PROJECT
DATE LOCATION
30TH SEP, 2013 SBTC
INTRODUCTION TO BIBLICAL THEOLOGY
SESSION TWO: MONOTHEISM, COVENANT AND ESCHATOL...
BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE
Saturday, 28 September 13
Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV)
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your
kindred and your father’s house to the l...
Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV)
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your
kindred and your father’s house to the l...
Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV)
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your
kindred and your father’s house to the l...
Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV)
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your
kindred and your father’s house to the l...
Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV)
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your
kindred and your father’s house to the l...
Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV)
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your
kindred and your father’s house to the l...
Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV)
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your
kindred and your father’s house to the l...
Monotheism
Saturday, 28 September 13
Monotheism
Deuteronomy 4:35 (ESV), see also 4:49; 32:29
35 To you it was shown, that you might know that the Lord is God (...
Monotheism
Deuteronomy 4:35 (ESV), see also 4:49; 32:29
35 To you it was shown, that you might know that the Lord is God (...
Monotheism
Deuteronomy 4:35 (ESV), see also 4:49; 32:29
35 To you it was shown, that you might know that the Lord is God (...
ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
Saturday, 28 September 13
•Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9)
ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
Saturday, 28 September 13
•Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9)
•Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33)
ELOHIM IN THE OLD ...
•Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9)
•Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33)
•Demons Deut 32:17...
•Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9)
•Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33)
•Demons Deut 32:17...
•Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9)
•Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33)
•Demons Deut 32:17...
•Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9)
•Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33)
•Demons Deut 32:17...
•Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9)
•Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33)
•Demons Deut 32:17...
•Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9)
•Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33)
•Demons Deut 32:17...
•Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9)
•Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33)
•Demons Deut 32:17...
MonotheismCreational
Saturday, 28 September 13
MonotheismCreational
Saturday, 28 September 13
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Saturday, 28 September 13
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Tetragrammaton
Saturday, 28 September 13
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Tetragrammaton
6000x in OT
Saturday, 28 September 13
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Tetragrammaton
6000x in OT
Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim
Saturday, 28 September ...
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Tetragrammaton
6000x in OT
Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim
10th Century Masoretic ...
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Tetragrammaton
6000x in OT
Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim
10th Century Masoretic ...
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Tetragrammaton
6000x in OT
Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim
10th Century Masoretic ...
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Tetragrammaton
6000x in OT
Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim
10th Century Masoretic ...
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Tetragrammaton
6000x in OT
Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim
10th Century Masoretic ...
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Tetragrammaton
6000x in OT
Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim
10th Century Masoretic ...
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Saturday, 28 September 13
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Exodus 3:12–15 (ESV)
12 He said, “But I will be with you, and this shall be the sign for you, that I
have se...
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
I AM WHO I AM, I AM WHAT I AM, OR I WILL
BE WHAT I WILL BE
Exodus 3:12–15 (ESV)
12 He said, “But I will be w...
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Saturday, 28 September 13
MonotheismCreational
yhwh (‫)יהוה‬
Exodus 34:6–7 (ESV)
6 The Lord (YHWH) passed before him and proclaimed, “The Lord (YHWH...
Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV)
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your
kindred and your father’s house to the l...
Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV)
1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your
kindred and your father’s house to the l...
1.Return from Exile
2.Renewed and Abundant
Prosperity
3.Messianic Figure
4.Renewed Covenant and
Outpouring of Spirit
5.Bui...
Eschatology ‘Hope of Israel’
Choose two groups of texts from the ‘Hope of
Israel’ primary source document. Read these
bibl...
Inaugurated Kingdom
Saturday, 28 September 13
1 CORINTHIANS 10:11 (ESV)
11 NOW THESE THINGS HAPPENED TO THEM AS AN
EXAMPLE, BUT THEY WERE WRITTEN DOWN FOR OUR
INSTRUCTI...
1 CORINTHIANS 10:11 (ESV)
11 NOW THESE THINGS HAPPENED TO THEM AS AN
EXAMPLE, BUT THEY WERE WRITTEN DOWN FOR OUR
INSTRUCTI...
