ELI 2010 - The Genius of And: The CMS & the OLN
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ELI 2010 - The Genius of And: The CMS & the OLN

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The current educational technology debate is often framed as a contest between the CMS and the PLN, between centralized IT and individualized toolboxes. Mott argues that we should reject this ...

The current educational technology debate is often framed as a contest between the CMS and the PLN, between centralized IT and individualized toolboxes. Mott argues that we should reject this "either-or" choice and instead embrace the possibility of a best-of-both-worlds "and" solution. Such a solution would combine the value of SIS integration and secure, assessment-related communication with the openness and persistence of the web.

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  • “Give me a log hut, with only a simple bench, Mark Hopkins [a well-known educator and lecturer of the day] on one end and I on the other, and you may have all the buildings, apparatus, and libraries without him.” President James Garfield (Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/271551/Mark-Hopkins)Image Source: President James Garfield http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?pp/PPALL:@field%28NUMBER+@band%28cwpbh+03743%29%29
  • We have lots of tools, but the tools are only as good as we make use of them.Image Source: “tools” http://www.flickr.com/photos/gordonr/42555739/
  • We can use new tools in the wrong way with stunning inefficiency.
  • By and large, “teachers used technology to maintain existing practices” rather than to “revolutionize” the way they teach their students (p. 138).New technologies are “peripheral to the daily routines of teaching and learning,”Cuban, L. (2001). Oversold and underused: Computers in the classroom. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Image Source: “Computer fail” http://www.flickr.com/photos/spcummings/3631142010/
  • What do we want our students to become? Does one work better than the other? Which one best supports learning? Let’s see if we can answer this questions . . .
  • The “Course Management System” – Roots in late 90s. Blackboard’s original name “Course Info” is a good indication of what these tools were originally intended to do.
  • Vertically integrated technology stack with uneven integration with other tools in the learning ecosystem.
  • How is Blackboard actually used?
  • University of Wisconsin System faculty members. In that study, Morgan found that "faculty use the CMS primarily as an administrative tool to facilitate quiz administration and other classroom tasks rather than as a tool anchored in pedagogy or cognitive science models” (2003, 11). As Milligan observes, the CMS is "fundamentally a conservative technology ... [for] managing groups, providing tools, and delivering content" (2006, 1)Evidence of the pervasiveness of such CMS usage tendencies can be found in a recent usage study of the Sakai at the University of North Carolina. Faculty survey data indicates that the top three uses of Sakai in the category "Improving Teaching and Learning" were "Accessing materials any time," "Saving me time," and "Managing my course activities" (UNC 2009, 15).Milligan, C. (2006). The Road to the Personal Learning Environment? CETIS. Retrieved from http://zope.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/colinmilligan.pdf.Morgan, G. (2003). Faculty Use of Course Management Systems. ECAR. Retrieved from http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ers0302/rs/ers0302w.pdf. University of North Carolina. (2009). Sakai Pilot Evaluation Final Report. October 15, 2009. Retrieved from http://www.unc.edu/sakaipilot/evaluation/FinalRept-Oct15-09-sm.pdf.
  • 75% of faculty members us a CMS at BYU. 50% use a CMS as their only online teaching & learning technology25% use the CMS plus other online tools.25% don’t use a CMS14% have a course blog, wiki, or custom website11% use no online technology
  • Mott, J. and Wiley, D. (2009). “Open for Learning: The CMS and the Open Learning Network,” in education, 15:2.
  • The CMS is time bound. Image Source: “Osaka Hour Glass” http://www.flickr.com/photos/caribb/3991024595/sizes/l/
  • This is Facebook
  • This is Facebook every 14 weeks if it was managed like an LMS.
  • CMS = Bridge to Nowhere; Disrupted engagement stream . . . IMAGE: “Dead End” http://www.flickr.com/photos/83025347@N00/210119374/sizes/l/
  • InSieber’s study, students *requested* continued access to wikis after course was over. 36% (93/256) continued to interact on the wiki 1 semester after their course was over. Sieber, Diane E. “Social Networks for Teaching and Learning: Implementation and Assessment.” Educause 2009.Image Source: “the cairn above the cloud” http://www.flickr.com/photos/rabi/1174452785/sizes/l/
  • The CMS is teacher and content centric.Covering v. Uncovering content . . . IMAGE:“That Huge Lecture Theatre” http://www.flickr.com/photos/teddy-rised/2814710002/

ELI 2010 - The Genius of And: The CMS & the OLN ELI 2010 - The Genius of And: The CMS & the OLN Presentation Transcript

