WELCOME TO
Instructor
Carol Jean Cox
Introduction Overview
•Geography defined
•Concepts of Location
•Globes, Maps & Map Basics
•Geographic Grid
GEOGRAPHY
Geo = earth
graphy = to scribe,
draw, or map
GEOGRAPHY
• the science of location
•the study of spatial relationships,
(context &interconnectedness)
•an integrated scie...
DIVISIONS OF GEOGRAPHY
C U L T U R A L G E O G R A P H Y
H u m a n C u lt u r e s
U r b a n G e o g r a p h y
E c o n o m ...
TOPICAL VS. REGIONAL
APPROACH TO STUDYING
GEOGRAPHY
• Topical or Thematic
Studies
– climate
– vegetation
– landforms
– hyd...
California Geography
• Geography: The study of where things are.
• California: A political unit with distinct
boundaries, ...
Northern
Hemisphere
Arctic Ocean
& North
America
Pacific
Ocean
Pacific
Rim
Western
North
America
Introduction Overview
•Geography defined
•Concepts of Location
•Globes, Maps & Map Basics
•Geographic Grid
LOCATION
• Relative Location
– location relative to other locations
– situation
• Exact Location
– geographic grid (38 °N ...
Introduction Overview
•Geography defined
•Concepts of Location
•Globes, Maps & Map Basics
•Geographic Grid
•California Ove...
GLOBES & MAPS
• Globe: a spherical model of the earth
that maintains area, shape distance
& direction
• Map: a flat repres...
MAP BASICS
• Maps may show
–Shape of objects
–Area of objects
–Distance to Objects
–Direction
MAP BASICS
• Maps must include
–Title
–Legend or Key
–Compass Rose
–Scale
SCALE
• Scale: the relationship between units on
the map and actual distance on the
ground
• Written Scale: one inch equal...
Introduction Overview
•Geography defined
•Concepts of Location
•Globes, Maps & Map Basics
•Geographic Grid
Latitude
GEOGRAPHIC
GRID
A system of
measurements
from reference
points that allow
us to locate
places
GEOGRAPHIC GRID
• REFERENCE POINTS
• Equator - A great circle that divides the
globe into two equal halves or
hemispheres ...
GEOGRAPHIC GRID
• REFERENCE POINTS
• Prime Meridian: The meridian, designated
as 0° E, W longitude, that passes
through th...
Latitude
Latitude -
angular measurement
north or south of
the equator
Latitude
Longitude-
angular measurement
east or west of England
Parallels
are
circular
lines
used to
indicate
latitude
Meridians
are arcs
used to
Introduction Overview
•Geography defined
•Concepts of Location
•Globes, Maps & Map Basics
•Geographic Grid
Instructor
Carol Jean Cox
1 geography basics
1 geography basics
1 geography basics
1 geography basics
1 geography basics
1 geography basics
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1 geography basics

  1. 1. WELCOME TO Instructor Carol Jean Cox
  2. 2. Introduction Overview •Geography defined •Concepts of Location •Globes, Maps & Map Basics •Geographic Grid
  3. 3. GEOGRAPHY Geo = earth graphy = to scribe, draw, or map
  4. 4. GEOGRAPHY • the science of location •the study of spatial relationships, (context &interconnectedness) •an integrated science that uses knowledge from many disciplines
  5. 5. DIVISIONS OF GEOGRAPHY C U L T U R A L G E O G R A P H Y H u m a n C u lt u r e s U r b a n G e o g r a p h y E c o n o m ic G e o g r a p h y P H Y S I C A L G E O G R A P H Y E a r t h S c ie n c e s B io - g e o g r a p h y W e a t h e r & C lim a t e T E C H N O L O G I C A L G E O G R A P H Y G e o g r a p h ic I n fo r m a t io n S y s t e m s Q u a n t a t a t iv e G e o g r a p h y R e m o t e S e n s in g T H E W O R L D O F G E O G R A P H Y
  6. 6. TOPICAL VS. REGIONAL APPROACH TO STUDYING GEOGRAPHY • Topical or Thematic Studies – climate – vegetation – landforms – hydrology – plate tectonics – soils • Regional Studies – North America – Africa – East Asia – USA – California – Sacramento region
  7. 7. California Geography • Geography: The study of where things are. • California: A political unit with distinct boundaries, and territory • California Geography: the study of the location of, context and interaction of phenomenon within the state of California
  8. 8. Northern Hemisphere Arctic Ocean & North America
  9. 9. Pacific Ocean
  10. 10. Pacific Rim
  11. 11. Western North America
  12. 12. Introduction Overview •Geography defined •Concepts of Location •Globes, Maps & Map Basics •Geographic Grid
  13. 13. LOCATION • Relative Location – location relative to other locations – situation • Exact Location – geographic grid (38 °N 120 °W) • latitude & longitude – site • Place Names – labels for locations
  14. 14. Introduction Overview •Geography defined •Concepts of Location •Globes, Maps & Map Basics •Geographic Grid •California Overview
  15. 15. GLOBES & MAPS • Globe: a spherical model of the earth that maintains area, shape distance & direction • Map: a flat representation of a globe that allows distortion
  16. 16. MAP BASICS • Maps may show –Shape of objects –Area of objects –Distance to Objects –Direction
  17. 17. MAP BASICS • Maps must include –Title –Legend or Key –Compass Rose –Scale
  18. 18. SCALE • Scale: the relationship between units on the map and actual distance on the ground • Written Scale: one inch equals one mile • Linear Scale: |---------|---------|----------| • Ratio Scale: 1:63,360
  19. 19. Introduction Overview •Geography defined •Concepts of Location •Globes, Maps & Map Basics •Geographic Grid
  20. 20. Latitude GEOGRAPHIC GRID A system of measurements from reference points that allow us to locate places
  21. 21. GEOGRAPHIC GRID • REFERENCE POINTS • Equator - A great circle that divides the globe into two equal halves or hemispheres of north and south. Located at 0 ° latitude • North and South Poles - located at right angles or 90° from the plane of the equator.
  22. 22. GEOGRAPHIC GRID • REFERENCE POINTS • Prime Meridian: The meridian, designated as 0° E, W longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England. • International Date Line: An arc that follows 180° longitude E,W. When crossing the date line, the calendar is turned forward or backward one day, depending on direction of travel.
  23. 23. Latitude Latitude - angular measurement north or south of the equator
  24. 24. Latitude Longitude- angular measurement east or west of England
  25. 25. Parallels are circular lines used to indicate latitude Meridians are arcs used to
  26. 26. Introduction Overview •Geography defined •Concepts of Location •Globes, Maps & Map Basics •Geographic Grid
  27. 27. Instructor Carol Jean Cox
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