1 CORINTHIANS 10:11 (ESV)
11 NOW THESE THINGS HAPPENED TO THEM AS AN
EXAMPLE, BUT THEY WERE WRITTEN DOWN FOR OUR
INSTRUCTI...
Mark 13:24–27 (ESV)
24 “But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not
give it...
Realised Eschatology?
Saturday, 28 September 13
Mark 1:14–15 (ESV)
(Mark 1:15 par.; Matt 3:2; 10:7;
Luke 10:9, 11),
14 Now after John was arrested,
Jesus came into Galile...
Mark 1:14–15 (ESV)
(Mark 1:15 par.; Matt 3:2; 10:7;
Luke 10:9, 11),
14 Now after John was arrested,
Jesus came into Galile...
Mark 1:14–15 (ESV)
(Mark 1:15 par.; Matt 3:2; 10:7;
Luke 10:9, 11),
14 Now after John was arrested,
Jesus came into Galile...
LUKE 17:20–21 (ESV)
20 BEING ASKED BY THE PHARISEES WHEN THE KINGDOM OF GOD
WOULD COME, HE ANSWERED THEM, “THE KINGDOM OF ...
LUKE 11:20 (ESV)/MAT 12:28
20 BUT IF IT IS BY THE FINGER OF GOD THAT
I CAST OUT DEMONS, THEN THE KINGDOM
OF GOD HAS COME U...
EXODUS 8:18–19 (ESV)
18 THE MAGICIANS TRIED BY THEIR SECRET ARTS TO PRODUCE GNATS, BUT THEY
COULD NOT. SO THERE WERE GNATS...
Matthew 11:2–6 (ESV)
2 Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of
the Christ, he sent word by his disciples 3 and sa...
Matthew 13:16–17 (ESV)
16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your
ears, for they hear. For truly, I say to you, ...
Inaugurated Eschatology
Saturday, 28 September 13
Inaugurated Eschatology
• PRESENCE OF THE FUTURE
• PREVIEW OF THE FUTURE IN THE PRESENT
• NOW-NOT YET
• ESCHATOLOGICAL TEN...
Inaugurated Eschatology
• PRESENCE OF THE FUTURE
• PREVIEW OF THE FUTURE IN THE PRESENT
• NOW-NOT YET
• ESCHATOLOGICAL TEN...
Inaugurated Eschatology
• PRESENCE OF THE FUTURE
• PREVIEW OF THE FUTURE IN THE PRESENT
• NOW-NOT YET
• ESCHATOLOGICAL TEN...
In groups of two or three:
•Take turns explaining what you think the term
‘inaugurated eschatology’ means.
•Answer the fol...
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Transcript of "Session 2: Introduction to Biblical Theology "

  1. 1. PROJECT DATE LOCATION 30TH SEP, 2013 SBTC INTRODUCTION TO BIBLICAL THEOLOGY SESSION TWO: MONOTHEISM, COVENANT AND ESCHATOLOGY TUTOR JON SWALES Saturday, 28 September 13
  2. 2. BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE Saturday, 28 September 13
  3. 3. Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE Saturday, 28 September 13
  4. 4. Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE KEY TEXT Saturday, 28 September 13
  5. 5. Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE KEY TEXT KEY WORDS Saturday, 28 September 13
  6. 6. Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE KEY TEXT KEY WORDS MONOTHEISM, ELECTION, ESCHATOLOGY Saturday, 28 September 13
  7. 7. Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE KEY TEXT THE CREATOR GOD CALLED ISRAEL TO BE A BLESSING TO THE WORLD KEY WORDS MONOTHEISM, ELECTION, ESCHATOLOGY Saturday, 28 September 13
  8. 8. Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE KEY TEXT THE CREATOR GOD CALLED ISRAEL TO BE A BLESSING TO THE WORLD KEY WORDS MONOTHEISM, ELECTION, ESCHATOLOGY KEY SENTENCE Saturday, 28 September 13
  9. 9. Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE KEY TEXT THE CREATOR GOD CALLED ISRAEL TO BE A BLESSING TO THE WORLD KEY WORDS MONOTHEISM, ELECTION, ESCHATOLOGY KEY SENTENCE Saturday, 28 September 13
  10. 10. Monotheism Saturday, 28 September 13
  11. 11. Monotheism Deuteronomy 4:35 (ESV), see also 4:49; 32:29 35 To you it was shown, that you might know that the Lord is God (hb: elohim gk: theos); there is no other besides him. Saturday, 28 September 13
  12. 12. Monotheism Deuteronomy 4:35 (ESV), see also 4:49; 32:29 35 To you it was shown, that you might know that the Lord is God (hb: elohim gk: theos); there is no other besides him. Exodus 15:11 “Who is like you, O Lord, among the gods? Who is like you, majestic in holiness, awesome in glorious deeds, doing wonders? Exodus 20:3 “You shall have no other gods before me. Deuteronomy 10:17 For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God, who is not partial and takes no bribe. Psalm 29:1 Ascribe to the Lord, O heavenly beings, ascribe to the Lord glory and strength. Psalm 82:1 God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment: Saturday, 28 September 13