  • The Genius of “And”
    Reconciling the Enterprise and
    the Personal Learning Network
    Jon Mott
    Asst. to the Academic VP
    Brigham Young University
    ELI 2010 – Austin, Texas
  • “Give me a log hut, with only a simple bench, Mark Hopkins on one end and I on the other, and you may have all the buildings, apparatus, and libraries without him.”
    - President James Garfield
  • the end in mind
  • what is different?
    how can you tell?
  • cms or pln?
  • cms
  • APIs
    SIS
    EXTERNAL
    APPLICATIONS
    CMS
    CONTENT
    ASSESSMENT
    CUSTOM
    INTEGRATION
    GRADEBOOK
    COMMUNICATION
    REDUNDANT & NON-INTEGRATED APPLICATIONS
    COLLABORATION
  • Bb Feature Usage @ BYU
  • “Faculty use the CMS primarily as an administrative tool.” - Morgan
    The CMS is “fundamentally a conservative technology.” – Milligan
  • Online Technology Usage
    BYU Faculty Survey, April 2009 (n=254)
  • CMS v. PLN
    Learning Network Size
    End of the Semester
    TIME
  • CMS v. PLN
    PLN
    Learning Network Size
    CMS
    SEMESTER 1
    SEMESTER 2
    SEMESTER 3
    SEMESTER 4
    SEMESTER 5
    SEMESTER 6
    TIME
  • 36%
  • Love / Hate
    Users Who
    Love Their
    CMS
    Users Who
    Hate Their
    CMS
    Users Who
    Want to Switch
  • cms≠erp
  • “The world is changed.”
  • learners
    schools
    learners
    educational institutions.
    2010 = the end of learning as usual?
  • pln
  • but . . .
  • or
    this
    that
  • private
    secure
    reliability
    integrated
    teachers
    efficiency
    structured
    OR public
    OR open
    OR flexibility
    OR modular
    OR learners
    OR creativity
    OR authentic
  • and
    this
    that
  • cms+pln=oln
  • Open
    Participatory
    Learning
    Ecosystem
  • open
    modular
    interoperable
  • in progress
  • oln infrastructure
  • BYU Web Services Platform
    BYU Users
    Registry
    Services
    Apps
    Services
    Proxy
    Service Provider
    Service Client
    Response Time
    Logging
    Client Logging
    Authentication
    Policy Enforcement
    Enterprise Services Platform
  • TOOL PROVIDERS
    TOOL CONSUMERS
    LTI SERVICES
    • SESSION
    • RESOURCE LINK
    • MANAGEMENT
    • TOOL SETTINGS
    • OUTCOMES
    PROFILE
    TOOL A
    TOOL C
    WEB
    SERVICES
    TOOL B
    TOOL XYZ
    EVENT NOTIFICATION
    LAUNCH
    TOOL
    PROXY RUNTIME
    USER
    ADMINISTRATOR
  • An Open (Institutional) Learning Network
    The Cloud
    University Network
    SIS
    SECURE
    ONLINE
    ASSESSMENT
    PORTAL
    UI
    PERSONAL
    PUBLISHING
    SPACE
    STUDENT
    CONTENT
    GRADE
    BOOK
    LEARNING
    OUTCOMES
    WIKI
    STUDENT
    LEARNING
    EPORTFOLIO
    COLLABORATION
    TOOLS
    SOCIAL
    NETWORKING
    APPS
    OPEN
    CONTENT
    UNIVERSITY
    CONTENT
  • SERVICES ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE
    APIs
    LEARNING OUTCOMES
    iCal
    WEB
    APPS
    SYLLABUS BUILDER
    WEB
    SERVICES
    NOTIFICATION & MOBILIZATION SERVICE
    GRADEBOOK
    RSS
    LTI
    GROUPS
    EPORTFOLIO
    PROGRAMS
    WIDGETS
    CALENDAR
    COURSES
    PORTAL / UI
    LIBRARY
    GROUP
    MANAGER
    TAGGING
    CONTENT MANAGEMENT
    PROCTORED TESTING
    AUTHOR
    PERMISSIONS
    IN-CLASS RESPONSE
    SIS
    ID
    REPOSITORY
    EMBED
    CODES
    ONLINE ASSESSMENT
    STUDENT PLANNING
    SOCIAL NETWORKING
    REGISTRY
    LMS

  • Blackboard is trying to keep up.
    Michael L. Chasen, the company's chief executive, has told The Chronicle that the latest version of the software integrates some Web 2.0 tools and still offers plenty of features that blogging packages can't match, like online gradebooks.
  • An Integrated Learning Assessment Platform
    Student
    Learning
    Activity
    Program
    Evaluation
    Activity
    Assessment Interfaces
    Course &
    Program
    Gradebooks
    Program LO Definition
    Artifact Submission
    REPORTING
    INTERFACE
    Artifact / Portfolio Registration
    ARTIFACT
    REPOSITORY
    ASSESSMENT
    (SCORES)
    REPOSITORY
    PROGRAM &
    UNIVERSITY
    REPORTS
    Cloud-Based Publishing & Organization
    Jon Mott, Brigham Young University. (CC-By) Image Credits – VistaIcons.com.
  • the next1000tools
  • the end in mind
  • http://www.slideshare.net/jonmott
    jonmott@byu.edu
    http://jonmott.com
    @jonmott