already knows how to sell. 9. Partnering Sales Model: The partnering model is not a "legal" partnership. Rather it is a part of the "Total Quality Management" process many U.S. companies are now pursuing. Partnering is usually done at the highest levels within the seller's and customer's organizations. To successfully partner, the Sales Professional must understand the needs of the "customer's customers." Collectively, the seller and customer build and exchange business plans related to the product/service specific areas.
    21. 21. APPLICATIONS MODELS 10. Team Selling Model: Although it has been around for many years, it is just now becoming popular with sales organizations. This process involves a number of people at various levels and specialties interacting with a similar group at the same level and specialty in the prospect company. The Sales Professional is primarily engaged in a communications coordinating "quarterback" role. Roles, boundaries, authorities, procedures and communications are paramount knowledge and skills for this model. 11. Complex Sales Model: Long lead times and big ticket items, coupled with multiple decision makers, both internal and external to the client company, i.e., banks, citizens groups, governments, etc., characterize the profile of a selling organization utilizing the "complex sales model." The primary focus of this model is to define the strategic approach to the account.
    22. 22. VALUE SELLING MATRIX MODELS In a value selling process the actual selling is done during the diagnostic interview phase of the sales interaction, rather than the traditional presentation phase. All value selling models are designed to prevent or significantly reduce price pressure. 12. Value Selling Model: This relatively new model introduced in the late 1980's was developed as the result of reduced product/service differentiation, competitor induced pressure on price, new products and services that have no track records, as well as, flatter organizations staffed with people who no longer have the time to listen to commercials (sales presentations).
    23. 23. Sources Wright State University 2005 http://www.deloitte.com/assets/Dcom-UnitedStates/Local%20Assets/Documents/us_co pdf http://www.saleseffectiveness.com/pdf/sales-effectiveness_talent-audit-sales.pdf http://EzineArticles.com/3898257 http://www.marsdd.com/articles/hunters-and-farmers-in-sales-organizations/ The 12 Models of Selling Robert DeGroot, D.C.H.
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