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  • 1. Prominent Political Leaders of Early Mexican History
  • 2. Guadalupe Victoria
    • 1824: After the overthrow of emperor Agust íne de Iturbide, Victoria established a constitutional monarchy Mexico and became its first president.
    • Achievements: Abolished slavery in and built Mexico as a political and military power during his term.
    • In power: 1825 - 1829
  • 3. Porfirio D íaz
    • Asserted himself as president in 1876.
    • D íaz ruled a very repressive government and met any opposition with violence and political manipulation.
    • He created a politically and economically centralized government concentrating power to himself.
  • 4. Francisco Madero
    • Madero opposed D íaz’s dictatorship and ignited the revolution in 1911 by leading soldiers to fight against Díaz and his forces.
    • D íaz resigned in May 1911, Madero became president in November
    • He was executed in a coup lead by Victoriano Huerta and supporters of Díaz
  • 5. Victoriano Huerta
    • Huerta became a military general under D íaz.
    • After Díaz’s exile, Huerta worked alongside Madero
    • However, he was secretly planning his overthrow with U.S. ambassador Henry Lane Wilson
    • Huerta had Madero imprisoned and executed in 1913
  • 6. Emiliano Zapata
    • Prominent revolutionary who commanded the “Liberation Army of the South”
    • He joined Madero in his campaign against D íaz, but eventually criticized him for not acting on land reform.
    • He developed the “Plan de Ayala” with the slogan, “reform, freedom, justice and law”