New Perspective Keynote

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  • Title: Saint Paul Writing His Epistles
    Artist:Valentin de Boulogne or Nicolas TournierA
    Year: about 16 century
    Museum: Blaffer Foundation Collection, Houston, TX.Y
  • Title: Saint Paul Writing His Epistles
    Artist:Valentin de Boulogne or Nicolas TournierA
    Year: about 16 century
    Museum: Blaffer Foundation Collection, Houston, TX.Y


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Transcript

  • 1. The New Perspective on Paul
  • 2. The New Perspective on Paul Not ‘New’ • Phrase goes back to Dunn • Return to Pauline Worldview
  • 3. The New Perspective on Paul Not ‘New’ Perspectives • Phrase goes back to Dunn • Return to Pauline Worldview
  • 4. How can I find a gracious God?
  • 5. How can I find a gracious God? “Though I lived as a monk without reproach, I felt that I was a sinner before God with an extremely disturbed conscience. I could not believe that he was placated by my satisfaction…….Thus I raged with a fierce and troubled conscience. Nevertheless, I beat importunately upon Paul at that place, most ardently desiring to know what St. Paul wanted.”
  • 6. Lutheran Soteriology
  • 7. Lutheran Soteriology Sola Fide
  • 8. Lutheran Soteriology Sola Fide Imputation of Christ’s Righteousness
  • 9. Lutheran Soteriology Sola Fide Imputation of Christ’s Righteousness Faith v Works, Law v Gospel
  • 10. Lutheran Soteriology Sola Fide Imputation of Christ’s Righteousness Faith v Works, Law v Gospel Same Situation which Paul faced in Galatians/Early Church.
  • 11. Lutheran Soteriology Sola Fide Imputation of Christ’s Righteousness Faith v Works, Law v Gospel Same Situation which Paul faced in Galatians/Early Church. Developed in Protestant Theology and Praxis
  • 12. Lutheran Soteriology Sola Fide Imputation of Christ’s Righteousness Faith v Works, Law v Gospel Same Situation which Paul faced in Galatians/Early Church. Developed in Protestant Theology and Praxis “Faith without works is sufficient for salvation, and alone justifies”
  • 13. Lutheran Exegesis/Interpretation of Galatians 2:16 … yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.
  • 14. Lutheran Exegesis/Interpretation of Galatians 2:16 … yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified. Justified: Declared Righteous, become a Christian
  • 15. Lutheran Exegesis/Interpretation of Galatians 2:16 … yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified. Justified: Declared Righteous, become a Christian ‘Works of the law’: Self-Effort, Works Righteousness
  • 16. Lutheran Exegesis/Interpretation of Galatians 2:16 … yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified. Justified: Declared Righteous, become a Christian ‘Works of the law’: Self-Effort, Works Righteousness Faith in Jesus as opposed to moral effort
  • 17. Lutheran Exegesis/Interpretation of Galatians 2:16 … yet we know that a person is With Paul we absolutely deny the possibility of self-merit. God never yet gave to any person grace and everlasting life as a not justified by works of the law reward for merit. The opinions of the papists are the but through faith in Jesus Christ, intellectual pipe-dreams of idle pates, that serve no other purposeso we also have believed in Christ but to draw men away from the true worship of God. Jesus, in order to be justified by The papacy is founded upon hallucinations. faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified. Justified: Declared Righteous, become a Christian ‘Works of the law’: Self-Effort, Works Righteousness Faith in Jesus as opposed to moral effort
  • 18. Lutheran Exegesis/Interpretation of Galatians 2:16 … yet we know that a person is With Paul we absolutely deny the possibility of self-merit. God never yet gave to any person grace and everlasting life as a not justified by works of the law reward for merit. The opinions of the papists are the but through faith in Jesus Christ, intellectual pipe-dreams of idle pates, that serve no other purposeso we also have believed in Christ but to draw men away from the true worship of God. Jesus, in order to be justified by The papacy is founded upon hallucinations. faith in Christ and not by works “What are these false apostles doing?”by works ofare of the law, because Paul cries. “They turning Law into grace, and grace into be justified. the law no one will Law. They are changing Moses into Christ, and Christ into Moses. By teaching that besides Christ and His righteousnessbecome a Christian Justified: Declared Righteous, the performance of the Law is necessary unto salvation, they Works Righteousness ‘Works of the law’: Self-Effort, put the Law in the place of Christ, they attribute to the Law the power to save, a power Faith in Jesus as opposed to moral effort that belongs to Christ only.”
  • 19. New Perspective on Paul
  • 20. New Perspective on Paul Krister Stendahl
  • 21. New Perspective on Paul Krister Stendahl 1963 (published 1976) ‘Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West’
  • 22. New Perspective on Paul Krister Stendahl 1963 (published 1976) ‘Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West’ Paul was not Luther
  • 23. New Perspective on Paul Krister Stendahl 1963 (published 1976) ‘Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West’ Paul was not Luther Paul’s conscience ‘robust’ - Phil. 3:6, cf Acts 23:1
