Constitutional rights

629 views

Published on

Introductory overview of Constitutional Rights for Nati

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
629
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Freedom of Speech, Religion and Press
  • Right to bear arms.
  • Freedom from housing soldiers
  • Freedom from search and seizure (probably cause).
  • Trials for crimes; just compensation for private property taken for public use.
  • Speedy Trial, Double Jeopardy
  • Civil Rights – Civil Suits
  • Cruel and Unusual Punishment, Excessive Bail, Fines
  • State’s Rights
  • Constitutional rights

    1. 1. THE U.S. CONSTITUTION And the Bill of Rights
    2. 2. Most Americans Are Clueless• How Much Do You Know?
    3. 3. The Original 13 Colonies Colony Year Founded By Royal Colony Virginia 1607 London Company 1624Massachusetts 1620 Puritans 1691New Hampshire 1623 John Wheelwright 1679 Maryland 1634 Lord Baltimore N/A Connecticut c. 1635 Thomas Hooker N/A Rhode Island 1636 Roger Williams N/A Delaware 1638 Peter Minuit & New Sweden Company N/ANorth Carolina 1653 Virginians 1729South Carolina 1663 Eight Nobles -Royal Charter from Charles II 1729 New Jersey 1664 Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret 1702 New York 1664 Duke of York 1685 Pennsylvania 1682 William Penn N/A Georgia 1732 James Edward Oglethorpe 1752 Virginia 1607 London Company 1624
    4. 4. The Articles of 1779-17811. Preamble – Union 8. Common War Costs2. States Rights 9. State Disputes,3. Common Defense Common Currency,4. Free Citizens Post Offices, Forbids5. Congressional Congressional Action Delegates (2-7) without majority6. Congress – War vote.7. States Appoint 10. Committees (11) Military Officers 12. $ & 13. Ratification
    5. 5. Weaknesses of the Articles?Could only request revenues from states; no power to raise funds for militiaAmendments required unanimous consent and ratification by all states.No judicial system
    6. 6. Why did They Need A Constitution?• After the Revolution
    7. 7. Constitutional Convention- 1877• Madison and Mason  No Rhode Island  40 /55 Active Members  Wealthy
    8. 8. Opposite Sides of the Fence– Nationalists • Strong central government– Democratic Nationalists supported strong central based on popular support.– Small sector of group wanted narrowly defined republican central government.– Small sector of group was concerned with claims western lands.
    9. 9. Two Plans - Virginia New Jersey Two Bodies (House &  One State One Vote Senate)  Lower body chosen  Congress would by the people. regulate trade/taxes  Upper congress  Supreme Doctrine chosen by state legislatures  Executives chosen by Legislature chooses Congress President  Supreme Court Big Land States Favored chosen by Executives Judges Chosen by  Favored Smaller Legislature States
    10. 10. Compromise The Connecticut PlanHouse – State Populations Slaves count as 3/5’s of a free citizen.Senate – Two Per StateSchool House Rock
    11. 11. Balance?
    12. 12. Is it the Constitution of the People?– In 1913, Charles Beard sparked debate questioning if Americans supported the Constitution. Beard’s Thesis: the Constitution was written by wealthy property owners to ensure their self-interest. Based on the elite theory.• Overall, Americans (poor and rich) supported the need for a strong national government to protect public welfare.
    13. 13. The Bill of Rights
    14. 14. The Bill of Rights
    15. 15. The Bill of Rights
    16. 16. The Bill of Rights
    17. 17. The Bill of Rights
    18. 18. The Bill of Rights
    19. 19. The Bill of Rights
    20. 20. The Bill of Rights
    21. 21. The Bill of Rights
    22. 22. Amendments 11-27 (1794- 1992) The longest was sent to the states in 1794 and ratified in 1992. Rick Perry’s Constitutional Amendments 1. End life time judicial appointments 2. Congress can over ride the Supreme Court (2/3) 3. No Federal Income Tax 4. Stop the people from voting for Senators 5. Balanced Budget Amendment 6. Marriage is one man/one woman only 7. Abortion illegal.

    ×