  13. 13. Monotheism Deuteronomy 4:35 (ESV), see also 4:49; 32:29 35 To you it was shown, that you might know that the Lord is God (hb: elohim gk: theos); there is no other besides him. PROBLEM!? MORE THAN ONE ELOHIM IN THE OT Exodus 15:11 “Who is like you, O Lord, among the gods? Who is like you, majestic in holiness, awesome in glorious deeds, doing wonders? Exodus 20:3 “You shall have no other gods before me. Deuteronomy 10:17 For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God, who is not partial and takes no bribe. Psalm 29:1 Ascribe to the Lord, O heavenly beings, ascribe to the Lord glory and strength. Psalm 82:1 God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment: Saturday, 28 September 13
  14. 14. ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT Saturday, 28 September 13
  15. 15. •Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9) ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT Saturday, 28 September 13
  16. 16. •Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9) •Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33) ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT Saturday, 28 September 13
  17. 17. •Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9) •Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33) •Demons Deut 32:17 ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT Saturday, 28 September 13
  18. 18. •Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9) •Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33) •Demons Deut 32:17 •Disembodied Human Dead (1 Sam 28:13) ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT Saturday, 28 September 13
  19. 19. •Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9) •Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33) •Demons Deut 32:17 •Disembodied Human Dead (1 Sam 28:13) •Angels (Gen 35:7) ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT Saturday, 28 September 13
  20. 20. •Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9) •Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33) •Demons Deut 32:17 •Disembodied Human Dead (1 Sam 28:13) •Angels (Gen 35:7) •Kings (Psalm 45:8?) ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT Saturday, 28 September 13
  21. 21. •Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9) •Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33) •Demons Deut 32:17 •Disembodied Human Dead (1 Sam 28:13) •Angels (Gen 35:7) •Kings (Psalm 45:8?) ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT Hurtado “[Monotheism is] the belief that one Deity is universally supreme and categorically unique from all other 'heavenly or 'divine' beings, and that worship is properly to be given solely to this one Deity, with worship of any other being regarded as idolatry” Saturday, 28 September 13
  22. 22. •Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9) •Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33) •Demons Deut 32:17 •Disembodied Human Dead (1 Sam 28:13) •Angels (Gen 35:7) •Kings (Psalm 45:8?) ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT YHWH IS AN ELOHIM, BUT NO OTHER ELOHIMS = YHWH Hurtado “[Monotheism is] the belief that one Deity is universally supreme and categorically unique from all other 'heavenly or 'divine' beings, and that worship is properly to be given solely to this one Deity, with worship of any other being regarded as idolatry” Saturday, 28 September 13