  • 24. New Perspective on Paul Krister Stendahl 1963 (published 1976) ‘Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West’ Paul was not Luther Paul’s conscience ‘robust’ - Phil. 3:6, cf Acts 23:1 ‘Paul dealt with those issues with which he actually deals’
  • 25. New Perspective on Paul E.P. Sanders ‘Covenantal Nomism’
  • 26. New Perspective on Paul E.P. Sanders ‘Covenantal Nomism’ 1977 E.P Sanders ‘Paul and Palestinian Judaism’
  • 27. New Perspective on Paul E.P. Sanders ‘Covenantal Nomism’ 1977 E.P Sanders ‘Paul and Palestinian Judaism’ Judaism at the time of Jesus and Paul was:-
  • 28. New Perspective on Paul E.P. Sanders ‘Covenantal Nomism’ 1977 E.P Sanders ‘Paul and Palestinian Judaism’ Judaism at the time of Jesus and Paul was:- Not a legalistic religion of merit
  • 29. New Perspective on Paul E.P. Sanders ‘Covenantal Nomism’ 1977 E.P Sanders ‘Paul and Palestinian Judaism’ Judaism at the time of Jesus and Paul was:- Not a legalistic religion of merit Focused on Gods mercy and election
  • 30. New Perspective on Paul E.P. Sanders ‘Covenantal Nomism’ 1977 E.P Sanders ‘Paul and Palestinian Judaism’ Judaism at the time of Jesus and Paul was:- Not a legalistic religion of merit Focused on Gods mercy and election Best described using the phrase ‘Covenantal Nomist’
  • 31. New Perspective on Paul E.P. Sanders ‘Covenantal Nomism’ 1977 E.P Sanders ‘Paul and Palestinian is this (1) “The ‘pattern’ or ‘structure’ of covenantal nomism Judaism’ God has chosen Israel and (2) given the law. The law implies both (3) God’s promise to maintain the election and (4) Judaism at the obey. (5) God rewards obedience and requirement to time of Jesus and Paul was:- punishes transgression. (6) The law provides for means of atonement, a legalistic religion of merit Not and atonement results in (7) maintenance or re- establishment of the covenantal relationship. (8) All those who are maintained in Gods mercy and election Focused on the covenant by obedience, atonement and God’s mercy belong to the group which will be saved. An Best described using the phrase important interpretation of the first and last points is that ‘Covenantal Nomist’ election and ultimately salvation are considered to be by God’s mercy rather than human achievement.”
  • 32. New Perspective on Paul Jimmy Dunn ‘Works of the Law’
  • 33. New Perspective on Paul Jimmy Dunn ‘Works of the Law’ ‘Works of the Law’: not general good works, but
  • 34. New Perspective on Paul Jimmy Dunn ‘Works of the Law’ ‘Works of the Law’: not general good works, but Works of Torah, especially circumcision, food laws, sabbaths. Badges or Boundary Markers of Jewish national identity.
  • 35. New Perspective on Paul Jimmy Dunn ‘Works of the Law’ ‘Works of the Law’: not general good works, but Works of Torah, especially circumcision, food laws, sabbaths. Badges or Boundary Markers of Jewish national identity. 4QMMT
  • 36. New Perspective on Paul Jimmy Dunn ‘Works of the Law’ ‘Works of the Law’: not general good works, but The ‘ works of Torah’ were not a legalist ladder, up which one climbed in order to earn the divine favour, but were the badges Works ofwore as the marks of circumcision, food to the that one Torah, especially identity, of belonging laws, chosen people in the present, and hence the all important sabbaths. Badges one’s neighbours, that one belonged to signs, to oneself and or Boundary Markers of Jewish national identity. the company who would be vindicated when the covenant God acted to redeem his people. They were the present signs of future vindication. 4QMMT N.T Wright ‘What Saint Paul Really Said’
  • 37. New Perspective on Paul Tom Wright Justification by faith:-
  • 38. New Perspective on Paul Tom Wright Justification by faith:- Covenantal, law-court, and eschatological
  • 39. New Perspective on Paul Tom Wright Justification by faith:- Covenantal, law-court, and eschatological Not how you ‘get in’, but how you can tell in the present who will be vindicated on the last day.
  • 40. NPP Exegesis/Interpretation of Galatians 2:16 … yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.
  • 41. NPP Exegesis/Interpretation of Galatians 2:16 … yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified. Justified: Declared righteous, declared to be in the covenant family. Covenant, Lawcourt, Eschatology
  • 42. NPP Exegesis/Interpretation of Galatians 2:16 … yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified. Justified: Declared righteous, declared to be in the covenant family. Covenant, Lawcourt, Eschatology ‘Works of the law’: Torah but specifically circumcision, food laws, Badges of Identity, Covenant Community Markers
  • 43. New Perspective on Paul Questions? Implications
  • 44. New Perspective on Paul Criticisms
  • 45. New Perspective on Paul Criticisms More diversity in 1st Century Judaism than Sanders allowed for -‘variegated nomism’
  • 46. New Perspective on Paul Criticisms More diversity in 1st Century Judaism than Sanders allowed for -‘variegated nomism’ Downplays forgiveness of sin?
  • 47. New Perspective on Paul Criticisms More diversity in 1st Century Judaism than Sanders allowed for -‘variegated nomism’ Downplays forgiveness of sin? Allows works-salvation by the back door?
  • 48. The New Perspective on Paul Resources: http://www.thepaulpage.com/ http://www.ntwrightpage.com/ Dunn ‘The New Perspective on Paul’ http://markgoodacre.org/PaulPage/New.html Garlington - Galatians commentary Against NPP Moo/Schreiner Mp3s and Weblinks for online material and a copy of this powerpoint go to www.ordinand.wordpress.com or e-mail jonswales@hotmail.co.uk