Ethnic stereotypes

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Ethnic stereotypes

  1. 1. Representation and Textual Analysis
  2. 2. What you need to analyse in the exam <ul><li>Mise-en-Scene </li></ul><ul><li>Sound </li></ul><ul><li>Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Camera shots, angles, movement position and composition. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is analysing Representation important? <ul><li>DOMINANT ‘IDEOLOGIES’ </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural beliefs or a way of looking at things. </li></ul><ul><li>Often thought of as common sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions that aren’t necessarily true. </li></ul><ul><li>The Media creates and nurtures these ideas creating ‘social myths.’ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Textual Analysis <ul><li>Literally means analysing text and in our case the text will be a 5 minute clip from a recent British television drama. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself </li></ul><ul><li>What lies beneath the text. What ideologies are being created or reinforced? </li></ul><ul><li>How are they portraying the world and different social groups? </li></ul><ul><li>How is this reinforced through the techniques used? (mise en scene, camera, editing, sound.) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Representation of Social Groups <ul><li>In the exam you will be asked to consider one of the following </li></ul><ul><li>Age. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnicity. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexuality. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Class and Status. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Ability/Disability. </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Identity. </li></ul><ul><li>This presentation will </li></ul><ul><li>specifically focus upon stereotypical representations of ethnicity and sexuality. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Representations of Ethnicity <ul><li>Ethnicity, like sex, is a set of genetically defined, biological characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>However, like gender, it is also associated with a set of culturally defined characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>Representations of ethnicity in the media can consist of the same sort of rigid stereotypes that constitute gender portrayal. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Representations of Ethnicity <ul><li>Afro/Caribbean Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Gangster. </li></ul><ul><li>Fun loving. </li></ul><ul><li>Athletic. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexist/Homophobic Males. </li></ul><ul><li>Materialistic. </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitable. </li></ul><ul><li>Impoverished. </li></ul><ul><li>Involved in drugs (dealing/taking.) </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal. </li></ul><ul><li>Victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Hero </li></ul>
  8. 8. Representations of Ethnicity <ul><li>East Asian Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent. </li></ul><ul><li>Hard working. </li></ul><ul><li>Determined. </li></ul><ul><li>Sinister. </li></ul><ul><li>Martial arts. </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessed with electronics. </li></ul><ul><li>Quirky. </li></ul><ul><li>Physically weak. </li></ul><ul><li>Ruthless. </li></ul><ul><li>Lacking emotion. </li></ul><ul><li>Submissive women. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Representations of Ethnicity <ul><li>Latin American Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Lazy. </li></ul><ul><li>Uneducated. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy going. </li></ul><ul><li>Impoverished. </li></ul><ul><li>Hedonistic. </li></ul><ul><li>Ridiculed. </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>Involved in drugs (dealing/taking.) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Exotic’ sex symbols (Antonio Banderez, Jennifer Lopez, Salma Hayek, Shakira). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Representations of Ethnicity <ul><li>Middle Eastern/ South Asian/ Arabic Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists. </li></ul><ul><li>Devout. </li></ul><ul><li>Glamorous. </li></ul><ul><li>Educated. </li></ul><ul><li>Oppressed females. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious fanatics. </li></ul><ul><li>Sophisticated and Cultured. </li></ul><ul><li>Formidable. </li></ul><ul><li>Serious. </li></ul><ul><li>Cruel/brutal. </li></ul><ul><li>Victims. </li></ul><ul><li>Villains. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Representations of Ethnicity <ul><li>White British/American/European Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Affluent. </li></ul><ul><li>Educated. </li></ul><ul><li>Socially awkward. </li></ul><ul><li>Restrained. </li></ul><ul><li>Moral. </li></ul><ul><li>Rational. </li></ul><ul><li>Arrogant. </li></ul><ul><li>Repressed. </li></ul><ul><li>Neurotic. </li></ul><ul><li>Racist. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Representations of Sexuality <ul><li>Important points to consider </li></ul><ul><li>Gender closely ties in with sexuality. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexuality is often expressed through physical means ; clothes, props, setting, acting. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding how a particular character’s gender is constructed will help you analyse how their sexuality is being represented. </li></ul><ul><li>How is sexuality constructed in terms of: </li></ul><ul><li>Heterosexuality ? </li></ul><ul><li>Homosexuality ? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Representations of Sexuality <ul><li>Heterosexual Stereotypes (Female) </li></ul><ul><li>Loving. </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal. </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerable. </li></ul><ul><li>Monogamous. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually available. </li></ul><ul><li>Seductive. </li></ul><ul><li>Frigid. </li></ul><ul><li>Virginal/naive. </li></ul><ul><li>Deviant (‘gold digger’, ‘pregnant teen’, ‘Cougar’‘ femme fatale’.) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Representations of Sexuality <ul><li>Heterosexual Stereotypes (Male) </li></ul><ul><li>Promiscuous. </li></ul><ul><li>Physically and mentally strong. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Ladies Man’, ‘Heart Throb.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive ‘New Man’. </li></ul><ul><li>Lazy. </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive. </li></ul><ul><li>Irresponsible. </li></ul><ul><li>Misogynist. </li></ul><ul><li>Awkward. </li></ul><ul><li>Selfish. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Representation of Sexuality <ul><li>Homosexual Stereotypes (Female.) </li></ul><ul><li>Monogamous. </li></ul><ul><li>Feisty. </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ In the closet.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Humourless. </li></ul><ul><li>Politically radical. </li></ul><ul><li>Confrontational. </li></ul><ul><li>Plain/unattractive. </li></ul><ul><li>Sincere. </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist. </li></ul><ul><li>Erotic. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Representations of Sexuality <ul><li>Homosexual Stereotypes (Male) </li></ul><ul><li>Promiscuous. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive. </li></ul><ul><li>Caring. </li></ul><ul><li>Funny. </li></ul><ul><li>Supportive. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ In the closet.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Flamboyant. </li></ul><ul><li>Superficial. </li></ul><ul><li>Overbearing. </li></ul><ul><li>Loud. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Bitchy’. </li></ul>

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