An Introduction to Mobile Learning


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Part 1 of the workshop for Learning Lab Mlearn pre-conference workshop

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  • An Introduction to Mobile Learning

    1. 1. Introduction to mobile learning <ul><ul><li>Jon Trinder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Glasgow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. Introduction to mobile learning <ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Outline of Part 1 <ul><li>Introductions </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>The Free PDA </li></ul><ul><li>Futures </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is mlearning?
    5. 5. What aspect is mobile? The Technology or the Students?
    6. 6. Technologies <ul><li>PDA </li></ul><ul><li>Phones/SMS </li></ul><ul><li>MP3 Players </li></ul><ul><li>Voting Systems </li></ul><ul><li>USB Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Voice Recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Books! </li></ul>
    7. 7. Combination Devices
    8. 8. Application Areas 06/05/09 Learning Lab
    9. 9. Why Do We need mLearning
    10. 10. PDAs in Education <ul><li>“ Our team carried out a detailed study of how radiology is taught and practised. One clear finding was that trainees have very little spare time. They can’t take the time to sit in libraries or computer labs, and so any computer- based learning must fit into the gaps in their busy schedule - in the hospital, at home, when travelling - which means a personal and portable system.” (Sharples, 2000) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>The immediate readiness for use has been highlighted by users in other studies, a typical student comment being a PDA is something that is “unobtrusive and neat and that could always be ready at hand” (Waycott et al., 2002) ‏ </li></ul>
    11. 11. History
    12. 12. History 1984 1996 1999 1993
    13. 13. 1996 PDA Specifications First Palm and WindowCE Machine specifications. 6-8 Weeks 160 *160 128K 16Mhz Palm Pilot 1000 Palm OS 20 hours 640 x 240 2MB 44Mhz Hewlett Packard HP 300LX, WindowsCE Battery Life Screen Size (Pixels) ‏ RAM CPU Speed PDA Operating System
    14. 14. Philosophical Differences <ul><li>“ It may in fact transpire that different hardware and software platforms support rather different interpretations of mobile learning” (J Traxler 2007) ‏ </li></ul>
    15. 15. The Free PDA
    16. 16. Choice of Device <ul><li>Which is the Best…….. </li></ul>
    17. 17. What’s the best… <ul><li>Breakfast </li></ul><ul><li>Car </li></ul><ul><li>There is only Best for You </li></ul>
    18. 18. PDA Uses
    19. 19. PDA Anatomy 06/05/09 Learning Lab
    20. 20. First Sync <ul><li>Choose name carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Registration mechanisms </li></ul>
    21. 21. Activity <ul><li>Beaming </li></ul>
    22. 22. Resets Applications are not informed of the system reset. May be useful to enable faulty applications to be uninstalled if something is preventing the machine from starting Preset reset button while holding the scroll up button. No-Notification Erase all memory. System will display confirmation message before performing the clear. Press reset button while holding Power button Hard Clears dynamic RAM Storage RAM unaffected.(You keep your applications and data!) ‏ Press reset button Soft Affect How Type
    23. 23. Software for Mobiles There is a choice!!!!
    24. 24. Apps You Need <ul><li>Crash and ResetEmu </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Backup Tools </li></ul><ul><li>BackupMan http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Programmers Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Filez http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Palmasaurus </li></ul>
    25. 25. Introduction to mobile learning Deploying.... <ul><ul><li>1B </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. What Do I Need to Consider <ul><li>What benefits do you expect the mobile learning to bring to your course for your students </li></ul><ul><li>What benefits do you expect the device to bring to your course for you? </li></ul><ul><li>What disadvantages can you foresee? </li></ul><ul><li>Are other people involved enthusiastic </li></ul>
    27. 27. Practical Issues <ul><li>Do you need special software on the device or in the labs </li></ul><ul><li>Have you got suitable materials for deliver on the chosen device </li></ul><ul><li>How are you going to transfer the materials </li></ul><ul><li>Do the materials provided on the devices need to be available in other forms as well,e.g. for partially sighted students? </li></ul>
    28. 28. Thinking of Using Mobile Devices
    29. 29. What problems could cause the project to fail? <ul><li>Materials Not ready in Time </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of enthusiasm from tutors </li></ul><ul><li>Technical problems </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Technical support </li></ul>
    30. 30. Preparation <ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Security Mark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up accounts for HotSync </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batteries/Charging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First HotSync </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Configure the PDA </li></ul><ul><li>Paperwork </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data protection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loan forms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Training/Support </li></ul>
    31. 31. Charging
    32. 32. Evaluation
    33. 33. Why Is Evaluation Difficult? Evaluation IS difficult
    34. 34. Evaluation IS difficult Students cannot or will not always be able to tell an evaluator about their abilities, knowledge, values,needs,preferences,goals or feelings, or any changes in them-they may not be able to put them into words,they may be too embarrassed to disclose or reveal. (Traxler 2003) ‏
    35. 35. Resources
    36. 36. Reports Personal Assistants (PDAs) in Further and Higher Education, Ted Smith (2003) Handheld Computers in Schools BECTA report Mobile and PDA technologies and their future use in education (Paul Anderson and Adam Blackwood) ‏ Kaleidoscope Big Issues in Mobile Learning BECTA Researching Mobile Learning (2007) CTAD mLearning Publications Commonwealth of Learning. Mobile Learning in Developing Countries Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science settings
    37. 37. Books <ul><li>Mobile Learning: A Handbook for Educators and Trainers . Traxler, J. & Kukulska-Hulme, A. (Eds.) Routledge. ISBN 0-415-35740-2 </li></ul><ul><li>How to Do Everything with your PocketPC . Frank McPherson. Osbourne ISBN 0072229799 </li></ul><ul><li>Handhelds For Doctors , Mohammad Al-Ubaydli, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 0470858990 </li></ul><ul><li>Information Appliances and Beyond , Eric Bergman, Morgan Kaufmann ISBN: 1558606009 </li></ul><ul><li>Pervasive Computing , Jochen Burkhardt, Addison Wesley (2002) ISBN: 0201722151 </li></ul><ul><li>Zen of Palm http:// </li></ul><ul><li>The Invisible Computer , Donald Norman, MIT Press (2002) 0 262 64041-4 </li></ul><ul><li>The Palm Business Book , Larry Becker ( http:// / ) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Lose the Laptop , Larry Becker ( http:// / ) ‏ </li></ul>
    38. 38. Mailing Lists, Forums <ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
    39. 39. Software – Sites <ul><li>Download Websites </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
    40. 40. Or have both! Palm Simulator
    41. 41. Introduction to mobile learning Platforms... <ul><ul><li>1C </li></ul></ul>
    42. 42. Technologies - reminder <ul><li>PDA </li></ul><ul><li>Phones/SMS </li></ul><ul><li>MP3 Players </li></ul><ul><li>Voting Systems </li></ul><ul><li>USB Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Voice Recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Books! </li></ul>
    43. 43. Phones and SMS <ul><li>Quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>Reminders </li></ul><ul><li>Free text response systems </li></ul><ul><li>Prospectus Requests </li></ul><ul><li>???? </li></ul>
    44. 44. MP3 Players Podcasting <ul><li>PodCasts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users Own </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    45. 45. Classroom Response Systems <ul><li>Clickers </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Clicker </li></ul>
    46. 46. USB Memory <ul><li>1 gig for 2 Pot Noodles! </li></ul>
    47. 47. Over to You!