Organizational design (od) 9-19-11


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Introductory overview for Master's Class I teach.

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  • LDR 686 Fall 2011 1st In Class Session
  • OD has existed since we were hunter gatherers
  • OD has evolved through agricultural, craftwork-feudal societies, and the industrial revolution.
  • Adam Smith, Ronald Coase, Jay Galbraith
  • Used as the basis for the majority of US Organizations today.
  • From Smith, and Coase we get our standard vertical org hierarchies, which over time for many organizations became more lateral, but in many cases that just increased bureaucracies, middle managers and still had some vertical tendencies.
  • In the 80’s we get the development of teams (highly successful in Europe and in companies like Toyota) and in the 90’s Communities of Practice became popular.
  • Networked organizations continue to grow, with contributors to the team working in the cloud from across the globe.
  • The only MS image available for global organizations, which I didn’t like.
  • So I chose this one which only represents the complexity because at least one of these employees looks confused. Unfortunately none of them appear to be women so it’s still not an accurate reflection.
  • Economies of scale have mostly been achieved in a global manufacturing environment. Today organizations need Economies of scope to focus energy, intellect and assets quickly and effectively as margins continue to be squeezed.
  • But what if I don’t work or ever intend to work for a global organization?
  • But what if I don’t work or ever intend to work for a global organization?
  • But what if I don’t work or ever intend to work for a global organization?
  • OD begins with honest engaged team members at every level of the organization.
  • If you could transform your organization to improve outcomes what would you do, because the only effective and meaningful definition and tools of Organizational Design are the ones that work for you.
  • What do you need to learn from this class? What will you remember, share and do in the real world throughout and after this class is over?
  • Organizational design (od) 9-19-11

    1. 1. Organizational Design (OD) Development and Change
    2. 2. OD Background
    3. 3. OD Background
    4. 4. OD BackgroundWealth of Nations, 1776 OD, 1974 The Nature of the Firm, 1937
    5. 5. Galbraith, 1974
    6. 6. Organization DesignsVertical Lateral (with Vertical tendencies)
    7. 7. Organization Designs80’s - Teams 90’s – Communities of Practice
    8. 8. Organization Designs 2000’s – Networked Organizations
    9. 9. Organization Designs 2000’s – Complex Global Structures
    10. 10. Organization Designs 2000’s – Complex Global Structures
    11. 11. Organization DesignsComplexity – Economies of Scope, NOT Scale
    12. 12. Glocalization
    13. 13. CollaborationSource:
    14. 14. EngagementSource:
    15. 15. Not as it is, but as it could be . . .Leadership never occurs in a vacuum.Organizational culture change improvingresults and profitability requires engagedfollowers whose hearts have been movedby a vision communicated anddemonstrated by those in power.(Deal, 1982; Avolio 1999; Senge, Kleiner, Roberts, Ross, & Smith, 1994; Senge, Kleiner, Roberts, Ross, Roth & Smith, 1994, Kouzes & Posner, 2007).
    16. 16. Not as it is,but as it could be . . .
    17. 17. What Do You Need from OD? Remember Share Do
    18. 18. He had found A bridge, With a sign:"Please use this bridge to cross." He wondered aloud How many times In his life He had wandered On the bank Of a river of change, And not seen Such an obvious sign, Nor put his Foot upon the bridge Before him. (Brown, 2007, 156)
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