View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Are we just blowing up the
bubble a little bit?
Elections force communication
No EU institution is close to the basic definition of a
party system from Schumpeter, composed of 4 main
elements of the role of political parties:
Parties present programmes
Voters make an informed choice between competing
The successful party puts its programme into practice
The governing party judged on its successes at the
Adapted from Schumpeter, J.A.  (1976), Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, 5th
London, Allen & Unwin, quoted in Judge, D. & Earnshaw, D.,The European Parliament
Political futures do not depend on communication –
indeed quite the contrary?
Second order national elections, often closed lists
Council / Member States
If the EU is a success, incentive to present that as a
The decline of the
traditional political party?