  23. 23. •Heavenly Council: loyal and disloyal (Psa 82,89, Deut 32:8-9) •Gods of foreign nations (1 Kings 11:33) •Demons Deut 32:17 •Disembodied Human Dead (1 Sam 28:13) •Angels (Gen 35:7) •Kings (Psalm 45:8?) ELOHIM IN THE OLD TESTAMENT SOLUTION: NOT ONTOLOGICAL/GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION YHWH IS AN ELOHIM, BUT NO OTHER ELOHIMS = YHWH Hurtado “[Monotheism is] the belief that one Deity is universally supreme and categorically unique from all other 'heavenly or 'divine' beings, and that worship is properly to be given solely to this one Deity, with worship of any other being regarded as idolatry” Saturday, 28 September 13
  24. 24. MonotheismCreational Saturday, 28 September 13
  25. 25. MonotheismCreational Saturday, 28 September 13
  26. 26. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Saturday, 28 September 13
  27. 27. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Tetragrammaton Saturday, 28 September 13
  28. 28. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Tetragrammaton 6000x in OT Saturday, 28 September 13
  29. 29. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Tetragrammaton 6000x in OT Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim Saturday, 28 September 13
  30. 30. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Tetragrammaton 6000x in OT Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim 10th Century Masoretic Text (vowels) Saturday, 28 September 13
  31. 31. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Tetragrammaton 6000x in OT Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim 10th Century Masoretic Text (vowels) Y A H O W A H Saturday, 28 September 13
  32. 32. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Tetragrammaton 6000x in OT Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim 10th Century Masoretic Text (vowels) Y A H O W A H NT: 741X 14X NT USES OT KURIOS/YHWH TEXTS Saturday, 28 September 13
  33. 33. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Tetragrammaton 6000x in OT Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim 10th Century Masoretic Text (vowels) Y A H O W A H LXX: KURIOS NT: 741X 14X NT USES OT KURIOS/YHWH TEXTS Saturday, 28 September 13
  34. 34. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Tetragrammaton 6000x in OT Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim 10th Century Masoretic Text (vowels) Y A H O W A H LXX: KURIOS IN REF TO GOD: Rom. 4.7-8; 9.27-29; 11.34; 15.9-11; 1 Cor. 3.20; 2 Cor. 6.18. NT: 741X 14X NT USES OT KURIOS/YHWH TEXTS Saturday, 28 September 13
  35. 35. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Tetragrammaton 6000x in OT Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim 10th Century Masoretic Text (vowels) Y A H O W A H LXX: KURIOS IN REF TO GOD: Rom. 4.7-8; 9.27-29; 11.34; 15.9-11; 1 Cor. 3.20; 2 Cor. 6.18. IN REF TO JESUS Rom. 10.13; 14.11; 1 Cor. 1.31; 1 Cor. 2.16; 10.26; 2 Cor. 10.17; 2 Tim. 2.19 NT: 741X 14X NT USES OT KURIOS/YHWH TEXTS Saturday, 28 September 13
  36. 36. yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Saturday, 28 September 13
  37. 37. yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Exodus 3:12–15 (ESV) 12 He said, “But I will be with you, and this shall be the sign for you, that I have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain.” 13 Then Moses said to God, “If I come to the people of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what shall I say to them?” 14 God said to Moses, “I am who I am. ehyeh ʾašer ʾehyeh” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘I am ( haya) sent me to you.’ ” 15 God also said to Moses, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘The Lord (YHWH), the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my name forever, and thus I am to be remembered throughout all generations. Saturday, 28 September 13
