Prominent Political Leaders of Early Mexican History
- 1824: After the overthrow of emperor Agust íne de Iturbide, Victoria established a constitutional monarchy Mexico and became its first president.
- Achievements: Abolished slavery in and built Mexico as a political and military power during his term.
Porfirio D íaz
- Asserted himself as president in 1876.
- D íaz ruled a very repressive government and met any opposition with violence and political manipulation.
- He created a politically and economically centralized government concentrating power to himself.
- Madero opposed D íaz’s dictatorship and ignited the revolution in 1911 by leading soldiers to fight against Díaz and his forces.
- D íaz resigned in May 1911, Madero became president in November
- He was executed in a coup lead by Victoriano Huerta and supporters of Díaz
- Huerta became a military general under D íaz.
- After Díaz’s exile, Huerta worked alongside Madero
- However, he was secretly planning his overthrow with U.S. ambassador Henry Lane Wilson
- Huerta had Madero imprisoned and executed in 1913
- Prominent revolutionary who commanded the “Liberation Army of the South”
- He joined Madero in his campaign against D íaz, but eventually criticized him for not acting on land reform.
- He developed the “Plan de Ayala” with the slogan, “reform, freedom, justice and law”