  38. 38. yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ I AM WHO I AM, I AM WHAT I AM, OR I WILL BE WHAT I WILL BE Exodus 3:12–15 (ESV) 12 He said, “But I will be with you, and this shall be the sign for you, that I have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain.” 13 Then Moses said to God, “If I come to the people of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what shall I say to them?” 14 God said to Moses, “I am who I am. ehyeh ʾašer ʾehyeh” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘I am ( haya) sent me to you.’ ” 15 God also said to Moses, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘The Lord (YHWH), the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my name forever, and thus I am to be remembered throughout all generations. Saturday, 28 September 13
  39. 39. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Saturday, 28 September 13
  40. 40. MonotheismCreational yhwh (‫)יהוה‬ Exodus 34:6–7 (ESV) 6 The Lord (YHWH) passed before him and proclaimed, “The Lord (YHWH), the Lord (YHWH), a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love (hesed) and faithfulness, 7 keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin.....’ Exodus 34:6, Numbers 14:18, Neh 9:17, Psalm 86:15, 103:8; 145:8; Joel 2:13; Jonah 4:2, Neh 1:3 Saturday, 28 September 13
  41. 41. Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE KEY TEXT THE CREATOR GOD CALLED ISRAEL TO BE A BLESSING TO THE WORLD KEY WORDS MONOTHEISM, ELECTION, ESCHATOLOGY KEY SENTENCE Saturday, 28 September 13
  42. 42. Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: EXPLORATIONS AND STRUCTURE KEY TEXT THE CREATOR GOD CALLED ISRAEL TO BE A BLESSING TO THE WORLD KEY WORDS MONOTHEISM, ELECTION, ESCHATOLOGY KEY SENTENCE Saturday, 28 September 13
  43. 43. 1.Return from Exile 2.Renewed and Abundant Prosperity 3.Messianic Figure 4.Renewed Covenant and Outpouring of Spirit 5.Building a New Temple 6.Return of YHWH to ZIon 7.Future of Nations 8.Climatic Period of Tribulation/Suffering 9.Defeat of Satan 10.Final Judgement OLAM HA-BAOLAM HA-ZEH MONOTHEISM, ELECTION, ESCHATOLOGY Saturday, 28 September 13
  44. 44. Eschatology ‘Hope of Israel’ Choose two groups of texts from the ‘Hope of Israel’ primary source document. Read these biblical and second temple texts slowly and carefully. What do these texts tell us about Jewish hope? Does Jesus fulfill this hope? Saturday, 28 September 13
  45. 45. Inaugurated Kingdom Saturday, 28 September 13
  46. 46. 1 CORINTHIANS 10:11 (ESV) 11 NOW THESE THINGS HAPPENED TO THEM AS AN EXAMPLE, BUT THEY WERE WRITTEN DOWN FOR OUR INSTRUCTION, ON WHOM THE END OF THE AGES HAS COME. Inaugurated Kingdom Saturday, 28 September 13
  47. 47. 1 CORINTHIANS 10:11 (ESV) 11 NOW THESE THINGS HAPPENED TO THEM AS AN EXAMPLE, BUT THEY WERE WRITTEN DOWN FOR OUR INSTRUCTION, ON WHOM THE END OF THE AGES HAS COME. Inaugurated Kingdom Saturday, 28 September 13
  48. 48. 1 CORINTHIANS 10:11 (ESV) 11 NOW THESE THINGS HAPPENED TO THEM AS AN EXAMPLE, BUT THEY WERE WRITTEN DOWN FOR OUR INSTRUCTION, ON WHOM THE END OF THE AGES HAS COME. Inaugurated Kingdom Saturday, 28 September 13
  49. 49. Mark 13:24–27 (ESV) 24 “But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, 25 and the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken. 26 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory. 27 And then he will send out the angels and gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven. Matthew 13:47–50 47 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was thrown into the sea and gathered fish of every kind. 48 When it was full, men drew it ashore and sat down and sorted the good into containers but threw away the bad. 49 So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil from the righteous 50 and throw them into the fiery furnace. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Matthew 19:28–30 28 Jesus said to them, “Truly, I say to you, in the new world, when the Son of Man will sit on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 29 And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands, for my name’s sake, will receive a hundredfold and will inherit eternal life. 30 But many who are first will be last, and the last first. Futurist (Not Yet)Kingdom Saturday, 28 September 13
  50. 50. Realised Eschatology? Saturday, 28 September 13
  51. 51. Mark 1:14–15 (ESV) (Mark 1:15 par.; Matt 3:2; 10:7; Luke 10:9, 11), 14 Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, 15 and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is engizō; repent and believe in the gospel.” Realised Eschatology? Saturday, 28 September 13
  52. 52. Mark 1:14–15 (ESV) (Mark 1:15 par.; Matt 3:2; 10:7; Luke 10:9, 11), 14 Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, 15 and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is engizō; repent and believe in the gospel.” Realised Eschatology? Saturday, 28 September 13
  53. 53. Mark 1:14–15 (ESV) (Mark 1:15 par.; Matt 3:2; 10:7; Luke 10:9, 11), 14 Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, 15 and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is engizō; repent and believe in the gospel.” has come near/is at hand usage elsewhere, also Matt 21:34 ‘when the season for fruits engizō ‘drew near.’ LXX Isaiah 50:8, 51:5, 56:1 Realised Eschatology? Saturday, 28 September 13
  54. 54. LUKE 17:20–21 (ESV) 20 BEING ASKED BY THE PHARISEES WHEN THE KINGDOM OF GOD WOULD COME, HE ANSWERED THEM, “THE KINGDOM OF GOD IS NOT COMING IN WAYS THAT CAN BE OBSERVED, 21 NOR WILL THEY SAY, ‘LOOK, HERE IT IS!’ OR ‘THERE!’ FOR BEHOLD, THE KINGDOM OF GOD IS IN THE MIDST OF YOU.” LUKE 17:20–21 (NIV84) 20 ONCE, HAVING BEEN ASKED BY THE PHARISEES WHEN THE KINGDOM OF GOD WOULD COME, JESUS REPLIED, “THE KINGDOM OF GOD DOES NOT COME WITH YOUR CAREFUL OBSERVATION, 21 NOR WILL PEOPLE SAY, ‘HERE IT IS,’ OR ‘THERE IT IS,’ BECAUSE THE KINGDOM OF GOD IS WITHIN YOU. (ENTOS HYMŌN ESTIN)” PROBLEM REALISED ESCHATOLOGY? Saturday, 28 September 13
  55. 55. LUKE 11:20 (ESV)/MAT 12:28 20 BUT IF IT IS BY THE FINGER OF GOD THAT I CAST OUT DEMONS, THEN THE KINGDOM OF GOD HAS COME UPON YOU. REALISED ESCHATOLOGY? Saturday, 28 September 13
  56. 56. EXODUS 8:18–19 (ESV) 18 THE MAGICIANS TRIED BY THEIR SECRET ARTS TO PRODUCE GNATS, BUT THEY COULD NOT. SO THERE WERE GNATS ON MAN AND BEAST. 19 THEN THE MAGICIANS SAID TO PHARAOH, “THIS IS THE FINGER OF GOD.” BUT PHARAOH’S HEART WAS HARDENED, AND HE WOULD NOT LISTEN TO THEM, AS THE LORD HAD SAID. LUKE 11:20 (ESV)/MAT 12:28 20 BUT IF IT IS BY THE FINGER OF GOD THAT I CAST OUT DEMONS, THEN THE KINGDOM OF GOD HAS COME UPON YOU. REALISED ESCHATOLOGY? Saturday, 28 September 13
  57. 57. Matthew 11:2–6 (ESV) 2 Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciples 3 and said to him, “Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?” 4 And Jesus answered them, “Go and tell John what you hear and see: 5 the blind receive their sight and the lame walk, lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them. 6 And blessed is the one who is not offended by me.” Saturday, 28 September 13
  58. 58. Matthew 13:16–17 (ESV) 16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. For truly, I say to you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it Saturday, 28 September 13
  59. 59. Inaugurated Eschatology Saturday, 28 September 13
  60. 60. Inaugurated Eschatology • PRESENCE OF THE FUTURE • PREVIEW OF THE FUTURE IN THE PRESENT • NOW-NOT YET • ESCHATOLOGICAL TENSION Saturday, 28 September 13
  61. 61. Inaugurated Eschatology • PRESENCE OF THE FUTURE • PREVIEW OF THE FUTURE IN THE PRESENT • NOW-NOT YET • ESCHATOLOGICAL TENSION Saturday, 28 September 13
  62. 62. Inaugurated Eschatology • PRESENCE OF THE FUTURE • PREVIEW OF THE FUTURE IN THE PRESENT • NOW-NOT YET • ESCHATOLOGICAL TENSION Saturday, 28 September 13
  63. 63. In groups of two or three: •Take turns explaining what you think the term ‘inaugurated eschatology’ means. •Answer the following: Does inaugurated eschatology make sense of your own experience? 5 Minute Plenary Task Saturday, 28 September 13
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